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2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: Presence of Children (5), Number of Children at Home (8) and Census Family Structure (7) for the Census Families in Private Households of Canada and Forward Sortation Areas, 2011 Census ©

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :
Release date :
February 5, 2013
Topic :
Families, households and marital status
Variables :
  1. Geography Geographic Index
  2. Presence of children (5)
  3. Number of children at home (8)
  4. Census family structure (7)


Note: Population universe

The population universe (target population) of the 2011 Census includes the following groups: Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) who: 1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; 2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or 3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, plus family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Note: Forward sortation area

©This data includes information copied with permission from Canada Post Corporation.

The population, dwelling and household counts for a forward sortation area (FSA) are based on the first three characters of the postal codes* captured from the first page of the 2011 Census questionnaire. The same postal code* was assigned to all members of a given household to allow for the calculation of various census data.

The postal code* is captured for all households from the address information provided or accepted by the respondent on the front page of the census questionnaire. For the 2011 Census, held on May 10, 2011, some census questionnaires contained a pre-printed postal code* that the respondents could either accept or correct; however, other census questionnaires did not contain a pre-printed postal code* and respondents were asked to provide one by writing it on the questionnaire.

The postal code* provided by respondents may not be the same as the one assigned to their dwelling by Canada Post Corporation. For example, respondents may have given the postal code* of their mailing address, such as a post office location (as in the case of general delivery) or of a business location.

The postal codes* were processed through a series of operations including data capture, and edit and imputation. The edit operation consisted of identifying applicable, acceptable and invalid postal codes*. Postal codes* were determined to be applicable for the 2011 Census, if they appeared on Canada Post Corporation's Address Lookup File for May 2011, the month of the census. However, postal codes* provided by the respondents were considered acceptable if they were found in the file from Canada Post Corporation within the six months leading up to the census. This is consistent with the effort to represent the FSA and the postal code* whenever they could be considered as being in use at the time of the census. The imputation stage assigned applicable postal codes* where either no postal code* was reported or an invalid postal code* was provided.

While these processes allow census respondents to provide postal codes* of any category (for example, a commercial postal code* or a large volume receiver postal code*), analysis of census results has shown that this occurs only for a small number of households. If an FSA is not reported on the census questionnaire, as in the case of many business FSAs, it is not included in the census products or the Census Forward Sortation Area Boundary File. Where a postal code* is not frequently reported in a dissemination block, it may not be represented in the 2011 Census Forward Sortation Area Boundary File which is built from dissemination blocks. As a result, whereas 1,638 FSAs were reported in the 2011 Census, only 1,621 are represented in the boundary file.

All households that provided a postal code* with the same FSA were grouped to calculate FSA totals in census products. As a result, it is possible that households located in a particular province be included in an FSA found in another province. Therefore, calculating a provincial population, dwelling or household count by grouping FSAs will not necessarily yield the same count as the one provided in the provincial or territorial population, dwelling or household count tables.

*: Postal code is an official mark of Canada Post Corporation.

Note: Census family

Refers to a married couple (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), a common-law couple (with or without children of either and/or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child. A couple may be of opposite sex or same sex. 'Children' refer to blood, step or adopted sons and daughters (regardless of age or marital status) who are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s), as well as grandchildren in households where there are no parents present. Sons and daughters who are living with their married spouse or common-law partner, or with one or more of their own children, are not considered to be members of the census family of their parent(s), even if they are living in the same dwelling. For additional information, please refer to the 2011 on-line Census Dictionary, catalogue number 98-301-X.

Note: Population in private households

Persons in private households or families in private households exclude residents or families of collective dwellings, both institutional and non-institutional. Since 1976, tables on the population (or families) in private households exclude Canadian citizens and landed immigrants (permanent residents) who are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; such persons are included in counts of the total population.

© This data includes information copied with permission from Canada Post Corporation.

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