Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country]

Population

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The table shows aboriginal identities (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers), by sex, age groups and residence on or off reserve.
Characteristic Canada

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Total - Sex, Total - Age groups, On reserve
Total - Population in private households by Aboriginal identityFootnote 1 Aboriginal identityFootnote 2 Single Aboriginal responsesFootnote 3 First Nations (North American Indian)Footnote 4 Métis Inuk (Inuit) Multiple Aboriginal responsesFootnote 5 Aboriginal responses not included elsewhereFootnote 6 Non-Aboriginal identity
Average age and median age
Total - Average age and median age for the population in private households - 25% sample data 380,355 339,595 338,355 334,385 3,765 200 270 975 40,760
Average age 32.0 29.7 29.7 29.6 36.3 30.3 23.0 51.2 51.1
Median age 28.3 25.6 25.6 25.4 36.5 25.4 17.0 58.2 55.2
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 7 269,520 232,005 231,020 227,940 2,925 155 140 845 37,510
Married or living common law 126,300 100,995 100,385 98,385 1,915 90 60 555 25,300
Married 74,545 55,130 54,640 53,560 1,045 35 40 450 19,420
Living common law 51,755 45,870 45,750 44,820 870 60 15 100 5,885
Not married and not living common law 143,220 131,010 130,630 129,565 1,010 55 85 295 12,215
Never married 113,200 107,240 107,085 106,285 750 55 70 90 5,960
Separated 7,805 6,775 6,745 6,680 70 0 0 25 1,030
Divorced 9,860 7,145 7,070 6,950 115 0 10 65 2,715
Widowed 12,355 9,840 9,730 9,645 80 0 0 110 2,510
Family characteristics
Total - Family characteristics for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 8 380,355 339,595 338,350 334,385 3,765 205 270 975 40,760
Married spouses and common-law partners 123,970 98,990 98,390 96,405 1,900 95 55 545 24,980
Married spouses 72,220 53,125 52,640 51,580 1,025 35 40 450 19,095
Common-law partners 51,750 45,865 45,750 44,825 870 60 15 100 5,885
Lone parents (in lone-parent census families) 36,970 35,460 35,365 35,145 205 15 15 80 1,515
Children in census families (as in sons, daughters or grandchildren) 163,475 157,705 157,385 156,160 1,165 60 145 180 5,765
Living with two biological or adoptive parentsCensus data footnote 9 73,335 70,170 70,035 69,450 555 30 65 70 3,165
In an intact familyCensus data footnote 10 65,635 62,615 62,515 61,985 500 25 50 50 3,020
In a complex stepfamilyCensus data footnote 11 7,695 7,555 7,520 7,460 55 10 20 15 145
Living with one biological or adoptive parent and one step-parent 14,590 13,830 13,750 13,610 140 0 35 50 760
In a simple stepfamilyCensus data footnote 12 6,980 6,515 6,485 6,410 75 0 15 20 460
In a complex stepfamilyCensus data footnote 13 7,610 7,310 7,270 7,200 70 0 15 25 295
Living with one parent in a lone-parent census familyCensus data footnote 14 66,060 64,345 64,250 63,825 395 25 40 60 1,720
With a male lone parent 16,825 16,420 16,405 16,330 65 0 10 10 400
With a female lone parent 49,245 47,925 47,845 47,495 330 20 35 40 1,320
Living with grandparents without parents present 9,490 9,360 9,350 9,270 75 10 15 0 125
With two grandparents without parents present 4,600 4,545 4,535 4,495 40 0 10 0 55
With one grandparent without parents present 4,890 4,820 4,810 4,780 35 0 0 0 75
Persons not in census families 55,940 47,435 47,215 46,685 495 35 50 165 8,505
Living with other relatives 21,295 20,680 20,635 20,475 155 10 20 30 615
Foster children 3,185 3,150 3,150 3,105 30 15 0 0 40
Living with non-relatives only or alone 31,450 23,605 23,435 23,100 320 15 30 140 7,850
Registered or Treaty Indian status
Total - Population by Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 15 380,360 339,595 338,350 334,385 3,760 205 270 975 40,760
Registered or Treaty IndianCensus data footnote 16 331,025 331,025 330,110 329,345 735 35 205 710 0
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 49,330 8,565 8,240 5,045 3,030 165 65 265 40,760
Aboriginal ancestry
Total - Aboriginal ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 17 380,355 339,595 338,355 334,385 3,760 200 265 975 40,760
Aboriginal ancestry (only)Census data footnote 18 300,700 300,470 300,185 298,235 1,810 140 135 150 235
Single Aboriginal ancestry (only)Census data footnote 19 297,335 297,115 296,895 295,200 1,575 120 75 145 215
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestryCensus data footnote 20 296,040 295,860 295,655 294,960 695 10 65 140 180
Métis single ancestry 1,140 1,100 1,090 205 885 0 0 0 40
Inuit single ancestry 150 150 150 35 0 115 10 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal ancestries (only)Census data footnote 21 3,365 3,355 3,290 3,035 230 20 60 10 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestries 2,585 2,570 2,540 2,310 225 0 25 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestries 770 765 735 710 0 20 30 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestries 0 10 0 0 0 0 10 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian), Métis and Inuit ancestries 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestriesCensus data footnote 22 37,785 36,510 36,285 34,485 1,745 55 120 100 1,275
