2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: First Official Language Spoken (7), Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (232), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Federal Electoral Districts (2003 Representation Order), 2011 Census

Data table

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This table details first official language spoken , detailed language spoken most often at home , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in Quebec / QuébecFootnote 1
Detailed language spoken most often at home (232) First official language spoken (7)
Total - First official language spoken English French English and French Neither English nor French Official language minority (number)Footnote 2 Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 3
Total - Detailed language spoken most often at home 7,815,950 935,635 6,561,510 245,230 73,580 1,058,250 13.5
Single responses 7,570,900 875,225 6,424,720 197,375 73,580 973,915 12.9
English 767,415 701,220 66,195 0 0 701,220 91.4
French 6,249,080 55,350 6,193,730 0 0 55,350 0.9
Non-official languages 554,405 118,655 164,795 197,375 73,580 217,345 39.2
Aboriginal languages 38,995 16,015 11,810 6,015 5,145 19,025 48.8
Algonquian languages 28,530 10,075 11,195 4,270 2,995 12,205 42.8
Algonquin 365 65 170 115 20 120 32.9
Atikamekw 5,370 0 4,560 155 655 75 1.4
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Cree languages 14,160 9,280 155 3,045 1,675 10,805 76.3
Cree, n.o.s. 14,160 9,280 155 3,045 1,675 10,800 76.3
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Cree, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Mi'kmaq 335 240 30 55 10 270 80.6
Innu/Montagnais 7,730 95 6,270 805 560 490 6.3
Naskapi 570 395 10 90 70 440 77.2
Ojibway 10 0 0 5 0 5 50.0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Athapaskan languages 10 0 0 5 0 0 0.0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Wetsuweten 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 5 0 0 0.0
Sarcee 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Iroquoian languages 20 10 5 5 0 5 25.0
Mohawk 15 10 5 5 0 10 66.7
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Gitksan 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuit languages 10,420 5,930 595 1,740 2,155 6,800 65.3
Inuktitut 10,360 5,895 580 1,730 2,150 6,760 65.3
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 60 35 15 10 5 40 66.7
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 0 0 0 0.0
Romance languages 166,810 9,765 68,160 69,065 19,820 44,295 26.6
Italian 39,545 2,520 14,705 15,760 6,560 10,400 26.3
Portuguese 16,015 1,165 6,575 6,315 1,955 4,325 27.0
Romanian 22,795 780 6,500 13,940 1,570 7,750 34.0
Spanish 88,380 5,295 40,350 33,005 9,730 21,800 24.7
Catalan 65 0 20 35 0 25 38.5
Romance languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 5 5 5 33.3
Germanic languages 10,180 4,435 585 3,140 2,015 6,005 59.0
Dutch 525 145 50 315 20 305 58.1
Flemish 95 10 20 65 5 35 36.8
Frisian 5 5 0 5 0 0 0.0
German 3,025 1,105 460 1,320 135 1,765 58.3
Yiddish 6,270 3,055 40 1,335 1,845 3,720 59.3
Scandinavian languages 205 110 10 75 10 150 73.2
Danish 35 20 0 10 0 30 85.7
Icelandic 20 10 0 10 0 15 75.0
Norwegian 45 30 0 10 0 35 77.8
Swedish 115 45 15 45 5 70 60.9
Afrikaans 25 15 5 10 0 15 60.0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 0 10 0 10 50.0
Celtic languages 15 0 10 0 5 5 33.3
Gaelic languages 10 0 0 0 0 0 0.0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 0 0 0.0
Slavic languages 38,920 8,005 9,180 18,415 3,325 17,210 44.2
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 20 5 5 5 0 15 75.0
Bosnian 1,030 50 570 305 100 210 20.4
Bulgarian 4,940 475 1,330 2,815 315 1,885 38.2
Croatian 1,055 315 180 490 65 565 53.6
Czech 510 150 65 275 20 285 55.9
Macedonian 130 20 25 75 5 60 46.2
Polish 6,955 2,015 985 3,485 480 3,750 53.9
Russian 18,465 3,795 4,510 8,195 1,960 7,895 42.8
Serbian 2,015 235 620 1,035 125 750 37.2
Serbo-Croatian 1,185 75 475 560 75 350 29.5
Slovak 255 65 25 150 15 140 54.9
Slovenian 295 225 5 55 5 260 88.1
Ukrainian 1,925 535 340 900 150 990 51.4
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 145 30 35 65 15 65 44.8
Baltic languages 245 125 5 100 15 175 71.4
Latvian 90 45 5 35 5 60 66.7
Lithuanian 150 80 5 70 10 110 73.3
Greek 20,065 9,385 445 6,615 3,615 12,695 63.3
Armenian 10,980 1,340 1,150 7,530 960 5,105 46.5
Albanian 1,510 165 535 595 220 465 30.8
Georgian 65 20 5 20 10 30 46.2
Finno-Ugric languages 2,480 980 275 935 305 1,445 58.3
Estonian 30 15 5 5 5 20 66.7
Finnish 65 40 0 20 0 50 76.9
Hungarian 2,390 915 265 905 295 1,370 57.3
Turkic languages 5,270 970 1,880 1,525 900 1,730 32.8
Azerbaijani 70 20 5 30 10 35 50.0
Turkish 4,945 910 1,785 1,410 840 1,615 32.7
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 260 45 80 85 45 85 32.7
