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2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: Detailed Mother Tongue (232), Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (232), Other Languages Spoken Regularly at Home (9) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 Census

Data table

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This table details detailed mother tongue , detailed language spoken most often at home , other languages spoken regularly at home and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed mother tongue (232) Other language spoken regularly at home (9)
Total - Other language spoken regularly at home None English French Non-official language English and French English and non-official language French and non-official language English, French and non-official language
Total - Detailed mother tongue 33,121,175 28,418,595 1,910,475 678,945 1,965,105 40,280 49,905 56,385 1,485
Single responses 32,481,635 27,984,335 1,859,135 642,300 1,863,900 37,295 45,685 47,585 1,395
English 18,858,980 18,086,940 99,020 280,540 375,755 870 1,065 14,755 30
French 7,054,970 6,255,530 509,520 205,170 68,090 1,335 12,450 2,840 35
Non-official languages 6,567,685 3,641,860 1,250,605 156,585 1,420,055 35,090 32,170 29,990 1,330
Aboriginal languages 200,725 90,220 55,665 5,710 48,465 225 115 325 0
Algonquian languages 135,425 55,580 39,040 5,495 34,845 170 60 235 5
Algonquin 1,590 585 115 180 680 10 5 10 0
Atikamekw 5,820 3,330 10 2,170 305 0 5 0 0
Blackfoot 2,865 1,420 365 5 1,060 0 0 5 0
Cree languages 78,200 29,405 27,125 190 21,190 115 15 155 0
Cree, n.o.s. 77,900 29,225 27,090 185 21,105 115 15 155 0
Swampy Cree 70 30 15 0 25 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 150 105 0 0 40 0 0 5 0
Woods Cree 70 40 20 0 10 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 420 145 35 0 235 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 7,635 3,070 2,465 15 2,060 10 0 15 0
Innu/Montagnais 10,785 6,765 385 2,880 715 35 10 0 0
Naskapi 605 390 150 15 40 5 10 0 0
Ojibway 17,625 7,310 4,110 30 6,120 0 15 45 0
Oji-Cree 9,835 3,130 4,265 10 2,430 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 60 35 10 0 10 0 0 0 0
Michif 445 245 30 5 150 5 0 10 0
Athapaskan languages 19,215 8,960 5,130 35 5,030 0 35 25 0
Carrier 1,290 710 80 0 490 0 0 5 0
Wetsuweten 120 30 35 0 55 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 765 410 120 10 220 0 0 5 0
Dene 11,215 5,085 3,695 20 2,385 0 20 10 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 2,030 635 700 0 680 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 355 220 20 0 110 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 220 105 20 0 90 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 510 265 70 0 170 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 1,535 695 320 0 515 0 0 0 0
Sarcee 155 105 20 0 30 0 0 0 0
Beaver 240 175 20 0 45 0 0 0 0
Sekani 55 40 0 0 10 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 250 160 5 0 85 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 100 65 5 0 40 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 180 140 5 0 30 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 110 60 15 0 40 0 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 10 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 75 45 0 0 25 0 0 0 0
Haida 45 25 5 0 15 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 850 610 40 15 180 0 5 5 0
Mohawk 410 270 25 10 100 0 5 5 0
Cayuga 210 165 5 0 40 0 0 0 0
