Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country]

Population

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The table shows aboriginal identities (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers), by sex, age groups and residence on or off reserve.
Characteristic Canada

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Total - Sex, Total - Age groups, Total - Residence on or off reserve
Total - Population in private households by Aboriginal identityFootnote 1 Aboriginal identityFootnote 2 Single Aboriginal responsesFootnote 3 First Nations (North American Indian)Footnote 4 Métis Inuk (Inuit) Multiple Aboriginal responsesFootnote 5 Aboriginal responses not included elsewhereFootnote 6 Non-Aboriginal identity
Average age and median age
Total - Average age and median age for the population in private households - 25% sample data 34,460,060 1,673,785 1,629,800 977,235 587,545 65,030 21,310 22,670 32,786,285
Average age 40.5 32.1 32.0 30.6 34.7 27.7 32.4 39.1 40.9
Median age 40.7 29.1 29.0 27.0 33.1 24.1 28.2 39.7 41.3
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 7 28,643,015 1,224,920 1,191,495 691,405 456,560 43,535 15,295 18,120 27,418,100
Married or living common law 16,733,345 575,495 558,985 304,070 233,320 21,600 6,995 9,510 16,157,845
Married 13,223,980 362,515 351,010 177,920 162,535 10,555 4,680 6,820 12,861,465
Living common law 3,509,365 212,985 207,980 126,150 70,785 11,045 2,315 2,690 3,296,380
Not married and not living common law 11,909,670 649,415 632,510 387,335 223,240 21,935 8,300 8,615 11,260,255
Never married 8,082,625 500,265 488,565 306,710 163,170 18,690 6,085 5,610 7,582,360
Separated 696,920 39,715 38,720 22,845 15,130 745 515 475 657,205
Divorced 1,760,515 68,410 65,880 34,120 30,680 1,080 1,180 1,350 1,692,105
Widowed 1,369,620 41,030 39,345 23,660 14,255 1,425 515 1,175 1,328,580
Family characteristics
Total - Family characteristics for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 8 34,460,065 1,673,785 1,629,805 977,235 587,545 65,030 21,310 22,670 32,786,285
Married spouses and common-law partners 16,464,855 568,825 552,540 299,850 231,375 21,315 6,940 9,340 15,896,030
Married spouses 12,955,490 355,835 344,560 173,700 160,590 10,270 4,625 6,655 12,599,650
Common-law partners 3,509,365 212,985 207,980 126,150 70,785 11,045 2,315 2,690 3,296,380
Lone parents (in lone-parent census families) 1,609,835 134,050 131,595 89,635 37,030 4,925 1,325 1,130 1,475,790
Children in census families (as in sons, daughters or grandchildren) 10,286,910 680,330 663,680 416,475 216,640 30,565 8,945 7,705 9,606,575
Living with two biological or adoptive parentsCensus data footnote 9 6,994,795 329,235 320,205 182,215 120,365 17,620 4,820 4,210 6,665,565
In an intact familyCensus data footnote 10 6,749,765 300,015 291,665 163,740 111,550 16,370 4,415 3,940 6,449,750
In a complex stepfamilyCensus data footnote 11 245,030 29,215 28,535 18,475 8,815 1,250 405 275 215,815
Living with one biological or adoptive parent and one step-parent 778,985 69,230 67,275 41,700 23,080 2,495 875 1,080 709,750
In a simple stepfamilyCensus data footnote 12 446,830 35,480 34,575 20,610 12,740 1,230 410 500 411,345
In a complex stepfamilyCensus data footnote 13 332,155 33,745 32,700 21,090 10,335 1,275 470 580 298,405
Living with one parent in a lone-parent census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,430,480 258,835 253,610 174,865 69,245 9,505 2,985 2,240 2,171,650
With a male lone parent 490,730 53,030 51,810 35,345 13,980 2,485 630 590 437,700
With a female lone parent 1,939,755 205,805 201,800 139,515 55,260 7,015 2,360 1,650 1,733,950
Living with grandparents without parents present 82,645 23,030 22,590 17,695 3,955 945 265 175 59,610
With two grandparents without parents present 40,825 10,895 10,660 8,070 2,080 510 160 70 29,930
With one grandparent without parents present 41,820 12,140 11,930 9,625 1,875 435 105 105 29,685
Persons not in census families 6,098,465 290,575 281,990 171,270 102,500 8,225 4,095 4,490 5,807,895
Living with other relatives 754,865 58,370 57,340 41,360 13,220 2,765 500 530 696,495
Foster children 44,550 19,525 19,090 15,560 2,805 725 325 110 25,020
Living with non-relatives only or alone 5,299,050 212,675 205,560 114,350 86,475 4,735 3,270 3,845 5,086,375
Registered or Treaty Indian status
Total - Population by Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 15 34,460,065 1,673,785 1,629,800 977,230 587,545 65,025 21,310 22,670 32,786,280
Registered or Treaty IndianCensus data footnote 16 820,120 820,120 795,240 744,850 49,690 700 6,225 18,650 0
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 33,639,945 853,660 834,560 232,380 537,855 64,330 15,080 4,020 32,786,280
Aboriginal ancestry
Total - Aboriginal ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 17 34,460,060 1,673,780 1,629,805 977,235 587,545 65,025 21,310 22,670 32,786,285
Aboriginal ancestry (only)Census data footnote 18 727,790 676,965 670,310 525,460 100,535 44,315 4,525 2,135 50,820
Single Aboriginal ancestry (only)Census data footnote 19 709,235 659,295 654,670 517,250 94,065 43,355 2,515 2,115 49,935
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestryCensus data footnote 20 573,220 533,255 530,045 513,740 16,015 290 1,215 1,995 39,965
Métis single ancestry 91,255 82,395 81,095 3,205 77,875 20 1,190 105 8,860
Inuit single ancestry 44,765 43,650 43,525 305 175 43,045 115 15 1,115
Multiple Aboriginal ancestries (only)Census data footnote 21 18,550 17,670 15,640 8,210 6,470 960 2,015 15 885
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestries 15,140 14,410 12,935 6,945 5,990 0 1,460 15 730
