Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

Montréal, (CMA) - Quebec

Data quality

Immigrant population

Figure 1.1 Distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population, Montréal, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.1 description Figure 1.1 Distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population, Montréal, 2001 to 2016

Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, Montréal and Quebec, 2016

Immigrant status and period of immigration Montréal Quebec
number % of the total population % of the immigrant population number % of the total population % of the immigrant population
Total population in private households 4,009,790 100.0 ... 7,965,450 100.0 ...
Non-immigrants 3,002,625 74.9 ... 6,788,085 85.2 ...
Immigrants 936,305 23.4 100.0 1,091,305 13.7 100.0
Period of immigration: Before 2001 484,315 12.1 51.7 553,855 7.0 50.8
Period of immigration: 2001 to 2005 118,885 3.0 12.7 140,170 1.8 12.8
Period of immigration: 2006 to 2010 153,840 3.8 16.4 182,110 2.3 16.7
Period of immigration: 2011 to 2016 179,270 4.5 19.1 215,170 2.7 19.7
Non-permanent residents 70,865 1.8 ... 86,060 1.1 ...

Number and distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population and recent immigrants in census subdivisions, Montréal, 2016

Geography Total population Immigrant population Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Number % Number %
Montréal 4,009,790 936,305 23.4 179,270 4.5
Montréal 1,663,220 570,940 34.3 128,460 7.7
Laval 410,850 116,935 28.5 15,145 3.7
Longueuil 234,955 41,580 17.7 9,195 3.9
Brossard 84,000 32,350 38.5 4,945 5.9
Dollard-Des Ormeaux 48,275 19,130 39.6 1,605 3.3
Côte-Saint-Luc 31,430 14,090 44.8 2,820 9.0
Terrebonne 110,855 9,985 9.0 965 0.9
Pointe-Claire 30,065 7,940 26.4 885 2.9
Châteauguay 47,210 7,590 16.1 865 1.8
Repentigny 83,110 7,360 8.9 725 0.9
Mont-Royal 19,860 6,945 35.0 1,355 6.8
Vaudreuil-Dorion 37,030 6,700 18.1 675 1.8
Kirkland 19,930 5,735 28.8 545 2.7
Westmount 19,780 5,265 26.6 1,075 5.4
Dorval 18,565 4,810 25.9 640 3.4
Blainville 56,445 4,450 7.9 405 0.7
Beaconsfield 19,025 4,420 23.2 460 2.4
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu 92,560 3,205 3.5 460 0.5
Saint-Lambert 20,730 3,155 15.2 555 2.7
Boucherville 40,690 2,980 7.3 400 1.0
Saint-Jérôme 71,225 2,965 4.2 545 0.8
Saint-Eustache 43,290 2,945 6.8 275 0.6
La Prairie 23,775 2,830 11.9 290 1.2
Candiac 21,045 2,515 12.0 325 1.5
Saint-Constant 27,165 2,415 8.9 350 1.3
Mascouche 45,835 2,400 5.2 260 0.6
Pincourt 14,495 2,370 16.4 230 1.6
Boisbriand 26,830 2,245 8.4 190 0.7
Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville 25,985 2,220 8.5 255 1.0
Hampstead 6,965 1,985 28.5 295 4.2
Saint-Lazare 19,890 1,935 9.7 135 0.7
Deux-Montagnes 17,395 1,800 10.3 220 1.3
Sainte-Thérèse 24,385 1,725 7.1 235 1.0
L'Île-Perrot 10,645 1,715 16.1 155 1.5
Mirabel 50,305 1,605 3.2 160 0.3
Chambly 28,640 1,555 5.4 250 0.9
Notre-Dame-de-l'Île-Perrot 10,640 1,510 14.2 85 0.8
Rosemère 13,790 1,420 10.3 105 0.8
Sainte-Marthe-sur-le-Lac 17,995 1,290 7.2 275 1.5
Sainte-Catherine 16,665 1,255 7.5 95 0.6
Montréal-Ouest 5,040 1,190 23.6 140 2.8
Sainte-Julie 29,160 1,165 4.0 170 0.6
Mercier 13,060 1,005 7.7 115 0.9
Baie-D'Urfé 3,715 965 26.0 120 3.2
Beloeil 21,960 920 4.2 105 0.5
Mont-Saint-Hilaire 18,025 915 5.1 80 0.4
Saint-Basile-le-Grand 16,845 910 5.4 155 0.9
Lorraine 9,350 855 9.1 85 0.9
Hudson 5,185 820 15.8 45 0.9
Varennes 20,845 780 3.7 110 0.5
Bois-des-Filion 9,510 775 8.1 145 1.5
L'Assomption 22,015 715 3.2 60 0.3
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue 4,470 685 15.3 145 3.2
Carignan 9,450 650 6.9 50 0.5
Delson 7,460 575 7.7 95 1.3
Saint-Lin--Laurentides 20,605 465 2.3 65 0.3
Saint-Colomban 16,010 460 2.9 60 0.4
Saint-Amable 12,165 415 3.4 30 0.2
Otterburn Park 8,420 400 4.8 50 0.6
Montréal-Est 3,715 325 8.7 55 1.5
Terrasse-Vaudreuil 1,985 325 16.4 15 0.8
Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines 13,650 325 2.4 60 0.4
Les Cèdres 6,745 320 4.7 20 0.3
Lavaltrie 13,575 280 2.1 15 0.1
Charlemagne 5,910 265 4.5 10 0.2
Coteau-du-Lac 6,805 260 3.8 35 0.5
Senneville 920 240 26.1 40 4.3
Saint-Zotique 7,920 240 3.0 30 0.4
Saint-Philippe 6,305 230 3.6 40 0.6
Beauharnois 12,645 225 1.8 20 0.2
McMasterville 5,425 215 4.0 10 0.2
Richelieu 4,875 190 3.9 15 0.3
Saint-Mathias-sur-Richelieu 4,515 180 4.0 10 0.2
Saint-Joseph-du-Lac 6,670 175 2.6 25 0.4
Verchères 5,765 165 2.9 20 0.3
Vaudreuil-sur-le-Lac 1,340 160 11.9 20 1.5
Les Coteaux 5,340 145 2.7 10 0.2
Pointe-Calumet 6,425 130 2.0 10 0.2
L'Épiphanie 5,315 125 2.4 10 0.2
Saint-Isidore 2,585 125 4.8 10 0.4
Oka 3,755 115 3.1 20 0.5
Pointe-des-Cascades 1,460 110 7.5 20 1.4
Léry 2,320 100 4.3 20 0.9
Gore 1,905 95 5.0 0 0.0
L'Épiphanie 3,195 85 2.7 15 0.5
Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil 2,610 70 2.7 10 0.4
Saint-Sulpice 3,405 65 1.9 10 0.3
Saint-Placide 1,605 50 3.1 10 0.6
Saint-Mathieu 2,150 45 2.1 0 0.0
L'Île-Cadieux 85 10 11.8 0 0.0

