Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

Province of Prince Edward Island

Data quality

Immigrant population

Figure 1.1 Number and percentage of the immigrant population, Prince Edward Island, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.1 description Figure 1.1 Number and percentage of the immigrant population, Prince Edward Island, 2001 to 2016

Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, Prince Edward Island and Canada, 2016

Immigrant status and period of immigration Prince Edward Island Canada
number % of the total population % of the immigrant population number % of the total population % of the immigrant population
Total population in private households 139,685 100.0 ... 34,460,060 100.0 ...
Non-immigrants 129,405 92.6 ... 26,412,615 76.6 ...
Immigrants 8,940 6.4 100.0 7,540,830 21.9 100.0
Period of immigration: Before 2001 3,695 2.6 41.3 4,343,720 12.6 57.6
Period of immigration: 2001 to 2005 555 0.4 6.2 928,940 2.7 12.3
Period of immigration: 2006 to 2010 1,335 1.0 14.9 1,056,090 3.1 14.0
Period of immigration: 2011 to 2016 3,360 2.4 37.6 1,212,075 3.5 16.1
Non-permanent residents 1,340 1.0 ... 506,625 1.5 ...

Number and distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population and recent immigrants in census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, Prince Edward Island, 2016

Geography Total population Immigrant population Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Number % Number %
Prince Edward Island 139,685 8,940 6.4 3,360 2.4
Charlottetown 67,820 6,335 9.3 2,945 4.3
Summerside 16,215 685 4.2 185 1.1

Immigrant population by selected demographic, migration and ethnocultural characteristics, Prince Edward Island, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2006 to 2011)
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Population in private households 7,085 .. 2,555 .. 8,940 .. 3,360 ..
Age groups 7,085 100.0 2,555 100.0 8,940 100.0 3,360 100.0
Less than 15 years 675 9.5 515 20.2 1,010 11.3 770 22.9
15 to 24 years 685 9.7 430 16.8 800 8.9 435 12.9
25 to 64 years 4,225 59.6 1,560 61.1 5,370 60.1 2,120 63.1
65 years and older 1,505 21.2 50 2.0 1,755 19.6 35 1.0
Median age 46.9 .. 36.1 .. 45.4 .. 33.8 ..
Admission categories for immigrants admitted since 1980 ... ... ... ... 6,560 100.0 3,360 100.0
Economic immigrants ... ... ... ... 4,750 72.4 2,625 78.1
Principal applicants ... ... ... ... 1,835 28.0 995 29.6
Secondary applicants ... ... ... ... 2,920 44.5 1,635 48.7
Immigrants sponsored by family ... ... ... ... 1,040 15.9 355 10.6
Refugees ... ... ... ... 720 11.0 375 11.2
Region of birth1 7,085 100.0 2,555 100.0 8,940 100.0 3,360 100.0
Americas 1,630 23.0 160 6.3 1,545 17.3 190 5.7
Europe 2,535 35.8 275 10.8 3,015 33.7 385 11.5
Africa 125 1.8 40 1.6 340 3.8 130 3.9
Asia 2,780 39.2 2,075 81.2 4,010 44.9 2,650 78.9
Oceania 20 0.3 0 0.0 35 0.4 0 0.0

Top places of birth of immigrants and recent immigrants,2 Prince Edward Island, 2016

Place of birth 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 8,940 100.0 ...
China 1,835 20.5 1
United Kingdom 1,370 15.3 2
United States 1,205 13.5 3
Philippines 480 5.4 4
Netherlands 470 5.3 5
Germany 260 2.9 6
Iran 230 2.6 7
India 225 2.5 8
Syria 205 2.3 9
Nepal 115 1.3 10
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 3,355 100.0 ...
China 1,395 41.6 1
Philippines 375 11.2 2
Syria 185 5.5 3
India 125 3.7 4
United States 120 3.6 5
United Kingdom 110 3.3 6
Iran 100 3.0 7
Nepal 80 2.4 8
Bhutan 75 2.2 9
Viet Nam 45 1.3 10
Hong Kong 45 1.3 10

Immigrant population and recent immigrants by non-official language spoken most often at home,3 Prince Edward Island, 2016