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestries 2,470 2,390 2,015 1,210 70 740 375 0 80
Métis and Inuit ancestries 765 720 595 25 365 205 125 0 50
First Nations (North American Indian), Métis and Inuit ancestries 175 150 95 25 50 25 50 0 20
Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestriesCensus data footnote 22 1,402,735 797,460 777,635 359,985 399,955 17,690 14,645 5,185 605,270
Single Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestriesCensus data footnote 23 1,347,605 751,080 736,760 350,110 370,160 16,485 9,240 5,085 596,530
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Aboriginal ancestries 881,455 431,385 422,140 343,470 78,135 530 4,740 4,500 450,065
Métis and non-Aboriginal ancestries 441,000 301,930 297,220 6,215 290,970 35 4,170 540 139,070
Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 25,155 17,765 17,395 430 1,050 15,915 330 40 7,390
Multiple Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestriesCensus data footnote 24 55,125 46,385 40,875 9,880 29,795 1,200 5,410 100 8,740
First Nations (North American Indian), Métis and non-Aboriginal ancestries 49,325 41,845 37,265 8,820 28,435 10 4,490 95 7,475
First Nations (North American Indian), Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 3,465 2,660 2,215 940 345 930 445 0 805
Métis, Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 2,010 1,570 1,155 30 890 230 410 10 440
First Nations (North American Indian), Métis, Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 325 305 245 85 120 35 65 0 15
Non-Aboriginal ancestry (only)Census data footnote 25 32,329,545 199,350 181,860 91,780 87,055 3,020 2,140 15,355 32,130,195
Aboriginal ancestry responses
Total - Aboriginal ancestry responses for the population in private household - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 26 34,460,060 1,673,780 1,629,805 977,230 587,545 65,025 21,310 22,670 32,786,280
Total Aboriginal ancestryCensus data footnote 27 2,130,520 1,474,430 1,447,945 885,445 500,490 62,005 19,175 7,315 656,090
First Nations ancestry 1,525,565 1,026,400 1,006,945 875,245 129,160 2,550 12,845 6,615 499,170
Abenaki 9,775 3,680 3,610 2,225 1,380 0 35 35 6,095
Algonquin 40,880 26,665 25,490 17,885 7,600 0 665 505 14,215
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.Census data footnote 28 4,505 3,995 3,910 3,280 620 10 80 0 510
Apache 825 305 300 220 85 0 0 0 520
Assiniboine 1,810 1,730 1,705 1,660 45 0 25 0 85
Atikamekw 8,005 7,065 7,055 6,710 345 0 10 0 940
Beaver (Dunne-za) 1,705 1,695 1,685 1,605 60 10 15 0 0
Blackfoot, n.o.s.Census data footnote 29 22,490 18,190 17,930 16,685 1,205 35 180 90 4,300
Blood (Kainai) 1,000 905 895 880 20 0 10 0 95
Carrier (Dakelh) 7,810 7,630 7,580 7,460 115 0 45 0 180
Cayuga 575 555 550 530 25 0 0 0 25
Cherokee 11,620 3,460 3,350 2,665 675 10 100 15 8,160
Chilcotin (Tsilhqot'in) 2,805 2,745 2,735 2,725 10 0 10 0 60
Chipewyan (Denesuline) 3,475 3,350 3,305 2,610 675 20 25 15 130
Cowichan 1,235 1,185 1,175 1,125 55 0 0 0 60
Cree 356,655 316,535 312,060 256,345 55,030 690 3,785 690 40,120
Dakota 5,790 5,595 5,570 5,480 85 0 20 10 195
Delaware (Lenape) 1,295 1,205 1,200 1,185 20 0 0 0 90
Dene Tha (Slavey) 2,635 2,565 2,540 2,395 140 0 15 10 65
Dene, n.o.s.Census data footnote 30 27,430 27,195 26,940 24,535 2,275 125 160 100 230
Gitxsan 5,675 5,610 5,580 5,545 35 0 10 20 70
Gwich'in 3,280 3,190 3,090 2,490 185 415 95 10 90
Haida 5,105 4,615 4,565 4,495 65 0 40 10 485
Haisla 1,440 1,425 1,420 1,415 0 0 0 10 15
Heiltsuk 1,835 1,830 1,835 1,830 0 0 10 0 0
Huron (Wendat) 14,220 6,525 6,290 3,965 2,315 10 165 70 7,700
Innu/Montagnais 27,755 20,460 20,080 16,890 2,915 275 300 80 7,300
Iroquois, n.o.s.Census data footnote 31 18,115 6,815 6,535 4,575 1,945 15 225 55 11,295
Kaska 1,440 1,420 1,390 1,385 10 0 15 10 25
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 935 870 825 790 35 0 40 10 65
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl) 3,670 3,605 3,565 3,555 10 0 35 0 70
Lakota 885 665 620 485 130 0 50 0 215
Maliseet 7,635 5,545 5,495 5,135 360 10 30 10 2,095
Mi'kmaq 168,480 94,595 90,550 73,100 17,230 225 1,705 2,340 73,885
Mohawk 32,290 22,160 21,675 19,165 2,435 75 390 105 10,125
Musqueam 300 285 270 265 10 0 15 0 15
Naskapi 1,085 1,035 1,025 900 35 90 10 0 50
Navajo 700 430 405 370 30 10 25 0 270
Nisga'a 5,495 5,460 5,440 5,415 25 0 0 15 35
Nlaka'pamux (Thompson) 3,110 3,050 3,025 3,015 10 0 30 0 60
Nuu-chah-nulth 4,310 4,285 4,245 4,245 0 10 20 20 25
Nuxalk 1,380 1,365 1,365 1,360 0 0 10 0 15
Odawa 1,905 1,800 1,795 1,750 50 0 0 0 105
Ojibway 125,725 116,205 114,785 107,670 7,010 100 1,150 270 9,520
Oji-Cree 18,915 18,865 18,830 18,705 130 0 30 0 50
Okanagan (Syilx) 3,790 3,700 3,660 3,630 30 0 40 0 90
Oneida 1,980 1,765 1,740 1,680 60 0 20 0 220
Potawatomi 2,690 2,595 2,570 2,515 60 0 20 0 95
Sahtu (North Slavey) 635 630 620 550 55 15 10 0 10
Salish, n.o.s.Census data footnote 32 22,380 20,240 19,905 19,475 425 0 265 75 2,135
Saulteaux 18,100 17,890 17,650 16,635 1,005 10 225 15 210
Sechelt (Shishalh) 305 300 290 290 10 0 10 0 10
Secwepemc (Shuswap) 6,750 6,525 6,485 6,380 100 0 40 10 220
Sekani 1,030 1,030 1,015 1,000 10 0 15 0 0
Sioux, n.o.s.Census data footnote 33 8,060 6,155 6,070 5,140 930 0 75 10 1,910
Squamish 1,730 1,585 1,580 1,570 10 0 0 0 145
St'at'imc (Lillooet) 2,180 2,150 2,145 2,095 40 0 0 10 30
Sto:lo 2,305 2,170 2,145 2,120 30 0 20 10 135
Stoney (Nakoda) 9,020 8,995 8,975 8,845 135 0 10 0 25
Tahltan 2,320 2,260 2,235 2,230 0 0 20 0 60
Tlicho (Dogrib) 1,935 1,930 1,900 1,810 65 30 25 10 10
Tlingit 2,110 2,010 1,970 1,960 10 0 30 10 95
Tsimshian 5,910 5,700 5,680 5,650 25 0 25 0 205
Tsuu T'ina (Sarcee) 865 850 835 805 30 0 15 10 10
