Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

Figure 1.1 Number and percentage of the foreign-born population, Canada, 1871 to 2016

Figure

This combined line and vertical bar chart shows the number and percentage of the foreign-born population, according to Canadian censuses from 1871 to 2016 and the 2011 National Household Survey.

The Y1 axis shows the size of the foreign-born population (immigrants).

The Y2 axis shows the percentage of the Canadian foreign-born population.

The X axis shows the census years.

Table 1.1 Number and percentage of the foreign-born population, Canada, 1871 to 2016
Table summary

The following table shows the number and percentage of the foreign-born population, Canada, 1871 to 2016. The column headings are: Census year, foreign-born population (number and percentage). The rows are: the census years along with their corresponding values.

Census year Foreign-born population
Number Percentage
1871 594,207 16.0
1881 602,984 13.9
1891 643,871 13.3
1901 699,500 13.0
1911 1,586,961 22.0
1921 1,955,736 22.3
1931 2,307,525 22.3
1941 2,018,847 17.5
1951 2,059,911 14.7
1961 2,844,263 15.6
1971 3,295,530 15.3
1981 3,843,335 16.0
1991 4,342,890 16.1
2001 5,448,480 18.4
2006 6,186,950 19.8
2011 6,775,765 20.6
2016 7,540,830 21.9

Figure 1.2 Distribution (in percentage) of Canada’s immigrant population in the provinces and territories, census years 1981 to 2016

Figure

This vertical bar chart shows the percentage distribution of the immigrant population in the provinces and territories, according to Canadian censuses from 1981 to 2016 and the 2011 National Household Survey.

The Y axis shows the percentages by census year.

The X axis shows Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut.

Table 1.2 Distribution (in percentage) of Canada’s immigrant population in the provinces and territories, census years 1981 to 2016
Table summary

The following table shows the distribution (in percentage) of Canada’s immigrant population in the provinces and territories, census years 1981 to 2016. The column headings are: geography, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016. The rows are: the provinces and territories along with their corresponding values.

Geography Census years
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Prince Edward Island 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nova Scotia 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
New Brunswick 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Quebec 13.6 13.5 13.6 13.4 13.0 13.8 14.4 14.5
Ontario 52.4 53.3 54.6 54.8 55.6 54.9 53.3 51.1
Manitoba 3.8 3.6 3.2 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.7 3.0
Saskatchewan 2.2 1.8 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.5
Alberta 9.4 9.4 8.8 8.1 8.0 8.5 9.5 11.2
British Columbia 16.3 16.1 16.7 18.2 18.5 18.1 17.6 17.1
Yukon 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Northwest Territories 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nunavut 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Figure 1.3 Distribution (in percentage) of recent immigrants to Canada living in the provinces and territories, census years 1981 to 2016

Figure

This vertical bar chart shows the percentage distribution of recent immigrants in the provinces and territories, according to Canadian censuses from 1981 to 2016 and the 2011 National Household Survey. “Recent immigrant” refers to an immigrant who received his or her landed immigrant or permanent resident status for the first time in the five years before a given census. For the 2016 Census, this period is from January 1, 2011, to May 10, 2016.

The Y axis shows the percentages by census year.

The X axis shows Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut.

Table 1.3 Distribution (in percentage) of recent immigrants to Canada living in the provinces and territories, census years 1981 to 2016
Table summary

The following table shows the distribution(in percentage) of recent immigrants to Canada living in the provinces and territories, census years 1981 to 2016. The column headings are: Geography, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016. The rows are: the provinces and territories along with their corresponding values.

Geography Census year
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3
Prince Edward Island 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3
Nova Scotia 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 1.0
New Brunswick 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.8
Quebec 15.7 16.2 15.8 14.5 13.7 17.5 19.2 17.8
Ontario 46.0 48.5 55.9 54.2 55.9 52.3 43.1 39.0
Manitoba 4.3 4.2 2.7 1.8 1.8 2.8 5.0 5.2
Saskatchewan 1.9 1.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 2.3 4.0
Alberta 13.3 12.2 8.0 6.7 6.9 9.3 12.4 17.1
British Columbia 16.4 15.0 15.4 20.8 19.9 16.0 15.9 14.5
Yukon 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Northwest Territories 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Nunavut 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Figure 1.4 Distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant admission categories by year of immigration, Canada, 1980 to 2016

Figure

This line chart shows the distribution of the immigrant admission categories by year of immigration, Canada, 1980 to 2016.

The Y axis shows the percentages by admission category.

The X axis shows the years of immigration.

Table 1.4 Distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant admission categories by year of immigration, Canada, 1980 to 2016
Table summary

The following table shows the distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant admission categories by year of immigration, Canada, 1980 to 2016. The column headings are: years of immigration, economic immigrants, immigrants sponsored by family, refugees and other immigrants. The rows are: the years of immigration along with their corresponding values.

