Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

Census Profile

Data table

Data table

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic New Brunswick

(Province)
Quebec Data quality note(s)

(Province)
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 751,171 ...Data not available ...Data not available 7,903,001  ...Data not available ...Data not available
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 729,997 ...Data not available ...Data not available 7,546,131  ...Data not available ...Data not available
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 2.9 ...Data not available ...Data not available 4.7 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 348,465 ...Data not available ...Data not available 3,685,926 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 314,007 ...Data not available ...Data not available 3,395,343 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Population density per square kilometre 10.5 ...Data not available ...Data not available 5.8 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Land area (square km) 71,377.18 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,356,547.02 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 751,170 366,440 384,730 7,903,000 3,875,860 4,027,140
0 to 4 years 36,525 18,575 17,955 440,840 225,525 215,320
5 to 9 years 36,660 18,600 18,060 399,575 203,675 195,900
10 to 14 years 40,390 20,780 19,610 418,205 213,540 204,665
15 to 19 years 45,845 23,585 22,265 491,980 249,960 242,020
15 years 8,705 4,485 4,220 93,955 47,690 46,265
16 years 9,030 4,660 4,365 96,095 48,880 47,210
17 years 9,270 4,730 4,540 97,795 49,925 47,875
18 years 9,450 4,900 4,550 100,210 50,910 49,305
19 years 9,395 4,815 4,585 103,915 52,545 51,370
20 to 24 years 44,585 22,735 21,850 489,185 246,850 242,340
25 to 29 years 41,725 20,535 21,190 490,665 245,695 244,970
30 to 34 years 43,700 21,160 22,540 531,445 264,980 266,460
35 to 39 years 48,120 23,380 24,740 498,225 249,610 248,615
40 to 44 years 51,275 25,010 26,265 520,805 261,120 259,690
45 to 49 years 61,905 30,250 31,650 623,575 311,320 312,250
50 to 54 years 62,795 30,675 32,115 648,695 320,695 327,995
55 to 59 years 59,340 28,940 30,400 579,280 285,295 293,990
60 to 64 years 54,665 26,940 27,725 512,830 250,675 262,155
65 to 69 years 39,110 19,410 19,695 403,210 194,305 208,905
70 to 74 years 29,255 14,060 15,190 291,755 135,830 155,925
75 to 79 years 22,480 10,020 12,460 232,355 101,675 130,680
80 to 84 years 16,335 6,535 9,795 176,420 69,170 107,250
85 years and over 16,465 5,240 11,225 153,945 45,945 108,005
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 43.7 42.8 44.6 41.9 40.7 43.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.9 84.2 85.5 84.1 83.4 84.7
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 637,590 308,485 329,110 6,644,380 3,233,120 3,411,260
Married or living with a common-law partner 382,310 191,050 191,260 3,745,320 1,875,415 1,869,905
Married (and not separated) 310,310 155,115 155,195 2,353,770 1,177,720 1,176,050
Living common law 72,000 35,935 36,070 1,391,550 697,695 693,850
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 255,285 117,440 137,850 2,899,060 1,357,705 1,541,360
Single (never legally married) 159,760 86,220 73,545 1,942,090 1,045,540 896,545
Separated 21,035 9,180 11,855 105,195 46,465 58,720
Divorced 32,930 14,060 18,870 463,830 188,265 275,565
Widowed 41,560 7,985 33,575 387,945 77,430 310,515
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 224,590 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2,203,630 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Size of census family: 2 persons 125,615 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,158,055 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Size of census family: 3 persons 49,255 ...Data not available ...Data not available 473,495 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Size of census family: 4 persons 37,365 ...Data not available ...Data not available 407,400 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 12,360 ...Data not available ...Data not available 164,680 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 224,590 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2,203,630 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 188,400 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,838,120 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Married couples 152,455 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,143,365 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Without children at home 82,075 ...Data not available ...Data not available 596,140 ...Data not available ...Data not available
