Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

Province of Newfoundland and Labrador

Data quality

Immigrant population

Figure 1.1 Number and percentage of the immigrant population, Newfoundland and Labrador, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.1 description Figure 1.1 Number and percentage of the immigrant population, Newfoundland and Labrador, 2001 to 2016

Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, Newfoundland and Labrador and Canada, 2016

Immigrant status and period of immigration Newfoundland and Labrador Canada
number % of the total population % of the immigrant population number % of the total population % of the immigrant population
Total population in private households 512,250 100.0 ... 34,460,060 100.0 ...
Non-immigrants 496,410 96.9 ... 26,412,615 76.6 ...
Immigrants 12,080 2.4 100.0 7,540,830 21.9 100.0
Period of immigration: Before 2001 5,545 1.1 45.9 4,343,720 12.6 57.6
Period of immigration: 2001 to 2005 990 0.2 8.2 928,940 2.7 12.3
Period of immigration: 2006 to 2010 1,870 0.4 15.5 1,056,090 3.1 14.0
Period of immigration: 2011 to 2016 3,675 0.7 30.4 1,212,075 3.5 16.1
Non-permanent residents 3,770 0.7 ... 506,625 1.5 ...

Number and distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population and recent immigrants in census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, Newfoundland and Labrador, 2016

Geography Total population Immigrant population Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Number % Number %
Newfoundland and Labrador 512,255 12,080 2.4 3,675 0.7
St. John's 203,305 8,135 4.0 2,685 1.3
Corner Brook 31,285 580 1.9 145 0.5
Gander 12,965 215 1.7 60 0.5
Grand Falls-Windsor 13,870 230 1.7 40 0.3
Bay Roberts 11,035 115 1.0 20 0.2

Immigrant population by selected demographic, migration and ethnocultural characteristics, Newfoundland and Labrador, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2006 to 2011)
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Population in private households 9,165 .. 2,215 .. 12,080 .. 3,675 ..
Age groups 9,165 100.0 2,220 100.0 12,080 100.0 3,670 100.0
Less than 15 years 840 9.2 530 23.9 1,190 9.9 870 23.7
15 to 24 years 745 8.1 260 11.7 940 7.8 420 11.4
25 to 64 years 5,480 59.8 1,340 60.4 7,350 60.8 2,320 63.2
65 years and older 2,095 22.9 90 4.1 2,600 21.5 70 1.9
Median age 49.0 .. 30.4 .. 46.2 .. 31.4 ..
Admission categories for immigrants admitted since 1980 ... ... ... ... 8,805 100.0 3,675 100.0
Economic immigrants ... ... ... ... 4,925 55.9 2,220 60.4
Principal applicants ... ... ... ... 2,260 25.7 995 27.1
Secondary applicants ... ... ... ... 2,670 30.3 1,230 33.5
Immigrants sponsored by family ... ... ... ... 2,355 26.7 695 18.9
Refugees ... ... ... ... 1,490 16.9 740 20.1
Region of birth1 9,165 100.0 2,220 100.0 12,080 100.0 3,675 100.0
Americas 1,920 20.9 380 17.1 2,275 18.8 460 12.5
Europe 3,845 42.0 305 13.7 4,215 34.9 545 14.8
Africa 760 8.3 395 17.8 1,215 10.1 625 17.0
Asia 2,510 27.4 1,115 50.2 4,295 35.6 2,015 54.8
Oceania 115 1.3 25 1.1 70 0.6 35 1.0

Top places of birth of immigrants and recent immigrants,2 Newfoundland and Labrador, 2016

Place of birth 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 12,075 100.0 ...
United Kingdom 2,215 18.3 1
United States 1,535 12.7 2
Philippines 855 7.1 3
China 835 6.9 4
India 635 5.3 5
Germany 365 3.0 6
Syria 315 2.6 7
Pakistan 240 2.0 8
Iraq 220 1.8 9
Egypt 215 1.8 10
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 3,675 100.0 ...
Philippines 590 16.1 1
Syria 300 8.2 2
China 270 7.3 3
United States 200 5.4 4
India 175 4.8 5
United Kingdom 160 4.4 6
Nigeria 130 3.5 7
Egypt 120 3.3 8
Pakistan 95 2.6 9
Jordan 80 2.2 10

Immigrant population and recent immigrants by non-official language spoken most often at home,3 Newfoundland and Labrador, 2016