Years of immigration Economic immigrants (%) Immigrants sponsored by family (%) Refugees (%) Other immigrants (%)
1980 38.1 33.2 28.4 0.2
1981 49.9 33.0 16.7 0.4
1982 45.6 36.4 17.7 0.4
1983 32.8 45.0 21.3 0.8
1984 35.2 40.9 23.0 0.9
1985 35.9 40.9 22.4 0.9
1986 37.6 37.5 24.3 0.6
1987 43.8 34.3 21.2 0.8
1988 48.3 29.5 21.4 0.8
1989 45.3 30.4 23.6 0.8
1990 41.4 34.5 23.2 0.9
1991 35.8 39.1 24.0 1.1
1992 36.2 42.2 20.3 1.4
1993 38.8 44.4 15.0 1.8
1994 41.5 42.2 14.6 1.7
1995 46.2 37.4 15.7 0.6
1996 51.5 32.5 14.6 1.4
1997 55.8 29.5 13.4 1.3
1998 51.4 31.3 15.9 1.4
1999 53.1 29.7 16.6 0.6
2000 56.5 29.1 14.2 0.2
2001 58.8 27.8 13.3 0.1
2002 57.3 28.9 12.9 0.8
2003 53.0 32.2 13.8 1.0
2004 54.2 29.1 14.9 1.8
2005 57.2 27.9 13.1 1.7
2006 53.4 31.7 12.8 2.2
2007 53.9 31.0 12.8 2.3
2008 57.7 29.0 11.4 1.8
2009 59.0 28.7 11.0 1.4
2010 65.2 23.9 9.7 1.2
2011 62.2 25.1 11.3 1.3
2012 62.8 27.0 8.8 1.4
2013 58.8 30.8 9.2 1.2
2014 62.0 27.1 9.6 1.3
2015 60.5 25.5 12.6 1.4
2016 50.6 24.1 24.1 1.2

Figure 1.5 Percentage of immigrants who are Canadian citizens, by period of immigration, Canada, 2016

Figure

This is a combined line and vertical bar chart. The bar chart shows the percentage of immigrants who are Canadian citizens by period of immigration for the 2016 Census of Population. The line shows the percentage of all eligible immigrants who are Canadian citizens.

The Y axis shows percentages.

The X axis shows periods of immigration: Before 1981, 1981 to 1990, 1991 to 2000, 2001 to 2010, and 2011.

Table 1.5 Percentage of immigrants who are Canadian citizens, by period of immigration, Canada, 2016
Table summary

The following table shows the percentage of immigrants who are Canadian citizens by period of immigration for the 2016 Census of Population. The column headings are: period of immigration and percentage. The rows are: the period of immigration along with their corresponding values and a category for all eligible immigrants.

Period of immigration Percentage
Before 1981 91.9
1981 to 1990 92.4
1991 to 2000 92.0
2001 to 2010 76.6
2011 46.2
All eligible immigrants 85.8

Figure 1.6 Number and proportion of the population belonging to a visible minority group, Canada, 2001 to 2016

Figure

This combined line and vertical bar chart shows the number and percentage of the population belonging to a visible minority group in Canada, according to Canadian censuses from 2001 to 2016 and the 2011 National Household Survey.

The Y1 axis shows the size of the visible minority population.

The Y2 axis shows the percentage of the population belonging to a visible minority group.

The X axis shows the census years.

Table 1.6 Number and proportion of the population belonging to a visible minority group, Canada, 2001 to 2016
Table summary

The following table shows the number and proportion of the population belonging to a visible minority group, Canada, 2001 to 2016. The column headings are: census year, population belonging to a visible minority group (number and percentage). The rows are: the census years along with their corresponding values.

Census year Population belonging to a visible minority group
Number Percentage
2001 3,983,850 13.4
2006 5,068,095 16.2
2011 6,264,750 19.1
2016 7,674,585 22.3

Figure 1.7 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin, Canada, 2016

Figure

This horizontal bar chart shows the percentage of the population that reported at least one response by region of ethnic origin, for Canada, in 2016.

The Y axis shows the different ancestral regions: North American Aboriginal origins; Other North American origins; European origins; Caribbean origins; Latin, Central and South American origins; African origins; Asian origins; and Oceania origins.

The X axis shows the percentage of the population that reported at least one response by region of ethnic origin.

Table 1.7 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin, Canada, 2016
Table summary

The following table shows the percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin, Canada, 2016. The column headings are: ancestral regions and population by region of ethnic origin (%). The rows are: the ancestral regions along with their corresponding values.

Region of ethnic origin Population by region of ethnic origin (%)
North American Aboriginal origins 6.2
Other North American origins 33.7
European origins 57.1
Caribbean origins 2.2
Latin, Central and South American origins 2.0
African origins 3.1
Asian origins 17.7
Oceania origins 0.2
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