Immigrant population by selected demographic, migration and ethnocultural characteristics, Montréal, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2006 to 2011)
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Population in private households 849,485 .. 190,265 .. 936,305 .. 179,270 ..
Age groups 849,485 100.0 190,270 100.0 936,305 100.0 179,265 100.0
Less than 15 years 57,475 6.8 36,240 19.0 59,145 6.3 33,410 18.6
15 to 24 years 68,565 8.1 22,945 12.1 70,280 7.5 18,665 10.4
25 to 64 years 575,105 67.7 127,720 67.1 628,450 67.1 121,970 68.0
65 years and older 148,340 17.5 3,365 1.8 178,430 19.1 5,220 2.9
Median age 44.2 .. 31.7 .. 45.3 .. 32.5 ..
Admission categories for immigrants admitted since 1980 ... ... ... ... 741,595 100.0 179,265 100.0
Economic immigrants ... ... ... ... 408,710 55.1 113,555 63.3
Principal applicants ... ... ... ... 194,940 26.3 55,595 31.0
Secondary applicants ... ... ... ... 213,775 28.8 57,955 32.3
Immigrants sponsored by family ... ... ... ... 204,725 27.6 43,560 24.3
Refugees ... ... ... ... 117,890 15.9 18,995 10.6
Region of birth1 849,485 100.0 190,270 100.0 936,305 100.0 179,270 100.0
Americas 190,060 22.4 46,490 24.4 210,670 22.5 40,200 22.4
Europe 252,390 29.7 33,580 17.6 254,860 27.2 31,585 17.6
Africa 158,170 18.6 61,250 32.2 204,630 21.9 59,780 33.3
Asia 247,640 29.2 48,725 25.6 264,950 28.3 47,430 26.5
Oceania 1,005 0.1 205 0.1 1,090 0.1 265 0.1