Oneida 160 125 10 0 25 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 75 50 5 0 20 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 85 50 0 0 35 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,435 1,545 60 0 825 0 0 5 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 570 335 20 0 220 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 370 220 5 0 145 0 0 5 0
Halkomelem 455 305 5 0 140 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 260 170 10 0 85 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 280 160 10 0 115 0 0 0 0
Squamish 55 40 0 0 5 0 0 0 0
Straits 140 115 0 0 20 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 305 205 10 0 85 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,200 1,445 1,850 10 890 0 5 5 0
Dakota 1,060 585 210 0 265 0 0 5 0
Stoney 3,050 795 1,635 5 605 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 95 65 5 0 25 0 0 5 0
Tlingit 100 65 0 0 40 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,555 850 155 0 540 0 0 5 0
Gitksan 790 400 120 0 265 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 535 295 30 0 205 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 235 160 5 0 70 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 930 605 25 0 300 0 0 0 0
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 275 170 0 0 95 0 0 0 0
Haisla 140 70 0 0 65 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 75 55 0 0 20 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 435 310 15 0 115 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 34,670 19,730 9,300 140 5,405 50 10 30 0
Inuktitut 33,500 19,100 9,200 130 4,970 50 15 30 0
Inuinnaqtun 390 155 40 0 190 0 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 475 320 15 0 140 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 310 150 40 10 105 0 0 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 760 495 40 10 210 0 0 0 0
Romance languages 1,120,585 592,365 161,750 61,925 273,240 12,865 5,835 12,265 340
Italian 407,485 231,400 41,000 13,165 109,765 2,710 1,850 7,550 45
Portuguese 211,335 114,820 29,770 6,355 56,460 1,235 1,045 1,600 45
Romanian 90,300 43,725 16,430 7,080 18,895 2,770 555 710 130
Spanish 410,670 202,035 74,480 35,300 87,845 6,140 2,370 2,385 115
Catalan 600 265 50 30 210 5 10 20 5
Romance languages, n.i.e. 200 110 10 5 65 0 5 5 0
Germanic languages 579,680 367,860 66,915 3,075 136,615 710 1,180 3,270 55
Dutch 110,490 73,300 6,425 605 29,080 125 150 790 15
Flemish 4,695 3,365 275 90 855 25 25 60 0
Frisian 2,135 1,295 125 10 670 0 25 5 0
German 409,200 256,095 53,900 2,100 93,555 475 865 2,180 35
Yiddish 15,205 10,910 1,800 85 2,285 35 40 40 0
Scandinavian languages 28,795 19,025 1,535 135 7,850 35 55 155 5
Danish 14,145 9,570 495 45 3,950 5 10 70 0
Icelandic 1,500 1,065 135 5 280 5 0 10 0
Norwegian 5,800 4,135 290 30 1,315 10 10 15 0
Swedish 7,345 4,250 620 60 2,295 20 35 60 0
Afrikaans 8,770 3,640 2,835 25 2,230 5 10 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 405 235 20 15 100 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages 3,005 2,215 95 40 645 0 5 10 0
Gaelic languages 1,645 1,215 40 20 360 0 0 5 0
Welsh 1,255 925 45 5 275 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 105 70 5 20 10 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 687,940 382,875 123,370 9,420 162,090 3,355 3,605 2,995 235
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 560 305 85 5 140 0 10 10 0
Bosnian 11,690 5,705 2,635 410 2,810 45 35 40 5
Bulgarian 19,045 9,675 3,865 1,205 3,685 380 120 95 25
Croatian 49,730 25,370 8,440 320 15,170 135 85 215 10
Czech 23,580 13,000 3,440 210 6,640 50 80 155 5
Macedonian 17,245 8,990 3,340 55 4,700 15 95 45 5
Polish 191,645 104,985 36,600 1,985 45,675 870 540 955 30
Russian 164,330 89,500 34,300 3,270 33,715 1,230 1,645 575 95
