Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

Province of Ontario

Data quality

Immigrant population

Figure 1.1 Number and percentage of the immigrant population, Ontario, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.1 description Figure 1.1 Number and percentage of the immigrant population, Ontario, 2001 to 2016

Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, Ontario and Canada, 2016

Immigrant status and period of immigration Ontario Canada
number % of the total population % of the immigrant population number % of the total population % of the immigrant population
Total population in private households 13,242,160 100.0 ... 34,460,060 100.0 ...
Non-immigrants 9,188,820 69.4 ... 26,412,615 76.6 ...
Immigrants 3,852,145 29.1 100.0 7,540,830 21.9 100.0
Period of immigration: Before 2001 2,426,240 18.3 63.0 4,343,720 12.6 57.6
Period of immigration: 2001 to 2005 490,560 3.7 12.7 928,940 2.7 12.3
Period of immigration: 2006 to 2010 463,175 3.5 12.0 1,056,090 3.1 14.0
Period of immigration: 2011 to 2016 472,170 3.6 12.3 1,212,075 3.5 16.1
Non-permanent residents 201,200 1.5 ... 506,625 1.5 ...

Number and distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population and recent immigrants in census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, Ontario, 2016

Geography Total population Immigrant population Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Number % Number %
Ontario 13,242,160 3,852,145 29.1 472,170 3.6
Toronto 5,862,850 2,705,550 46.1 356,930 6.1
Ottawa - Gatineau 1,300,730 255,800 19.7 37,890 2.9
Hamilton 734,885 177,070 24.1 17,425 2.4
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo 516,085 118,615 23.0 13,975 2.7
London 486,500 94,690 19.5 11,960 2.5
Windsor 325,005 74,495 22.9 10,105 3.1
St. Catharines - Niagara 396,865 67,190 16.9 4,990 1.3
Oshawa 375,605 67,570 18.0 4,545 1.2
Guelph 150,030 30,880 20.6 3,680 2.5
Barrie 194,445 26,135 13.4 2,040 1.0
Kingston 156,470 18,405 11.8 1,725 1.1
Brantford 131,640 16,470 12.5 1,100 0.8
Greater Sudbury 161,820 9,360 5.8 1,005 0.6
Peterborough 118,775 10,055 8.5 750 0.6
Thunder Bay 118,880 10,490 8.8 695 0.6
Chatham-Kent 99,780 8,630 8.6 655 0.7
Leamington 46,270 9,565 20.7 630 1.4
Belleville 101,285 7,370 7.3 550 0.5
Sarnia 94,880 10,395 11.0 525 0.6
Norfolk 62,425 6,855 11.0 375 0.6
Cornwall 58,130 3,900 6.7 295 0.5
Stratford 30,625 3,470 11.3 285 0.9
Woodstock 39,985 4,440 11.1 280 0.7
Sault Ste. Marie 76,670 6,515 8.5 265 0.3
North Bay 68,710 3,410 5.0 215 0.3
Kawartha Lakes 73,375 5,785 7.9 195 0.3
Brockville 37,735 2,955 7.8 190 0.5
Timmins 41,225 1,385 3.4 165 0.4
Orillia 29,955 2,725 9.1 160 0.5
Wasaga Beach 20,405 3,585 17.6 120 0.6
Centre Wellington 27,635 2,815 10.2 115 0.4
Petawawa 16,320 905 5.5 110 0.7
Collingwood 21,145 2,520 11.9 105 0.5
Midland 34,660 2,705 7.8 100 0.3
Owen Sound 30,770 2,175 7.1 95 0.3
Carleton Place 30,810 2,115 6.9 95 0.3
Kenora 14,790 775 5.2 85 0.6
Cobourg 18,715 2,470 13.2 85 0.5
Hawkesbury 11,530 375 3.3 50 0.4
Tillsonburg 15,590 1,875 12.0 45 0.3
Pembroke 22,430 1,080 4.8 40 0.2
Port Hope 16,285 1,745 10.7 40 0.2
Arnprior 15,680 755 4.8 35 0.2
Elliot Lake 10,580 1,110 10.5 35 0.3
Ingersoll 12,575 800 6.4 25 0.2

