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2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (25) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Federal Electoral Districts (2013 Representation Order), 2011 Census

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :
Release date :
May 21, 2014
Topic :
Variables :
  1. Geography Geographic Index
  2. Sex (3)
  3. Age groups (25)
  4. Mother tongue (8)


Note: Population universe

The population universe (target population) of the 2011 Census includes the following groups: Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) who: 1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; 2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or 3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, plus family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Note: Federal electoral districts (2013 Representation Order)

The Constitution of Canada requires that the number of seats in the House of Commons be recalculated and the boundaries of federal electoral districts (FEDs) be reviewed after each 10-year census to reflect changes and movements in Canada's population. This process is known as the redistribution of federal electoral districts. A 2013 Representation Order was proclaimed with 338 federal electoral districts, and reported in the Canada Gazette on October 5, 2013.

Many of the 338 federal electoral districts (2013 Representation Order) do not fully align with the 2011 Census geographic structure. To tabulate the data from the 2011 Census, the 2011 dissemination block structure was used. In some cases, dissemination blocks were split between FEDs and were assigned to a single FED for the purpose of tabulating the data. For this reason, and also due to random rounding, the 2011 Census data for these FEDs may not match the population counts reported in the Canada Gazette.

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