Serbian 56,420 28,490 14,485 630 12,205 280 135 185 10
Serbo-Croatian 10,155 4,840 2,250 450 2,405 95 75 40 5
Slovak 17,585 10,005 2,625 150 4,575 50 75 105 5
Slovenian 10,775 6,150 1,340 75 3,100 10 35 70 0
Ukrainian 111,540 73,640 9,550 615 26,395 180 630 495 35
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,630 2,225 430 35 870 15 40 15 0
Baltic languages 13,445 7,745 1,835 90 3,595 25 65 95 0
Latvian 6,200 3,575 855 30 1,670 0 20 45 0
Lithuanian 7,245 4,170 975 60 1,925 25 45 45 5
Greek 108,925 53,970 17,155 1,430 33,920 745 285 1,385 25
Armenian 29,795 15,320 5,040 1,180 6,255 1,160 375 355 105
Albanian 23,820 12,270 5,305 485 5,450 140 110 60 0
Georgian 1,195 620 175 15 355 0 25 5 5
Finno-Ugric languages 91,725 54,685 11,105 745 24,020 195 365 575 30
Estonian 6,385 3,570 740 20 1,995 5 20 35 0
Finnish 17,415 10,875 1,550 90 4,770 10 25 90 0
Hungarian 67,925 40,240 8,815 630 17,260 180 315 450 30
Turkic languages 35,015 18,780 6,565 1,295 7,735 200 315 110 10
Azerbaijani 2,490 1,070 390 10 920 5 80 5 0
Turkish 29,640 16,370 5,640 1,230 5,955 185 160 95 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 2,885 1,335 535 60 860 10 75 10 0
Mongolian 1,020 545 260 10 190 0 10 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages 448,500 220,345 73,050 36,085 106,940 6,045 3,415 2,475 140
Berber languages (Kabyle) 5,850 2,490 70 1,335 1,810 50 25 65 5
Cushitic languages 42,520 21,410 7,855 2,145 10,255 305 315 205 25
Oromo 11,140 4,880 920 1,545 3,455 70 140 100 20
Somali 31,380 16,530 6,935 605 6,800 230 175 100 5
Semitic languages 397,760 195,425 65,005 32,220 94,150 5,645 3,045 2,180 95
Amharic 18,025 9,815 3,495 95 4,445 55 75 45 5
Arabic 327,870 159,440 52,370 31,710 74,485 5,500 2,365 1,920 75
Hebrew 18,455 8,940 3,235 290 5,640 65 130 145 5
Maltese 6,220 3,710 695 20 1,775 0 0 25 0
Tigrigna 10,220 4,915 2,005 55 3,060 20 145 20 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 16,970 8,600 3,220 55 4,740 10 330 20 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,360 1,025 120 380 725 50 30 20 10
Indo-Iranian languages 1,085,075 611,745 257,125 5,445 199,190 2,745 6,985 1,690 160
Indo-Aryan languages 887,510 498,645 212,605 2,700 164,785 1,640 5,820 1,200 120
Bengali 59,370 31,215 17,165 665 9,460 385 325 135 15
Gujarati 91,450 47,520 21,905 290 20,210 215 1,130 160 20
Hindi 90,545 42,795 20,295 205 26,380 80 610 165 15
Konkani 2,825 1,500 315 5 975 0 25 0 5
Marathi 5,830 2,420 1,490 15 1,740 5 150 15 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 430,700 265,480 98,745 750 62,595 445 2,255 395 45
Sindhi 11,330 5,085 2,110 50 3,805 25 215 35 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 14,180 6,205 3,700 30 4,175 20 20 30 0
Urdu 172,800 91,100 45,010 625 34,320 430 1,045 250 20
Nepali 8,480 5,320 1,870 60 1,125 40 55 10 5
Iranian languages 192,310 110,640 43,595 2,705 32,715 1,095 1,040 485 35
Kurdish 9,800 5,080 2,020 130 2,350 30 150 35 5
Pashto 12,460 6,745 2,835 110 2,520 50 190 10 5
Persian (Farsi) 170,050 98,810 38,740 2,465 27,840 1,020 700 440 30
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,255 2,460 920 35 1,690 5 130 15 5
Dravidian languages 159,725 86,810 43,915 935 26,765 535 560 185 10
Kannada 2,725 1,160 655 0 865 0 40 5 0
Malayalam 16,080 6,860 4,140 20 4,910 10 120 20 0
Tamil 131,265 74,575 36,490 900 18,430 520 210 135 10
Telugu 9,315 4,060 2,585 15 2,450 10 175 20 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 160 50 0 105 0 20 5 0
Japanese 39,985 21,535 6,855 280 10,910 75 130 195 0
Korean 137,930 82,720 35,875 525 18,170 240 175 220 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,084,540 655,620 238,565 6,910 174,325 2,825 4,600 1,585 105
