2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portrait – Quebec

Release date: January 14, 2020

2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portrait - Quebec
2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portrait — Quebec

2016 Census data for Aboriginal people (First Nations, Métis and Inuit) in private householdsNote 1,Note 2,Note 3  living on-reserve in the province of Quebec.E

E Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian Settlements. Only those communities that participated in both census years (2006 and 2016) are included in the population change calculation.

Highlights
Characteristic Value
Population 2016 41,730
Population 2006 33,825
Population change (%) 13
Median age 26
Under age 15 (%) 31
Aged 15 to 24 (%) 17
Aged 25 to 64 (%) 45
Aged 65 plus (%) 7
Age and sex distribution
Characteristic Value (%)
Quebec on-reserve males, 0 to 9 years 22
Quebec on-reserve males, 10 to 19 years 19
Quebec on-reserve males, 20 to 29 years 15
Quebec on-reserve males, 30 to 39 years 12
Quebec on-reserve males, 40 to 49 years 12
Quebec on-reserve males, 50 to 59 years 10
Quebec on-reserve males, 60 to 69 years 6
Quebec on-reserve males, 70 to 79 years 3
Quebec on-reserve males, 80 years and over 1
Quebec on-reserve females, 0 to 9 years 20
Quebec on-reserve females, 10 to 19 years 18
Quebec on-reserve females, 20 to 29 years 15
Quebec on-reserve females, 30 to 39 years 13
Quebec on-reserve females, 40 to 49 years 13
Quebec on-reserve females, 50 to 59 years 11
Quebec on-reserve females, 60 to 69 years 7
Quebec on-reserve females, 70 to 79 years 3
Quebec on-reserve females, 80 years and over 1
Quebec off-reserve males, 0 to 9 years 13
Quebec off-reserve males, 10 to 19 years 13
Quebec off-reserve males, 20 to 29 years 13
Quebec off-reserve males, 30 to 39 years 13
Quebec off-reserve males, 40 to 49 years 12
Quebec off-reserve males, 50 to 59 years 16
Quebec off-reserve males, 60 to 69 years 13
Quebec off-reserve males, 70 to 79 years 5
Quebec off-reserve males, 80 years and over 1
Quebec off-reserve females, 0 to 9 years 13
Quebec off-reserve females, 10 to 19 years 12
Quebec off-reserve females, 20 to 29 years 14
Quebec off-reserve females, 30 to 39 years 13
Quebec off-reserve females, 40 to 49 years 12
Quebec off-reserve females, 50 to 59 years 16
Quebec off-reserve females, 60 to 69 years 12
Quebec off-reserve females, 70 to 79 years 5
Quebec off-reserve females, 80 years and over 2
Family structureNote 4
Characteristic Value (%)
Couples with children 47
Couples without children 19
Lone parents 35
Knowledge of Aboriginal languages
Characteristic Value (%)
Quebec on-reserve: Knowledge of Aboriginal languages, 2006 86
Quebec on-reserve: Knowledge of Aboriginal languages, 2016 80
Quebec off-reserve: Knowledge of Aboriginal languages, 2006 18
Quebec off-reserve: Knowledge of Aboriginal languages, 2016 12

In the province, 16,085 spoke a Cree language in 2016.

Population by housing characteristics: CrowdingNote 5
Characteristic Value (%)
Not overcrowded 78
Overcrowded 22
Population by housing characteristics: Tenure
Characteristic Value (%)
Owned 31
Rented 13
Band housing 57
Population by housing characteristics: Dwelling condition
Characteristic Value (%)
Regular maintenance only 34
Minor repairs needed 30
Major repairs needed 36
Educational attainment (Aged 25 and over)
Characteristic Value (%)
University 6
College 19
Trade 19
High school 11
Less than high school 46
Top occupations (Aged 15 and over)
Occupation Value (%)
Sales and service 26
Education, law and social, community and government services 21
Trades, transport and equipment operators and related 16
Labour and earnings (Aged 15 and over)
Characteristic Value
Participation rate (%) 53
Employment rate (%) 43
Unemployment rate (%) 20
% of workers worked full year, full time in 2015 45
Median employment income in 2015 ($) 20,571

Source: Statistics Canada, Census of Population.

Catalogue Number: 41260001

Revised: October 2019

Partnership project between Statistics Canada and Indigenous Services Canada.

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Industry, 2019

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