Immigrant population by selected demographic, migration and ethnocultural characteristics, Ontario, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2006 to 2011)
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Population in private households 3,611,365 .. 501,060 .. 3,852,145 .. 472,175 ..
Age groups 3,611,365 100.0 501,060 100.0 3,852,145 100.0 472,175 100.0
Less than 15 years 168,470 4.7 90,790 18.1 147,320 3.8 79,310 16.8
15 to 24 years 299,230 8.3 76,200 15.2 275,265 7.1 61,540 13.0
25 to 64 years 2,379,825 65.9 311,630 62.2 2,487,865 64.6 299,835 63.5
65 years and older 763,840 21.2 22,440 4.5 941,690 24.4 31,490 6.7
Median age 48.5 .. 31.9 .. 50.7 .. 32.8 ..
Admission categories for immigrants admitted since 1980 ... ... ... ... 2,825,485 100.0 472,175 100.0
Economic immigrants ... ... ... ... 1,364,380 48.3 240,690 51.0
Principal applicants ... ... ... ... 540,795 19.1 98,435 20.8
Secondary applicants ... ... ... ... 823,585 29.1 142,255 30.1
Immigrants sponsored by family ... ... ... ... 940,405 33.3 150,640 31.9
Refugees ... ... ... ... 482,665 17.1 71,565 15.2
Region of birth1 3,611,365 100.0 501,060 100.0 3,852,145 100.0 472,175 100.0
Americas 579,140 16.0 82,100 16.4 598,550 15.5 60,675 12.9
Europe 1,206,005 33.4 59,945 12.0 1,144,295 29.7 45,290 9.6
Africa 195,905 5.4 40,950 8.2 226,770 5.9 39,380 8.3
Asia 1,617,330 44.8 316,080 63.1 1,869,805 48.5 324,820 68.8
Oceania 12,015 0.3 1,860 0.4 12,270 0.3 1,980 0.4

Top places of birth of immigrants and recent immigrants,2 Ontario, 2016

Place of birth 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 3,852,145 100.0 ...
India 360,545 9.4 1
China 317,225 8.2 2
United Kingdom 264,120 6.9 3
Philippines 231,760 6.0 4
Italy 157,815 4.1 5
Pakistan 142,270 3.7 6
Jamaica 119,845 3.1 7
Sri Lanka 109,855 2.9 8
United States 109,000 2.8 9
Hong Kong 108,030 2.8 10
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 472,170 100.0 ...
India 69,325 14.7 1
China 58,840 12.5 2
Philippines 53,185 11.3 3
Pakistan 25,440 5.4 4
Iran 21,230 4.5 5
Iraq 14,645 3.1 6
United States 14,630 3.1 7
Syria 12,710 2.7 8
Jamaica 8,935 1.9 9
Egypt 8,225 1.7 10

Immigrant population and recent immigrants by non-official language spoken most often at home,3 Ontario, 2016

Languages 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 3,852,150 100.0 ...
Cantonese 194,470 5.0 1
Mandarin 188,265 4.9 2
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 133,550 3.5 3
Punjabi (Panjabi) 128,180 3.3 4
Urdu 113,265 2.9 5
Arabic 108,930 2.8 6
Spanish 106,855 2.8 7
Persian (Farsi) 87,330 2.3 8
Italian 86,005 2.2 9
Tamil 85,905 2.2 10
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 472,170 100.0 ...
Mandarin 44,530 9.4 1
Arabic 35,985 7.6 2
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35,610 7.5 3
Persian (Farsi) 23,110 4.9 4
Urdu 21,645 4.6 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,335 4.1 6
Spanish 16,520 3.5 7
Hindi 11,645 2.5 8
Cantonese 10,440 2.2 9
Gujarati 9,220 2.0 10

Generation status

Population by generation status and median age, Ontario, 2011 and 2016

Generation status 2011 2016
Number Percent Median age Number Percent Median age
Total population in private households 12,651,795 100.0 40.0 13,242,160 100.0 40.9
First generation (born abroad) 3,779,630 29.9 47.7 4,122,840 31.1 49.3
Second generation (born in Canada with at least one parent born abroad) 2,849,290 22.5 29.7 3,049,835 23.0 29.5
Born in Canada with both parents born abroad 1,702,060 13.5 27.3 1,839,880 13.9 26.4
Born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and the other born abroad 1,147,230 9.1 33.2 1,209,955 9.1 33.6
Third generation or more (born in Canada with both parents born in Canada) 6,022,870 47.6 37.5 6,069,485 45.8 38.4