Single Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestriesCensus data footnote 23 35,885 34,650 34,510 32,895 1,565 50 45 100 1,235
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Aboriginal ancestries 34,760 33,810 33,695 32,815 875 0 30 90 945
Métis and non-Aboriginal ancestries 1,060 785 765 75 690 0 15 10 275
Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 65 55 50 10 0 50 10 0 10
Multiple Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestriesCensus data footnote 24 1,895 1,855 1,775 1,585 180 15 75 0 40
First Nations (North American Indian), Métis and non-Aboriginal ancestries 1,560 1,520 1,450 1,275 170 0 70 0 40
First Nations (North American Indian), Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 325 330 320 300 10 10 10 0 0
Métis, Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian), Métis, Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 0 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry (only)Census data footnote 25 41,875 2,620 1,880 1,670 205 0 15 725 39,255
Aboriginal ancestry responses
Total - Aboriginal ancestry responses for the population in private household - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 26 380,355 339,595 338,350 334,385 3,765 200 270 975 40,760
Total Aboriginal ancestryCensus data footnote 27 338,485 336,975 336,470 332,720 3,560 200 255 250 1,510
First Nations ancestry 336,055 334,880 334,410 332,390 1,980 35 230 235 1,180
Abenaki 535 520 520 475 40 0 0 10 15
Algonquin 5,165 5,135 5,095 5,040 50 0 35 0 35
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.Census data footnote 28 405 405 405 400 10 0 0 0 0
Apache 20 15 20 20 0 0 0 0 0
Assiniboine 645 640 645 640 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 5,425 5,425 5,425 5,380 45 0 0 0 0
Beaver (Dunne-za) 1,115 1,115 1,110 1,105 0 0 0 0 10
Blackfoot, n.o.s.Census data footnote 29 10,365 10,350 10,320 10,295 25 0 25 0 15
Blood (Kainai) 345 345 345 345 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier (Dakelh) 3,735 3,730 3,725 3,725 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 85 85 85 85 0 0 0 0 0
Cherokee 165 125 120 115 10 0 0 0 45
Chilcotin (Tsilhqot'in) 1,385 1,385 1,385 1,385 0 0 0 0 0
Chipewyan (Denesuline) 380 385 380 370 15 0 0 0 0
Cowichan 860 865 860 860 0 0 0 0 0
Cree 139,545 139,320 139,165 137,930 1,210 25 85 70 225
Dakota 3,360 3,355 3,350 3,340 10 0 0 0 0
Delaware (Lenape) 645 650 650 645 0 0 0 0 0
Dene Tha (Slavey) 760 755 760 755 0 0 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s.Census data footnote 30 11,290 11,280 11,280 11,155 125 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan 3,075 3,070 3,065 3,065 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 40 45 45 40 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 1,470 1,460 1,460 1,460 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 700 700 700 700 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 1,260 1,260 1,260 1,260 0 0 0 0 0
Huron (Wendat) 1,305 1,285 1,280 1,275 10 0 0 0 20
Innu/Montagnais 12,145 12,120 12,085 11,995 85 0 25 10 25
Iroquois, n.o.s.Census data footnote 31 275 265 255 250 0 0 0 0 15
Kaska 155 150 150 150 0 0 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 470 475 470 470 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl) 1,375 1,365 1,365 1,365 0 0 0 0 10
Lakota 165 165 165 160 0 0 0 0 0
Maliseet 2,970 2,945 2,935 2,930 0 0 0 10 25
Mi'kmaq 17,330 17,170 17,155 17,115 40 0 0 10 160
Mohawk 5,380 5,325 5,305 5,275 35 0 0 15 55
Musqueam 185 180 180 185 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 780 780 780 765 10 0 0 0 0
Navajo 115 115 115 110 10 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 2,400 2,400 2,400 2,400 0 0 0 0 0
Nlaka'pamux (Thompson) 2,150 2,145 2,140 2,140 0 0 10 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth 2,115 2,115 2,110 2,110 0 0 0 10 0
Nuxalk 840 840 840 835 0 0 0 0 0
Odawa 1,080 1,080 1,080 1,080 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 55,460 55,320 55,240 54,995 250 0 35 40 140
Oji-Cree 15,735 15,735 15,725 15,720 15 0 10 0 0
Okanagan (Syilx) 2,700 2,680 2,680 2,680 0 0 0 0 15
Oneida 165 165 165 165 0 0 0 0 0
Potawatomi 1,700 1,700 1,700 1,700 0 0 0 0 0
Sahtu (North Slavey) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish, n.o.s.Census data footnote 32 11,305 11,265 11,235 11,225 10 0 15 0 35
Saulteaux 8,280 8,275 8,265 8,225 35 0 10 0 10
Sechelt (Shishalh) 245 245 245 240 0 0 0 0 0
Secwepemc (Shuswap) 4,010 4,000 4,000 3,990 0 0 0 10 0
Sekani 655 655 655 655 0 0 0 0 0
Sioux, n.o.s.Census data footnote 33 1,755 1,750 1,740 1,730 15 0 0 10 10
Squamish 980 975 970 970 0 0 0 0 0
St'at'imc (Lillooet) 1,690 1,685 1,680 1,675 10 0 0 0 0
Sto:lo 1,550 1,550 1,545 1,535 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney (Nakoda) 7,280 7,280 7,275 7,245 30 0 0 10 0