With children at home 70,380 ...Data not available ...Data not available 547,225 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 child 31,060 ...Data not available ...Data not available 216,230 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 children 29,455 ...Data not available ...Data not available 226,985 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 or more children 9,860 ...Data not available ...Data not available 104,010 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Common-law couples 35,950 ...Data not available ...Data not available 694,750 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Without children at home 20,155 ...Data not available ...Data not available 334,250 ...Data not available ...Data not available
With children at home 15,790 ...Data not available ...Data not available 360,500 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 child 8,430 ...Data not available ...Data not available 152,120 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 children 5,455 ...Data not available ...Data not available 155,020 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 or more children 1,905 ...Data not available ...Data not available 53,360 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 36,185 ...Data not available ...Data not available 365,515 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Female parent 28,735 ...Data not available ...Data not available 277,930 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 child 18,065 ...Data not available ...Data not available 169,760 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 children 8,040 ...Data not available ...Data not available 81,365 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 or more children 2,640 ...Data not available ...Data not available 26,810 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Male parent 7,450 ...Data not available ...Data not available 87,580 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 child 5,320 ...Data not available ...Data not available 57,910 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 children 1,725 ...Data not available ...Data not available 23,780 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 or more children 410 ...Data not available ...Data not available 5,900 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total children in census families in private households 200,700 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2,201,800 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Under six years of age 43,455 ...Data not available ...Data not available 520,710 ...Data not available ...Data not available
6 to 14 years 69,295 ...Data not available ...Data not available 728,240 ...Data not available ...Data not available
15 to 17 years 26,050 ...Data not available ...Data not available 279,620 ...Data not available ...Data not available
18 to 24 years 38,950 ...Data not available ...Data not available 453,250 ...Data not available ...Data not available
25 years and over 22,950 ...Data not available ...Data not available 219,980 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1.0 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 735,715 359,500 376,215 7,732,835 3,812,190 3,920,640
Number of persons not in census families 122,025 56,500 65,525 1,489,290 717,115 772,170
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 13,885 5,930 7,955 145,795 64,175 81,615
Living with non-relatives only 26,435 14,440 11,995 249,085 141,300 107,785
Living alone 81,705 36,135 45,570 1,094,410 511,640 582,770
Number of census family persons 613,695 303,000 310,690 6,243,545 3,095,075 3,148,470
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2.8 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 114,255 52,430 61,830 1,128,815 510,045 618,775
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 37,740 11,275 26,460 413,235 124,645 288,590
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 4,920 1,330 3,590 45,530 11,850 33,680
Living with non-relatives only 2,545 1,205 1,340 24,935 11,985 12,950