Languages 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 12,075 100.0 ...
Arabic 740 6.1 1
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 495 4.1 2
Mandarin 300 2.5 3
Spanish 295 2.4 4
Cantonese 180 1.5 5
Russian 135 1.1 6
Bengali 125 1.0 7
Urdu 125 1.0 7
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 1.0 7
Nepali 120 1.0 10
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 3,675 100.0 ...
Arabic 580 15.8 1
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 410 11.2 2
Mandarin 135 3.7 3
Spanish 120 3.3 4
Nepali 105 2.9 5
Urdu 65 1.8 6
Russian 50 1.4 7
Bengali 45 1.2 8
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 1.2 8
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 1.1 10
Persian (Farsi) 40 1.1 10

Generation status

Population by generation status and median age, Newfoundland and Labrador, 2011 and 2016

Generation status 2011 2016
Number Percent Median age Number Percent Median age
Total population in private households 507,270 100.0 43.6 512,250 100.0 45.6
First generation (born abroad) 11,450 2.3 44.7 16,835 3.3 38.8
Second generation (born in Canada with at least one parent born abroad) 11,525 2.3 38.3 13,820 2.7 39.1
Born in Canada with both parents born abroad 2,060 0.4 34.1 2,790 0.5 27.2
Born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and the other born abroad 9,465 1.9 38.9 11,030 2.2 42.0
Third generation or more (born in Canada with both parents born in Canada) 484,290 95.5 43.7 481,595 94.0 46.0

Visible minority population

Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Newfoundland and Labrador, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.2 description Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Newfoundland and Labrador, 2001 to 2016

Population by visible minority group and median age, Newfoundland and Labrador, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age
Total population in private households 507,270 100.0 .. 43.6 512,250 100.0 .. 45.6
Visible minority population 6,930 1.4 100.0 28.9 11,810 2.3 100.0 28.8
South Asian 1,855 0.4 26.8 31.5 2,640 0.5 22.4 29.8
Chinese 1,645 0.3 23.7 31.2 2,325 0.5 19.7 28.1
Black 1,455 0.3 21.0 22.8 2,350 0.5 19.9 22.4
Filipino 350 0.1 5.1 31.5 1,390 0.3 11.8 33.9
Latin American 185 0.0 2.7 28.5 635 0.1 5.4 31.8
Arab 370 0.1 5.3 26.7 1,375 0.3 11.6 25.2
Southeast Asian 315 0.1 4.5 27.7 335 0.1 2.8 26.8
West Asian 155 0.0 2.2 29.7 220 0.0 1.9 31.7
Korean 75 0.0 1.1 29.3 75 0.0 0.6 35.1
Japanese 65 0.0 0.9 43.8 60 0.0 0.5 34.8
Visible minority, n.i.e. 210 0.0 3.0 17.7 145 0.0 1.2 32.2
Multiple visible minorities 250 0.0 3.6 22.7 255 0.0 2.2 26.6
Not a visible minority 500,340 98.6 .. 43.8 500,440 97.7 .. 46.1

Visible minority population in census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, Newfoundland and Labrador, ranked by visible minority population, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the CMA or CA Type Number % of the total population of the CMA/CA
St. John's CMA 8,760 4.3
Corner Brook CA 335 1.1
Grand Falls-Windsor CA 240 1.7
Gander CA 200 1.5
Bay Roberts CA 110 1.0

Census subdivisions with a population of 5,000 or more with the highest proportion of visible minorities, Newfoundland and Labrador, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the census subdivision Number % of the total population of the CSD
St. John's 7,535 7.0
Mount Pearl 400 1.8
Happy Valley-Goose Bay 330 4.2
Labrador City 330 4.6
Conception Bay South 285 1.1

Ethnic and cultural origins of the population

The three most commonly reported ethnic origins,4 Newfoundland and Labrador and Canada, 2016

Ethnic origin Newfoundland and Labrador Canada
Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank
Canadian 276,130 53.9 1 11,135,970 32.3 1
English 191,860 37.5 2 6,320,085 18.3 2
Irish 106,225 20.7 3 4,627,000 13.4 5

Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Newfoundland and Labrador and Canada, 2016

Figure 1.3 description Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Newfoundland and Labrador and Canada, 2016

Symbols:

···
not applicable
··
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Data products, 2016 Census.

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