Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

Ottawa - Gatineau, (CMA) - Ontario / Quebec

Data quality

Immigrant population

Figure 1.1 Distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population, Ottawa - Gatineau, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.1 description Figure 1.1 Distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population, Ottawa - Gatineau, 2001 to 2016

Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, Ottawa - Gatineau and Ontario, 2016

Immigrant status and period of immigration Ottawa - Gatineau Ontario
number % of the total population % of the immigrant population number % of the total population % of the immigrant population
Total population in private households 1,300,730 100.0 ... 13,242,160 100.0 ...
Non-immigrants 1,027,730 79.0 ... 9,188,820 69.4 ...
Immigrants 255,800 19.7 100.0 3,852,145 29.1 100.0
Period of immigration: Before 2001 151,915 11.7 59.4 2,426,240 18.3 63.0
Period of immigration: 2001 to 2005 30,955 2.4 12.1 490,560 3.7 12.7
Period of immigration: 2006 to 2010 35,040 2.7 13.7 463,175 3.5 12.0
Period of immigration: 2011 to 2016 37,890 2.9 14.8 472,170 3.6 12.3
Non-permanent residents 17,200 1.3 ... 201,200 1.5 ...

Number and distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population and recent immigrants in census subdivisions, Ottawa - Gatineau, 2016

Geography Total population Immigrant population Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Number % Number %
Ottawa - Gatineau 1,300,730 255,800 19.7 37,890 2.9
Ottawa 916,855 216,505 23.6 30,075 3.3
Gatineau 271,850 33,860 12.5 7,540 2.8
Clarence-Rockland 24,020 1,185 4.9 80 0.3
North Grenville 16,250 1,090 6.7 40 0.2
Russell 16,220 930 5.7 50 0.3
Chelsea 6,905 600 8.7 35 0.5
La Pêche 7,730 415 5.4 25 0.3
Cantley 10,685 410 3.8 10 0.1
Val-des-Monts 11,580 325 2.8 25 0.2
Pontiac 5,820 235 4.0 15 0.3
L'Ange-Gardien 5,435 90 1.7 0 0.0
Thurso 2,770 50 1.8 0 0.0
Lochaber-Partie-Ouest 855 25 2.9 0 0.0
Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette 725 25 3.4 0 0.0
Denholm 505 20 4.0 0 0.0
Lochaber 360 20 5.6 0 0.0
Val-des-Bois 865 10 1.2 0 0.0
Mayo 650 0 0.0 0 0.0
Bowman 645 0 0.0 0 0.0

Immigrant population by selected demographic, migration and ethnocultural characteristics, Ottawa - Gatineau, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2006 to 2011)
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Population in private households 236,385 .. 40,570 .. 255,800 .. 37,890 ..
Age groups 236,385 100.0 40,575 100.0 255,800 100.0 37,895 100.0
Less than 15 years 14,745 6.2 8,500 20.9 13,840 5.4 7,760 20.5
15 to 24 years 22,755 9.6 6,460 15.9 21,635 8.5 5,505 14.5
25 to 64 years 157,945 66.8 24,220 59.7 168,780 66.0 22,565 59.5
65 years and older 40,940 17.3 1,390 3.4 51,545 20.2 2,060 5.4
Median age 45.5 .. 30.5 .. 47.7 .. 31.7 ..
Admission categories for immigrants admitted since 1980 ... ... ... ... 198,425 100.0 37,890 100.0
Economic immigrants ... ... ... ... 91,595 46.2 18,030 47.6
Principal applicants ... ... ... ... 38,645 19.5 7,485 19.8
Secondary applicants ... ... ... ... 52,945 26.7 10,545 27.8
Immigrants sponsored by family ... ... ... ... 56,905 28.7 10,365 27.4
Refugees ... ... ... ... 47,650 24.0 8,630 22.8
Region of birth1 236,390 100.0 40,570 100.0 255,800 100.0 37,890 100.0
Americas 39,100 16.5 8,580 21.1 41,105 16.1 5,590 14.8
Europe 68,445 29.0 4,465 11.0 66,815 26.1 3,700 9.8
Africa 33,415 14.1 9,615 23.7 41,485 16.2 9,800 25.9
Asia 94,450 40.0 17,765 43.8 105,420 41.2 18,650 49.2
Oceania 925 0.4 140 0.3 920 0.4 150 0.4

Top places of birth of immigrants and recent immigrants,2 Ottawa - Gatineau, 2016

