2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: First Official Language Spoken (7), Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (232), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 Census

Data table

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This table details first official language spoken , detailed language spoken most often at home , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in Quebec / QuébecFootnote 1
Detailed language spoken most often at home (232) First official language spoken (7)
Total - First official language spoken English French English and French Neither English nor French Official language minority (number)Footnote 2 Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 3
Total - Detailed language spoken most often at home 7,815,955 935,635 6,561,510 245,225 73,575 1,058,250 13.5
Single responses 7,570,900 875,225 6,424,715 197,375 73,580 973,915 12.9
English 767,415 701,215 66,195 0 0 701,220 91.4
French 6,249,080 55,355 6,193,730 0 0 55,350 0.9
Non-official languages 554,400 118,655 164,790 197,380 73,575 217,345 39.2
Aboriginal languages 38,995 16,015 11,815 6,020 5,145 19,025 48.8
Algonquian languages 28,530 10,075 11,195 4,265 2,990 12,210 42.8
Algonquin 365 70 170 115 20 125 34.2
Atikamekw 5,370 0 4,555 155 655 80 1.5
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Cree languages 14,155 9,280 160 3,045 1,675 10,800 76.3
Cree, n.o.s. 14,155 9,275 160 3,045 1,675 10,805 76.3
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Cree, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Mi'kmaq 335 240 25 60 10 270 80.6
Innu/Montagnais 7,725 90 6,270 800 565 490 6.3
Naskapi 570 395 10 90 70 440 77.2
Ojibway 10 0 5 5 0 5 50.0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Athapaskan languages 5 5 0 5 0 5 100.0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Wetsuweten 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 0 0 0 0 0.0
Sarcee 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Iroquoian languages 15 5 5 5 0 10 66.7
Mohawk 15 5 5 0 5 10 66.7
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 5 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Gitksan 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuit languages 10,420 5,930 595 1,740 2,155 6,805 65.3
Inuktitut 10,360 5,895 585 1,735 2,145 6,760 65.3
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 65 35 15 5 5 40 61.5
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 0 0 0 0.0
Romance languages 166,810 9,765 68,155 69,065 19,825 44,300 26.6
Italian 39,545 2,520 14,705 15,760 6,560 10,395 26.3
Portuguese 16,020 1,165 6,575 6,315 1,960 4,325 27.0
Romanian 22,790 780 6,500 13,940 1,570 7,745 34.0
Spanish 88,380 5,300 40,350 33,005 9,730 21,800 24.7
Catalan 65 0 25 35 0 20 30.8
Romance languages, n.i.e. 15 0 5 5 5 0 0.0
Germanic languages 10,175 4,430 585 3,140 2,015 6,005 59.0
Dutch 525 145 50 320 15 305 58.1
Flemish 95 10 15 65 10 40 42.1
Frisian 5 0 0 5 0 5 100.0
German 3,025 1,100 460 1,320 135 1,765 58.3
Yiddish 6,270 3,055 40 1,330 1,850 3,720 59.3
Scandinavian languages 210 105 10 80 10 145 69.0
Danish 35 20 0 15 0 30 85.7
Icelandic 15 10 0 10 5 10 66.7
Norwegian 40 30 0 10 5 40 100.0
Swedish 115 50 10 50 5 75 65.2
Afrikaans 25 15 0 5 0 15 60.0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 0 15 0 5 25.0
Celtic languages 15 0 10 5 0 5 33.3
Gaelic languages 10 5 0 0 0 5 50.0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0 0.0
Slavic languages 38,920 8,005 9,180 18,415 3,320 17,210 44.2
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 25 10 5 10 0 10 40.0
Bosnian 1,030 50 575 305 95 205 19.9
Bulgarian 4,940 475 1,330 2,815 315 1,885 38.2
Croatian 1,060 315 185 490 65 565 53.3
Czech 515 150 65 280 20 285 55.3
Macedonian 125 20 20 75 5 60 48.0
Polish 6,960 2,010 985 3,480 480 3,755 54.0
Russian 18,460 3,795 4,510 8,195 1,960 7,895 42.8
Serbian 2,015 235 625 1,035 125 750 37.2
Serbo-Croatian 1,185 75 475 555 75 355 30.0
Slovak 255 65 30 145 15 140 54.9
Slovenian 300 230 5 60 5 255 85.0
Ukrainian 1,925 540 335 905 145 985 51.2
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 140 30 40 60 10 60 42.9
Baltic languages 245 120 5 100 15 175 71.4
Latvian 95 45 0 35 10 65 68.4
Lithuanian 155 80 5 65 10 110 71.0
Greek 20,060 9,390 450 6,615 3,615 12,695 63.3
Armenian 10,980 1,340 1,150 7,530 960 5,105 46.5
Albanian 1,510 165 530 595 215 460 30.5
Georgian 60 20 10 25 15 30 50.0
Finno-Ugric languages 2,485 975 270 935 305 1,445 58.1
Estonian 30 15 0 10 0 20 66.7
Finnish 65 40 0 20 5 50 76.9
Hungarian 2,390 920 270 905 300 1,370 57.3
Turkic languages 5,275 970 1,880 1,525 900 1,730 32.8
Azerbaijani 70 20 10 30 15 35 50.0
Turkish 4,945 905 1,790 1,415 840 1,615 32.7
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 255 40 85 80 45 80 31.4
Mongolian 115 25 40 40 10 50 43.5
