Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

Toronto, (CMA) - Ontario

Data quality

Population, 2016 and 2011 censuses

Figure 1.1 description Long description for Figure 1.1 Population, 2016 and 2011 censuses

Provincial population rank
1 of 44
National population rank
1 of 152
  • In 2016, the enumerated population of Toronto census metropolitan area (CMA) was 5,928,040, which represents a change of 6.2% from 2011. This compares to the provincial average of 4.6% and the national average of 5.0%.
  • The land area of Toronto is 5,905.84 square kilometres and the population density was 1,003.8 people per square kilometre.
  • In 2016, there were 2,135,909 private dwellings occupied in Toronto, which represent a change of 7.3% from 2011.

Figure 1.2 Population in the last 20 years, Toronto

Figure 1.2 description Long description for Figure 1.2 Population in the last 20 years, Toronto

Figure 1.3 Population change (in percentage) in the last 20 years, Toronto

Figure 1.3 description Long description for Figure 1.3 Population change (in percentage) in the last 20 years, Toronto

Population change (in percentage), census metropolitan areas, 2006 to 2011 and 2011 to 2016

Figure 1.4 description Long description for Figure 1.4 Population change (in percentage), census metropolitan areas, 2006 to 2011 and 2011 to 2016

Population and dwelling counts

Population change, 2011 to 2016 for census subdivisions in the Toronto CMA

Table 1 Toronto CMA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2011 to 2016
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2016 2011 % change
Toronto Census subdivision - Toronto, City C 2,731,571 2,615,060 4.5
Mississauga Census subdivision - Mississauga, City CY 721,599 713,443 1.1
Brampton Census subdivision - Brampton, City CY 593,638 523,906 revised r 13.3
Markham Census subdivision - Markham, City CY 328,966 301,709 9.0
Vaughan Census subdivision - Vaughan, City CY 306,233 288,301 6.2
Richmond Hill Census subdivision - Richmond Hill, Town T 195,022 185,541 5.1
Oakville Census subdivision - Oakville, Town T 193,832 182,520 6.2
Ajax Census subdivision - Ajax, Town T 119,677 109,600 9.2
Milton Census subdivision - Milton, Town T 110,128 84,362 30.5
Pickering Census subdivision - Pickering, City CY 91,771 88,721 3.4
Newmarket Census subdivision - Newmarket, Town T 84,224 79,978 5.3
Caledon Census subdivision - Caledon, Town T 66,502 59,460 11.8
Halton Hills Census subdivision - Halton Hills, Town T 61,161 59,013 revised r 3.6
Aurora Census subdivision - Aurora, Town T 55,445 53,203 4.2
Whitchurch-Stouffville Census subdivision - Whitchurch-Stouffville, Town T 45,837 37,628 21.8
Georgina Census subdivision - Georgina, Town T 45,418 43,517 4.4
Bradford West Gwillimbury Census subdivision - Bradford West Gwillimbury, Town T 35,325 28,077 25.8
New Tecumseth Census subdivision - New Tecumseth, Town T 34,242 30,234 13.3
Orangeville Census subdivision - Orangeville, Town T 28,900 27,975 3.3
King Census subdivision - King, Township TP 24,512 19,899 23.2
East Gwillimbury Census subdivision - East Gwillimbury, Town T 23,991 22,473 6.8
Uxbridge Census subdivision - Uxbridge, Township TP 21,176 20,623 2.7
Mono Census subdivision - Mono, Town T 8,609 7,546 14.1
Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation Census subdivision - Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation, Indian reserve IRI 261 275 -5.1

