Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

Montréal, Ville (CSD) - Quebec

Data quality

Immigrant population

Figure 1.1 Percentage of the immigrant population, Montréal, Quebec, Canada, 2006 to 2016

Figure 1.1 description Figure 1.1 Percentage of the immigrant population, Montréal, Quebec, Canada, 2006 to 2016

Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, Montréal and Quebec, 2016

Immigrant status and period of immigration Montréal Quebec
number % of the total population % of the immigrant population number % of the total population % of the immigrant population
Total population in private households 1,663,220 100.0 ... 7,965,450 100.0 ...
Non-immigrants 1,033,590 62.1 ... 6,788,085 85.2 ...
Immigrants 570,940 34.3 100.0 1,091,305 13.7 100.0
Period of immigration: Before 2001 277,015 16.7 48.5 553,855 7.0 50.8
Period of immigration: 2001 to 2005 67,025 4.0 11.7 140,170 1.8 12.8
Period of immigration: 2006 to 2010 98,445 5.9 17.2 182,110 2.3 16.7
Period of immigration: 2011 to 2016 128,460 7.7 22.5 215,170 2.7 19.7
Non-permanent residents 58,690 3.5 ... 86,060 1.1 ...

Immigrant population by selected demographic, migration and ethnocultural characteristics, Montréal, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2006 to 2011)
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Population in private households 538,280 .. 141,315 .. 570,940 .. 128,460 ..
Age groups 538,280 100.0 141,315 100.0 570,940 100.0 128,460 100.0
Less than 15 years 36,055 6.7 25,005 17.7 36,850 6.5 22,515 17.5
15 to 24 years 45,095 8.4 16,985 12.0 42,285 7.4 13,020 10.1
25 to 64 years 365,200 67.8 97,500 69.0 386,665 67.7 90,215 70.2
65 years and older 91,940 17.1 1,835 1.3 105,135 18.4 2,705 2.1
Median age 43.0 .. 31.6 .. 44.1 .. 32.4 ..
Admission categories for immigrants admitted since 1980 ... ... ... ... 462,635 100.0 128,455 100.0
Economic immigrants ... ... ... ... 254,165 54.9 84,080 65.5
Principal applicants ... ... ... ... 128,120 27.7 43,650 34.0
Secondary applicants ... ... ... ... 126,045 27.2 40,430 31.5
Immigrants sponsored by family ... ... ... ... 127,340 27.5 29,505 23.0
Refugees ... ... ... ... 73,840 16.0 12,485 9.7
Region of birth1 538,285 100.0 141,315 100.0 570,945 100.0 128,460 100.0
Americas 124,120 23.1 33,475 23.7 130,170 22.8 27,435 21.4
Europe 149,970 27.9 23,265 16.5 148,255 26.0 22,715 17.7
Africa 108,210 20.1 49,630 35.1 133,030 23.3 46,035 35.8
Asia 155,365 28.9 34,805 24.6 158,735 27.8 32,065 25.0
Oceania 530 0.1 135 0.1 690 0.1 205 0.2

Top places of birth of immigrants and recent immigrants,2 Montréal, 2016

Place of birth 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 570,940 100.0 ...
Haiti 49,145 8.6 1
Algeria 39,345 6.9 2
Italy 36,455 6.4 3
France 35,390 6.2 4
Morocco 33,665 5.9 5
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 128,460 100.0 ...
Algeria 13,020 10.1 1
France 11,990 9.3 2
Haiti 11,640 9.1 3
Morocco 9,400 7.3 4
China 6,520 5.1 5

Immigrant population and recent immigrants by non-official language spoken most often at home,3 Montréal, 2016

Languages 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 570,940 100.0 ...
Arabic 61,135 10.7 1
Spanish 43,225 7.6 2
Italian 27,065 4.7 3
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 128,460 100.0 ...
Arabic 19,455 15.1 1
Spanish 9,305 7.2 2
Creole, n.o.s. 5,645 4.4 3

Generation status

Population by generation status and median age, Montréal, 2011 and 2016

Generation status 2011 2016
Number Percent Median age Number Percent Median age
Total population in private households 1,612,645 100.0 37.9 1,663,220 100.0 37.9
First generation (born abroad) 591,980 36.7 41.3 639,845 38.5 41.8
Second generation (born in Canada with at least one parent born abroad) 305,575 18.9 20.1 341,375 20.5 20.4
Born in Canada with both parents born abroad 210,930 13.1 18.4 235,270 14.1 18.7
Born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and the other born abroad 94,645 5.9 23.4 106,110 6.4 24.1
Third generation or more (born in Canada with both parents born in Canada) 715,090 44.3 43.1 682,000 41.0 42.6

Visible minority population

Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Montréal, Quebec and Canada 2006 to 2016

Figure 1.2 description Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Montréal, Quebec and Canada 2006 to 2016

Population by visible minority group and median age, Montréal, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age
Total population in private households 1,612,645 100.0 .. 37.9 1,663,220 100.0 .. 37.9
Visible minority population 510,665 31.7 100.0 31.7 568,570 34.2 100.0 32.4
South Asian 53,515 3.3 10.5 30.4 55,595 3.3 9.8 31.3
Chinese 46,845 2.9 9.2 34.5 54,665 3.3 9.6 34.0
Black 147,100 9.1 28.8 30.5 171,385 10.3 30.1 30.9
Filipino 21,750 1.3 4.3 36.2 23,500 1.4 4.1 37.0
Latin American 67,160 4.2 13.2 32.4 67,525 4.1 11.9 34.9
Arab 102,625 6.4 20.1 30.9 122,190 7.3 21.5 30.9
Southeast Asian 39,570 2.5 7.7 36.0 34,810 2.1 6.1 37.4
West Asian 12,155 0.8 2.4 32.0 15,340 0.9 2.7 34.7
Korean 3,330 0.2 0.7 31.4 4,220 0.3 0.7 30.8
Japanese 2,020 0.1 0.4 33.2 2,505 0.2 0.4 33.9
Visible minority, n.i.e. 4,435 0.3 0.9 30.5 4,745 0.3 0.8 32.5
Multiple visible minorities 10,155 0.6 2.0 24.9 12,085 0.7 2.1 24.4
Not a visible minority 1,101,975 68.3 .. 42.5 1,094,650 65.8 .. 42.1

Ethnic and cultural origins of the population

The three most commonly reported ethnic origins,4 Montréal, Quebec and Canada 2016

Ethnic origin Montréal Quebec Canada
Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank
Canadian 488,925 29.4 1 4,647,840 58.3 1 11,135,970 32.3 1
French 334,870 20.1 2 1,870,545 23.5 2 4,670,595 13.6 4
Italian 147,015 8.8 3 326,700 4.1 4 1,587,965 4.6 8

Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Montréal, Quebec and Canada, 2016

Figure 1.3 description Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Montréal, Quebec and Canada, 2016

Symbols:

···
not applicable
··
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Data products, 2016 Census.

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