Top places of birth of immigrants and recent immigrants,2 Montréal, 2016

Place of birth 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 936,305 100.0 ...
Haiti 75,740 8.1 1
France 56,805 6.1 2
Morocco 54,495 5.8 3
Algeria 54,275 5.8 4
Italy 48,935 5.2 5
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 179,270 100.0 ...
Haiti 15,775 8.8 1
Algeria 15,030 8.4 2
France 14,995 8.4 3
Morocco 11,850 6.6 4
China 9,820 5.5 5

Immigrant population and recent immigrants by non-official language spoken most often at home,3 Montréal, 2016

Languages 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 936,305 100.0 ...
Arabic 97,095 10.4 1
Spanish 71,560 7.6 2
Italian 33,255 3.6 3
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 179,265 100.0 ...
Arabic 26,210 14.6 1
Spanish 14,890 8.3 2
Mandarin 7,995 4.5 3

Generation status

Population by generation status and median age, Montréal, 2011 and 2016

Generation status 2011 2016
Number Percent Median age Number Percent Median age
Total population in private households 3,860,100 100.0 39.1 4,009,790 100.0 39.7
First generation (born abroad) 916,840 23.8 42.9 1,025,700 25.6 43.6
Second generation (born in Canada with at least one parent born abroad) 571,210 14.8 21.8 651,190 16.2 21.6
Born in Canada with both parents born abroad 363,625 9.4 20.4 417,665 10.4 20.1
Born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and the other born abroad 207,585 5.4 24.2 233,525 5.8 24.5
Third generation or more (born in Canada with both parents born in Canada) 2,372,055 61.5 41.5 2,332,905 58.2 42.3

Visible minority population

Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Montréal, Quebec and Canada 1996 to 2016

Figure 1.2 description Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Montréal, Quebec and Canada 1996 to 2016

Population by visible minority group and median age, Montréal, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age
Total population in private households 3,860,100 100.0 .. 39.1 4,009,790 100.0 .. 39.7
Visible minority population 764,135 19.8 100.0 31.9 904,840 22.6 100.0 32.5
South Asian 79,595 2.1 10.4 31.6 85,925 2.1 9.5 32.2
Chinese 74,580 1.9 9.8 34.4 89,395 2.2 9.9 34.4
Black 216,865 5.6 28.4 30.3 270,940 6.8 29.9 30.5
Filipino 30,265 0.8 4.0 36.0 33,050 0.8 3.7 37.0
Latin American 98,340 2.5 12.9 32.7 110,195 2.7 12.2 35.2
Arab 150,655 3.9 19.7 31.2 191,170 4.8 21.1 31.3
Southeast Asian 59,640 1.5 7.8 35.8 55,705 1.4 6.2 36.4
West Asian 21,885 0.6 2.9 31.6 28,890 0.7 3.2 34.2
Korean 5,930 0.2 0.8 32.3 7,055 0.2 0.8 30.5
Japanese 3,140 0.1 0.4 33.5 3,815 0.1 0.4 35.1
Visible minority, n.i.e. 7,685 0.2 1.0 30.8 8,285 0.2 0.9 33.4
Multiple visible minorities 15,555 0.4 2.0 24.0 20,420 0.5 2.3 22.6
Not a visible minority 3,095,965 80.2 .. 41.7 3,104,955 77.4 .. 42.5

Census subdivisions with a population of 5,000 or more and with the highest proportion of visible minorities, Montréal, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the census subdivision Number % of the total population of the CSD
Montréal 568,570 34.2
Laval 107,255 26.1
Longueuil 43,615 18.6
Brossard 36,060 42.9
Dollard-Des Ormeaux 18,735 38.8

Ethnic and cultural origins of the population

The three most commonly reported ethnic origins,4 Montréal, Quebec and Canada, 2016

Ethnic origin Montréal Quebec Canada
Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank
Canadian 1,755,635 43.8 1 4,647,840 58.3 1 11,135,970 32.3 1
French 870,245 21.7 2 1,870,545 23.5 2 4,670,595 13.6 4
Italian 279,795 7.0 3 326,700 4.1 4 1,587,965 4.6 8

Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Montréal, Quebec and Canada, 2016

Figure 1.3 description Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Montréal, Quebec and Canada, 2016

Symbols:

···
not applicable
··
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Data products, 2016 Census.

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