Tahltan 825 820 825 820 0 0 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 30 30 30 30 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 215 215 220 220 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 2,345 2,340 2,340 2,340 0 0 0 0 10
Tsuu T'ina (Sarcee) 445 445 445 450 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s.Census data footnote 34 45 45 45 45 0 0 0 0 0
Wet'suwet'en 860 860 865 860 0 0 0 0 0
First Nations ancestry, n.i.e.Census data footnote 35 10,750 10,470 10,420 10,340 75 0 20 35 280
Métis ancestry 6,370 6,000 5,865 3,885 1,975 0 115 15 370
Inuit ancestry 1,335 1,325 1,280 1,070 15 190 40 0 15
Non-Aboriginal ancestry 79,655 39,125 38,165 36,150 1,955 60 135 825 40,530
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataCensus data footnote 36 380,360 339,590 338,350 334,385 3,760 200 265 975 40,760
English only 346,305 310,385 309,310 305,870 3,265 175 235 840 35,920
French only 17,295 16,335 16,265 16,065 195 0 20 50 965
English and French 13,665 9,975 9,880 9,560 295 25 10 85 3,695
Neither English nor French 3,085 2,905 2,900 2,890 10 0 0 0 180
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataCensus data footnote 37 380,355 339,595 338,350 334,385 3,760 200 270 980 40,760
English 351,730 314,035 312,930 309,350 3,395 185 235 870 37,695
French 21,420 18,670 18,540 18,190 345 10 25 105 2,750
English and French 4,190 4,055 4,050 4,035 15 0 0 10 135
Neither English nor French 3,015 2,835 2,830 2,815 10 0 0 0 180
Official language minority
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 38 23,515 20,695 20,565 20,205 350 10 25 105 2,820
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 39 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 9.3 5.0 9.3 10.7 6.9
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataCensus data footnote 40 380,355 339,595 338,350 334,385 3,765 200 270 975 40,760
Official languages 259,540 223,255 222,140 218,675 3,335 130 215 900 36,285
English 249,835 216,330 215,345 212,210 3,015 125 190 795 33,510
French 10,070 7,185 7,040 6,695 340 15 35 110 2,885
Non-official languages 128,110 123,365 123,230 122,680 475 80 55 85 4,745
Aboriginal languages 123,130 123,065 122,960 122,415 470 75 55 55 65
Algonquian languages 105,620 105,570 105,470 105,040 395 35 45 50 55
Blackfoot 2,510 2,505 2,505 2,500 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 70,235 70,200 70,120 69,735 350 35 40 40 35
Atikamekw 5,145 5,145 5,150 5,125 20 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 9,025 9,020 9,010 8,985 20 0 10 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,155 1,155 1,145 1,130 10 10 10 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,295 1,300 1,300 1,295 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 15 20 15 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 715 715 715 710 10 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 52,865 52,840 52,775 52,460 285 30 20 40 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,645 6,640 6,640 6,635 0 0 0 10 0
Malecite 270 270 270 270 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 6,380 6,375 6,375 6,370 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 26,215 26,200 26,185 26,140 45 0 10 10 10
Algonquin 1,170 1,165 1,165 1,165 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 13,160 13,155 13,140 13,115 25 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 11,760 11,765 11,765 11,745 15 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 120 120 120 120 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 20 20 20 20 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 8,580 8,580 8,575 8,520 55 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 8,560 8,555 8,555 8,500 60 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 95 95 95 95 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 185 190 185 185 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 650 650 645 650 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 475 475 475 475 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 6,730 6,730 6,730 6,670 60 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 25 25 25 25 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 80 80 80 80 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 245 245 245 245 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 175 175 175 180 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 65 70 70 65 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 75 70 75 75 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 65 65 60 60 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 20 20 20 20 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 35 35 35 35 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 60 60 55 15 0 45 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35 40 35 0 0 35 10 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 20 20 20 15 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 790 790 790 790 10 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 780 785 780 780 