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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Nelson, CY - British Columbia 1

Map of Nelson, CY (shaded in green), British Columbia

Map of Nelson, CY

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Nelson, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Nelson, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
58
Nat. rank
393

In 2011, Nelson (City) had a population of 10,230, representing a percentage change of 10.5% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 11.93 square kilometres with a population density of 857.7 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 922,509.29 square kilometres with a population density of 4.8 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Nelson (City) had 4,627 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 11.2%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Nelson (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Nelson (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Central Kootenay E, B.C. RDA 3,781 3,716 1.7
Central Kootenay F, B.C. RDA 3,976 3,730 6.6
Central Kootenay H, B.C. RDA 4,289 4,319 -0.7

British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Langford CY 29,228 22,459 30.1
Lake Country DM 11,708 9,606 21.9
Port Moody CY 32,975 27,512 19.9
Kent DM 5,664 4,738 E 19.5
Surrey CY 468,251 394,976 18.6

British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Kitimat DM 8,335 8,987 -7.3
Peace River D RDA 5,479 5,749 -4.7
Esquimalt DM 16,209 16,840 -3.7
Hope DM 5,969 6,185 -3.5
Okanagan-Similkameen D RDA 5,717 5,913 -3.3

Age and sex

Nelson, CY – Age distribution

Table 4 Nelson, CY – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 15.8% 16.8% 15.0%
15 to 64 68.8% 69.8% 67.7%
65 and over 15.4% 13.4% 17.2%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Nelson, CY was 15.4%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 68.8% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 15.8%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Nelson, CY – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Nelson, CY – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 10,230 9,255 975 10.5
0 to 14 1,620 1,510 110 7.3
15 to 64 7,035 6,355 680 10.7
65 and over 1,575 1,400 175 12.5
Males
Total 4,855 4,450 405 9.1
0 to 14 815 800 15 1.9
15 to 64 3,390 3,085 305 9.9
65 and over 650 560 90 16.1
Females
Total 5,380 4,810 570 11.9
0 to 14 805 700 105 15.0
15 to 64 3,640 3,265 375 11.5
65 and over 925 835 90 10.8

Nelson, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Nelson, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 10,230 4,855 5,380
0 to 4 years 535 280 260
5 to 9 years 535 275 260
10 to 14 years 550 260 290
15 to 19 years 665 340 325
20 to 24 years 585 285 295
25 to 29 years 625 300 320
30 to 34 years 745 375 370
35 to 39 years 740 350 400
40 to 44 years 690 340 355
45 to 49 years 745 355 390
50 to 54 years 795 380 415
55 to 59 years 755 340 415
60 to 64 years 695 335 360
65 to 69 years 405 200 205
70 to 74 years 295 110 185
75 to 79 years 275 125 145
80 to 84 years 295 115 185
85 years and over 305 95 210
Median age 40.9 39.5 42.2

Nelson, CY – Median age2 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Nelson, CY was 40.9 years. In comparison, the median age of British Columbia was 41.9 years.

Table 7 Canada, British Columbia and Nelson, CY – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
British Columbia 40.8 41.9
Nelson, CY 40.3 40.9

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Nelson was 2,670, which represents a change of 10.6% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Nelson, 59.9% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 18.5% were common-law-couples and 21.5% were lone-parent families.

Nelson – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, British Columbia, CSD of Nelson, CY and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
British Columbia  1,238,155 887,990 71.7 160,360 13.0 189,805 15.3 6.6
Nelson, CY 2,670 1,600 59.9 495 18.5 575 21.5 10.6
Central Kootenay E, RDA 1,160 780 67.2 225 19.4 155 13.4 4.5
Central Kootenay F, RDA 1,220 890 73.0 215 17.6 120 9.8 8.9
Central Kootenay H, RDA 1,275 785 61.6 315 24.7 175 13.7 -2.7

Nelson – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Nelson, 44.9% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 745
Married couples without children * 855
Common-law-couples with children * 195
Common-law-couples without children * 300

Nelson – Marital status

In Nelson, 50.0% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (38.4%) or living with a common-law partner (11.5%).

The remaining 50.1% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, British Columbia, Nelson, CY – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Nelson, CY British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 8,605 100.0 3,722,690 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 4,300 50.0 2,154,575 57.9 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 3,305 38.4 1,832,605 49.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 990 11.5 321,965 8.6 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 4,310 50.1 1,568,120 42.1 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 2,670 31.0 1,014,270 27.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 310 3.6 102,035 2.7 698,245 2.5
Divorced 775 9.0 246,515 6.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 550 6.4 205,300 5.5 1,584,525 5.7

Nelson – Types of private households

There were 4,625 private households4 in Nelson in 2011, a change of 11.2% from 2006. Of these, 19.9% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 8.9% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, British Columbia, Nelson, CY – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Nelson, CY British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 4,625 100.0 1,764,635 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
920 19.9 431,135 24.4 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
1,125 24.3 532,995 30.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 545 11.8 168,530 9.6 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 1,700 36.8 498,925 28.3 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households9 40 0.9 50,410 2.9 268,060 2.0
Other households10 300 6.5 82,640 4.7 543,340 4.1

Nelson – Structural type of dwelling

In Nelson, 54.4% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.0% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, British Columbia, Nelson, CY – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Nelson, CY British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 4,625 100.0 1,764,640 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 2,515 54.4 842,120 47.7 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 210 4.5 52,825 3.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 195 4.2 130,370 7.4 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 0 0.0 143,970 8.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,150 24.9 361,150 20.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 455 9.8 184,355 10.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 10 0.2 2,885 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 95 2.1 46,960 2.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Nelson, CY – Mother tongue

Chart J: Nelson, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Nelson, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Nelson, 88.3% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 2.1% reported French only, and 8.5% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 70.3% for English only, 1.3% for French only and 26.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 96.3% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.7% spoke only French and 1.8% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 80.5% for only English, 0.4% for only French and 15.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Nelson, CY – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 10,030 100.0 10,030 100.0
English 8,855 88.3 9,655 96.3
French 215 2.1 70 0.7
Non-official language 855 8.5 185 1.8
Multiple responses 110 1.1 120 1.2
Table 13 Nelson, CY – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.8 99.7 0.1
French 57.4 31.5 25.9
Non-official language 55.5 27.5 28.0

Nelson, CY – Non-official languages

In Nelson, the three most common mother tongues were German (1.6%), Russian (1.3%) and Italian (1.2%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Panjabi (Punjabi) (4.5%), Cantonese (3.2%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (2.9%).

Table 14 Nelson, CY – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
German 165 18.0 1.6
Russian 130 14.2 1.3
Italian 125 13.7 1.2
Dutch 70 7.7 0.7
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 3.8 0.3
Spanish 35 3.8 0.3

Nelson, CY – Bilingualism

Table 15 Nelson, CY – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 10.7 8.9 93.0 8.8
0 to 19 12.0 10.9 100.0 13.3
20 to 44 14.2 11.5 95.0 15.4
45 to 64 9.0 6.6 92.9 8.5
65 and over 4.2 3.1 75.0 3.4
Table 16 Nelson, CY – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 10,030 100.0
English only 8,890 88.6
French only 5 0.0
English and French 1,110 11.1
Neither English nor French 25 0.2

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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