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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of London, CY - Ontario

Map of London, CY (shaded in green), Ontario

Map of London, CY

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: London, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: London, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
6
Nat. rank
15

In 2011, London (City) had a population of 366,151, representing a percentage change of 3.9% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 420.57 square kilometres with a population density of 870.6 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 908,607.67 square kilometres with a population density of 14.1 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, London (City) had 153,630 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 5.6%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

London (City) is part of the census metropolitan area of London.

Population and dwelling counts

London (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 London (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Central Elgin, Ont. MU 12,743 12,723 0.2
Southwold, Ont. TP 4,494 4,724 -4.9
Thames Centre, Ont. MU 13,000 13,085 -0.6
Middlesex Centre, Ont. TP 16,487 15,589 5.8

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Milton T 84,362 53,889 A 56.5
Whitchurch-Stouffville T 37,628 24,390 54.3
Ajax T 109,600 90,167 21.6
Brampton CY 523,911 433,806 20.8
Vaughan CY 288,301 238,866 20.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Thunder Bay, Unorganized NO 5,909 6,585 -10.3
Hearst T 5,090 5,620 -9.4
Dryden CY 7,617 8,195 -7.1
The Blue Mountains T 6,453 6,825 -5.5

Age and sex

London, CY – Age distribution

Table 4 London, CY – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 16.2% 17.2% 15.3%
15 to 64 69.1% 69.9% 68.4%
65 and over 14.7% 13.0% 16.3%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in London, CY was 14.7%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 69.1% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 16.2%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

London, CY – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 London, CY – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 366,150 352,395 13,755 3.9
0 to 14 59,365 60,845 -1,480 -2.4
15 to 64 253,080 243,185 9,895 4.1
65 and over 53,705 48,365 5,340 11.0
Males
Total 176,495 169,685 6,810 4.0
0 to 14 30,335 31,315 -980 -3.1
15 to 64 123,285 118,225 5,060 4.3
65 and over 22,875 20,150 2,725 13.5
Females
Total 189,655 182,705 6,950 3.8
0 to 14 29,030 29,530 -500 -1.7
15 to 64 129,795 124,955 4,840 3.9
65 and over 30,830 28,215 2,615 9.3

London, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 London, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 366,150 176,495 189,655
0 to 4 years 19,995 10,295 9,705
5 to 9 years 19,010 9,670 9,340
10 to 14 years 20,365 10,380 9,985
15 to 19 years 24,720 12,675 12,040
20 to 24 years 28,925 14,230 14,695
25 to 29 years 26,990 13,180 13,810
30 to 34 years 23,835 11,735 12,095
35 to 39 years 22,530 11,070 11,460
40 to 44 years 24,240 11,875 12,365
45 to 49 years 28,490 13,710 14,775
50 to 54 years 27,835 13,280 14,555
55 to 59 years 24,265 11,445 12,825
60 to 64 years 21,250 10,085 11,175
65 to 69 years 15,540 7,240 8,295
70 to 74 years 11,955 5,450 6,510
75 to 79 years 10,065 4,360 5,710
80 to 84 years 8,030 3,245 4,785
85 years and over 8,115 2,580 5,530
Median age 39.3 37.7 40.7

London, CY – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in London, CY was 39.3 years. In comparison, the median age of Ontario was 40.4 years.

Table 7 Canada, Ontario and London, CY – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Ontario 39.0 40.4
London, CY 38.2 39.3

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in London was 100,185, which represents a change of 3.4% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In London, 68.2% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 13.2% were common-law-couples and 18.6% were lone-parent families.

London – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Ontario, CSD of London, CY and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
London, CY 100,185 68,365 68.2 13,230 13.2 18,585 18.6 3.4
Central Elgin, MU 3,935 3,165 80.4 400 10.2 375 9.5 -0.4
Southwold, TP 1,355 1,100 81.2 140 10.3 115 8.5 -2.5
Thames Centre, MU 3,950 3,255 82.4 370 9.4 335 8.5 1.4
Middlesex Centre, TP 4,910 4,175 85.0 375 7.6 360 7.3 9.1

London – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of London, 46.9% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 33,595
Married couples without children * 34,775
Common-law-couples with children * 4,670
Common-law-couples without children * 8,560

London – Marital status

In London, 54.3% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (45.7%) or living with a common-law partner (8.6%).

The remaining 45.7% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Ontario, London, CY – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status London, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 306,785 100.0 10,671,050 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 166,540 54.3 6,158,605 57.7 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 140,060 45.7 5,367,400 50.3 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 26,485 8.6 791,210 7.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 140,245 45.7 4,512,440 42.3 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 91,660 29.9 2,985,020 28.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 10,620 3.5 319,805 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 20,185 6.6 593,730 5.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 17,780 5.8 613,880 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

London – Types of private households

There were 153,630 private households3 in London in 2011, a change of 5.6% from 2006. Of these, 24.3% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -3.6% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Ontario, London, CY – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 London, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 153,630 100.0 4,887,505 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
37,365 24.3 1,402,420 28.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
41,815 27.2 1,408,120 28.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 17,290 11.3 535,825 11.0 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 47,510 30.9 1,230,980 25.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 1,830 1.2 128,660 2.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 7,820 5.1 181,500 3.7 543,340 4.1

London – Structural type of dwelling

In London, 50.7% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 20.1% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Ontario, London, CY – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling London, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 153,630 100.0 4,887,510 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 77,860 50.7 2,718,880 55.6 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 5,860 3.8 279,470 5.7 646,240 4.9
Row house 19,085 12.4 415,230 8.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 30,935 20.1 789,975 16.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 15,620 10.2 498,160 10.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 3,965 2.6 160,460 3.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 150 0.1 9,535 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 160 0.1 15,795 0.3 183,510 1.4

Language

London, CY – Mother tongue

Chart J: London, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: London, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In London, 77.8% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.3% reported French only, and 19.2% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 68.2% for English only, 3.9% for French only and 25.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 86.7% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.4% spoke only French and 9.7% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 79.0% for only English, 2.2% for only French and 14.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 London, CY – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 362,260 100.0 362,265 100.0
English 281,995 77.8 314,015 86.7
French 4,780 1.3 1,460 0.4
Non-official language 69,650 19.2 35,190 9.7
Multiple responses 5,835 1.6 11,600 3.2
Table 13 London, CY – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.7 99.3 0.4
French 52.9 27.2 25.8
Non-official language 80.2 57.2 22.9

London, CY – Non-official languages

In London, the three most common mother tongues were Spanish (2.6%), Arabic (2.4%) and Polish (1.6%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Italian (2.1%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.6%) and Cantonese (1.5%).

Table 14 London, CY – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Spanish 9,350 12.5 2.6
Arabic 8,570 11.5 2.4
Polish 5,930 7.9 1.6
Portuguese 4,980 6.7 1.4
Italian 3,400 4.6 0.9

London, CY – Bilingualism

Table 15 London, CY – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 7.0 5.9 88.1 6.1
0 to 19 8.8 7.7 88.8 11.5
20 to 44 8.1 7.2 90.8 6.3
45 to 64 5.5 4.0 88.4 4.4
65 and over 4.5 3.0 82.2 3.4
Table 16 London, CY – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 362,260 100.0
English only 331,030 91.4
French only 235 0.1
English and French 26,360 7.3
Neither English nor French 4,640 1.3

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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