Visible minority population

Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Ontario, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.2 description Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Ontario, 2001 to 2016

Population by visible minority group and median age, Ontario, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age
Total population in private households 12,651,795 100.0 .. 40.0 13,242,160 100.0 .. 40.9
Visible minority population 3,279,565 25.9 100.0 33.8 3,885,585 29.3 100.0 34.5
South Asian 965,990 7.6 29.5 32.9 1,150,415 8.7 29.6 33.9
Chinese 629,140 5.0 19.2 38.8 754,545 5.7 19.4 38.9
Black 539,205 4.3 16.4 30.1 627,715 4.7 16.2 30.6
Filipino 275,380 2.2 8.4 36.1 311,670 2.4 8.0 37.6
Latin American 172,560 1.4 5.3 34.7 195,950 1.5 5.0 37.0
Arab 151,645 1.2 4.6 30.2 210,440 1.6 5.4 30.2
Southeast Asian 137,875 1.1 4.2 34.2 133,860 1.0 3.4 35.2
West Asian 122,525 1.0 3.7 33.2 154,670 1.2 4.0 34.9
Korean 78,290 0.6 2.4 35.6 88,935 0.7 2.3 36.4
Japanese 29,090 0.2 0.9 38.7 30,835 0.2 0.8 39.4
Visible minority, n.i.e. 81,130 0.6 2.5 33.6 97,965 0.7 2.5 35.4
Multiple visible minorities 96,735 0.8 2.9 24.2 128,590 1.0 3.3 23.7
Not a visible minority 9,372,225 74.1 .. 42.5 9,356,580 70.7 .. 44.2

Visible minority population in census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, Ontario, ranked by visible minority population, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the CMA or CA Type Number % of the total population of the CMA/CA
Toronto CMA 3,011,905 51.4
Ottawa - Gatineau CMA 280,985 21.6
Hamilton CMA 130,310 17.7
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA 99,735 19.3
London CMA 78,325 16.1
Windsor CMA 66,480 20.5
Oshawa CMA 64,560 17.2
St. Catharines - Niagara CMA 37,105 9.3
Guelph CMA 25,575 17.0
Barrie CMA 17,595 9.0
Kingston CMA 12,340 7.9
Brantford CMA 10,240 7.8
Greater Sudbury CMA 6,045 3.7
Peterborough CMA 5,705 4.8
Sarnia CA 5,040 5.3
Thunder Bay CMA 4,790 4.0
Chatham-Kent CA 4,535 4.5
Belleville CMA 4,190 4.1
Leamington CA 3,680 8.0
Cornwall CA 2,910 5.0
Woodstock CA 2,115 5.3
Sault Ste. Marie CA 2,045 2.7
Stratford CA 1,820 5.9
North Bay CA 1,760 2.6
Kawartha Lakes CA 1,530 2.1
Orillia CA 1,525 5.1
Norfolk CA 1,395 2.2
Brockville CA 1,180 3.1
Owen Sound CA 970 3.2
Collingwood CA 970 4.6
Midland CA 905 2.6
Cobourg CA 830 4.4
Carleton Place CA 800 2.6
Timmins CA 790 1.9
Centre Wellington CA 770 2.8
Petawawa CA 725 4.4
Wasaga Beach CA 655 3.2
Port Hope CA 645 4.0
Pembroke CA 530 2.4
Tillsonburg CA 420 2.7
Hawkesbury CA 385 3.3
Kenora CA 350 2.4
Arnprior CA 325 2.1
Elliot Lake CA 230 2.2
Ingersoll CA 200 1.6

Census subdivisions with a population of 5,000 or more with the highest proportion of visible minorities, Ontario, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the census subdivision Number % of the total population of the CSD
Toronto 1,385,855 51.5
Brampton 433,230 73.3
Mississauga 408,925 57.2
Markham 255,155 77.9
Ottawa 241,250 26.3

Ethnic and cultural origins of the population

The three most commonly reported ethnic origins,4 Ontario and Canada, 2016

Ethnic origin Ontario Canada
Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank
Canadian 3,109,770 23.5 1 11,135,970 32.3 1
English 2,808,810 21.2 2 6,320,085 18.3 2
Scottish 2,107,295 15.9 3 4,799,010 13.9 3

Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Ontario and Canada, 2016

Figure 1.3 description Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Ontario and Canada, 2016

Symbols:

···
not applicable
··
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Data products, 2016 Census.

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