Languages 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 8,940 100.0 ...
Mandarin 1,475 16.5 1
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 390 4.4 2
Arabic 330 3.7 3
Persian (Farsi) 215 2.4 4
Nepali 205 2.3 5
Cantonese 160 1.8 6
Dutch 115 1.3 7
Russian 110 1.2 8
German 90 1.0 9
Punjabi (Panjabi) 80 0.9 10
Spanish 80 0.9 10
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 3,360 100.0 ...
Mandarin 1,165 34.7 1
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 350 10.4 2
Arabic 245 7.3 3
Nepali 135 4.0 4
Persian (Farsi) 90 2.7 5
Cantonese 85 2.5 6
Russian 80 2.4 7
Punjabi (Panjabi) 65 1.9 8
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 1.8 9
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 1.5 10

Generation status

Population by generation status and median age, Prince Edward Island, 2011 and 2016

Generation status 2011 2016
Number Percent Median age Number Percent Median age
Total population in private households 137,375 100.0 42.5 139,685 100.0 44.1
First generation (born abroad) 8,295 6.0 45.3 10,795 7.7 42.9
Second generation (born in Canada with at least one parent born abroad) 8,485 6.2 45.1 9,010 6.5 42.2
Born in Canada with both parents born abroad 1,835 1.3 45.6 2,075 1.5 39.3
Born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and the other born abroad 6,650 4.8 44.9 6,940 5.0 42.8
Third generation or more (born in Canada with both parents born in Canada) 120,595 87.8 42.1 119,870 85.8 44.4

Visible minority population

Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Prince Edward Island, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.2 description Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Prince Edward Island, 2001 to 2016

Population by visible minority group and median age, Prince Edward Island, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age
Total population in private households 137,375 100.0 .. 42.5 139,685 100.0 .. 44.1
Visible minority population 4,260 3.1 100.0 30.5 6,645 4.8 100.0 30.7
South Asian 485 0.4 11.4 26.5 925 0.7 13.9 30.5
Chinese 1,830 1.3 43.0 36.0 2,570 1.8 38.7 34.0
Black 390 0.3 9.2 21.8 825 0.6 12.4 22.6
Filipino 90 0.1 2.1 28.2 670 0.5 10.1 33.7
Latin American 230 0.2 5.4 34.2 255 0.2 3.8 39.5
Arab 200 0.1 4.7 36.7 585 0.4 8.8 27.6
Southeast Asian 200 0.1 4.7 32.8 150 0.1 2.3 31.7
West Asian 340 0.2 8.0 39.8 215 0.2 3.2 42.5
Korean 140 0.1 3.3 12.8 205 0.1 3.1 22.4
Japanese 210 0.2 4.9 23.8 115 0.1 1.7 35.4
Visible minority, n.i.e. 75 0.1 1.8 5.4 50 0.0 0.8 42.8
Multiple visible minorities 65 0.0 1.5 38.0 85 0.1 1.3 48.6
Not a visible minority 133,120 96.9 .. 42.9 133,045 95.2 .. 45.1

Visible minority population in census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, Prince Edward Island, ranked by visible minority population, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the CMA or CA Type Number % of the total population of the CMA/CA
Charlottetown CA 5,530 8.2
Summerside CA 540 3.3

Census subdivisions with a population of 5,000 or more with the highest proportion of visible minorities, Prince Edward Island, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the census subdivision Number % of the total population of the CSD
Charlottetown 4,270 12.3
Stratford 885 9.2
Summerside 525 3.6
Cornwall 155 2.9

Ethnic and cultural origins of the population

The three most commonly reported ethnic origins,4 Prince Edward Island and Canada, 2016

Ethnic origin Prince Edward Island Canada
Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank
Canadian 59,275 42.4 1 11,135,970 32.3 1
Scottish 50,685 36.3 2 4,799,010 13.9 3
English 40,305 28.9 3 6,320,085 18.3 2

Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Prince Edward Island and Canada, 2016

Figure 1.3 description Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Prince Edward Island and Canada, 2016

Symbols:

···
not applicable
··
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Data products, 2016 Census.

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