Living alone 30,270 8,745 21,530 342,775 100,810 241,965
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 76,515 41,150 35,365 715,580 385,395 330,185
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 314,005 ...Data not available ...Data not available 3,395,340 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Census-family households 220,100 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2,174,255 ...Data not available ...Data not available
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 204,380 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2,050,840 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 175,630 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,738,280 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Without children 95,030 ...Data not available ...Data not available 880,690 ...Data not available ...Data not available
With children 80,600 ...Data not available ...Data not available 857,590 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Lone-parent-family households 28,745 ...Data not available ...Data not available 312,555 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 15,720 ...Data not available ...Data not available 123,420 ...Data not available ...Data not available
One-family households with persons not in a census family 11,310 ...Data not available ...Data not available 95,000 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 7,120 ...Data not available ...Data not available 61,250 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Without children 3,555 ...Data not available ...Data not available 27,410 ...Data not available ...Data not available
With children 3,565 ...Data not available ...Data not available 33,840 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Lone-parent-family households 4,190 ...Data not available ...Data not available 33,750 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Two-or-more-family households 4,410 ...Data not available ...Data not available 28,420 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Non-census-family households 93,910 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,221,090 ...Data not available ...Data not available
One-person households 81,700 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,094,410 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Two-or-more-person households 12,205 ...Data not available ...Data not available 126,680 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 314,005 ...Data not available ...Data not available 3,395,345 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Single-detached house 220,180 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,560,405 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 3,990 ...Data not available ...Data not available 171,115 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 14,000 ...Data not available ...Data not available 22,995 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 75,845 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,640,825 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Semi-detached house 10,815 ...Data not available ...Data not available 171,435 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Row house 7,835 ...Data not available ...Data not available 86,040 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Apartment, duplex 14,110 ...Data not available ...Data not available 263,860 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 42,040 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,103,845 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Other single-attached house 1,050 ...Data not available ...Data not available 15,645 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 314,005 ...Data not available ...Data not available 3,395,345 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 person 81,700 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,094,410 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 persons 123,375 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,181,240 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 persons 51,805 ...Data not available ...Data not available 496,140 ...Data not available ...Data not available
4 persons 40,245 ...Data not available ...Data not available 421,080 ...Data not available ...Data not available