Chinese languages 1,072,555 648,340 235,985 6,890 172,405 2,815 4,440 1,565 105
Cantonese 372,460 228,390 74,680 1,355 65,230 535 1,775 465 40
Chaochow (Teochow) 2,580 1,150 320 35 990 10 60 5 5
Fukien 5,925 2,635 695 5 2,420 0 155 10 5
Hakka 5,115 2,215 1,075 20 1,690 5 95 10 5
Mandarin 248,705 146,470 64,210 1,230 34,725 625 1,065 365 15
Shanghainese 2,920 1,375 380 5 1,065 0 95 0 5
Taiwanese 9,635 4,055 1,460 20 3,695 15 360 25 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 425,210 262,050 93,160 4,215 62,585 1,635 840 695 40
Tibetan languages 4,640 2,515 1,245 10 765 10 85 10 0
Burmese 2,990 1,740 585 5 625 5 25 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 4,360 3,020 750 5 530 0 50 5 0
Tai languages 20,905 11,550 2,750 945 5,340 95 115 105 0
Lao 12,965 7,270 1,740 870 2,845 100 95 55 0
Thai 7,935 4,275 1,005 80 2,490 0 20 50 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 164,320 97,795 30,215 6,390 27,355 1,275 845 425 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 19,440 10,930 2,405 1,640 4,045 170 180 65 5
Vietnamese 144,885 86,870 27,805 4,755 23,315 1,105 670 360 10
Malayo-Polynesian languages 381,750 187,135 93,960 1,270 96,855 245 1,355 925 15
Bisayan languages 16,240 6,975 3,940 55 4,850 10 350 60 0
Ilocano 17,910 7,980 4,020 40 5,405 25 405 35 5
Malay 10,905 5,410 1,965 40 3,375 10 60 45 0
Pampango 2,720 1,135 675 5 840 5 55 5 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 327,445 162,720 82,215 895 80,330 185 360 755 0
Bikol 1,220 495 300 5 395 5 20 0 0
Malagasy 1,015 415 40 205 310 10 25 5 5
Fijian 940 485 140 5 305 5 5 0 0
Pangasinan 1,035 460 220 0 330 0 20 0 0
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 2,315 1,055 440 15 730 0 60 15 0
Niger-Congo languages 68,325 29,525 8,190 3,170 25,735 580 690 385 50
Akan (Twi) 12,680 5,900 2,675 95 3,900 45 10 45 0
Bantu languages 31,915 13,385 3,225 1,985 12,165 370 490 255 45
Lingala 3,085 1,200 155 330 1,320 20 50 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,975 1,405 250 510 1,490 135 120 50 15
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 3,895 1,405 360 395 1,460 90 115 70 5
Shona 2,695 1,090 455 20 1,120 0 5 10 0
Swahili 10,090 4,760 1,155 520 3,385 95 105 65 10
Ganda 1,020 465 120 10 420 0 5 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 7,155 3,060 735 205 2,980 30 90 50 10
Edo 1,345 645 155 5 540 0 0 5 0
Igbo 2,920 1,290 315 10 1,290 5 5 10 0
Wolof 2,240 835 90 350 850 65 35 10 0
Bamanankan 880 365 30 100 385 5 10 0 0
Ewe 1,315 560 140 50 530 15 15 5 0
Ga 950 385 140 5 415 0 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 14,070 6,165 1,420 575 5,650 80 125 45 0
African languages, n.i.e. 9,130 4,430 1,515 125 2,880 15 140 30 0
Creoles 61,725 26,610 2,730 8,990 21,505 760 820 285 20
Non-verbal languages 6,430 5,215 325 65 800 0 15 10 0
American Sign Language 2,165 1,560 220 5 365 0 5 10 0
Quebec Sign Language 455 350 5 40 60 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 3,815 3,300 95 20 380 0 5 5 0
Other languages 2,470 1,370 315 30 710 10 25 5 0
Multiple responses 639,540 434,265 51,335 36,640 101,205 2,985 4,215 8,795 90
English and French 144,685 95,885 17,520 26,945 2,785 400 350 800 5
English and non-official language 396,330 279,090 28,305 3,130 81,030 600 1,175 2,970 35
French and non-official language 74,430 44,720 4,230 5,155 13,850 930 2,045 3,475 30
English, French and non-official language 24,095 14,570 1,280 1,410 3,545 1,050 650 1,560 25

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011041.

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