Population change and rank, 2011 to 2016 for CMAs or CAs in Ontario

Table 2 Ontario – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2011 to 2016
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2016 2011 % change Nat. Prov.
Toronto Toronto - Census metropolitan area CMA 5,928,040 5,583,064 6.2 1 1
Ottawa - Gatineau Ottawa - Gatineau - Census metropolitan area CMA 1,323,783 1,254,919revised r 5.5 5  not applicable ···
Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part)   332,057 318,011revised r 4.4  not applicable ··· 3
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part)   991,726 936,908revised r 5.9  not applicable ··· 2
Hamilton Hamilton - Census metropolitan area CMA 747,545 721,053 3.7 9 3
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo - Census metropolitan area CMA 523,894 496,383revised r 5.5 10 4
London London - Census metropolitan area CMA 494,069 474,786 4.1 11 5
St. Catharines - Niagara St. Catharines - Niagara - Census metropolitan area CMA 406,074 392,184 3.5 12 6
Oshawa Oshawa - Census metropolitan area CMA 379,848 356,177 6.6 14 7
Windsor Windsor - Census metropolitan area CMA 329,144 319,246 3.1 16 8
Barrie Barrie - Census metropolitan area CMA 197,059 187,013 5.4 21 9
Greater Sudbury Greater Sudbury - Census metropolitan area CMA 164,689 163,067revised r 1.0 24 10
Kingston Kingston - Census metropolitan area CMA 161,175 159,561 1.0 25 11
Guelph Guelph - Census metropolitan area CMA 151,984 141,097 7.7 28 12
Brantford Brantford - Census metropolitan area CMA 134,203 135,501 -1.0 30 13
Peterborough Peterborough - Census metropolitan area CMA 121,721 118,975 2.3 32 14
Thunder Bay Thunder Bay - Census metropolitan area CMA 121,621 121,596 0.0 33 15
Belleville Belleville - Census metropolitan area CMA 103,472 101,668revised r 1.8 37 16
Chatham-Kent Chatham-Kent - Census agglomeration CA 102,042 104,075 -2.0 38 17
Sarnia Sarnia - Census agglomeration CA 96,151 97,131revised r -1.0 43 18
Sault Ste. Marie Sault Ste. Marie - Census agglomeration CA 78,159 79,800 -2.1 47 19
Kawartha Lakes Kawartha Lakes - Census agglomeration CA 75,423 73,219revised r 3.0 49 20
North Bay North Bay - Census agglomeration CA 70,378 72,241revised r -2.6 51 21
Norfolk Norfolk - Census agglomeration CA 64,044 63,175 1.4 53 22
Cornwall Cornwall - Census agglomeration CA 59,699 58,957 1.3 56 23
Leamington Leamington - Census agglomeration CA 49,147 49,765 -1.2 64 24
Timmins Timmins - Census agglomeration CA 41,788 43,165 -3.2 70 25
Woodstock Woodstock - Census agglomeration CA 40,902 37,754 8.3 72 26
Brockville Brockville - Census agglomeration CA 38,553 39,024 -1.2 74 27
Midland Midland - Census agglomeration CA 35,859 35,419 1.2 76 28
Owen Sound Owen Sound - Census agglomeration CA 31,820 32,092 -0.8 84 29
Stratford Stratford - Census agglomeration CA 31,465 30,903revised r 1.8 85 30
Carleton Place Carleton Place - Census agglomeration CA 31,451 29,180revised r 7.8 86 31
Orillia Orillia - Census agglomeration CA 31,166 30,586revised r 1.9 87 32
Centre Wellington Centre Wellington - Census agglomeration CA 28,191 26,693 5.6 97 33
Pembroke Pembroke - Census agglomeration CA 23,269 24,017 -3.1 105 34
Collingwood Collingwood - Census agglomeration CA 21,793 19,241 13.3 107 35
Wasaga Beach Wasaga Beach - Census agglomeration CA 20,675 17,537revised r 17.9 108 36
Cobourg Cobourg - Census agglomeration CA 19,440 18,519 5.0 112 37
Petawawa Petawawa - Census agglomeration CA 17,187 15,988 7.5 120 38
Port Hope Port Hope - Census agglomeration CA 16,753 16,214 3.3 122 39
Arnprior Arnprior - Census agglomeration CA 15,973 15,485revised r 3.2 124 40
Tillsonburg Tillsonburg - Census agglomeration CA 15,872 15,301 3.7 125 41
Kenora Kenora - Census agglomeration CA 15,096 15,348 -1.6 131 42
Ingersoll Ingersoll - Census agglomeration CA 12,757 12,146 5.0 145 43
Hawkesbury Hawkesbury - Census agglomeration CA 11,974 12,128 -1.3 149  not applicable ···
Hawkesbury (Quebec part)   1,711 1,577 8.5  not applicable ··· 30
Hawkesbury (Ontario part)   10,263 10,551 -2.7  not applicable ··· 45
Elliot Lake Elliot Lake - Census agglomeration CA 10,741 11,348 -5.3 152 44

Symbols:

···
not applicable
··
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Data products, 2016 Census.

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