Mongolian 115 25 35 40 10 45 39.1
Afro-Asiatic languages 80,440 9,155 31,595 31,390 8,305 24,845 30.9
Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,915 10 1,185 510 210 265 13.8
Cushitic languages 2,635 95 1,385 885 280 530 20.1
Oromo 2,115 5 1,225 665 225 335 15.8
Somali 520 85 155 225 55 195 37.5
Semitic languages 75,290 9,050 28,665 29,810 7,765 23,950 31.8
Amharic 360 130 30 175 20 220 61.1
Arabic 72,960 8,120 28,420 28,810 7,605 22,525 30.9
Hebrew 1,735 705 190 720 115 1,070 61.7
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Tigrigna 170 70 15 65 20 105 61.8
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 20 10 40 5 35 46.7
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 595 5 360 180 50 100 16.8
Indo-Iranian languages 46,750 19,785 4,275 15,095 7,590 27,335 58.5
Indo-Aryan languages 30,915 15,620 1,520 8,605 5,165 19,925 64.5
Bengali 8,280 4,245 505 2,510 1,025 5,495 66.4
Gujarati 3,955 2,130 140 980 705 2,620 66.2
Hindi 1,445 895 35 385 130 1,085 75.1
Konkani 20 10 5 0 5 15 75.0
Marathi 65 45 0 15 0 55 84.6
Panjabi (Punjabi) 8,345 4,255 305 2,190 1,600 5,345 64.1
Sindhi 175 65 15 75 10 110 62.9
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 330 215 5 85 20 255 77.3
Urdu 7,125 3,555 385 2,085 1,100 4,595 64.5
Nepali 1,170 205 115 285 570 345 29.5
Iranian languages 15,560 4,085 2,685 6,425 2,375 7,295 46.9
Kurdish 380 55 130 140 50 125 32.9
Pashto 805 220 130 275 175 360 44.7
Persian (Farsi) 14,380 3,805 2,425 6,010 2,140 6,805 47.3
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 85 65 65 55 120 43.6
Dravidian languages 11,650 6,245 820 3,110 1,485 7,795 66.9
Kannada 85 60 0 25 0 75 88.2
Malayalam 75 50 0 20 5 65 86.7
Tamil 11,265 5,960 820 3,035 1,455 7,475 66.4
Telugu 220 170 5 30 20 180 81.8
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0 not applicable ...
Japanese 915 430 110 275 100 570 62.3
Korean 2,955 1,455 150 975 370 1,945 65.8
Sino-Tibetan languages 52,120 19,080 6,920 14,420 11,690 26,295 50.5
Chinese languages 51,960 19,015 6,900 14,375 11,670 26,200 50.4
Cantonese 8,340 2,540 770 2,455 2,570 3,770 45.2
Chaochow (Teochow) 120 10 25 45 35 35 29.2
Fukien 15 10 0 5 0 15 100.0
Hakka 20 0 5 10 5 5 25.0
Mandarin 9,320 3,905 1,210 2,765 1,440 5,285 56.7
Shanghainese 30 10 0 5 10 15 50.0
Taiwanese 225 95 10 60 55 125 55.6
Chinese, n.o.s. 33,890 12,445 4,875 9,030 7,550 16,960 50.0
Tibetan languages 75 25 5 40 10 45 60.0
Burmese 30 20 5 5 5 20 66.7
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 55 20 15 10 5 25 45.5
Tai languages 2,605 165 1,260 775 400 555 21.3
Lao 2,395 110 1,210 725 355 465 19.4
Thai 215 55 50 55 45 85 39.5
Austro-Asiatic languages 26,085 3,385 8,820 9,375 4,505 8,075 31.0
Khmer (Cambodian) 5,350 470 2,340 1,450 1,100 1,195 22.3
Vietnamese 20,735 2,915 6,485 7,930 3,405 6,880 33.2
Malayo-Polynesian languages 8,765 6,610 215 1,670 270 7,450 85.0
Bisayan languages 235 185 5 40 5 205 87.2
Ilocano 585 460 5 90 30 510 87.2
Malay 230 135 10 65 25 165 71.7
Pampango 65 55 0 10 0 65 100.0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,280 5,720 40 1,335 180 6,390 87.8
Bikol 10 10 0 5 0 10 100.0
Malagasy 275 0 150 115 10 55 20.0
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Pangasinan 15 10 0 5 5 10 66.7
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 70 30 10 10 15 35 50.0
Niger-Congo languages 5,195 570 2,715 1,550 360 1,345 25.9
Akan (Twi) 565 300 25 230 15 410 72.6
Bantu languages 2,730 150 1,610 765 210 535 19.6
Lingala 540 5 425 95 15 55 10.2
Rundi (Kirundi) 665 5 375 235 55 125 18.8
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 450 25 195 195 35 120 26.7
Shona 30 15 0 20 0 25 83.3
Swahili 750 50 505 125 70 115 15.3
Ganda 5 0 0 0 0 0 0.0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 295 60 110 95 30 105 35.6
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Igbo 20 15 0 0 5 15 75.0
Wolof 625 10 335 245 40 125 20.0
Bamanankan 185 0 140 40 5 20 10.8
Ewe 60 0 40 15 5 10 16.7
Ga 25 20 0 5 0 20 80.0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 975 80 565 250 80 205 21.0
African languages, n.i.e. 225 40 90 80 10 75 33.3
Creoles 19,430 365 12,805 4,560 1,700 2,645 13.6
Non-verbal languages 1,520 150 885 50 435 175 11.5
American Sign Language 65 35 15 0 15 35 53.8
Quebec Sign Language 475 10 335 25 115 20 4.2
Sign languages, n.i.e. 980 110 535 30 310 120 12.2
Other languages 105 5 50 30 20 20 19.0
Multiple responses 245,055 60,405 136,795 47,850 0 84,335 34.4
English and French 71,555 13,535 30,550 27,470 0 27,270 38.1
English and non-official language 43,765 42,900 865 0 0 42,900 98.0
French and non-official language 100,110 865 99,245 0 0 865 0.9
English, French and non-official language 29,625 3,110 6,130 20,380 0 13,305 44.9

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011040.

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