2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: First Official Language Spoken (7), Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (232), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2011 Census

Data table

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This table details first official language spoken , detailed language spoken most often at home , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in Quebec / QuébecFootnote 1
Detailed language spoken most often at home (232) First official language spoken (7)
Total - First official language spoken English French English and French Neither English nor French Official language minority (number)Footnote 2 Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 3
Total - Detailed language spoken most often at home 7,815,955 935,635 6,561,515 245,230 73,580 1,058,250 13.5
Single responses 7,570,900 875,225 6,424,720 197,380 73,580 973,915 12.9
English 767,415 701,220 66,200 0 0 701,220 91.4
French 6,249,085 55,350 6,193,730 0 0 55,350 0.9
Non-official languages 554,400 118,655 164,790 197,375 73,575 217,345 39.2
Aboriginal languages 38,995 16,015 11,815 6,020 5,150 19,025 48.8
Algonquian languages 28,525 10,075 11,195 4,270 2,990 12,210 42.8
Algonquin 365 65 170 110 20 120 32.9
Atikamekw 5,365 0 4,560 155 655 80 1.5
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Cree languages 14,160 9,275 155 3,045 1,675 10,805 76.3
Cree, n.o.s. 14,155 9,280 155 3,045 1,675 10,800 76.3
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Cree, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Mi'kmaq 335 240 30 60 10 265 79.1
Innu/Montagnais 7,725 90 6,265 805 565 495 6.4
Naskapi 570 395 10 90 75 440 77.2
Ojibway 10 5 5 5 0 0 0.0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Athapaskan languages 10 0 0 0 0 5 50.0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Wetsuweten 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 5 0 0 5 50.0
Sarcee 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Iroquoian languages 15 5 0 5 5 10 66.7
Mohawk 15 5 0 5 0 5 33.3
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Gitksan 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuit languages 10,420 5,935 595 1,740 2,155 6,805 65.3
Inuktitut 10,360 5,895 580 1,730 2,145 6,760 65.3
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 60 35 10 10 5 40 66.7
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20 0 0 0 0.0
Romance languages 166,810 9,765 68,155 69,065 19,825 44,300 26.6
Italian 39,540 2,520 14,700 15,760 6,560 10,400 26.3
Portuguese 16,020 1,165 6,575 6,320 1,960 4,325 27.0
Romanian 22,790 780 6,500 13,945 1,575 7,750 34.0
Spanish 88,380 5,300 40,350 33,000 9,725 21,800 24.7
Catalan 65 5 25 35 0 25 38.5
Romance languages, n.i.e. 15 0 5 5 5 5 33.3
Germanic languages 10,175 4,430 585 3,140 2,015 6,000 59.0
Dutch 525 145 50 320 20 300 57.1
Flemish 95 10 15 65 5 40 42.1
Frisian 5 0 0 0 0 0 0.0
German 3,025 1,100 465 1,325 135 1,770 58.5
Yiddish 6,270 3,050 40 1,335 1,845 3,720 59.3
Scandinavian languages 205 110 10 80 10 145 70.7
Danish 35 25 0 15 0 30 85.7
Icelandic 15 10 0 10 0 10 66.7
Norwegian 40 30 0 10 0 40 100.0
Swedish 115 45 15 45 5 70 60.9
Afrikaans 25 10 0 5 5 20 80.0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 0 15 0 10 50.0
Celtic languages 15 5 5 0 5 0 0.0
Gaelic languages 5 5 5 0 0 0 0.0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 0 0 0.0
Slavic languages 38,920 8,000 9,180 18,420 3,325 17,210 44.2
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 20 5 5 10 0 10 50.0
Bosnian 1,030 55 570 305 100 205 19.9
Bulgarian 4,935 475 1,330 2,815 315 1,885 38.2
Croatian 1,055 315 185 495 65 560 53.1
Czech 510 150 70 280 20 285 55.9
Macedonian 130 20 25 75 5 60 46.2
Polish 6,955 2,015 985 3,480 480 3,750 53.9
Russian 18,465 3,795 4,510 8,200 1,960 7,895 42.8
Serbian 2,015 235 620 1,030 125 750 37.2
Serbo-Croatian 1,185 75 475 555 80 350 29.5
Slovak 255 65 30 150 15 140 54.9
Slovenian 295 230 5 60 5 260 88.1
Ukrainian 1,925 540 340 900 145 990 51.4
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 145 30 35 60 10 60 41.4
Baltic languages 245 125 5 105 15 175 71.4
Latvian 90 45 5 35 5 65 72.2
Lithuanian 150 75 5 65 5 110 73.3
Greek 20,065 9,385 445 6,610 3,615 12,690 63.2
Armenian 10,985 1,340 1,150 7,525 965 5,105 46.5
Albanian 1,510 165 535 595 215 465 30.8
Georgian 65 20 10 25 10 30 46.2
Finno-Ugric languages 2,480 975 275 930 300 1,445 58.3
Estonian 30 20 5 10 0 25 83.3
Finnish 60 40 5 20 0 50 83.3
Hungarian 2,390 915 270 905 295 1,370 57.3
Turkic languages 5,270 970 1,875 1,525 900 1,730 32.8
Azerbaijani 70 20 10 30 15 35 50.0
Turkish 4,950 905 1,785 1,415 840 1,610 32.5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 255 45 85 85 45 85 33.3
Mongolian 115 30 40 40 10 50 43.5