Tutchone, n.o.s.Census data footnote 34 2,135 2,105 2,070 2,060 0 0 30 10 25
Wet'suwet'en 1,445 1,435 1,430 1,430 0 0 10 0 10
First Nations ancestry, n.i.e.Census data footnote 35 558,540 257,525 251,380 220,695 30,255 425 3,995 2,150 301,020
Métis ancestry 599,995 443,325 430,605 25,360 404,690 555 11,965 755 156,665
Inuit ancestry 79,130 69,210 67,240 3,050 3,070 61,120 1,905 65 9,920
Non-Aboriginal ancestry 33,732,280 996,815 959,490 451,775 487,010 20,710 16,780 20,540 32,735,465
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataCensus data footnote 36 34,460,065 1,673,785 1,629,800 977,230 587,545 65,025 21,310 22,670 32,786,280
English only 23,575,260 1,384,240 1,351,640 863,025 433,705 54,905 16,275 16,325 22,191,020
French only 4,069,945 89,555 85,510 42,790 41,630 1,085 1,675 2,370 3,980,395
English and French 6,173,000 191,905 184,615 67,705 111,910 5,000 3,330 3,955 5,981,095
Neither English nor French 641,855 8,080 8,040 3,705 295 4,040 30 20 633,770
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataCensus data footnote 37 34,460,065 1,673,785 1,629,800 977,235 587,545 65,025 21,310 22,670 32,786,280
English 25,813,360 1,469,205 1,433,330 897,480 479,165 56,690 17,895 17,975 24,344,155
French 7,603,935 188,020 180,050 71,175 107,000 1,870 3,340 4,630 7,415,915
English and French 412,620 8,860 8,760 5,110 1,190 2,455 60 50 403,760
Neither English nor French 630,150 7,695 7,660 3,465 190 4,010 15 15 622,455
Official language minority
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 38 7,810,245 192,455 184,430 73,735 107,595 3,100 3,375 4,650 7,617,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 39 22.7 11.5 11.3 7.5 18.3 4.8 15.8 20.5 23.2
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataCensus data footnote 40 34,460,065 1,673,780 1,629,805 977,235 587,545 65,025 21,310 22,670 32,786,280
Official languages 27,199,985 1,480,020 1,436,735 826,295 581,665 28,780 20,970 22,320 25,719,960
English 20,050,615 1,303,265 1,268,005 768,480 472,130 27,400 17,590 17,670 18,747,350
French 7,337,670 187,055 178,490 61,225 115,760 1,510 3,705 4,855 7,150,615
Non-official languages 7,888,550 212,400 211,370 166,120 7,895 37,360 555 470 7,676,150
Aboriginal languages 209,570 208,735 208,010 164,060 6,695 37,255 500 230 830
Algonquian languages 140,490 140,055 139,510 134,985 4,445 80 370 175 435
Blackfoot 3,270 3,255 3,225 3,210 10 0 10 25 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 94,410 94,110 93,700 89,550 4,080 75 285 125 295
Atikamekw 6,295 6,285 6,275 6,240 35 0 10 0 10
Montagnais (Innu) 10,490 10,480 10,460 10,410 30 15 15 10 15
Moose Cree 145 140 140 130 10 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,240 1,240 1,225 1,215 15 10 15 0 0
Northern East Cree 400 395 380 350 30 0 15 0 0
Plains Cree 3,590 3,575 3,515 3,100 415 0 50 10 20
Southern East Cree 15 15 15 15 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,765 1,755 1,745 1,640 100 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 2,140 2,145 2,130 1,910 220 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 68,335 68,085 67,815 64,540 3,220 55 170 105 250
Eastern Algonquian languages 7,405 7,380 7,365 7,360 0 0 10 10 30
Malecite 350 350 355 355 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 7,055 7,025 7,015 7,010 0 0 10 0 25
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35,370 35,285 35,185 34,835 345 10 75 25 90
Algonquin 1,575 1,575 1,565 1,565 0 0 10 0 10
Ojibway 19,835 19,760 19,680 19,345 325 10 65 25 70
Oji-Cree 13,790 13,785 13,780 13,755 20 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 165 165 165 170 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 25 30 0 0 0 0 10
Athabaskan languages 18,835 18,745 18,670 17,170 1,460 35 45 30 90
Northern Athabaskan languages 18,770 18,690 18,615 17,115 1,465 40 40 30 80
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 120 125 120 120 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 220 220 220 225 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 1,265 1,245 1,235 1,235 0 0 10 0 30
Chilcotin 805 805 805 800 10 0 0 0 0
Dene 11,430 11,410 11,365 9,950 1,405 10 30 20 20
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,740 1,730 1,730 1,700 15 10 0 0 10
Gwich'in 270 260 260 240 0 10 0 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 60 45 45 45 0 0 0 0 10
Sekani 110 105 105 105 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey-Hare languages 2,100 2,095 2,085 2,055 25 0 0 0 10
North Slavey (Hare) 800 795 785 770 15 0 0 10 0
South Slavey 970 970 970 960 10 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 330 325 330 320 10 0 0 0 10
Tahltan languages 290 295 295 290 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 185 190 190 185 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 105 110 105 105 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 360 355 355 355 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 275 275 280 275 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 80 80 80 80 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 65 55 55 55 0 0 0 0 10
Haida 155 150 145 150 0 0 0 0 10
Inuit languages 37,520 37,330 37,260 85 50 37,130 65 0 185
Inuinnaqtun 665 660 660 0 0 660 0 0 0
Inuktitut 36,015 35,865 35,810 35 40 35,730 60 0 150
Inuvialuktun 455 455 450 15 0 435 10 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 380 345 345 25 10 310 0 0 35
Iroquoian languages 1,250 1,230 1,225 1,200 20 0 10 0 20
Cayuga 30 30 30 30 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 1,140 1,125 1,120 1,100 20 0 0 0 15
Oneida 50 50 55 50 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 20 15 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 100 95 95 95 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 755 735 730 65 665 0 0 0 20