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 85 85 85 80 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 10 0 10 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,235 2,230 2,230 2,230 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 80 80 85 85 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 500 500 495 495 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 315 315 310 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 295 295 295 295 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 445 445 445 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 40 40 40 40 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 95 100 100 95 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 275 280 280 275 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 180 180 180 180 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 3,960 3,960 3,955 3,955 10 0 0 0 0
Dakota 930 930 930 930 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 3,000 3,000 2,995 2,990 10 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 35 30 30 35 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 15 15 15 15 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,100 1,100 1,100 1,100 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 735 735 735 735 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 270 270 270 270 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 95 95 95 90 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 540 540 540 540 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 80 75 75 75 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 80 80 80 80 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 210 210 210 215 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 160 165 165 160 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 95 100 95 100 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,980 300 270 265 0 0 0 30 4,680
Language spoken at home
Total - Language spoken at home for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataCensus data footnote 41 380,355 339,595 338,350 334,385 3,760 205 270 975 40,765
Official languages 347,865 308,140 306,920 303,040 3,695 185 255 965 39,730
English 333,245 295,160 294,035 290,380 3,480 180 230 895 38,085
French 17,235 14,700 14,580 14,235 340 0 30 90 2,535
Non-official languages 135,600 131,890 131,750 131,090 575 85 55 95 3,710
Aboriginal languages 131,710 131,450 131,320 130,685 555 85 55 70 265
Algonquian languages 112,870 112,670 112,560 112,035 465 55 45 60 200
Blackfoot 3,715 3,705 3,710 3,710 0 0 0 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 74,810 74,685 74,600 74,145 400 60 35 50 120
Atikamekw 5,220 5,215 5,215 5,190 30 0 0 0 10
Montagnais (Innu) 9,275 9,255 9,240 9,210 25 0 10 0 20
Moose Cree 0 0 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,270 1,270 1,260 1,235 15 10 10 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,745 1,740 1,735 1,735 0 0 0 0 10
Southern East Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 15 15 15 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 735 735 730 730 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 56,670 56,585 56,530 56,160 315 50 15 45 85
Eastern Algonquian languages 7,085 7,055 7,050 7,040 10 0 0 10 30
Malecite 375 375 370 370 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 6,710 6,680 6,675 6,670 0 0 0 10 30
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 27,265 27,225 27,205 27,150 60 0 10 10 45
Algonquin 1,230 1,225 1,220 1,220 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 13,940 13,900 13,890 13,850 35 0 10 10 35
Oji-Cree 11,980 11,975 11,975 11,960 15 0 0 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 135 135 135 135 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 30 30 25 30 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 9,210 9,200 9,200 9,130 70 0 0 0 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 9,195 9,180 9,185 9,110 70 0 0 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 105 100 105 100 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 155 155 155 155 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 620 620 615 620 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 520 520 520 520 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 7,305 7,300 7,300 7,230 70 0 0 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 25 25 25 25 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 85 85 85 85 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 245 245 245 245 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 175 180 180 175 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 65 65 65 65 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 140 135 140 135 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 10 15 15 15 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 125 125 120 120 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 20 20 20 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 155 160 155 155 0 0 0 0 10