Afro-Asiatic languages 80,440 9,150 31,595 31,390 8,300 24,845 30.9
Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,915 10 1,185 510 210 265 13.8
Cushitic languages 2,635 90 1,385 890 275 535 20.3
Oromo 2,115 10 1,225 665 220 335 15.8
Somali 520 85 160 225 55 195 37.5
Semitic languages 75,290 9,050 28,665 29,815 7,765 23,950 31.8
Amharic 360 130 30 170 25 215 59.7
Arabic 72,960 8,120 28,425 28,810 7,600 22,525 30.9
Hebrew 1,735 705 190 725 110 1,070 61.7
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Tigrigna 170 65 15 65 20 100 58.8
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 20 15 40 5 40 53.3
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 595 10 360 180 55 95 16.0
Indo-Iranian languages 46,750 19,790 4,275 15,095 7,590 27,335 58.5
Indo-Aryan languages 30,910 15,620 1,525 8,610 5,165 19,925 64.5
Bengali 8,285 4,240 510 2,505 1,025 5,495 66.3
Gujarati 3,955 2,130 140 980 705 2,620 66.2
Hindi 1,445 895 40 385 130 1,090 75.4
Konkani 20 10 5 0 0 15 75.0
Marathi 65 45 0 15 0 55 84.6
Panjabi (Punjabi) 8,345 4,250 305 2,185 1,600 5,345 64.1
Sindhi 175 70 15 80 10 110 62.9
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 330 215 10 85 20 255 77.3
Urdu 7,125 3,555 385 2,080 1,100 4,600 64.6
Nepali 1,170 205 115 285 565 350 29.9
Iranian languages 15,565 4,085 2,685 6,425 2,370 7,300 46.9
Kurdish 380 60 130 140 55 130 34.2
Pashto 805 220 130 275 175 360 44.7
Persian (Farsi) 14,375 3,805 2,425 6,005 2,140 6,805 47.3
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 85 65 70 55 120 43.6
Dravidian languages 11,655 6,240 825 3,110 1,485 7,795 66.9
Kannada 85 60 0 25 5 70 82.4
Malayalam 75 50 0 20 0 60 80.0
Tamil 11,270 5,960 820 3,035 1,455 7,475 66.3
Telugu 220 165 5 30 20 185 84.1
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 5 100.0
Japanese 915 430 110 275 95 570 62.3
Korean 2,955 1,455 150 980 370 1,945 65.8
Sino-Tibetan languages 52,120 19,085 6,925 14,420 11,690 26,290 50.4
Chinese languages 51,960 19,015 6,900 14,375 11,670 26,205 50.4
Cantonese 8,335 2,540 775 2,455 2,565 3,770 45.2
Chaochow (Teochow) 125 10 30 45 35 35 28.0
Fukien 15 5 0 5 0 10 66.7
Hakka 20 5 5 10 5 10 50.0
Mandarin 9,325 3,905 1,210 2,765 1,445 5,285 56.7
Shanghainese 30 10 0 5 10 15 50.0
Taiwanese 220 90 15 60 55 125 56.8
Chinese, n.o.s. 33,890 12,445 4,870 9,030 7,550 16,955 50.0
Tibetan languages 75 30 10 35 10 40 53.3
Burmese 30 15 0 5 5 20 66.7
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 15 5 5 25 50.0
Tai languages 2,605 165 1,260 780 400 555 21.3
Lao 2,395 110 1,210 720 360 470 19.6
Thai 210 55 55 60 45 85 40.5
Austro-Asiatic languages 26,085 3,385 8,820 9,375 4,505 8,070 30.9
Khmer (Cambodian) 5,350 465 2,335 1,445 1,095 1,190 22.2
Vietnamese 20,735 2,920 6,485 7,930 3,405 6,880 33.2
Malayo-Polynesian languages 8,765 6,610 220 1,675 265 7,445 84.9
Bisayan languages 235 180 5 40 5 205 87.2
Ilocano 585 465 0 90 30 510 87.2
Malay 230 135 10 60 25 170 73.9
Pampango 70 55 0 10 0 60 85.7
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,275 5,725 40 1,335 185 6,385 87.8
Bikol 15 5 0 5 0 10 66.7
Malagasy 275 0 145 120 10 60 21.8
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Pangasinan 15 10 0 5 5 10 66.7
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 70 25 15 5 15 35 50.0
Niger-Congo languages 5,195 570 2,715 1,550 360 1,340 25.8
Akan (Twi) 570 300 20 230 15 415 72.8
Bantu languages 2,735 150 1,610 760 205 530 19.4
Lingala 540 5 425 95 15 50 9.3
Rundi (Kirundi) 665 5 370 235 55 125 18.8
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 445 20 200 195 35 115 25.8
Shona 30 15 0 15 0 25 83.3
Swahili 750 45 505 125 70 110 14.7
Ganda 5 0 0 0 0 0 0.0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 295 55 110 90 35 105 35.6
Edo 0 0 0 5 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Igbo 25 15 0 5 5 15 60.0
Wolof 625 5 335 245 40 130 20.8
Bamanankan 185 0 140 40 5 20 10.8
Ewe 65 0 35 20 5 10 15.4
Ga 30 20 0 10 0 25 83.3
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 975 80 565 250 80 200 20.5
African languages, n.i.e. 225 40 95 80 10 75 33.3
Creoles 19,430 360 12,805 4,565 1,700 2,645 13.6
Non-verbal languages 1,520 150 885 50 435 180 11.8
American Sign Language 60 35 15 0 10 35 58.3
Quebec Sign Language 480 10 335 25 115 15 3.1
Sign languages, n.i.e. 975 110 530 25 315 120 12.3
Other languages 105 0 50 30 20 20 19.0
Multiple responses 245,055 60,410 136,795 47,850 0 84,335 34.4
English and French 71,555 13,535 30,555 27,465 0 27,270 38.1
English and non-official language 43,765 42,900 860 0 0 42,900 98.0
French and non-official language 100,110 865 99,245 0 0 865 0.9
English, French and non-official language 29,625 3,110 6,135 20,385 0 13,305 44.9

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011037.

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