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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Espanola, T - Ontario

Map of Espanola, T (shaded in green), Ontario

Map of Espanola, T

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Espanola, T - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Espanola, T - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
221
Nat. rank
672

In 2011, Espanola (Town) had a population of 5,364, representing a percentage change of 0.9% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 82.44 square kilometres with a population density of 65.1 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 908,607.67 square kilometres with a population density of 14.1 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Espanola (Town) had 2,267 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 2.3%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Espanola (Town) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Espanola (Town) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Sables-Spanish Rivers, Ont. TP 3,075 3,237 -5.0
Baldwin, Ont. TP 551 554 -0.5
Nairn and Hyman, Ont. TP 477 493 -3.2
Sudbury, Unorganized, North Part, Ont. NO 2,306 2,415 -4.5

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Milton T 84,362 53,889 A 56.5
Whitchurch-Stouffville T 37,628 24,390 54.3
Ajax T 109,600 90,167 21.6
Brampton CY 523,911 433,806 20.8
Vaughan CY 288,301 238,866 20.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Thunder Bay, Unorganized NO 5,909 6,585 -10.3
Hearst T 5,090 5,620 -9.4
Dryden CY 7,617 8,195 -7.1
The Blue Mountains T 6,453 6,825 -5.5

Age and sex

Espanola, T – Age distribution

Table 4 Espanola, T – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 14.6% 15.0% 14.1%
15 to 64 67.5% 68.3% 66.7%
65 and over 17.9% 16.5% 19.0%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Espanola, T was 17.9%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 67.5% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 14.6%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Espanola, T – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Espanola, T – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 5,365 5,315 50 0.9
0 to 14 785 845 -60 -7.1
15 to 64 3,620 3,570 50 1.4
65 and over 960 895 65 7.3
Males
Total 2,635 2,565 70 2.7
0 to 14 395 415 -20 -4.8
15 to 64 1,800 1,770 30 1.7
65 and over 435 375 60 16.0
Females
Total 2,730 2,750 -20 -0.7
0 to 14 385 425 -40 -9.4
15 to 64 1,820 1,800 20 1.1
65 and over 520 525 -5 -1.0

Espanola, T – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Espanola, T – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 5,365 2,635 2,730
0 to 4 years 240 125 110
5 to 9 years 245 115 125
10 to 14 years 300 155 145
15 to 19 years 375 195 180
20 to 24 years 285 150 135
25 to 29 years 260 120 135
30 to 34 years 250 130 120
35 to 39 years 305 140 165
40 to 44 years 310 150 160
45 to 49 years 440 210 230
50 to 54 years 555 270 285
55 to 59 years 420 215 205
60 to 64 years 420 220 205
65 to 69 years 290 150 140
70 to 74 years 245 125 115
75 to 79 years 180 85 95
80 to 84 years 140 35 100
85 years and over 105 35 70
Median age 46.5 46.0 47.1

Espanola, T – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Espanola, T was 46.5 years. In comparison, the median age of Ontario was 40.4 years.

Table 7 Canada, Ontario and Espanola, T – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Ontario 39.0 40.4
Espanola, T 44.3 46.5

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Espanola was 1,630, which represents a change of 1.2% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Espanola, 70.2% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 14.1% were common-law-couples and 15.6% were lone-parent families.

Espanola – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Ontario, CSD of Espanola, T and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Espanola, T 1,630 1,145 70.2 230 14.1 255 15.6 1.2
Sables-Spanish Rivers, TP 965 705 73.1 140 14.5 115 11.9 -2.5
Baldwin, TP 170 130 76.5 20 11.8 15 8.8 3.0
Nairn and Hyman, TP 155 105 67.7 30 19.4 20 12.9 -8.8
Sudbury, Unorganized, North Part, NO 805 605 75.2 120 14.9 80 9.9 -1.8

Espanola – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Espanola, 40.1% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 445
Married couples without children * 695
Common-law-couples with children * 100
Common-law-couples without children * 130

Espanola – Marital status

In Espanola, 60.6% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (50.5%) or living with a common-law partner (10.0%).

The remaining 39.4% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Ontario, Espanola, T – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Espanola, T Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 4,580 100.0 10,671,050 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 2,775 60.6 6,158,605 57.7 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 2,315 50.5 5,367,400 50.3 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 460 10.0 791,210 7.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 1,805 39.4 4,512,440 42.3 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 1,045 22.8 2,985,020 28.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 165 3.6 319,805 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 260 5.7 593,730 5.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 345 7.5 613,880 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Espanola – Types of private households

There were 2,265 private households3 in Espanola in 2011, a change of 2.3% from 2006. Of these, 23.6% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -12.3% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Ontario, Espanola, T – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Espanola, T Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 2,265 100.0 4,887,505 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
535 23.6 1,402,420 28.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
805 35.5 1,408,120 28.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 230 10.2 535,825 11.0 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 605 26.7 1,230,980 25.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 25 1.1 128,660 2.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 60 2.6 181,500 3.7 543,340 4.1

Espanola – Structural type of dwelling

In Espanola, 81.0% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.0% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Ontario, Espanola, T – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Espanola, T Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 2,265 100.0 4,887,510 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 1,835 81.0 2,718,880 55.6 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 80 3.5 279,470 5.7 646,240 4.9
Row house 55 2.4 415,230 8.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 0 0.0 789,975 16.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 235 10.4 498,160 10.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 60 2.6 160,460 3.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 0 0.0 9,535 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 5 0.2 15,795 0.3 183,510 1.4

Language

Espanola, T – Mother tongue

Chart J: Espanola, T - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Espanola, T - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Espanola, 81.8% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 14.5% reported French only, and 2.5% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 68.2% for English only, 3.9% for French only and 25.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 95.4% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 3.5% spoke only French and 0.6% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 79.0% for only English, 2.2% for only French and 14.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Espanola, T – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 5,285 100.0 5,285 100.0
English 4,325 81.8 5,040 95.4
French 765 14.5 185 3.5
Non-official language 130 2.5 30 0.6
Multiple responses 70 1.3 35 0.7
Table 13 Espanola, T – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 100.0 99.8 0.2
French 51.2 23.8 27.4
Non-official language 43.3 20.0 23.3

Espanola, T – Non-official languages

In Espanola, the three most common mother tongues were Italian (0.5%), Ojibway (0.4%) and Ukrainian (0.3%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Italian (2.1%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.6%) and Cantonese (1.5%).

Table 14 Espanola, T – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Italian 25 16.7 0.5
Ojibway 20 13.3 0.4
Ukrainian 15 10.0 0.3
Dutch 10 6.7 0.2
German 10 6.7 0.2
Finnish 10 6.7 0.2
Cantonese 10 6.7 0.2

Espanola, T – Bilingualism

Table 15 Espanola, T – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 20.8 8.7 91.5 3.8
0 to 19 18.9 14.1 85.7 0.0
20 to 44 17.1 8.6 92.9 0.0
45 to 64 20.4 5.6 90.6 0.0
65 and over 29.9 7.5 89.8 0.0
Table 16 Espanola, T – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 5,285 100.0
English only 4,145 78.4
French only 10 0.2
English and French 1,120 21.2
Neither English nor French 5 0.1

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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