5 persons 12,310 ...Data not available ...Data not available 142,555 ...Data not available ...Data not available
6 or more persons 4,570 ...Data not available ...Data not available 59,920 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Number of persons in private households 735,720 ...Data not available ...Data not available 7,732,835 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2.3 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 739,900 361,415 378,480 7,815,950 3,841,260 3,974,690
  Single responses  731,855 357,560 374,295 7,663,135 3,764,810 3,898,325
    English  479,930 234,735 245,195 599,225 297,875 301,355
    French  233,530 113,495 120,035 6,102,210 2,994,300 3,107,910
    Non-official languages  18,395 9,330 9,065 961,700 472,635 489,060
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 2,135 1,030 1,110 41,290 20,530 20,760
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 5,815 2,975 2,845
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 5 15,135 7,570 7,565
        Dene  0 0 0 0 5 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 8,715 4,200 4,515
        Inuktitut  5 0 5 10,915 5,430 5,485
        Mi'kmaq  2,115 1,020 1,095 670 340 325
        Ojibway  0 5 5 30 15 15
        Oji-Cree  0 0 5 5 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,520 7,920 7,595 908,480 445,970 462,515
        African languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 930 530 400
        Afrikaans  70 30 35 100 50 45
        Akan (Twi)  15 10 5 1,140 560 585
        Albanian  15 10 10 2,405 1,240 1,170
        Amharic  45 20 25 690 340 355
        Arabic  1,325 830 495 140,035 74,985 65,050
        Armenian  15 10 0 15,030 7,335 7,700
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 60 30 30 1,645 875 770
        Bengali  180 95 80 10,405 5,305 5,100
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  10 5 5 5,645 3,095 2,550
        Bisayan languages  65 20 45 955 280 670
        Bosnian  40 20 20 1,505 745 760
        Bulgarian  20 5 10 6,495 3,165 3,330
        Burmese  10 5 5 60 25 35
        Cantonese  225 120 105 10,975 5,185 5,790
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,190 605 585 41,590 19,745 21,850
        Creoles  70 40 35 49,475 21,965 27,510
        Croatian  75 35 40 2,375 1,220 1,160
        Czech  45 25 20 1,645 790 855
        Danish  145 50 95 305 145 160
        Dutch  925 500 425 3,245 1,595 1,645
        Estonian  20 10 10 200 75 125
        Finnish  50 25 25 415 155 255
        Flemish  30 10 20 590 250 340
        Fukien  0 0 5 75 30 45
        German  1,805 860 945 15,025 6,920 8,105
        Greek  140 85 55 39,825 20,135 19,690
        Gujarati  45 25 20 5,940 2,915 3,025
        Hakka  5 5 0 105 40 60
        Hebrew  25 20 10 3,975 2,105 1,870
        Hindi  250 130 115 2,745 1,435 1,310
        Hungarian  155 75 80 6,675 3,250 3,430
        Ilocano  15 10 10 1,685 615 1,075
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 560 320 240
        Italian  440 240 205 113,815 56,530 57,285
        Japanese  115 30 85 2,175 680 1,495
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 5 5 8,620 4,035 4,580
        Korean  1,810 915 890 4,085 1,785 2,300
        Kurdish  15 5 5 820 465 360
        Lao  5 0 0 4,185 2,050 2,140
        Latvian  20 10 10 335 125 205
        Lingala  15 5 5 2,045 980 1,070
        Lithuanian  15 5 5 650 275 370
        Macedonian  15 10 5 195 105 95
        Malay  45 25 20 625 250 375
        Malayalam  40 20 20 315 165 150
        Maltese  5 0 0 30 15 15
        Mandarin  405 190 215 11,290 5,155 6,130
        Marathi  35 15 15 160 90 65
        Nepali  100 50 50 1,280 620 660
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 135 85 55 4,565 2,470 2,090
        Norwegian  45 25 15 275 130 140
        Oromo  30 15 10 7,035 3,865 3,170
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  95 55 45 11,150 5,990 5,160
        Pashto  5 5 5 990 545 445
        Persian (Farsi)  450 245 205 19,835 10,340 9,500
        Polish  255 125 130 15,250 6,695 8,555
        Portuguese  220 110 115 34,265 16,505 17,760
        Romanian  420 225 200 31,245 15,115 16,130
        Rundi (Kirundi)  40 20 20 2,370 1,150 1,220
        Russian  355 175 180 24,085 10,765 13,320
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  35 20 15 2,005 875 1,130
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 150 80 75
