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Institutional resident

Part A - Short definition:

Not applicable

Part B - Detailed definition:

Person who lives in an institutional collective dwelling, such as a hospital, a nursing home or a jail. This includes residents under care or custody and employee residents and family members living with them, if any.

Census years:

2011,Footnote 1 2006,Footnote 1 2001, 1996, 1991, 1986, 1981, 1976, 1971

Reported for:

Total population

Question number(s):

Not applicable


Not applicable


Institutional collective dwellings are general and speciality hospitals, chronic care and long-term care hospitals, nursing homes, group homes or institutions for the physically handicapped and treatment centres, group homes for children and youth, group homes or institutions for people with psychiatric disorders or developmental disabilities, federal correctional institutions, provincial and territorial custodial facilities, young offenders' facilities, jails and police lock-up facilities, shelters for persons lacking a fixed address, shelters for abused women and their children and other shelters and lodging with assistance services.

In the 2001 and 2006 censuses, tabulations for the non-institutional population excluded all residents of institutional collective dwellings, both resident under care or custody and resident employees and family members living with them. In the 1996, 1991, 1986 and 1981 censuses, resident employees and their families were included in data for the non-institutional population.

In 1981, the term 'Inmates' was used.

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