2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: Detailed Mother Tongue (232), Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (232), Other Languages Spoken Regularly at Home (9) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 Census

Data table

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This table details detailed mother tongue , detailed language spoken most often at home , other languages spoken regularly at home and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in Quebec / QuébecFootnote 1
Detailed mother tongue (232) Other language spoken regularly at home (9)
Total - Other language spoken regularly at home None English French Non-official language English and French English and non-official language French and non-official language English, French and non-official language
Total - Detailed mother tongue 7,815,955 6,691,145 459,125 298,090 289,370 30,610 24,790 21,865 965
Single responses 7,663,135 6,595,450 441,350 283,795 271,405 28,610 22,205 19,400 920
English 599,225 441,705 34,600 95,930 21,565 530 500 4,385 10
French 6,102,210 5,663,310 319,905 48,735 57,795 950 10,365 1,130 20
Non-official languages 961,695 490,430 86,845 139,130 192,055 27,130 11,335 13,885 880
Aboriginal languages 43,665 25,180 9,710 5,500 2,975 210 45 45 5
Algonquian languages 32,480 16,545 7,760 5,375 2,565 160 35 25 0
Algonquin 1,500 535 120 180 645 10 5 5 0
Atikamekw 5,820 3,325 10 2,170 305 0 5 0 0
Blackfoot 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree languages 15,135 6,745 7,320 125 815 115 10 15 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15,135 6,745 7,325 120 815 110 10 20 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 675 410 115 10 135 5 0 5 0
Innu/Montagnais 8,710 5,130 50 2,875 615 30 10 0 0
Naskapi 600 385 145 15 40 5 10 0 0
Ojibway 30 5 5 10 10 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athapaskan languages 35 15 5 5 10 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wetsuweten 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 20 10 0 0 10 0 0 0 0
Sarcee 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 80 45 10 5 15 0 0 5 0
Mohawk 70 35 5 5 20 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitksan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 11,015 8,540 1,930 105 365 50 10 15 0
Inuktitut 10,920 8,505 1,910 95 340 50 10 15 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 95 40 25 10 20 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 50 25 0 10 10 5 0 0 0
Romance languages 311,455 150,365 17,780 58,105 61,145 10,955 4,725 8,120 270
Italian 113,815 56,055 7,285 11,945 28,400 2,535 1,675 5,890 35
Portuguese 34,270 16,345 2,265 5,665 7,340 1,050 805 760 35
Romanian 31,245 15,770 1,545 6,670 4,200 2,275 310 370 110
Spanish 131,855 62,060 6,685 33,805 21,115 5,090 1,930 1,085 85
Catalan 225 105 10 20 70 5 0 10 5
Romance languages, n.i.e. 50 30 5 5 15 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 29,320 16,595 3,535 1,565 6,110 425 495 575 30
Dutch 3,240 1,655 345 280 705 85 75 90 5
Flemish 590 370 60 35 85 20 10 5 0
Frisian 15 5 5 0 5 0 0 0 0
German 15,025 7,635 1,465 1,095 3,805 265 350 400 20
Yiddish 9,035 6,235 1,535 70 1,105 35 25 30 0
Scandinavian languages 1,135 550 95 65 345 20 25 40 5
Danish 310 150 20 20 105 0 5 15 0
Icelandic 40 20 10 0 10 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 270 155 25 10 70 5 5 5 0
Swedish 515 225 40 35 165 15 15 20 0
Afrikaans 100 40 15 5 30 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 175 105 15 5 35 0 10 5 0
Celtic languages 170 110 5 20 25 0 0 5 0
Gaelic languages 65 40 5 5 10 0 0 5 0