        Serbian  120 60 55 2,955 1,485 1,470
        Serbo-Croatian  45 15 25 1,910 945 970
        Shanghainese  5 5 0 95 40 50
        Sign languages, n.i.e 95 55 40 520 305 215
        Sindhi  10 5 5 305 145 155
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 10 10 585 305 280
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 25 15 15 95 55 40
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 325 180 145
        Slovak  20 10 15 1,180 525 660
        Slovenian  10 5 5 840 375 460
        Somali  5 5 0 855 435 420
        Spanish  1,135 545 585 131,850 64,490 67,365
        Swahili  140 80 55 2,065 1,060 1,010
        Swedish  45 20 30 515 240 280
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  585 205 380 13,740 4,655 9,090
        Taiwanese  5 0 0 405 190 215
        Tamil  90 55 35 13,245 6,645 6,595
        Telugu  45 25 20 365 200 160
        Thai  65 15 55 725 190 535
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0 110 60 50
        Tigrigna  10 10 5 350 160 190
        Turkish  65 40 25 6,915 3,605 3,305
        Ukrainian  135 65 70 4,785 2,095 2,690
        Urdu  205 105 95 9,800 5,115 4,690
        Vietnamese  285 145 140 26,560 12,675 13,885
        Yiddish  25 20 5 9,035 4,515 4,520
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 740 385 360 11,930 6,140 5,790
  Multiple responses          8,040 3,860 4,185 152,820 76,455 76,365
    English and French  6,580 3,140 3,445 64,800 32,390 32,405
    English and non-official language  1,120 540 575 23,435 11,455 11,975
    French and non-official language  250 125 125 51,640 25,810 25,825
    English, French and non-official language 95 50 40 12,950 6,790 6,155
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 739,900 361,420 378,480 7,815,955 3,841,260 3,974,690
  English only 426,675 212,750 213,925 363,860 180,175 183,690
  French only 66,375 31,205 35,170 4,047,175 1,871,500 2,175,675
  English and French 245,890 117,020 128,870 3,328,725 1,758,410 1,570,310
  Neither English nor French 960 445 515 76,190 31,175 45,015
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 739,900 361,420 378,480 7,815,955 3,841,265 3,974,695
  English 502,040 245,760 256,285 935,635 465,965 469,675
  French 234,410 114,040 120,370 6,561,510 3,216,790 3,344,720
  English and French 2,575 1,225 1,350 245,230 128,655 116,575
  Neither English nor French 865 395 475 73,580 29,860 43,720
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 235,700 114,655 121,040 1,058,250 530,290 527,960
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 31.9 31.7 32.0 13.5 13.8 13.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 739,895 361,420 378,475 7,815,955 3,841,260 3,974,695
  Single responses 731,310 357,340 373,970 7,570,900 3,720,195 3,850,710
    English 512,110 250,355 261,760 767,415 379,915 387,500
    French 209,885 102,240 107,650 6,249,080 3,071,635 3,177,450
    Non-official languages 9,310 4,750 4,565 554,400 268,640 285,760
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 1,025 515 515 37,955 19,060 18,895
        Atikamekw   0 0 0 5,365 2,805 2,560
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,155 7,085 7,075
        Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 7,730 3,760 3,965
        Inuktitut 5 0 0 10,360 5,230 5,130
        Mi'kmaq 1,025 515 510 330 175 155
        Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,000 4,085 3,915 511,880 247,275 264,610
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 220 105 115
        Afrikaans 50 25 30 25 10 15
        Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 565 260 310
        Albanian 5 0 5 1,510 765 745
        Amharic 15 5 10 360 165 195
        Arabic 730 430 295 72,955 37,360 35,590
        Armenian 0 5 0 10,980 5,195 5,785
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 290 140 155
        Bengali 105 55 45 8,285 4,110 4,170
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0 1,915 1,005 915
        Bisayan languages 20 10 5 235 95 140
        Bosnian 15 10 10 1,030 525 505
        Bulgarian 10 5 5 4,940 2,430 2,505
        Burmese 5 5 0 30 10 15
        Cantonese 130 70 65 8,340 3,980 4,360
        Chinese, n.o.s. 845 445 400 33,890 16,270 17,620
        Creoles 35 15 15 19,430 8,295 11,135
        Croatian 25 10 15 1,060 510 545
        Czech 10 5 5 510 240 275
        Danish 10 10 5 35 20 15
        Dutch 180 90 95 525 245 280