Place of birth 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 255,800 100.0 ...
China 18,900 7.4 1
United Kingdom 17,230 6.7 2
Lebanon 13,560 5.3 3
India 10,680 4.2 4
United States 9,530 3.7 5
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 37,890 100.0 ...
China 2,855 7.5 1
Philippines 2,745 7.2 2
Syria 2,135 5.6 3
India 1,955 5.2 4
Haiti 1,785 4.7 5

Immigrant population and recent immigrants by non-official language spoken most often at home,3 Ottawa - Gatineau, 2016

Languages 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 255,800 100.0 ...
Arabic 25,030 9.8 1
Mandarin 11,890 4.6 2
Spanish 9,220 3.6 3
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 37,890 100.0 ...
Arabic 6,445 17.0 1
Mandarin 2,290 6.0 2
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,730 4.6 3

Generation status

Population by generation status and median age, Ottawa - Gatineau, 2011 and 2016

Generation status 2011 2016
Number Percent Median age Number Percent Median age
Total population in private households 1,233,935 100.0 38.7 1,300,730 100.0 39.6
First generation (born abroad) 256,055 20.8 44.3 284,330 21.9 45.8
Second generation (born in Canada with at least one parent born abroad) 204,600 16.6 26.7 225,575 17.3 25.6
Born in Canada with both parents born abroad 105,330 8.5 21.8 117,370 9.0 21.6
Born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and the other born abroad 99,275 8.0 31.3 108,205 8.3 30.7
Third generation or more (born in Canada with both parents born in Canada) 773,275 62.7 38.9 790,830 60.8 40.1

Visible minority population

Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Ottawa - Gatineau, Ontario and Canada 1996 to 2016

Figure 1.2 description Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Ottawa - Gatineau, Ontario and Canada 1996 to 2016

Population by visible minority group and median age, Ottawa - Gatineau, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age
Total population in private households 1,233,935 100.0 .. 38.7 1,300,730 100.0 .. 39.6
Visible minority population 234,270 19.0 100.0 31.1 280,985 21.6 100.0 31.5
South Asian 34,820 2.8 14.9 32.9 39,980 3.1 14.2 33.7
Chinese 37,160 3.0 15.9 36.2 43,775 3.4 15.6 36.8
Black 60,715 4.9 25.9 26.4 77,995 6.0 27.8 26.3
Filipino 11,025 0.9 4.7 35.1 12,715 1.0 4.5 36.8
Latin American 14,285 1.2 6.1 33.9 15,635 1.2 5.6 37.1
Arab 38,980 3.2 16.6 29.3 49,525 3.8 17.6 29.8
Southeast Asian 15,050 1.2 6.4 34.7 13,725 1.1 4.9 34.3
West Asian 8,200 0.7 3.5 31.9 9,925 0.8 3.5 34.5
Korean 2,485 0.2 1.1 28.0 3,265 0.3 1.2 30.2
Japanese 2,355 0.2 1.0 31.9 2,630 0.2 0.9 32.1
Visible minority, n.i.e. 2,480 0.2 1.1 31.8 3,095 0.2 1.1 32.1
Multiple visible minorities 6,705 0.5 2.9 23.2 8,725 0.7 3.1 21.1
Not a visible minority 999,670 81.0 .. 40.8 1,019,750 78.4 .. 42.1

Census subdivisions with a population of 5,000 or more and with the highest proportion of visible minorities, Ottawa - Gatineau, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the census subdivision Number % of the total population of the CSD
Ottawa 241,250 26.3
Gatineau 36,760 13.5
Clarence-Rockland 925 3.9
Russell 610 3.8
North Grenville 335 2.1

Ethnic and cultural origins of the population

The three most commonly reported ethnic origins,4 Ottawa - Gatineau, Ontario and Canada, 2016

Ethnic origin Ottawa - Gatineau Ontario Canada
Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank
Canadian 484,255 37.2 1 3,109,770 23.5 1 11,135,970 32.3 1
French 300,290 23.1 2 1,349,255 10.2 5 4,670,595 13.6 4
Irish 244,575 18.8 3 2,095,460 15.8 4 4,627,000 13.4 5

Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Ottawa - Gatineau, Ontario and Canada, 2016

Figure 1.3 description Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Ottawa - Gatineau, Ontario and Canada, 2016

Symbols:

···
not applicable
··
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Data products, 2016 Census.

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