Salish languages 2,705 2,675 2,670 2,665 0 0 0 10 30
Comox 100 90 90 90 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 535 525 525 520 0 0 0 0 10
Lillooet 360 360 355 355 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 335 335 335 335 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 580 585 585 580 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 50 50 50 50 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 105 100 105 100 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 390 375 370 365 0 0 10 0 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 260 260 260 260 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,465 4,455 4,455 4,435 20 0 0 0 10
Dakota 1,210 1,200 1,195 1,185 15 0 0 0 10
Stoney 3,210 3,210 3,210 3,200 10 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 45 50 50 45 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 105 105 110 105 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,700 1,675 1,675 1,670 10 0 0 0 30
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,000 990 985 985 0 0 0 0 10
Nisga'a 455 440 435 440 0 0 0 0 15
Tsimshian 250 250 245 245 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 1,080 1,075 1,070 1,065 0 0 0 10 0
Haisla 130 135 130 130 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 115 115 115 115 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 445 440 445 440 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 380 380 370 375 0 0 0 10 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 415 400 395 370 25 0 0 0 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,678,985 3,665 3,365 2,055 1,200 105 60 240 7,675,315
Language spoken at home
Total - Language spoken at home for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataCensus data footnote 41 34,460,065 1,673,785 1,629,800 977,230 587,545 65,025 21,310 22,670 32,786,280
Official languages 32,179,065 1,617,710 1,573,875 939,925 586,235 47,710 21,240 22,600 30,561,355
English 25,694,870 1,491,290 1,453,340 887,045 519,670 46,625 18,890 19,060 24,203,580
French 8,028,305 193,840 185,265 74,095 109,195 1,980 3,625 4,945 7,834,470
Non-official languages 7,500,795 233,565 232,080 180,340 11,515 40,220 800 680 7,267,230
Aboriginal languages 225,190 223,380 222,440 175,405 7,090 39,950 625 320 1,805
Algonquian languages 150,995 150,010 149,320 144,320 4,905 100 445 245 980
Blackfoot 4,800 4,730 4,705 4,695 10 0 0 25 70
Cree-Montagnais languages 100,905 100,370 99,845 95,415 4,340 95 330 190 530
Atikamekw 6,335 6,310 6,295 6,240 55 0 10 0 25
Montagnais (Innu) 10,760 10,710 10,670 10,575 75 20 30 10 50
Moose Cree 150 145 135 115 20 0 0 10 10
Naskapi 1,365 1,360 1,345 1,320 15 10 15 0 0
Northern East Cree 385 380 365 350 15 0 15 0 10
Plains Cree 4,300 4,245 4,190 3,755 440 0 50 0 55
Southern East Cree 40 40 35 35 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,660 1,655 1,630 1,520 105 0 20 10 0
Woods Cree 2,125 2,125 2,110 1,965 145 0 10 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 74,065 73,690 73,365 69,815 3,480 65 175 150 375
Eastern Algonquian languages 8,065 7,955 7,935 7,895 40 0 15 10 110
Malecite 485 475 470 470 0 0 0 0 10
Mi'kmaq 7,580 7,480 7,460 7,420 40 0 10 10 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 37,240 36,975 36,855 36,325 525 10 100 25 265
Algonquin 1,705 1,690 1,680 1,660 25 0 10 0 15
Ojibway 21,450 21,215 21,105 20,630 470 0 90 25 230
Oji-Cree 13,910 13,900 13,900 13,870 25 0 0 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 190 185 180 180 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 65 60 60 60 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 19,650 19,560 19,475 17,910 1,530 35 50 35 95
Northern Athabaskan languages 19,610 19,515 19,435 17,865 1,530 35 50 35 90
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 135 135 140 135 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 220 220 220 195 20 0 0 0 0
Carrier 1,285 1,265 1,270 1,265 0 0 0 0 20
Chilcotin 815 820 820 815 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 11,820 11,790 11,740 10,290 1,445 0 35 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,105 2,090 2,080 2,055 25 10 0 0 20
Gwich'in 240 240 235 220 0 10 0 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 125 125 125 125 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 100 100 100 100 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 2,150 2,145 2,130 2,095 25 0 10 10 0
North Slavey (Hare) 770 770 755 740 10 10 10 10 0
South Slavey 1,085 1,080 1,075 1,065 10 0 0 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 295 295 295 290 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 395 385 380 375 10 0 10 0 10
Kaska (Nahani) 245 235 225 220 10 0 0 0 10
Tahltan 155 155 150 150 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 220 215 215 215 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 125 125 125 120 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 100 90 90 90 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 45 40 45 40 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 310 300 300 295 0 0 0 0 10
Inuit languages 40,515 40,045 39,980 100 65 39,820 65 0 470
Inuinnaqtun 1,060 1,055 1,050 0 0 1,050 0 0 10
Inuktitut 38,830 38,385 38,325 55 55 38,215 60 0 445
Inuvialuktun 395 390 390 20 0 370 0 0 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 230 225 220 20 10 195 0 0 10
Iroquoian languages 1,815 1,775 1,770 1,750 15 0 0 10 40
Cayuga 55 55 60 60 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 1,575 1,540 1,535 1,515 15 0 0 0 35