Inuit languages 50 50 50 25 0 25 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35 30 35 10 0 25 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 15 15 15 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 975 970 965 965 0 0 0 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 965 955 950 950 0 0 0 10 0
Oneida 10 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 115 115 115 115 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,685 2,660 2,655 2,650 10 0 10 0 25
Comox 110 105 110 110 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 480 475 475 475 10 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 440 440 440 440 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 385 390 385 385 0 0 10 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 560 555 545 545 0 0 0 10 10
Squamish 110 110 110 110 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 245 235 240 240 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 205 205 200 205 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 155 155 150 150 0 0 0 0 10
Siouan languages 3,915 3,910 3,910 3,895 15 0 0 0 10
Dakota 780 775 775 775 0 0 0 0 10
Stoney 3,105 3,100 3,095 3,085 10 0 0 0 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 35 40 35 35 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 35 30 35 35 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,295 1,295 1,290 1,290 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 735 735 735 735 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 485 485 485 490 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 75 75 70 75 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 365 355 355 355 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 70 70 65 70 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 50 45 45 45 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 135 130 130 130 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 100 95 100 95 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 110 110 105 110 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,925 480 460 435 20 0 0 20 3,450
Knowledge of languages
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataCensus data footnote 42 380,355 339,595 338,350 334,385 3,760 205 265 975 40,765
Official languages 377,265 336,690 335,450 331,495 3,750 195 265 975 40,580
English 359,970 320,355 319,190 315,430 3,560 195 245 920 39,615
French 30,960 26,305 26,140 25,630 485 25 35 130 4,655
Non-official languages 156,625 150,795 150,600 149,785 715 95 70 125 5,830
Aboriginal languages 150,395 150,020 149,860 149,090 675 95 70 90 375
Algonquian languages 126,540 126,250 126,115 125,480 565 65 60 75 295
Blackfoot 4,200 4,190 4,190 4,185 0 0 0 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 82,080 81,900 81,800 81,245 490 65 50 55 185
Atikamekw 5,310 5,305 5,305 5,275 30 0 0 0 10
Montagnais (Innu) 9,655 9,640 9,620 9,585 30 0 15 10 20
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,355 1,350 1,345 1,315 20 10 10 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 2,105 2,095 2,095 2,090 0 0 0 0 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 95 100 100 95 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 820 820 815 810 10 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 63,300 63,155 63,080 62,625 400 55 25 50 145
Eastern Algonquian languages 8,255 8,220 8,210 8,200 10 0 0 0 40
Malecite 560 555 550 555 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 7,710 7,675 7,665 7,660 10 0 0 0 35
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,585 32,520 32,495 32,430 65 0 10 10 65
Algonquin 1,695 1,685 1,685 1,680 0 0 0 0 10
Ojibway 17,650 17,595 17,575 17,530 50 0 10 10 55
Oji-Cree 13,220 13,215 13,210 13,195 15 0 0 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 155 155 155 155 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 65 70 65 65 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,640 10,620 10,615 10,540 75 0 0 0 20
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,605 10,580 10,580 10,505 75 0 0 0 20
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 155 150 150 150 0 0 0 0 10
Beaver 265 260 265 265 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 1,115 1,110 1,105 1,105 0 0 0 0 10
Chilcotin 675 670 675 675 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 7,700 7,700 7,630 75 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 50 45 50 45 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 150 150 145 145 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 310 310 310 310 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 225 220 220 220 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 85 90 85 85 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 215 215 215 210 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 20 20 20 25 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 200 195 195 195 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 40 35 40 35 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 240 235 235 235 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 105 105 95 45 0 50 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 70 70 65 25 0 40 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 30 35 25 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 1,370 1,360 1,350 1,345 0 0 0 0 10
