Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country]

Population

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The table shows aboriginal identities (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers), by sex, age groups and residence on or off reserve.
Characteristic Canada

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Total - Sex, Total - Age groups, Total - Residence on or off reserve
Total - Population in private households by Aboriginal identityFootnote 1 Aboriginal identityFootnote 2 Single Aboriginal responsesFootnote 3 First Nations (North American Indian)Footnote 4 Métis Inuk (Inuit) Multiple Aboriginal responsesFootnote 5 Aboriginal responses not included elsewhereFootnote 6 Non-Aboriginal identity
Registered or Treaty Indian status
Total - Population by Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 15 34,460,065 1,673,785 1,629,800 977,230 587,545 65,025 21,310 22,670 32,786,280
Registered or Treaty IndianCensus data footnote 16 820,120 820,120 795,240 744,850 49,690 700 6,225 18,650 0
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 33,639,945 853,660 834,560 232,380 537,855 64,330 15,080 4,020 32,786,280
Aboriginal ancestry
Total - Aboriginal ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 17 34,460,060 1,673,780 1,629,805 977,235 587,545 65,025 21,310 22,670 32,786,285
Aboriginal ancestry (only)Census data footnote 18 727,790 676,965 670,310 525,460 100,535 44,315 4,525 2,135 50,820
Single Aboriginal ancestry (only)Census data footnote 19 709,235 659,295 654,670 517,250 94,065 43,355 2,515 2,115 49,935
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestryCensus data footnote 20 573,220 533,255 530,045 513,740 16,015 290 1,215 1,995 39,965
Métis single ancestry 91,255 82,395 81,095 3,205 77,875 20 1,190 105 8,860
Inuit single ancestry 44,765 43,650 43,525 305 175 43,045 115 15 1,115
Multiple Aboriginal ancestries (only)Census data footnote 21 18,550 17,670 15,640 8,210 6,470 960 2,015 15 885
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestries 15,140 14,410 12,935 6,945 5,990 0 1,460 15 730
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestries 2,470 2,390 2,015 1,210 70 740 375 0 80
Métis and Inuit ancestries 765 720 595 25 365 205 125 0 50
First Nations (North American Indian), Métis and Inuit ancestries 175 150 95 25 50 25 50 0 20
Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestriesCensus data footnote 22 1,402,735 797,460 777,635 359,985 399,955 17,690 14,645 5,185 605,270
Single Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestriesCensus data footnote 23 1,347,605 751,080 736,760 350,110 370,160 16,485 9,240 5,085 596,530
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Aboriginal ancestries 881,455 431,385 422,140 343,470 78,135 530 4,740 4,500 450,065
Métis and non-Aboriginal ancestries 441,000 301,930 297,220 6,215 290,970 35 4,170 540 139,070
Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 25,155 17,765 17,395 430 1,050 15,915 330 40 7,390
Multiple Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestriesCensus data footnote 24 55,125 46,385 40,875 9,880 29,795 1,200 5,410 100 8,740
First Nations (North American Indian), Métis and non-Aboriginal ancestries 49,325 41,845 37,265 8,820 28,435 10 4,490 95 7,475
First Nations (North American Indian), Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 3,465 2,660 2,215 940 345 930 445 0 805
Métis, Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 2,010 1,570 1,155 30 890 230 410 10 440
First Nations (North American Indian), Métis, Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 325 305 245 85 120 35 65 0 15
Non-Aboriginal ancestry (only)Census data footnote 25 32,329,545 199,350 181,860 91,780 87,055 3,020 2,140 15,355 32,130,195
Aboriginal ancestry responses
Total - Aboriginal ancestry responses for the population in private household - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 26 34,460,060 1,673,780 1,629,805 977,230 587,545 65,025 21,310 22,670 32,786,280
Total Aboriginal ancestryCensus data footnote 27 2,130,520 1,474,430 1,447,945 885,445 500,490 62,005 19,175 7,315 656,090
First Nations ancestry 1,525,565 1,026,400 1,006,945 875,245 129,160 2,550 12,845 6,615 499,170
Abenaki 9,775 3,680 3,610 2,225 1,380 0 35 35 6,095
Algonquin 40,880 26,665 25,490 17,885 7,600 0 665 505 14,215