Oneida 145 140 145 145 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 40 40 35 10 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 130 125 130 125 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 620 595 575 50 520 0 20 0 20
Salish languages 3,525 3,440 3,385 3,375 15 0 40 15 85
Comox 125 120 120 120 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 595 580 560 555 0 0 15 0 15
Lillooet 510 495 495 495 0 0 0 0 15
Okanagan 520 515 500 500 0 0 15 0 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 775 765 760 760 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 145 150 150 150 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 260 255 250 245 10 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 285 280 275 275 0 0 0 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 315 280 280 275 0 0 0 0 30
Siouan languages 4,430 4,415 4,415 4,400 10 0 0 0 15
Dakota 1,060 1,055 1,050 1,050 0 0 0 0 10
Stoney 3,280 3,275 3,275 3,265 10 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 100 95 95 90 0 0 0 0 10
Tlingit 165 165 160 160 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,880 1,855 1,850 1,850 0 0 0 0 25
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 955 950 945 945 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 685 675 675 675 0 0 0 0 10
Tsimshian 240 235 235 235 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 875 850 850 845 10 0 0 0 25
Haisla 120 120 115 120 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 60 65 60 65 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 320 305 310 310 0 0 0 0 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 345 330 330 330 0 0 0 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 25 25 30 20 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 425 390 380 355 25 0 10 0 30
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,275,800 10,335 9,795 5,040 4,435 315 185 360 7,265,470
Knowledge of languages
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 1,673,785 1,629,800 977,230 587,545 65,030 21,310 22,670 32,786,280
Official languages 33,818,210 1,665,700 1,621,765 973,525 587,250 60,990 21,285 22,650 32,152,515
English 29,748,260 1,576,150 1,536,260 930,735 545,620 59,905 19,605 20,285 28,172,115
French 10,242,950 281,460 270,125 110,500 153,545 6,090 5,005 6,325 9,961,490
Non-official languages 9,369,285 285,580 282,970 218,650 22,065 42,250 1,385 1,225 9,083,705
Aboriginal languages 263,840 260,550 259,295 207,755 9,705 41,830 830 430 3,290
Algonquian languages 177,570 175,825 174,930 167,800 6,950 175 580 320 1,745
Blackfoot 5,650 5,565 5,525 5,510 15 0 0 35 85
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,580 115,605 114,950 108,635 6,150 175 415 235 975
Atikamekw 6,640 6,595 6,585 6,500 85 0 10 10 45
Montagnais (Innu) 11,445 11,360 11,305 11,190 90 30 35 15 80
Moose Cree 195 180 165 145 20 0 0 15 15
Naskapi 1,470 1,465 1,445 1,420 15 0 15 0 0
Northern East Cree 545 530 515 475 40 0 15 0 15
Plains Cree 5,905 5,805 5,735 5,015 725 0 65 0 100
Southern East Cree 45 45 40 35 0 0 0 10 0
Swampy Cree 2,345 2,325 2,295 2,145 150 0 15 10 25
Woods Cree 2,665 2,640 2,630 2,405 230 0 10 0 25
Cree, n.o.s. 86,120 85,435 85,005 80,055 4,820 130 245 185 680
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,760 9,595 9,555 9,500 55 0 25 15 170
Malecite 760 740 735 730 0 0 0 0 15
Mi'kmaq 9,025 8,875 8,835 8,790 50 0 25 10 155
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,680 46,165 45,975 45,175 795 10 155 35 520
Algonquin 2,480 2,440 2,420 2,345 75 0 20 0 40
Ojibway 28,585 28,135 27,960 27,275 680 0 135 35 450
Oji-Cree 15,605 15,580 15,580 15,550 35 10 0 0 25
Ottawa (Odawa) 210 200 200 200 10 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 100 100 100 0 0 0 0 20
Athabaskan languages 23,655 23,455 23,335 21,575 1,695 65 80 45 200
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,575 23,375 23,255 21,495 1,690 65 75 45 200
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 210 210 205 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 340 330 330 305 20 0 0 0 15
Carrier 2,100 2,070 2,065 2,050 15 0 0 0 30
Chilcotin 1,150 1,150 1,145 1,140 10 0 0 10 0
Dene 13,060 13,005 12,925 11,365 1,555 10 55 25 55
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,370 2,355 2,345 2,300 35 10 0 10 25
Gwich'in 360 355 350 325 10 15 0 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 150 145 145 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 190 185 180 180 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 2,810 2,780 2,760 2,695 45 20 10 0 35
North Slavey (Hare) 1,005 1,005 995 960 15 15 10 10 0
South Slavey 1,365 1,355 1,345 1,325 20 10 0 0 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 675 660 655 640 10 10 0 0 20
Tahltan languages 630 615 610 600 0 10 10 0 15
Kaska (Nahani) 365 355 350 350 10 0 10 0 10
Tahltan 265 260 260 255 0 10 0 0 10
Tutchone languages 420 400 400 395 0 0 0 0 20
Northern Tutchone 280 270 270 265 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 145 135 135 130 10 0 0 0 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 85 80 80 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 465 445 445 445 0 0 0 0 20
Inuit languages 42,980 42,060 41,955 190 115 41,650 100 10 920
Inuinnaqtun 1,335 1,320 1,320 0 10 1,310 10 0 15
Inuktitut 40,620 39,765 39,680 110 90 39,475 90 0 855
Inuvialuktun 650 640 635 35 0 600 10 0 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 415 410 45 20 345 0 10 50
Iroquoian languages 2,795 2,715 2,695 2,640 60 0 20 10 80
Cayuga 125 120 120 120 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 2,415 2,345 2,325 2,290 35 0 15 0 65