Welsh 30 20 5 5 10 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 75 45 5 15 10 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 63,635 34,670 6,075 7,695 10,860 2,500 780 895 160
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 85 45 5 5 15 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 1,500 760 55 395 245 35 10 5 0
Bulgarian 6,500 3,670 475 1,145 765 325 60 45 15
Croatian 2,375 1,210 310 200 490 100 20 40 5
Czech 1,645 835 210 110 380 35 30 40 0
Macedonian 200 105 15 25 35 10 0 0 0
Polish 15,255 7,925 1,775 1,450 2,900 640 250 295 20
Russian 24,085 13,885 2,120 2,895 3,650 940 265 255 80
Serbian 2,955 1,615 195 495 420 170 35 25 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,910 970 80 425 295 85 35 20 5
Slovak 1,180 635 85 95 285 30 15 35 5
Slovenian 840 365 205 40 200 5 10 20 5
Ukrainian 4,785 2,490 500 375 1,130 110 55 110 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 325 170 45 35 65 10 0 5 0
Baltic languages 980 520 130 45 235 15 0 35 0
Latvian 335 170 55 15 80 0 0 15 0
Lithuanian 645 350 75 30 155 15 0 20 0
Greek 39,825 19,740 6,245 1,195 10,710 695 210 1,010 20
Armenian 15,035 8,075 1,935 1,065 2,395 1,045 180 255 85
Albanian 2,410 1,310 145 420 365 110 25 25 0
Georgian 145 75 15 15 30 5 5 5 0
Finno-Ugric languages 7,290 3,920 855 465 1,650 145 75 155 20
Estonian 200 100 15 10 60 0 5 5 0
Finnish 415 205 45 35 105 10 10 10 0
Hungarian 6,680 3,615 795 420 1,485 135 70 140 15
Turkic languages 7,575 4,440 530 1,215 1,150 140 45 50 5
Azerbaijani 210 90 25 10 70 5 5 5 5
Turkish 6,915 4,110 480 1,155 965 125 35 40 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 450 240 25 55 115 10 5 5 0
Mongolian 130 85 5 15 20 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages 160,485 73,280 9,025 32,980 38,110 3,930 2,035 1,040 80
Berber languages (Kabyle) 5,645 2,425 45 1,310 1,745 35 20 65 0
Cushitic languages 7,890 3,195 135 1,640 2,655 90 80 90 10
Oromo 7,035 2,795 90 1,485 2,455 45 70 85 10
Somali 855 400 50 150 195 40 10 0 0
Semitic languages 145,230 66,895 8,810 29,715 33,170 3,785 1,915 875 65
Amharic 695 345 110 35 155 35 0 5 0
Arabic 140,035 64,470 8,065 29,360 31,785 3,685 1,850 765 55
Hebrew 3,975 1,860 570 255 1,090 55 55 95 5
Maltese 25 20 0 5 5 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 350 145 65 30 85 10 5 10 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 155 50 10 30 50 5 5 0 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,715 760 30 320 545 20 25 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages 64,675 38,425 9,855 4,025 9,330 2,030 460 445 95
Indo-Aryan languages 42,465 24,905 7,650 1,720 6,330 1,225 290 270 75
Bengali 10,405 6,300 2,030 575 1,055 335 50 55 5
Gujarati 5,940 3,310 1,170 190 980 170 65 40 15
Hindi 2,745 1,210 575 95 775 40 30 15 5
Konkani 90 50 5 0 25 0 0 0 0
Marathi 160 70 30 0 50 0 0 5 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 11,150 7,005 1,895 355 1,450 300 70 60 25
Sindhi 305 135 55 20 70 10 0 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 585 325 110 20 115 10 0 5 0
Urdu 9,800 5,450 1,680 405 1,770 325 65 90 15
Nepali 1,280 1,055 90 55 40 35 5 0 0
Iranian languages 21,650 13,220 2,155 2,280 2,830 805 160 175 25
Kurdish 825 390 35 105 230 25 10 25 10
Pashto 990 675 80 85 100 35 5 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 19,840 12,160 2,045 2,085 2,495 740 145 145 20
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 560 295 50 25 170 5 10 5 0
Dravidian languages 14,110 8,795 2,785 685 1,320 420 50 45 5
Kannada 175 80 55 0 40 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 315 130 50 5 125 0 0 5 0