        Estonian 0 0 0 30 15 15
        Finnish 15 10 5 65 25 40
        Flemish 5 5 0 95 45 55
        Fukien 10 0 0 15 10 5
        German 490 235 250 3,025 1,435 1,590
        Greek 35 15 20 20,060 9,685 10,380
        Gujarati 25 10 15 3,955 1,905 2,050
        Hakka 0 0 0 20 5 15
        Hebrew 20 15 5 1,735 885 845
        Hindi 125 65 65 1,450 720 725
        Hungarian 25 10 15 2,390 1,070 1,315
        Ilocano 5 0 0 585 225 360
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 275 145 130
        Italian 90 40 50 39,540 17,925 21,615
        Japanese 35 10 25 915 390 525
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5,350 2,475 2,875
        Korean 1,580 805 770 2,955 1,360 1,590
        Kurdish 5 5 5 380 200 180
        Lao 0 0 0 2,395 1,160 1,235
        Latvian 5 0 0 90 35 55
        Lingala 5 0 0 545 250 290
        Lithuanian 5 0 5 150 60 90
        Macedonian 0 0 0 125 65 60
        Malay 25 15 10 225 115 120
        Malayalam 10 5 5 75 40 35
        Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Mandarin 325 160 165 9,325 4,485 4,835
        Marathi 10 0 5 65 40 25
        Nepali 85 45 45 1,170 575 600
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 975 465 505
        Norwegian 5 5 0 40 20 25
        Oromo 5 0 5 2,115 1,110 1,010
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 40 20 25 8,345 4,415 3,925
        Pashto 0 0 0 805 430 380
        Persian (Farsi) 320 170 145 14,380 7,125 7,255
        Polish 65 30 35 6,955 3,160 3,800
        Portuguese 75 30 40 16,015 7,615 8,405
        Romanian 265 135 130 22,790 11,190 11,605
        Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 15 665 305 355
        Russian 220 110 105 18,465 8,740 9,725
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 0 5 450 210 235
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 35
        Serbian 90 50 45 2,015 985 1,025
        Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10 1,180 580 600
        Shanghainese 0 0 0 30 15 20
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 165 100 60 975 625 355
        Sindhi 0 0 0 175 85 90
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 330 165 170
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 55 20 30
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 65 75
        Slovak 5 0 5 255 115 140
        Slovenian 0 0 0 295 130 170
        Somali 0 0 0 520 245 275
        Spanish 595 280 315 88,380 43,095 45,290
        Swahili 70 35 30 750 365 385
        Swedish 5 0 5 115 55 55
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 280 130 150 7,280 2,815 4,465
        Taiwanese 0 0 5 220 115 100
        Tamil 35 20 15 11,270 5,585 5,685
        Telugu 20 10 10 220 120 105
        Thai 15 0 10 210 95 115
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0 80 40 40
        Tigrigna 0 0 0 170 80 90
        Turkish 30 15 15 4,945 2,470 2,475
        Ukrainian 35 15 20 1,925 835 1,090
        Urdu 120 55 65 7,125 3,595 3,530
        Vietnamese 235 125 110 20,740 9,845 10,895
        Yiddish 20 15 5 6,275 3,225 3,050
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 280 150 125 4,565 2,310 2,265
  Multiple responses         8,585 4,075 4,510 245,055 121,070 123,985
    English and French 6,235 2,910 3,325 71,555 35,860 35,695
    English and non-official language 2,020 995 1,025 43,765 21,305 22,460
    French and non-official language 175 90 90 100,110 48,590 51,525
    English, French and non-official language 160 85 75 29,625 15,315 14,310
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 739,895 361,420 378,480 7,815,950 3,841,260 3,974,690
  None 656,325 321,935 334,390 6,691,145 3,279,620 3,411,525
  Single responses  82,780 39,115 43,665 1,046,580 522,335 524,245
    English  47,560 22,885 24,670 459,125 234,190 224,935
    French  28,410 12,880 15,535 298,090 147,040 151,050
    Non-official languages  6,810 3,350 3,465 289,365 141,100 148,260
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 845 375 465 3,380 1,585 1,795
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 470 205 270
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0 1,250 630 620
        Dene  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0 920 435 490
        Inuktitut  15 5 10 485 205 275
        Mi'kmaq  825 370 455 250 110 135
        Ojibway  0 0 0 5 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,280 2,665 2,610 279,095 136,070 143,025