Oneida 185 180 185 175 10 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 105 100 85 10 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 175 170 170 165 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 1,210 1,170 1,135 105 1,025 0 40 0 35
Salish languages 5,750 5,615 5,555 5,515 40 0 40 20 130
Comox 185 180 185 185 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 1,060 1,030 1,005 985 20 0 15 10 30
Lillooet 790 770 770 770 0 0 0 0 20
Okanagan 820 815 805 800 0 0 10 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 1,295 1,285 1,285 0 0 10 10 10
Squamish 280 280 280 275 10 0 0 0 0
Straits 365 355 355 345 10 0 0 0 10
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 435 435 435 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 560 520 505 500 10 0 0 10 45
Siouan languages 5,430 5,400 5,395 5,370 25 0 0 0 30
Dakota 1,760 1,750 1,740 1,735 0 0 0 10 15
Stoney 3,675 3,670 3,665 3,650 15 0 0 0 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 130 135 130 10 0 0 0 10
Tlingit 260 255 250 245 0 10 0 0 10
Tsimshian languages 2,730 2,695 2,685 2,685 0 0 0 10 40
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 1,290 1,280 1,280 0 0 0 0 15
Nisga'a 1,055 1,035 1,035 1,035 0 0 0 0 20
Tsimshian 410 410 410 410 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 1,490 1,445 1,430 1,430 0 0 0 15 40
Haisla 175 170 170 175 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 125 125 125 125 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 585 585 585 0 0 0 0 20
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 560 540 530 525 0 0 0 10 20
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 25 25 30 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 670 610 590 555 30 0 10 10 60
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 26,090 24,680 11,610 12,495 580 590 820 9,080,985
Mobility status
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago for the population aged 1 year and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 43 34,091,785 1,645,590 1,602,335 959,200 579,450 63,690 20,875 22,385 32,446,190
Non-movers 29,644,795 1,373,540 1,337,095 798,125 484,520 54,450 16,985 19,455 28,271,255
Movers 4,446,990 272,050 265,235 161,070 94,930 9,240 3,890 2,920 4,174,935
Non-migrants 2,623,510 170,760 166,580 101,255 58,695 6,625 2,445 1,735 2,452,755
Migrants 1,823,475 101,295 98,660 59,815 36,235 2,610 1,450 1,190 1,722,180
Internal migrants 1,451,000 99,615 97,050 58,860 35,610 2,585 1,415 1,155 1,351,390
Intraprovincial migrants 1,189,525 81,760 79,695 49,615 28,330 1,750 1,125 935 1,107,765
Interprovincial migrants 261,475 17,855 17,355 9,240 7,280 830 285 215 243,625
External migrants 372,475 1,685 1,610 955 625 35 35 35 370,795
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago for the population aged 5 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 32,568,560 1,528,140 1,487,560 884,790 545,125 57,650 19,355 21,225 31,040,425
Non-movers 20,134,760 883,105 859,390 513,490 311,295 34,605 10,385 13,330 19,251,655
Movers 12,433,805 645,035 628,170 371,305 233,825 23,040 8,970 7,895 11,788,770
Non-migrants 6,755,630 385,260 375,370 221,510 137,320 16,540 5,210 4,685 6,370,370
Migrants 5,678,175 259,770 252,800 149,795 96,510 6,500 3,755 3,215 5,418,405
Internal migrants 4,296,720 255,325 248,470 147,170 94,910 6,400 3,720 3,130 4,041,395
Intraprovincial migrants 3,467,670 203,750 198,435 120,640 73,945 3,850 2,895 2,420 3,263,920
Interprovincial migrants 829,045 51,575 50,040 26,530 20,960 2,545 825 715 777,470
External migrants 1,381,455 4,450 4,325 2,625 1,600 100 40 80 1,377,010
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 28,643,015 1,224,915 1,191,500 691,405 456,560 43,535 15,295 18,120 27,418,100
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 5,934,160 470,370 460,335 298,600 135,680 26,055 4,815 5,220 5,463,790
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate, no postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 5,239,575 412,180 403,390 264,425 116,385 22,575 4,170 4,620 4,827,400
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate, with postsecondary certificate or diplomaCensus data footnote 46 694,580 58,190 56,940 34,175 19,295 3,475 650 605 636,390
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate 22,708,860 754,545 731,160 392,805 320,875 17,480 10,480 12,900 21,954,315
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate, no postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 7,576,400 322,755 313,085 175,315 129,315 8,460 4,440 5,230 7,253,640
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate, with postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeCensus data footnote 47 15,132,460 431,785 418,080 217,490 191,560 9,030 6,040 7,670 14,700,670
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 28,643,015 1,224,915 1,191,495 691,405 456,555 43,535 15,295 18,120 27,418,100
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,239,580 412,180 403,390 264,430 116,390 22,575 4,165 4,620 4,827,400
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificateCensus data footnote 49 7,576,400 322,760 313,085 175,315 129,315 8,455 4,440 5,235 7,253,640
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 2,800,260 131,180 127,405 67,480 55,765 4,155 1,800 1,980 2,669,080
Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationCensus data footnote 50 1,549,875 74,145 72,050 40,755 28,840 2,450 1,045 1,055 1,475,730
Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationCensus data footnote 51 1,250,385 57,035 55,360 26,725 26,930 1,705 755 925 1,193,350
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 5,553,830 226,120 219,740 117,790 95,790 6,170 2,895 3,485 5,327,710
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 813,330 27,230 26,425 15,520 10,440 470 415 390 786,105