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.Census data footnote 28 4,505 3,995 3,910 3,280 620 10 80 0 510
Apache 825 305 300 220 85 0 0 0 520
Assiniboine 1,810 1,730 1,705 1,660 45 0 25 0 85
Atikamekw 8,005 7,065 7,055 6,710 345 0 10 0 940
Beaver (Dunne-za) 1,705 1,695 1,685 1,605 60 10 15 0 0
Blackfoot, n.o.s.Census data footnote 29 22,490 18,190 17,930 16,685 1,205 35 180 90 4,300
Blood (Kainai) 1,000 905 895 880 20 0 10 0 95
Carrier (Dakelh) 7,810 7,630 7,580 7,460 115 0 45 0 180
Cayuga 575 555 550 530 25 0 0 0 25
Cherokee 11,620 3,460 3,350 2,665 675 10 100 15 8,160
Chilcotin (Tsilhqot'in) 2,805 2,745 2,735 2,725 10 0 10 0 60
Chipewyan (Denesuline) 3,475 3,350 3,305 2,610 675 20 25 15 130
Cowichan 1,235 1,185 1,175 1,125 55 0 0 0 60
Cree 356,655 316,535 312,060 256,345 55,030 690 3,785 690 40,120
Dakota 5,790 5,595 5,570 5,480 85 0 20 10 195
Delaware (Lenape) 1,295 1,205 1,200 1,185 20 0 0 0 90
Dene Tha (Slavey) 2,635 2,565 2,540 2,395 140 0 15 10 65
Dene, n.o.s.Census data footnote 30 27,430 27,195 26,940 24,535 2,275 125 160 100 230
Gitxsan 5,675 5,610 5,580 5,545 35 0 10 20 70
Gwich'in 3,280 3,190 3,090 2,490 185 415 95 10 90
Haida 5,105 4,615 4,565 4,495 65 0 40 10 485
Haisla 1,440 1,425 1,420 1,415 0 0 0 10 15
Heiltsuk 1,835 1,830 1,835 1,830 0 0 10 0 0
Huron (Wendat) 14,220 6,525 6,290 3,965 2,315 10 165 70 7,700
Innu/Montagnais 27,755 20,460 20,080 16,890 2,915 275 300 80 7,300
Iroquois, n.o.s.Census data footnote 31 18,115 6,815 6,535 4,575 1,945 15 225 55 11,295
Kaska 1,440 1,420 1,390 1,385 10 0 15 10 25
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 935 870 825 790 35 0 40 10 65
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl) 3,670 3,605 3,565 3,555 10 0 35 0 70
Lakota 885 665 620 485 130 0 50 0 215
Maliseet 7,635 5,545 5,495 5,135 360 10 30 10 2,095
Mi'kmaq 168,480 94,595 90,550 73,100 17,230 225 1,705 2,340 73,885
Mohawk 32,290 22,160 21,675 19,165 2,435 75 390 105 10,125
Musqueam 300 285 270 265 10 0 15 0 15
Naskapi 1,085 1,035 1,025 900 35 90 10 0 50
Navajo 700 430 405 370 30 10 25 0 270
Nisga'a 5,495 5,460 5,440 5,415 25 0 0 15 35
Nlaka'pamux (Thompson) 3,110 3,050 3,025 3,015 10 0 30 0 60
Nuu-chah-nulth 4,310 4,285 4,245 4,245 0 10 20 20 25
Nuxalk 1,380 1,365 1,365 1,360 0 0 10 0 15
Odawa 1,905 1,800 1,795 1,750 50 0 0 0 105
Ojibway 125,725 116,205 114,785 107,670 7,010 100 1,150 270 9,520
Oji-Cree 18,915 18,865 18,830 18,705 130 0 30 0 50
Okanagan (Syilx) 3,790 3,700 3,660 3,630 30 0 40 0 90
Oneida 1,980 1,765 1,740 1,680 60 0 20 0 220
Potawatomi 2,690 2,595 2,570 2,515 60 0 20 0 95
Sahtu (North Slavey) 635 630 620 550 55 15 10 0 10
Salish, n.o.s.Census data footnote 32 22,380 20,240 19,905 19,475 425 0 265 75 2,135
Saulteaux 18,100 17,890 17,650 16,635 1,005 10 225 15 210
Sechelt (Shishalh) 305 300 290 290 10 0 10 0 10
Secwepemc (Shuswap) 6,750 6,525 6,485 6,380 100 0 40 10 220
Sekani 1,030 1,030 1,015 1,000 10 0 15 0 0
Sioux, n.o.s.Census data footnote 33 8,060 6,155 6,070 5,140 930 0 75 10 1,910
Squamish 1,730 1,585 1,580 1,570 10 0 0 0 145
St'at'imc (Lillooet) 2,180 2,150 2,145 2,095 40 0 0 10 30
Sto:lo 2,305 2,170 2,145 2,120 30 0 20 10 135
Stoney (Nakoda) 9,020 8,995 8,975 8,845 135 0 10 0 25
Tahltan 2,320 2,260 2,235 2,230 0 0 20 0 60
Tlicho (Dogrib) 1,935 1,930 1,900 1,810 65 30 25 10 10
Tlingit 2,110 2,010 1,970 1,960 10 0 30 10 95
Tsimshian 5,910 5,700 5,680 5,650 25 0 25 0 205
Tsuu T'ina (Sarcee) 865 850 835 805 30 0 15 10 10
Tutchone, n.o.s.Census data footnote 34 2,135 2,105 2,070 2,060 0 0 30 10 25
Wet'suwet'en 1,445 1,435 1,430 1,430 0 0 10 0 10
First Nations ancestry, n.i.e.Census data footnote 35 558,540 257,525 251,380 220,695 30,255 425 3,995 2,150 301,020
Métis ancestry 599,995 443,325 430,605 25,360 404,690 555 11,965 755 156,665
Inuit ancestry 79,130 69,210 67,240 3,050 3,070 61,120 1,905 65 9,920
Non-Aboriginal ancestry 33,732,280 996,815 959,490 451,775 487,010 20,710 16,780 20,540 32,735,465

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2018. Canada [Country] (table). Aboriginal Population Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-510-X2016001. Ottawa. Released July 18, 2018.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/abpopprof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 13, 2018).

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