Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

Province of Nova Scotia

Data quality

Immigrant population

Figure 1.1 Number and percentage of the immigrant population, Nova Scotia, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.1 description Figure 1.1 Number and percentage of the immigrant population, Nova Scotia, 2001 to 2016

Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, Nova Scotia and Canada, 2016

Immigrant status and period of immigration Nova Scotia Canada
number % of the total population % of the immigrant population number % of the total population % of the immigrant population
Total population in private households 908,340 100.0 ... 34,460,060 100.0 ...
Non-immigrants 842,760 92.8 ... 26,412,615 76.6 ...
Immigrants 55,675 6.1 100.0 7,540,830 21.9 100.0
Period of immigration: Before 2001 30,700 3.4 55.1 4,343,720 12.6 57.6
Period of immigration: 2001 to 2005 5,100 0.6 9.2 928,940 2.7 12.3
Period of immigration: 2006 to 2010 8,080 0.9 14.5 1,056,090 3.1 14.0
Period of immigration: 2011 to 2016 11,790 1.3 21.2 1,212,075 3.5 16.1
Non-permanent residents 9,900 1.1 ... 506,625 1.5 ...

Number and distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population and recent immigrants in census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, Nova Scotia, 2016

Geography Total population Immigrant population Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Number % Number %
Nova Scotia 908,340 55,675 6.1 11,790 1.3
Halifax 397,635 37,205 9.4 9,425 2.4
Truro 44,900 1,790 4.0 340 0.8
Cape Breton 96,985 1,735 1.8 275 0.3
New Glasgow 33,795 890 2.6 170 0.5
Kentville 25,890 1,175 4.5 125 0.5

Immigrant population by selected demographic, migration and ethnocultural characteristics, Nova Scotia, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2006 to 2011)
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Population in private households 48,275 .. 10,860 .. 55,675 .. 11,790 ..
Age groups 48,275 100.0 10,860 100.0 55,680 100.0 11,790 100.0
Less than 15 years 3,615 7.5 2,375 21.9 3,780 6.8 2,300 19.5
15 to 24 years 3,930 8.1 1,685 15.5 4,470 8.0 1,505 12.8
25 to 64 years 28,665 59.4 6,595 60.7 32,580 58.5 7,660 65.0
65 years and older 12,060 25.0 205 1.9 14,850 26.7 310 2.6
Median age 49.4 .. 31.3 .. 50.4 .. 32.2 ..
Admission categories for immigrants admitted since 1980 ... ... ... ... 37,000 100.0 11,785 100.0
Economic immigrants ... ... ... ... 21,830 59.0 7,245 61.5
Principal applicants ... ... ... ... 8,710 23.5 3,155 26.8
Secondary applicants ... ... ... ... 13,120 35.5 4,095 34.7
Immigrants sponsored by family ... ... ... ... 10,415 28.1 2,490 21.1
Refugees ... ... ... ... 4,520 12.2 1,975 16.8
Region of birth1 48,275 100.0 10,860 100.0 55,680 100.0 11,790 100.0
Americas 11,005 22.8 1,895 17.4 10,585 19.0 1,390 11.8
Europe 20,530 42.5 2,555 23.5 22,110 39.7 2,210 18.7
Africa 2,710 5.6 950 8.7 3,525 6.3 1,085 9.2
Asia 13,565 28.1 5,365 49.4 18,955 34.0 7,035 59.7
Oceania 435 0.9 85 0.8 465 0.8 70 0.6

Top places of birth of immigrants and recent immigrants,2 Nova Scotia, 2016

Place of birth 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 55,680 100.0 ...
United Kingdom 11,275 20.2 1
United States 7,375 13.2 2
China 2,825 5.1 3
Germany 2,600 4.7 4
Philippines 2,570 4.6 5
India 2,225 4.0 6
Netherlands 1,645 3.0 7
Lebanon 1,365 2.5 8
Syria 1,150 2.1 9
Iran 970 1.7 10
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 11,785 100.0 ...
Philippines 1,500 12.7 1
United Kingdom 1,080 9.2 2
China 985 8.4 3
India 895 7.6 4
Syria 885 7.5 5
United States 610 5.2 6
Israel 280 2.4 7
Bhutan 270 2.3 8
Iran 260 2.2 9
Iraq 245 2.1 10