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 6,659,615 105,445 101,440 50,880 48,860 1,705 1,580 2,425 6,554,170
Bachelor's degree 4,443,835 78,020 75,180 37,670 36,200 1,310 1,120 1,725 4,365,815
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelCensus data footnote 52 2,215,780 27,420 26,260 13,210 12,660 395 465 700 2,188,360
Major field of study
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 28,643,020 1,224,915 1,191,495 691,405 456,560 43,530 15,300 18,125 27,418,100
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeCensus data footnote 54 12,815,975 734,935 716,475 439,740 245,700 31,035 8,610 9,850 12,081,045
Education 1,060,090 32,195 31,025 17,045 13,090 890 425 745 1,027,900
13. Education 1,060,095 32,195 31,025 17,045 13,095 890 425 745 1,027,900
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 596,230 14,325 13,785 7,055 6,435 290 285 250 581,905
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 99,020 2,900 2,835 1,385 1,395 55 35 35 96,120
50. Visual and performing arts 497,210 11,420 10,950 5,675 5,045 235 255 220 485,790
Humanities 850,840 16,750 16,110 8,995 6,630 495 255 385 834,090
16. Aboriginal and foreign languages, literatures and linguistics 98,000 1,680 1,640 995 485 165 20 20 96,320
23. English language and literature/letters 178,595 2,800 2,665 1,360 1,255 45 70 65 175,795
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 275,525 6,785 6,565 4,195 2,210 160 95 130 268,735
30A Interdisciplinary humanitiesCensus data footnote 55 4,160 80 85 40 40 0 0 0 4,080
38. Philosophy and religious studies 51,930 860 830 340 475 15 10 20 51,065
39. Theology and religious vocations 77,485 1,770 1,705 890 755 50 20 40 75,720
54. History 111,460 2,005 1,915 890 985 40 25 60 109,455
55. French language and literature/letters 53,680 760 710 270 420 10 10 40 52,925
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,761,900 50,260 48,650 27,630 19,600 1,420 755 865 1,711,635
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 24,685 3,095 3,025 2,225 580 220 55 20 21,585
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 182,275 3,550 3,445 1,725 1,660 65 55 45 178,720
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 324,660 16,820 16,425 10,345 5,435 645 175 215 307,845
22. Legal professions and studies 289,600 8,105 7,860 4,095 3,655 110 140 105 281,495
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciencesCensus data footnote 56 35,445 980 925 455 450 25 25 25 34,470
42. Psychology 281,465 6,630 6,310 3,015 3,185 110 130 195 274,835
45. Social sciences 623,770 11,085 10,660 5,765 4,640 250 170 260 612,690
Business, management and public administration 3,360,045 95,130 92,395 50,075 39,855 2,460 1,170 1,565 3,264,915
30.16 Accounting and computer science 6,190 240 235 110 120 0 0 0 5,945
44. Public administration and social service professions 237,835 17,525 17,085 10,925 5,840 320 210 225 220,310
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 3,116,025 77,365 75,070 39,040 33,900 2,130 955 1,335 3,038,655
Physical and life sciences and technologies 614,280 8,085 7,825 3,325 4,295 205 85 170 606,195
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 249,955 3,265 3,130 1,310 1,760 55 35 90 246,695
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 125,595 1,915 1,865 840 975 50 35 20 123,680
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciencesCensus data footnote 57 28,150 340 335 135 195 10 0 0 27,815
40. Physical sciences 179,305 1,805 1,750 700 1,015 35 10 50 177,495
41. Science technologies/technicians 31,270 760 740 335 355 55 0 10 30,510
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 651,480 11,715 11,300 5,545 5,500 255 205 210 639,765
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 514,680 10,115 9,765 4,890 4,670 210 180 175 504,570
25. Library science 40,815 800 780 330 445 0 0 20 40,015
27. Mathematics and statistics 86,655 715 670 295 340 40 25 20 85,940
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciencesCensus data footnote 58 9,325 90 90 40 40 0 0 0 9,235
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 3,327,405 113,345 110,140 55,465 51,610 3,065 1,515 1,690 3,214,060
04. Architecture and related services 114,315 1,235 1,195 555 615 20 0 35 113,080
14. Engineering 752,465 5,810 5,605 2,650 2,850 105 90 120 746,655
15. Engineering technologies and engineering-related fields 620,065 20,085 19,525 9,825 9,160 540 290 270 599,980
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 410 20 20 15 0 0 0 0 395
46. Construction trades 702,155 38,845 37,935 21,040 15,495 1,400 425 485 663,310
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 731,130 28,615 27,755 12,740 14,270 745 370 490 702,520
48. Precision production 406,855 18,730 18,110 8,635 9,220 260 335 290 388,125
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 339,050 12,930 12,585 6,795 5,445 340 140 210 326,120
01. Agriculture, agriculture operations and related sciences 205,930 4,705 4,515 2,205 2,265 45 65 120 201,225
03. Natural resources and conservation 133,120 8,230 8,065 4,585 3,180 295 75 90 124,895
Health and related fields 2,266,720 76,125 73,605 37,260 35,215 1,125 1,130 1,390 2,190,595
31. Parks, recreation, leisure and fitness studies 164,295 4,395 4,275 2,105 2,020 150 65 55 159,900
51. Health professions and related programs 2,047,685 71,385 68,990 35,020 32,990 980 1,070 1,325 1,976,300
60. Dental, medical and veterinary residency programs 54,740 350 340 135 210 0 0 10 54,395
Personal, protective and transportation services 995,825 58,950 57,425 32,355 23,125 1,945 715 805 936,880