        African languages, n.i.e 25 15 5 625 335 295
        Afrikaans  20 10 5 65 35 30
        Akan (Twi)  15 10 5 475 240 240
        Albanian  10 5 5 400 200 200
        Amharic  10 10 5 195 95 100
        Arabic  450 275 180 49,400 26,430 22,965
        Armenian  5 5 0 2,500 1,235 1,265
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 50 30 20 945 495 450
        Bengali  50 25 25 1,140 635 505
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 5 1,980 1,050 930
        Bisayan languages  15 5 10 250 80 165
        Bosnian  15 5 10 310 145 165
        Bulgarian  10 5 5 835 380 450
        Burmese  5 0 5 10 5 5
        Cantonese  70 35 35 1,890 935 955
        Chinese, n.o.s.  245 120 125 5,395 2,480 2,920
        Creoles  70 30 35 34,645 15,580 19,065
        Croatian  25 10 15 600 280 325
        Czech  20 10 10 445 205 240
        Danish  55 20 35 130 50 75
        Dutch  310 165 145 930 415 515
        Estonian  5 5 5 60 25 35
        Finnish  30 10 15 140 60 85
        Flemish  5 0 5 110 45 65
        Fukien  0 0 0 25 10 15
        German  680 330 345 5,900 2,720 3,175
        Greek  65 45 20 14,520 7,350 7,165
        Gujarati  15 10 5 1,185 600 585
        Hakka  0 0 0 50 20 30
        Hebrew  35 20 10 2,975 1,475 1,505
        Hindi  130 65 60 1,870 985 890
        Hungarian  50 25 25 1,580 715 865
        Ilocano  0 0 0 505 180 325
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 210 110 95
        Italian  190 95 95 39,030 19,225 19,810
        Japanese  110 50 55 1,070 465 610
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0 2,300 1,070 1,230
        Korean  150 80 70 650 275 375
        Kurdish  0 5 0 230 125 110
        Lao  0 0 0 1,095 530 565
        Latvian  5 0 5 90 35 55
        Lingala  30 15 15 2,585 1,255 1,325
        Lithuanian  5 0 0 180 65 120
        Macedonian  5 0 5 45 20 25
        Malay  15 10 5 235 105 130
        Malayalam  15 10 5 135 70 70
        Maltese  5 5 5 5 5 0
        Mandarin  95 40 55 1,880 810 1,075
        Marathi  15 5 10 55 30 30
        Nepali  5 0 0 40 25 25
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 95 55 40 2,705 1,350 1,355
        Norwegian  20 10 10 110 60 55
        Oromo  20 10 10 2,435 1,275 1,160
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  40 25 15 1,755 960 795
        Pashto  0 0 0 80 50 30
        Persian (Farsi)  95 45 45 2,920 1,600 1,325
        Polish  75 40 45 3,465 1,400 2,065
        Portuguese  75 40 35 9,950 4,785 5,165
        Romanian  100 60 40 4,475 2,070 2,410
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5 1,140 565 575
        Russian  105 60 50 4,610 2,105 2,500
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  25 20 10 920 390 530
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 55 35 25
        Serbian  15 5 5 540 275 265
        Serbo-Croatian  15 10 10 350 185 165
        Shanghainese  0 0 0 50 25 25
        Sign languages, n.i.e 115 50 65 445 205 240
        Sindhi  0 0 5 110 50 60
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 0 175 95 80
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 15 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 95 55 45
        Slovak  5 0 5 310 140 175
        Slovenian  10 5 5 225 95 130
        Somali  10 0 0 250 135 120
        Spanish  705 335 365 40,335 19,665 20,670
        Swahili  80 35 45 1,245 615 630
        Swedish  30 10 20 320 150 175
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  220 65 155 4,875 1,540 3,335
        Taiwanese  5 0 5 135 65 70
        Tamil  45 25 20 1,510 790 720
        Telugu  25 15 10 80 50 30
        Thai  35 10 25 320 100 215
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0 30 15 10
        Tigrigna  5 0 0 90 45 45
        Turkish  20 10 10 1,270 690 575
        Ukrainian  35 20 15 1,245 535 715
        Urdu  60 35 25 2,205 1,200 1,010
        Vietnamese  50 25 25 4,620 2,245 2,375
        Yiddish  10 0 5 1,690 765 920
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 695 310 385 6,890 3,445 3,445
  Multiple responses          790 370 420 78,230 39,305 38,925
    English and French  130 60 65 30,610 15,760 14,845
    English and non-official language  250 130 120 24,795 12,330 12,465
    French and non-official language  400 175 230 21,860 10,720 11,145
    English, French and non-official language  10 5 5 965 500 465