Immigrant population and recent immigrants by non-official language spoken most often at home,3 Nova Scotia, 2016

Languages 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 55,675 100.0 ...
Arabic 4,075 7.3 1
Mandarin 1,565 2.8 2
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,525 2.7 3
German 1,005 1.8 4
Persian (Farsi) 905 1.6 5
Spanish 805 1.4 6
Russian 730 1.3 7
Korean 635 1.1 8
Cantonese 580 1.0 9
Nepali 570 1.0 10
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 11,790 100.0 ...
Arabic 1,605 13.6 1
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,055 8.9 2
Mandarin 695 5.9 3
Nepali 440 3.7 4
Russian 330 2.8 5
Persian (Farsi) 260 2.2 6
Spanish 210 1.8 7
Hebrew 200 1.7 8
Hindi 190 1.6 9
Korean 185 1.6 10

Generation status

Population by generation status and median age, Nova Scotia, 2011 and 2016

Generation status 2011 2016
Number Percent Median age Number Percent Median age
Total population in private households 906,170 100.0 43.4 908,340 100.0 45.1
First generation (born abroad) 57,940 6.4 46.1 70,310 7.7 45.0
Second generation (born in Canada with at least one parent born abroad) 65,555 7.2 44.8 69,125 7.6 44.9
Born in Canada with both parents born abroad 16,255 1.8 41.8 18,105 2.0 39.9
Born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and the other born abroad 49,300 5.4 46.2 51,020 5.6 46.9
Third generation or more (born in Canada with both parents born in Canada) 782,675 86.4 43.0 768,905 84.6 45.1

Visible minority population

Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Nova Scotia, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.2 description Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Nova Scotia, 2001 to 2016

Population by visible minority group and median age, Nova Scotia, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age
Total population in private households 906,170 100.0 .. 43.4 908,340 100.0 .. 45.1
Visible minority population 47,270 5.2 100.0 28.4 58,650 6.5 100.0 28.3
South Asian 4,965 0.5 10.5 31.9 7,905 0.9 13.5 30.1
Chinese 6,050 0.7 12.8 24.7 8,645 1.0 14.7 24.9
Black 20,790 2.3 44.0 28.9 21,915 2.4 37.4 28.3
Filipino 1,885 0.2 4.0 30.0 3,400 0.4 5.8 33.0
Latin American 1,360 0.2 2.9 34.3 1,685 0.2 2.9 36.1
Arab 6,285 0.7 13.3 26.3 8,110 0.9 13.8 27.0
Southeast Asian 1,155 0.1 2.4 37.3 1,195 0.1 2.0 31.2
West Asian 1,365 0.2 2.9 32.8 1,545 0.2 2.6 33.9
Korean 955 0.1 2.0 28.2 1,540 0.2 2.6 32.1
Japanese 445 0.0 0.9 32.4 695 0.1 1.2 22.2
Visible minority, n.i.e. 720 0.1 1.5 22.5 630 0.1 1.1 29.2
Multiple visible minorities 1,285 0.1 2.7 24.1 1,385 0.2 2.4 24.7
Not a visible minority 858,900 94.8 .. 44.2 849,690 93.5 .. 46.3

Visible minority population in census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, Nova Scotia, ranked by visible minority population, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the CMA or CA Type Number % of the total population of the CMA/CA
Halifax CMA 45,290 11.4
Cape Breton CA 2,415 2.5
Truro CA 1,635 3.6
New Glasgow CA 1,130 3.3
Kentville CA 940 3.6

Census subdivisions with a population of 5,000 or more with the highest proportion of visible minorities, Nova Scotia, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the census subdivision Number % of the total population of the CSD
Halifax 45,285 11.4
Cape Breton 2,415 2.6
Truro 860 7.3
New Glasgow 740 8.4
Colchester, Subd. B 540 2.8

Ethnic and cultural origins of the population

The three most commonly reported ethnic origins,4 Nova Scotia and Canada, 2016

Ethnic origin Nova Scotia Canada
Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank
Canadian 387,355 42.6 1 11,135,970 32.3 1
Scottish 272,880 30.0 2 4,799,010 13.9 3
English 262,375 28.9 3 6,320,085 18.3 2

Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Nova Scotia and Canada, 2016

Figure 1.3 description Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Nova Scotia and Canada, 2016

Symbols:

···
not applicable
··
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Data products, 2016 Census.

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