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 1,345 1,330 1,325 1,325 0 0 0 0 10
Oneida 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 15 15 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 150 150 145 145 10 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 25 25 20 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 4,470 4,450 4,435 4,430 10 0 10 10 25
Comox 155 155 160 155 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 855 855 855 855 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 690 690 685 685 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 655 650 650 650 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 970 965 960 955 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 225 220 220 225 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 315 310 310 305 10 0 0 0 10
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 340 340 335 340 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 325 315 315 315 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,660 4,650 4,650 4,630 20 0 0 0 10
Dakota 1,235 1,230 1,230 1,230 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 3,465 3,465 3,460 3,445 15 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 60 55 55 50 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 40 45 45 45 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,860 1,860 1,855 1,855 0 0 0 10 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 960 960 955 955 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 755 755 755 750 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 165 165 165 170 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 715 710 705 705 0 0 0 10 10
Haisla 100 100 100 100 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 100 100 100 100 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 265 260 260 255 0 0 0 0 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 235 235 230 230 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 20 25 25 20 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 185 180 180 180 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,515 1,025 990 945 45 0 0 40 5,480
Mobility status
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago for the population aged 1 year and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 43 373,105 332,585 331,360 327,470 3,695 200 260 965 40,515
Non-movers 338,505 304,750 303,630 300,320 3,155 155 225 900 33,755
Movers 34,595 27,835 27,730 27,145 545 45 35 70 6,760
Non-migrants 19,445 16,830 16,795 16,570 200 20 25 20 2,615
Migrants 15,150 11,005 10,940 10,575 345 20 15 50 4,145
Internal migrants 14,665 10,860 10,800 10,440 340 20 15 45 3,805
Intraprovincial migrants 12,435 9,730 9,680 9,385 280 10 10 40 2,705
Interprovincial migrants 2,230 1,130 1,120 1,055 60 10 0 10 1,100
External migrants 490 150 140 140 0 0 0 10 340
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago for the population aged 5 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 343,735 304,090 302,930 299,265 3,475 190 220 940 39,645
Non-movers 251,940 230,615 229,690 227,550 2,055 85 155 765 21,325
Movers 91,795 73,480 73,240 71,715 1,415 110 70 175 18,320
Non-migrants 52,760 46,000 45,895 45,320 535 45 35 70 6,755
Migrants 39,040 27,480 27,340 26,400 880 60 30 105 11,560
Internal migrants 37,435 26,975 26,840 25,905 880 55 30 105 10,460
Intraprovincial migrants 31,275 23,780 23,670 22,945 695 35 25 90 7,495
Interprovincial migrants 6,165 3,195 3,175 2,960 185 25 10 15 2,970
External migrants 1,605 505 500 495 0 0 0 0 1,100
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 269,520 232,005 231,020 227,945 2,920 150 140 845 37,510
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 142,585 133,780 133,455 131,980 1,400 85 65 260 8,805
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate, no postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 125,395 118,425 118,160 116,910 1,185 75 45 215 6,975
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate, with postsecondary certificate or diplomaCensus data footnote 46 17,185 15,355 15,300 15,070 215 10 20 50 1,830
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate 126,935 98,225 97,560 95,965 1,525 65 80 585 28,710
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate, no postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 57,680 46,475 46,220 45,485 715 25 35 220 11,210
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate, with postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeCensus data footnote 47 69,250 51,750 51,340 50,485 810 40 50 365 17,505
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 269,520 232,005 231,020 227,940 2,925 150 145 845 37,510
No certificate, diploma or degree 125,400 118,425 118,160 116,910 1,180 70 50 215 6,975