12. Personal and culinary services 565,555 27,920 27,105 14,685 11,790 630 365 445 537,635
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 3,500 110 100 40 60 0 0 0 3,395
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 7,900 465 455 210 210 30 10 0 7,435
43. Security and protective services 206,750 12,545 12,285 7,075 4,975 240 160 100 194,200
49. Transportation and materials moving 212,120 17,915 17,475 10,340 6,095 1,040 180 255 194,210
Other 3,165 175 170 115 45 0 10 0 2,995
30.99 Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other 3,165 175 170 115 45 10 0 0 2,995
Labour force status
Total - Labour force status for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% Sample dataCensus data footnote 59 28,643,015 1,224,915 1,191,500 691,405 456,555 43,535 15,300 18,120 27,418,105
In the labour force 18,672,475 752,395 732,210 394,765 309,975 27,465 9,285 10,900 17,920,075
Employed 17,230,035 637,905 620,265 323,685 275,265 21,315 8,015 9,630 16,592,130
Unemployed 1,442,435 114,490 111,945 71,085 34,710 6,150 1,265 1,275 1,327,950
Not in the labour force 9,970,550 472,520 459,285 296,635 146,585 16,065 6,015 7,220 9,498,025
Participation rate 65.2 61.4 61.5 57.1 67.9 63.1 60.7 60.2 65.4
Employment rate 60.2 52.1 52.1 46.8 60.3 49.0 52.4 53.1 60.5
Unemployment rate 7.7 15.2 15.3 18.0 11.2 22.4 13.6 11.7 7.4
Class of worker
Total - Class of worker for the labour force aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 60 18,672,470 752,395 732,210 394,770 309,975 27,465 9,280 10,905 17,920,075
Class of worker - not applicableCensus data footnote 61 404,350 35,790 35,110 24,810 8,175 2,125 365 320 368,555
All classes of workersCensus data footnote 62 18,268,125 716,600 697,100 369,955 301,800 25,345 8,915 10,585 17,551,520
Employee 16,073,685 662,350 644,790 347,505 272,920 24,365 8,035 9,520 15,411,340
Self-employedCensus data footnote 63 2,194,440 54,255 52,315 22,455 28,880 980 880 1,065 2,140,180
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Work activity during the reference year for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 64 28,643,020 1,224,915 1,191,495 691,405 456,555 43,535 15,300 18,120 27,418,100
Did not workCensus data footnote 65 9,282,010 450,055 437,480 287,950 134,495 15,040 5,730 6,845 8,831,950
Worked 19,361,010 774,860 754,015 403,450 322,065 28,500 9,565 11,275 18,586,155
Worked full timeCensus data footnote 66 14,871,495 584,200 568,970 305,925 241,855 21,185 6,765 8,470 14,287,295
1 to 13 weeks 623,260 40,955 40,130 25,005 12,535 2,580 425 405 582,305
14 to 26 weeks 1,013,825 63,790 62,175 36,070 22,980 3,130 685 925 950,035
27 to 39 weeks 916,695 45,880 44,715 24,400 18,605 1,705 530 630 870,815
40 to 48 weeks 2,691,715 86,800 84,250 42,875 39,225 2,155 1,135 1,415 2,604,910
49 to 52 weeks 9,626,010 346,780 337,700 177,580 148,510 11,615 3,985 5,095 9,279,230
Worked part timeCensus data footnote 67 4,489,515 190,655 185,045 97,525 80,205 7,315 2,800 2,810 4,298,855
1 to 13 weeks 894,240 48,440 47,135 26,895 17,795 2,450 730 570 845,800
14 to 26 weeks 867,010 40,945 39,775 21,540 16,575 1,660 590 575 826,060
27 to 39 weeks 551,715 22,155 21,515 11,065 9,750 700 355 290 529,560
40 to 48 weeks 777,380 24,530 23,670 11,645 11,500 520 425 435 752,855
49 to 52 weeks 1,399,170 54,590 52,955 26,385 24,585 1,985 690 940 1,344,585
Average weeks worked in reference year 42.4 39.6 39.6 38.8 40.8 36.4 39.1 40.9 42.6
Occupation
Total - Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 - for the labour force population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 68 18,672,470 752,395 732,215 394,770 309,975 27,465 9,280 10,900 17,920,080
Occupation - not applicableCensus data footnote 69 404,350 35,790 35,110 24,810 8,175 2,120 365 320 368,555
All occupationsCensus data footnote 70 18,268,125 716,605 697,100 369,955 301,805 25,345 8,915 10,585 17,551,520
0 Management occupations 2,013,365 54,695 53,175 26,245 25,360 1,560 645 880 1,958,670
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 2,874,305 95,725 93,145 47,685 41,975 3,480 1,115 1,470 2,778,580
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,273,665 25,680 24,900 11,440 12,810 655 375 405 1,247,985
3 Health occupations 1,245,885 39,070 37,795 17,760 19,295 735 545 730 1,206,815
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 2,138,440 100,110 97,665 56,940 36,425 4,295 1,130 1,315 2,038,330
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 557,275 16,490 15,985 8,225 6,680 1,075 255 250 540,785
6 Sales and service occupations 4,265,890 187,830 182,380 100,050 75,130 7,205 2,565 2,880 4,078,065
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,668,880 138,320 134,885 69,800 60,060 5,025 1,560 1,870 2,530,555
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 416,130 29,895 29,155 16,625 11,860 675 385 350 386,240
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 814,280 28,790 28,020 15,185 12,195 640 340 430 785,490
Industry
Total - Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 for the labour Force population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 71 18,672,470 752,395 732,215 394,770 309,975 27,465 9,280 10,905 17,920,075
Industry - NAICS 2012 - not applicableCensus data footnote 72 404,350 35,795 35,110 24,815 8,170 2,120 365 320 368,555
All industry categoriesCensus data footnote 73 18,268,125 716,605 697,100 369,955 301,805 25,345 8,920 10,580 17,551,520
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 444,680 21,040 20,530 11,430 8,780 315 225 295 423,640
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 271,300 21,315 20,840 9,820 9,820 1,195 240 235 249,990
22 Utilities 136,350 7,365 7,190 3,660 3,125 405 85 85 128,985
23 Constr