Tamil 13,245 8,410 2,585 680 1,080 415 40 35 5
Telugu 365 170 95 5 75 5 10 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 5 0 0 0 0
Japanese 2,175 1,020 260 185 555 45 50 60 0
Korean 4,090 2,295 785 265 515 150 30 45 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 65,025 39,315 8,895 5,610 7,985 2,265 405 475 60
Chinese languages 64,755 39,180 8,855 5,600 7,925 2,265 400 475 60
Cantonese 10,980 6,540 1,195 965 1,620 410 115 110 25
Chaochow (Teochow) 225 80 5 35 90 5 0 0 0
Fukien 75 40 5 5 20 5 0 0 5
Hakka 100 30 10 5 50 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 11,290 6,560 1,835 925 1,320 440 80 120 5
Shanghainese 90 40 5 10 40 0 0 0 0
Taiwanese 405 165 50 15 140 10 15 10 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 41,595 25,720 5,760 3,640 4,650 1,390 175 235 25
Tibetan languages 110 50 20 5 25 5 0 0 0
Burmese 60 35 10 5 10 0 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 95 50 10 0 30 0 0 5 0
Tai languages 4,910 2,575 210 875 1,045 75 90 45 0
Lao 4,185 2,215 160 820 825 75 75 25 0
Thai 725 360 45 60 220 0 15 20 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 35,180 20,225 1,970 6,050 5,190 1,075 490 170 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 8,620 4,585 365 1,600 1,730 150 145 35 5
Vietnamese 26,560 15,635 1,605 4,450 3,460 920 345 135 5
Malayo-Polynesian languages 18,470 8,705 3,850 665 4,725 185 150 175 10
Bisayan languages 955 415 145 40 305 10 25 15 0
Ilocano 1,685 700 345 25 535 20 40 15 5
Malay 625 335 75 25 165 10 10 5 0
Pampango 160 75 40 0 40 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 13,740 6,615 3,170 375 3,280 135 45 120 0
Bikol 95 40 15 0 35 5 0 0 0
Malagasy 900 370 30 195 280 5 20 5 0
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 75 45 10 0 15 0 5 0 0
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 225 110 25 10 70 0 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 19,290 8,250 875 2,290 7,235 230 315 80 5
Akan (Twi) 1,140 525 220 55 265 50 5 15 5
Bantu languages 10,270 4,230 400 1,300 3,995 95 195 50 5
Lingala 2,045 835 40 225 920 5 20 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,370 925 75 345 925 40 50 5 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 2,005 765 120 245 775 20 60 20 0
Shona 100 50 15 5 30 0 0 0 0
Swahili 2,065 905 75 350 675 10 35 15 0
Ganda 35 15 0 5 15 0 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,645 740 75 125 655 15 30 5 5
Edo 55 25 5 5 20 0 0 0 0
Igbo 105 50 5 5 45 5 0 5 0
Wolof 1,880 690 35 320 760 40 30 5 0
Bamanankan 740 315 20 80 320 5 5 0 0
Ewe 425 170 10 40 190 5 10 0 0
Ga 105 45 15 5 35 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,565 2,195 155 490 1,600 40 70 10 0
African languages, n.i.e. 930 460 45 75 325 10 15 10 0
Creoles 49,475 21,015 1,295 8,030 17,890 455 650 125 15
Non-verbal languages 1,015 850 20 45 95 0 5 0 0
American Sign Language 45 30 5 0 0 0 0 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 450 345 10 40 60 0 5 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 520 475 10 10 30 0 0 0 0
Other languages 245 140 10 25 65 5 0 0 0
Multiple responses 152,820 95,690 17,780 14,295 17,960 1,995 2,590 2,465 50
English and French 64,800 41,060 13,080 8,385 1,410 305 260 295 5
English and non-official language 23,430 13,790 1,780 1,420 4,620 380 315 1,110 20
French and non-official language 51,635 33,115 2,150 3,750 10,210 560 1,480 355 20
English, French and non-official language 12,950 7,730 765 745 1,725 750 525 705 10

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011041.

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