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificateCensus data footnote 49 57,680 46,470 46,225 45,480 715 25 30 220 11,210
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 26,530 21,875 21,790 21,425 345 20 15 70 4,655
Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationCensus data footnote 50 16,805 14,540 14,470 14,245 215 0 10 55 2,270
Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationCensus data footnote 51 9,725 7,340 7,320 7,185 125 15 0 20 2,390
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 37,030 29,605 29,385 28,905 450 25 20 205 7,425
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 7,225 5,955 5,910 5,850 50 0 10 35 1,265
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 15,655 9,665 9,555 9,365 180 10 15 95 5,985
Bachelor's degree 11,620 7,645 7,570 7,440 125 0 0 70 3,975
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelCensus data footnote 52 4,035 2,020 1,985 1,925 55 0 15 20 2,015
Major field of study
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 269,515 232,005 231,020 227,940 2,925 150 140 845 37,515
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeCensus data footnote 54 183,080 164,900 164,385 162,390 1,895 100 80 435 18,185
Education 8,345 6,380 6,310 6,205 90 10 0 65 1,965
13. Education 8,345 6,380 6,310 6,210 90 10 0 60 1,965
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,620 970 970 940 30 0 0 0 640
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 315 165 160 155 0 0 0 0 155
50. Visual and performing arts 1,295 810 810 785 25 0 0 0 485
Humanities 3,185 2,400 2,380 2,355 15 10 0 20 790
16. Aboriginal and foreign languages, literatures and linguistics 500 440 440 440 0 0 0 0 65
23. English language and literature/letters 280 115 110 105 10 0 0 0 165
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 1,770 1,530 1,525 1,520 0 0 0 10 235
30A Interdisciplinary humanitiesCensus data footnote 55 10 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0
38. Philosophy and religious studies 60 30 30 30 0 0 0 0 30
39. Theology and religious vocations 325 175 175 170 10 0 0 0 145
54. History 200 85 80 80 0 0 0 0 115
55. French language and literature/letters 50 20 20 20 0 0 0 0 35
Social and behavioural sciences and law 8,505 6,835 6,790 6,710 80 10 0 40 1,665
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 730 720 720 715 0 0 10 0 10
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 360 230 230 225 0 0 0 0 135
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 4,440 4,055 4,030 3,980 50 0 0 25 385
22. Legal professions and studies 765 505 505 490 10 0 0 10 260
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciencesCensus data footnote 56 120 80 75 70 10 0 0 0 45
42. Psychology 670 335 325 320 0 0 0 0 340
45. Social sciences 1,420 915 905 900 10 0 0 10 505
Business, management and public administration 16,435 12,815 12,720 12,535 180 10 10 85 3,610
30.16 Accounting and computer science 30 20 25 20 0 0 0 0 10
44. Public administration and social service professions 3,740 3,410 3,385 3,335 45 0 0 25 330
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 12,655 9,385 9,315 9,175 135 10 10 60 3,275
Physical and life sciences and technologies 780 360 350 335 10 0 0 10 420
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 225 100 95 95 0 0 0 0 120
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 260 155 155 145 10 0 0 0 105
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciencesCensus data footnote 57 25 15 15 15 0 0 0 0 10
40. Physical sciences 190 45 40 45 0 0 0 0 145
41. Science technologies/technicians 80 40 40 40 0 0 0 0 35
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,375 940 935 920 15 0 0 10 425
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 1,150 835 830 815 15 0 0 10 315
25. Library science 125 80 75 80 0 0 0 0 45
27. Mathematics and statistics 95 30 30 30 0 0 0 0 65
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciencesCensus data footnote 58 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 19,675 15,180 15,140 14,855 265 20 0 40 4,495
04. Architecture and related services 165 55 55 50 0 0 0 10 110
14. Engineering 1,095 570 565 555 10 0 0 0 530
15. Engineering technologies and engineering-related fields 3,100 2,450 2,445 2,405 35 0 10 0 655
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
46. Construction trades 8,975 7,665 7,650 7,540 110 0 0 0 1,315
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 3,550 2,330 2,320 2,240 75 10 0 15 1,220
48. Precision production 2,775 2,110 2,105 2,065 40 0 0 10 665
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 3,045 2,565 2,560 2,515 45 10 0 0 475
01. Agriculture, agriculture operations and related sciences 885 605 610 590 15 0 0 0 275
03. Natural resources and conservation 2,160 1,960 1,950 1,920 30 0 10 0 205
Health and related fields 11,570 8,405 8,280 8,135 145 0 10 110 3,165
31. Parks, recreation, leisure and fitness studies 650 420 420 410 10 0 0 0 230
51. Health professions and related programs 10,885 7,980 7,855 7,720 135 10 10 110 2,910
