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Visual Census – Language, Canada

Catalogue number: 98-315-X2011001

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Figure 4.1 Population by knowledge of official languages, Canada, 2011

Figure 4.1 description

Figure 4.2 The most common non-official-language mother tongues,Footnote 1 Canada, 2011

Figure 4.2 description

Figure 4.3 Mother-tongue retention,Footnote 2 Canada, 2011

Figure 4.3 description

Figure 4.4 Aboriginal mother-tongue retention,Footnote 2 Canada, 2011

Figure 4.4 description


Footnote 1

Counts for mother tongue include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French. Retention refers to the situation where people speak their mother tongue at home. Retention is defined as 'complete' when the mother tongue is the language spoken most often and 'partial' when it is spoken on a regular basis but not most often. The (complete or partial) retention rate refers to the proportion of the population with a given mother tongue that speaks that language at home most often or on a regular basis. The retention rate provides an indication of a group's linguistic vitality, particularly the importance of transmitting languages between generations.

Return to footnote 2 referrer


Figure 4.1, Figure 4.2, Figure 4.3, Figure 4.4

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of population.

How to cite

Statistics Canada. 2012. Visual Census. 2011 Census. Ottawa. Released October 24, 2012. (accessed December 4, 2022).

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