2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portrait – Canada (On-Reserve)

Release date: January 14, 2020

2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portrait - Canada (On-Reserve)
2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portrait — Canada (On-Reserve)

2016 Census data for Aboriginal people (First Nations, Métis and Inuit) in private householdsNote 1,Note 2,Note 3  living in Canada (On-Reserve).E

E Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian Settlements. Only those communities that participated in both census years (2006 and 2016) are included in the population change calculation.

Highlights
Characteristic Value
Population 2016 339,595
Population 2006 297,470
Population change (%) 11
Median age 25
Under age 15 (%) 32
Aged 15 to 24 (%) 17
Aged 25 to 64 (%) 44
Aged 65 plus (%) 6
Age and sex distribution
Characteristic Value (%)
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve males, 0 to 9 years 22
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve males, 10 to 19 years 20
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve males, 20 to 29 years 15
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve males, 30 to 39 years 12
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve males, 40 to 49 years 11
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve males, 50 to 59 years 11
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve males, 60 to 69 years 6
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve males, 70 to 79 years 3
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve males, 80 years and over 1
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve females, 0 to 9 years 22
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve females, 10 to 19 years 19
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve females, 20 to 29 years 15
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve females, 30 to 39 years 12
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve females, 40 to 49 years 11
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve females, 50 to 59 years 11
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve females, 60 to 69 years 7
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve females, 70 to 79 years 3
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve females, 80 years and over 1
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve males, 0 to 9 years 18
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve males, 10 to 19 years 18
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve males, 20 to 29 years 16
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve males, 30 to 39 years 12
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve males, 40 to 49 years 12
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve males, 50 to 59 years 12
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve males, 60 to 69 years 8
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve males, 70 to 79 years 3
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve males, 80 years and over 1
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve females, 0 to 9 years 16
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve females, 10 to 19 years 16
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve females, 20 to 29 years 16
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve females, 30 to 39 years 13
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve females, 40 to 49 years 13
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve females, 50 to 59 years 13
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve females, 60 to 69 years 8
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve females, 70 to 79 years 3
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve females, 80 years and over 1
Family structureNote 4
Characteristic Value (%)
Couples with children 41
Couples without children 19
Lone parents 40
Knowledge of Aboriginal languages
Characteristic Value (%)
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve: Knowledge of Aboriginal languages, 2006 50
Canada Aboriginal on-reserve: Knowledge of Aboriginal languages, 2016 44
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve: Knowledge of Aboriginal languages, 2006 12
Canada Aboriginal off-reserve: Knowledge of Aboriginal languages, 2016 8

In Canada, 65,940 spoke a Cree language in 2016.

Population by housing characteristics: CrowdingNote 5
Characteristic Value (%)
Not overcrowded 73
Overcrowded 27
Population by housing characteristics: Tenure
Characteristic Value (%)
Owned 26
Rented 11
Band housing 63
Population by housing characteristics: Dwelling condition
Characteristic Value (%)
Regular maintenance only 26
Minor repairs needed 30
Major repairs needed 44
Educational attainment (Aged 25 and over)
Characteristic Value (%)
University 5
College 19
Trade 11
High school 19
Less than high school 45
Top occupations (Aged 15 and over)
Occupation Value (%)
Sales and service 25
Education, law and social, community and government services 20
Trades, transport and equipment operators and related 18
Labour and earnings (Aged 15 and over)
Characteristic Value
Participation rate (%) 48
Employment rate (%) 36
Unemployment rate (%) 25
% of workers worked full year, full time in 2015 46
Median employment income in 2015 ($) 17,353

Source: Statistics Canada, Census of Population.

Catalogue Number: 41260001

Revised: October 2019

Partnership project between Statistics Canada and Indigenous Services Canada.

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Industry, 2019

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