60. Dental, medical and veterinary residency programs 35 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 30
Personal, protective and transportation services 11,870 10,210 10,160 10,005 150 0 15 40 1,655
12. Personal and culinary services 4,230 3,330 3,300 3,240 55 0 10 20 900
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 70 25 30 25 0 0 0 0 45
43. Security and protective services 2,730 2,465 2,455 2,415 35 0 0 10 265
49. Transportation and materials moving 4,835 4,385 4,370 4,310 55 0 0 10 450
Other 45 40 45 40 0 0 0 0 0
30.99 Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other 45 45 40 40 0 0 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total - Labour force status for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% Sample dataCensus data footnote 59 269,520 232,005 231,020 227,940 2,925 150 145 845 37,510
In the labour force 131,820 112,360 111,900 110,160 1,650 90 65 395 19,460
Employed 102,200 84,505 84,100 82,725 1,300 70 60 350 17,695
Unemployed 29,615 27,855 27,805 27,430 350 25 0 45 1,765
Not in the labour force 137,705 119,645 119,115 117,785 1,270 60 80 450 18,055
Participation rate 48.9 48.4 48.4 48.3 56.4 60.0 44.8 46.7 51.9
Employment rate 37.9 36.4 36.4 36.3 44.4 46.7 41.4 41.4 47.2
Unemployment rate 22.5 24.8 24.8 24.9 21.2 27.8 0.0 11.4 9.1
Class of worker
Total - Class of worker for the labour force aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 60 131,815 112,360 111,900 110,160 1,650 90 65 395 19,455
Class of worker - not applicableCensus data footnote 61 12,035 11,610 11,595 11,470 125 0 0 15 425
All classes of workersCensus data footnote 62 119,785 100,750 100,305 98,690 1,525 90 60 380 19,035
Employee 114,345 97,420 96,995 95,485 1,430 85 60 365 16,925
Self-employedCensus data footnote 63 5,435 3,325 3,310 3,210 95 0 0 15 2,110
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Work activity during the reference year for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 64 269,520 232,005 231,020 227,945 2,925 150 145 845 37,510
Did not workCensus data footnote 65 136,740 119,660 119,165 117,810 1,300 50 70 425 17,075
Worked 132,775 112,345 111,860 110,135 1,625 105 75 415 20,435
Worked full timeCensus data footnote 66 106,935 91,535 91,155 89,785 1,305 70 50 335 15,395
1 to 13 weeks 11,095 10,420 10,380 10,295 85 0 15 25 675
14 to 26 weeks 14,965 13,700 13,675 13,490 175 10 0 25 1,260
27 to 39 weeks 7,635 6,505 6,485 6,370 115 0 10 10 1,130
40 to 48 weeks 12,155 9,585 9,540 9,355 180 10 0 45 2,565
49 to 52 weeks 61,085 51,325 51,075 50,270 755 45 25 230 9,755
Worked part timeCensus data footnote 67 25,850 20,810 20,705 20,355 320 35 20 85 5,040
1 to 13 weeks 7,985 7,050 7,020 6,930 85 10 10 20 935
14 to 26 weeks 6,655 5,555 5,535 5,465 60 10 0 20 1,100
27 to 39 weeks 2,390 1,830 1,820 1,785 35 0 0 0 565
40 to 48 weeks 2,350 1,525 1,505 1,460 35 0 10 10 830
49 to 52 weeks 6,460 4,850 4,820 4,710 105 10 0 30 1,610
Average weeks worked in reference year 38.1 37.4 37.4 37.3 40.1 36.4 33.9 42.1 41.8
Occupation
Total - Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 - for the labour force population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 68 131,820 112,360 111,900 110,160 1,650 90 65 395 19,460
Occupation - not applicableCensus data footnote 69 12,035 11,615 11,595 11,470 125 0 0 15 420
All occupationsCensus data footnote 70 119,780 100,750 100,300 98,690 1,525 90 65 380 19,035
0 Management occupations 9,000 7,095 7,045 6,965 75 10 0 50 1,905
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 15,375 12,715 12,645 12,490 140 0 10 60 2,655
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,670 1,890 1,880 1,820 60 0 0 10 785
3 Health occupations 4,595 3,390 3,350 3,270 75 0 0 40 1,205
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 24,170 21,225 21,120 20,840 270 15 15 90 2,945
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,275 1,740 1,740 1,710 25 0 0 0 530
6 Sales and service occupations 28,395 23,820 23,720 23,300 380 35 25 80 4,575
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 21,955 18,660 18,625 18,280 330 20 0 25 3,295
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 7,525 6,955 6,935 6,820 115 0 0 15 575
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,820 3,260 3,245 3,190 50 10 0 10 565
Industry
Total - Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 for the labour Force population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 71 131,820 112,360 111,900 110,160 1,650 95 65 395 19,455
Industry - NAICS 2012 - not applicableCensus data footnote 72 12,035 11,615 11,595 11,465 130 10 0 15 420
All industry categoriesCensus data footnote 73 119,785 100,750 100,300 98,690 1,525 85 60 380 19,035
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 5,890 5,445 5,430 5,365 65 0 10 10 440
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 2,645 2,305 2,305 2,245 50 10 0 0 340
22 Utilities 1,615 1,515 1,510 1,505 0 0 0 10 100
23 Construction 11,615 9,850 9,825 9,655 170 0 10