Symbols

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

E use with caution

After the release of the 2006 or 2011 Census population and dwelling counts, errors are occasionally uncovered in the data. It is not possible to make changes to the 2006 or 2011 Census data presented in these tables.

Refer to the 2006 population and dwelling count amendments or the 2011 population and dwelling count amendments for further information.

X area and data suppression

In addition to random rounding, area and data suppression has been adopted to further protect the confidentiality of individual respondents' personal information.

Area and data suppression results in the deletion of all information for geographic areas with populations below a specified size. For example, areas with a population of less than 40 persons are suppressed. If the community searched has a population of less than 40 persons, only the total population counts will be available.

Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

¶ incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

2011 and 2006 population

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Total private dwellings

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Age

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Median age

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Total population 15 years and over by marital status

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Total number of census families in private households

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Total number of census families in private households

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Living with relatives

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Total number of private households by household type

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

One-family-only households

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Couple-family households

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Other family households

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Couple-family households

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Movable dwelling

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Other dwelling

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Total number of private households by household size

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Total population excluding institutional residents

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Selected Aboriginal languages

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

Selected non-Aboriginal languages

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Other languages

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Official language minority

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 23 referrer

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2012. New Brunswick (Code 13) and Quebec (Code 24) (table). Census Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-XWE. Ottawa. Released October 24, 2012.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed April 19, 2021).

Download

Download

 Information regarding available file formats

Option 1 – Download data table

Contains currently selected geographies (i.e., New Brunswick and Quebec) and topics in the 'Data table' tab.

CSV (comma-separated values) file

TAB (tab-separated values) file

Option 2 – Comprehensive download files - CSV or TAB file format

Download a compressed CSV (comma-separated values) or a compressed TAB (tab-separated values) file for all geographies from a selected geographic level for all topics.

Select a geography and a file type (CSV or TAB)
A table showing form radio buttons and files size for compressed CSV and TAB file formats for each geographic level available for download, 2011 Census Profile.
Geographic level File formatCSV/TAB (2011) - Footnote 1 (compressed)
CSV (comma-separated values) TAB (tab-separated values)
Canada, provinces and territories
Census divisions
Census subdivisions
Census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations
Census tracts
Federal electoral districts (2003 representation order)
Federal electoral districts (2013 representation order)
Economic regions
Designated places
Population centres
Dissemination areas
Dissolved census subdivisions
Forward sortation areas©
Health regions (December 2013)
Empty cell

© This data includes information copied with permission from Canada Post Corporation.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Some of the data sets are large and require special consideration during processing in order to successfully make use of them. For example, some data files may exceed the row limitations for various spreadsheet software.

Return to footnote 1 referrer - CSV/TAB (2011)

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census Profile


Option 3 – Comprehensive download files - IVT or XML file format

Download an IVT (Beyond 20/20) or a compressed XML (SDMX-ML) file for all geographies from a selected geographic level or groups of geographic levels for all topics.

Select a group of geographic levels and a file type (IVT or XML)
A table showing form radio buttons and files size for CSV and TAB file formats for each group of geographic levels available for download.
Geographic levels File formatIVT/XML - Footnote 1
IVT (Beyond 20/20) XML (SDMX-ML)
(compressed)
Canada, provinces, territories, census divisions and census subdivisions
Census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations
Census metropolitan areas, tracted census agglomerations and census tracts
Census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and census subdivisions
Canada, provinces, territories and federal electoral districts (2003 representation order)
Canada, provinces, territories and federal electoral districts (2013 representation order)
Designated places
Population centres
Canada, provinces, territories and economic regions
Canada, provinces, territories, census divisions, census subdivisions and dissemination areas
Dissolved census subdivisions
Forward sortation areas©
Canada, provinces, territories and health regions (December 2013)
..
Empty cell

Symbols

© This data includes information copied with permission from Canada Post Corporation.
.. not available for a specific reference period

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Some of the data sets are large and require special consideration during processing in order to successfully make use of them.

Return to footnote 1 referrer - IVT/XML


Map

Map

Map: New Brunswick

Map: Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: New Brunswick (Province)

  • Canada
    • New Brunswick (Province)

Geographic hierarchy: Quebec (Province)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Census Profile: Help

Help

Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: