Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

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Province of Quebec

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Immigrant population

Figure 1.1 Number and percentage of the immigrant population, Quebec, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.1 description Figure 1.1 Number and percentage of the immigrant population, Quebec, 2001 to 2016

Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, Quebec and Canada, 2016

Immigrant status and period of immigration Quebec Canada
number % of the total population % of the immigrant population number % of the total population % of the immigrant population
Total population in private households 7,965,450 100.0 ... 34,460,060 100.0 ...
Non-immigrants 6,788,085 85.2 ... 26,412,615 76.6 ...
Immigrants 1,091,305 13.7 100.0 7,540,830 21.9 100.0
Period of immigration: Before 2001 553,855 7.0 50.8 4,343,720 12.6 57.6
Period of immigration: 2001 to 2005 140,170 1.8 12.8 928,940 2.7 12.3
Period of immigration: 2006 to 2010 182,110 2.3 16.7 1,056,090 3.1 14.0
Period of immigration: 2011 to 2016 215,170 2.7 19.7 1,212,075 3.5 16.1
Non-permanent residents 86,060 1.1 ... 506,625 1.5 ...

Number and distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population and recent immigrants in census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, Quebec, 2016

Geography Total population Immigrant population Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Number % Number %
Quebec 7,965,450 1,091,310 13.7 215,170 2.7
Montréal 4,009,790 936,305 23.4 179,270 4.5
Québec 779,085 44,550 5.7 13,445 1.7
Sherbrooke 205,735 14,550 7.1 3,940 1.9
Saint-Hyacinthe 56,440 3,415 6.1 1,365 2.4
Trois-Rivières 150,170 4,820 3.2 1,340 0.9
Granby 82,745 3,675 4.4 855 1.0
Drummondville 92,870 2,765 3.0 675 0.7
Saguenay 157,165 2,035 1.3 405 0.3
Victoriaville 46,985 1,355 2.9 345 0.7
Joliette 47,000 1,440 3.1 335 0.7
Rimouski 53,345 960 1.8 280 0.5
Rouyn-Noranda 41,165 765 1.9 230 0.6
Val-d'Or 33,160 715 2.2 225 0.7
Sorel-Tracy 40,140 970 2.4 205 0.5
Rivière-du-Loup 27,720 405 1.5 150 0.5
Shawinigan 52,180 835 1.6 150 0.3
Saint-Georges 31,450 485 1.5 130 0.4
Sept-Îles 28,070 500 1.8 125 0.4
Sainte-Marie 13,010 355 2.7 110 0.8
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield 38,910 950 2.4 90 0.2
Thetford Mines 27,065 340 1.3 70 0.3
Cowansville 12,745 440 3.5 65 0.5
Alma 31,805 300 0.9 60 0.2
Matane 17,245 275 1.6 60 0.3
Baie-Comeau 26,995 310 1.1 55 0.2
Lachute 12,405 285 2.3 40 0.3
Dolbeau-Mistassini 14,880 100 0.7 25 0.2

Immigrant population by selected demographic, migration and ethnocultural characteristics, Quebec, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2006 to 2011)
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Population in private households 974,895 .. 223,400 .. 1,091,305 .. 215,170 ..
Age groups 974,895 100.0 223,400 100.0 1,091,305 100.0 215,170 100.0
Less than 15 years 71,905 7.4 44,360 19.9 73,625 6.7 41,400 19.2
15 to 24 years 82,135 8.4 27,160 12.2 85,705 7.9 22,710 10.6
25 to 64 years 654,345 67.1 148,000 66.2 730,525 66.9 145,055 67.4
65 years and older 166,510 17.1 3,885 1.7 201,455 18.5 6,005 2.8
Median age 43.8 .. 31.5 .. 44.9 .. 32.4 ..
Admission categories for immigrants admitted since 1980 ... ... ... ... 867,685 100.0 215,170 100.0
Economic immigrants ... ... ... ... 469,015 54.1 132,395 61.5
Principal applicants ... ... ... ... 224,720 25.9 64,950 30.2
Secondary applicants ... ... ... ... 244,300 28.2 67,445 31.3
Immigrants sponsored by family ... ... ... ... 241,225 27.8 52,865 24.6
Refugees ... ... ... ... 146,295 16.9 26,450 12.3
Region of birth1 974,895 100.0 223,400 100.0 1,091,305 100.0 215,170 100.0
Americas 222,220 22.8 56,625 25.3 247,370 22.7 47,695 22.2
Europe 302,235 31.0 41,235 18.5 311,090 28.5 39,320 18.3
Africa 181,125 18.6 71,040 31.8 241,410 22.1 74,200 34.5
Asia 267,710 27.5 54,205 24.3 289,825 26.6 53,595 24.9
Oceania 1,295 0.1 265 0.1 1,465 0.1 345 0.2

Top places of birth of immigrants and recent immigrants,2 Quebec, 2016

Place of birth 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 1,091,305 100.0 ...
France 81,220 7.4 1
Haiti 80,960 7.4 2
Morocco 60,700 5.6 3
Algeria 59,465 5.4 4
Italy 51,025 4.7 5
China 49,555 4.5 6
Lebanon 39,140 3.6 7
Romania 28,695 2.6 8
United States 25,960 2.4 9
Colombia 25,580 2.3 10
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 215,170 100.0 ...
France 20,030 9.3 1
Haiti 16,875 7.8 2
Algeria 16,380 7.6 3
Morocco 13,480 6.3 4
China 10,705 5.0 5
Cameroon 7,555 3.5 6
Colombia 7,540 3.5 7
Iran 7,505 3.5 8
Syria 7,460 3.5 9
Tunisia 5,850 2.7 10

Immigrant population and recent immigrants by non-official language spoken most often at home,3 Quebec, 2016

Languages 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 1,091,310 100.0 ...
Arabic 107,080 9.8 1
Spanish 86,340 7.9 2
Creole, n.o.s. 34,155 3.1 3
Italian 34,055 3.1 4
Mandarin 29,905 2.7 5
Romanian 25,610 2.3 6
Russian 20,235 1.9 7
Persian (Farsi) 20,075 1.8 8
Vietnamese 17,340 1.6 9
Portuguese 16,690 1.5 10
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 215,170 100.0 ...
Arabic 30,010 13.9 1
Spanish 19,065 8.9 2
Mandarin 8,585 4.0 3
Persian (Farsi) 8,295 3.9 4
Creole, n.o.s. 8,220 3.8 5
Russian 5,365 2.5 6
Romanian 5,030 2.3 7
Kabyle 4,095 1.9 8
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,425 1.6 9
Portuguese 2,740 1.3 10

Generation status

Population by generation status and median age, Quebec, 2011 and 2016

Generation status 2011 2016
Number Percent Median age Number Percent Median age
Total population in private households 7,732,520 100.0 41.2 7,965,450 100.0 41.7
First generation (born abroad) 1,055,130 13.6 42.5 1,204,895 15.1 43.0
Second generation (born in Canada with at least one parent born abroad) 685,170 8.9 22.7 792,085 9.9 22.0
Born in Canada with both parents born abroad 394,330 5.1 20.4 461,360 5.8 19.7
Born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and the other born abroad 290,840 3.8 26.1 330,725 4.2 25.7
Third generation or more (born in Canada with both parents born in Canada) 5,992,225 77.5 43.1 5,968,475 74.9 44.1

Visible minority population

Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Quebec, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.2 description Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Quebec, 2001 to 2016

Population by visible minority group and median age, Quebec, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age
Total population in private households 7,732,520 100.0 .. 41.2 7,965,450 100.0 .. 41.7
Visible minority population 850,240 11.0 100.0 31.5 1,032,365 13.0 100.0 32.0
South Asian 83,325 1.1 9.8 31.6 90,330 1.1 8.7 32.2
Chinese 82,845 1.1 9.7 33.2 99,505 1.2 9.6 33.6
Black 243,625 3.2 28.7 29.5 319,230 4.0 30.9 29.5
Filipino 31,490 0.4 3.7 35.8 34,910 0.4 3.4 36.7
Latin American 116,380 1.5 13.7 32.5 133,915 1.7 13.0 34.9
Arab 166,260 2.2 19.6 31.3 213,740 2.7 20.7 31.4
Southeast Asian 65,860 0.9 7.7 35.6 62,820 0.8 6.1 35.6
West Asian 23,445 0.3 2.8 31.4 32,405 0.4 3.1 33.9
Korean 6,665 0.1 0.8 30.6 8,055 0.1 0.8 29.8
Japanese 4,025 0.1 0.5 33.3 4,570 0.1 0.4 35.1
Visible minority, n.i.e. 8,900 0.1 1.0 30.4 9,840 0.1 1.0 32.5
Multiple visible minorities 17,420 0.2 2.0 24.4 23,040 0.3 2.2 22.8
Not a visible minority 6,882,280 89.0 .. 43.0 6,933,085 87.0 .. 43.9

Visible minority population in census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, Quebec, ranked by visible minority population, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the CMA or CA Type Number % of the total population of the CMA/CA
Montréal CMA 904,840 22.6
Québec CMA 38,260 4.9
Sherbrooke CMA 11,990 5.8
Trois-Rivières CMA 4,665 3.1
Saint-Hyacinthe CA 3,155 5.6
Granby CA 3,090 3.7
Drummondville CA 2,355 2.5
Saguenay CMA 2,005 1.3
Joliette CA 1,295 2.8
Victoriaville CA 1,145 2.4
Rimouski CA 820 1.5
Rouyn-Noranda CA 805 2.0
Sorel-Tracy CA 755 1.9
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield CA 670 1.7
Val-d'Or CA 665 2.0
Shawinigan CA 665 1.3
Saint-Georges CA 350 1.1
Sept-Îles CA 335 1.2
Rivière-du-Loup CA 330 1.2
Sainte-Marie CA 320 2.5
Baie-Comeau CA 300 1.1
Alma CA 285 0.9
Thetford Mines CA 275 1.0
Cowansville CA 245 1.9
Matane CA 205 1.2
Dolbeau-Mistassini CA 130 0.9
Lachute CA 125 1.0

Census subdivisions with a population of 5,000 or more with the highest proportion of visible minorities, Quebec, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the census subdivision Number % of the total population of the CSD
Montréal 568,570 34.2
Laval 107,255 26.1
Longueuil 43,615 18.6
Gatineau 36,760 13.5
Brossard 36,060 42.9

Ethnic and cultural origins of the population

The three most commonly reported ethnic origins,4 Quebec and Canada, 2016

Ethnic origin Quebec Canada
Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank
Canadian 4,647,840 58.3 1 11,135,970 32.3 1
French 1,870,545 23.5 2 4,670,595 13.6 4
Irish 446,215 5.6 3 4,627,000 13.4 5

Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Quebec and Canada, 2016

Figure 1.3 description Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Quebec and Canada, 2016

Symbols:

···
not applicable
··
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Data products, 2016 Census.

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