Afro-Asiatic languages 80,440 9,155 31,595 31,390 8,300 24,845 30.9
Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,915 10 1,185 510 210 265 13.8
Cushitic languages 2,635 90 1,385 890 275 530 20.1
Oromo 2,115 5 1,225 665 220 340 16.1
Somali 520 85 160 225 55 200 38.5
Semitic languages 75,295 9,045 28,665 29,815 7,765 23,950 31.8
Amharic 360 135 30 170 25 215 59.7
Arabic 72,955 8,115 28,420 28,810 7,600 22,525 30.9
Hebrew 1,730 705 190 725 115 1,070 61.8
Maltese 5 0 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Tigrigna 170 70 15 65 25 100 58.8
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 20 10 35 5 35 46.7
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 600 10 360 180 50 95 15.8
Indo-Iranian languages 46,750 19,790 4,275 15,100 7,590 27,340 58.5
Indo-Aryan languages 30,915 15,620 1,520 8,605 5,170 19,925 64.5
Bengali 8,285 4,240 505 2,505 1,025 5,495 66.3
Gujarati 3,955 2,130 140 980 705 2,620 66.2
Hindi 1,450 895 40 385 130 1,085 74.8
Konkani 20 15 5 5 0 15 75.0
Marathi 70 45 0 15 5 55 78.6
Panjabi (Punjabi) 8,345 4,250 305 2,190 1,600 5,345 64.1
Sindhi 175 65 15 80 10 110 62.9
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 330 215 10 80 25 255 77.3
Urdu 7,125 3,555 385 2,085 1,100 4,600 64.6
Nepali 1,170 200 115 285 570 345 29.5
Iranian languages 15,565 4,085 2,685 6,425 2,370 7,295 46.9
Kurdish 380 60 130 145 50 130 34.2
Pashto 805 220 130 275 180 360 44.7
Persian (Farsi) 14,380 3,805 2,425 6,010 2,140 6,805 47.3
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 85 70 70 55 115 41.8
Dravidian languages 11,650 6,240 820 3,110 1,480 7,795 66.9
Kannada 85 60 0 20 5 70 82.4
Malayalam 75 55 0 20 5 65 86.7
Tamil 11,265 5,960 820 3,035 1,455 7,475 66.4
Telugu 220 165 5 30 20 180 81.8
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0 0.0
Japanese 920 435 110 275 100 565 61.4
Korean 2,950 1,460 150 975 370 1,945 65.9
Sino-Tibetan languages 52,115 19,080 6,925 14,420 11,690 26,295 50.5
Chinese languages 51,960 19,015 6,900 14,375 11,670 26,200 50.4
Cantonese 8,335 2,540 770 2,455 2,570 3,770 45.2
Chaochow (Teochow) 120 10 30 50 35 35 29.2
Fukien 15 10 0 0 0 10 66.7
Hakka 25 5 5 5 10 5 20.0
Mandarin 9,320 3,905 1,210 2,765 1,440 5,285 56.7
Shanghainese 30 10 0 5 10 15 50.0
Taiwanese 220 90 15 60 55 120 54.5
Chinese, n.o.s. 33,895 12,445 4,875 9,030 7,550 16,960 50.0
Tibetan languages 80 30 5 40 10 45 56.3
Burmese 30 15 5 0 5 20 66.7
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 15 10 5 25 50.0
Tai languages 2,610 160 1,260 780 405 550 21.1
Lao 2,395 105 1,205 720 360 465 19.4
Thai 215 55 50 60 45 85 39.5
Austro-Asiatic languages 26,085 3,385 8,820 9,380 4,505 8,075 31.0
Khmer (Cambodian) 5,350 470 2,335 1,450 1,100 1,190 22.2
Vietnamese 20,735 2,920 6,485 7,930 3,405 6,885 33.2
Malayo-Polynesian languages 8,770 6,610 215 1,675 265 7,445 84.9
Bisayan languages 235 185 5 40 5 205 87.2
Ilocano 585 465 5 90 30 505 86.3
Malay 230 135 10 65 25 165 71.7
Pampango 70 55 0 15 0 65 92.9
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,275 5,720 40 1,330 180 6,390 87.8
Bikol 15 5 0 5 0 10 66.7
Malagasy 275 5 145 120 10 60 21.8
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Pangasinan 15 10 0 0 0 10 66.7
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 70 30 15 10 20 30 42.9
Niger-Congo languages 5,190 570 2,715 1,545 360 1,340 25.8
Akan (Twi) 570 300 20 225 20 410 71.9
Bantu languages 2,735 155 1,610 765 205 530 19.4
Lingala 540 0 425 95 15 50 9.3
Rundi (Kirundi) 665 5 370 235 50 120 18.0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 450 20 195 195 35 120 26.7
Shona 30 15 0 15 0 20 66.7
Swahili 750 45 505 130 70 110 14.7
Ganda 5 0 0 0 5 5 100.0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 290 60 110 90 30 105 36.2
Edo 0 5 0 5 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Igbo 20 15 0 0 5 15 75.0
Wolof 630 5 335 245 40 130 20.6
Bamanankan 185 0 140 35 5 20 10.8
Ewe 65 0 40 20 5 10 15.4
Ga 25 20 0 10 0 25 100.0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 970 80 565 250 80 205 21.1
African languages, n.i.e. 225 35 95 80 15 75 33.3
Creoles 19,430 365 12,805 4,560 1,700 2,640 13.6
Non-verbal languages 1,515 150 880 50 435 180 11.9
American Sign Language 65 35 15 5 10 40 61.5
Quebec Sign Language 475 5 335 20 110 20 4.2
Sign languages, n.i.e. 980 110 535 25 310 120 12.2
Other languages 105 0 50 35 20 20 19.0
Multiple responses 245,055 60,410 136,795 47,850 0 84,335 34.4
English and French 71,555 13,535 30,550 27,465 0 27,270 38.1
English and non-official language 43,765 42,900 865 0 0 42,900 98.0
French and non-official language 100,110 865 99,250 0 0 860 0.9
English, French and non-official language 29,625 3,110 6,130 20,380 0 13,300 44.9

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011039.

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