Data tables, 2016 Census
Population, Dwellings and Households (8) of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 1981 to 2016 Censuses - 100% Data
About this variable: Population, dwellings and households (8)
Private dwelling occupied by usual residents
Refers to a private dwelling in which a person or a group of persons is permanently residing. Also included are private dwellings whose usual residents are temporarily absent on May 10, 2016. Unless otherwise specified, all data in housing products are for private dwellings occupied by usual residents, rather than for unoccupied private dwellings or dwellings occupied solely by foreign and/or by temporarily present persons.
Refers to a dwelling of a commercial, institutional or communal nature. It may be identified by a sign on the premises or by an enumerator speaking with the person in charge, a resident, a neighbour, etc. Included are lodging or rooming houses, hotels, motels, tourist establishments, nursing homes, hospitals, staff residences, military bases, work camps, jails, group homes, and so on.
Refers to the number of persons in a private household.
Usual place of residence
Refers to the dwelling in which the person usually lives. It is used to identify the person as a member of a particular household and, potentially, family (depending on the composition of the household).
A person is considered to be a member of the household at their usual place of residence, only.
For persons with one residence, that residence is their usual place of residence.
For persons with no residence, their usual place of residence is where they stayed on some specified date.
For persons with more than one residence in Canada, their usual place of residence is the place where the person spends the major part of the year, with the following exceptions.
The usual residence of spouses or common-law partners who stay elsewhere while working or studying is the residence where their family lives, if they return periodically.
The usual residence of students is that of their parents, if they return to live with their parents during the year even if they live elsewhere while attending school or working at a summer job.
The usual residence of persons who have lived in an institutional collective dwelling for six months or more is the institutional collective dwelling in which they currently reside. Institutional Collective dwellings include correctional institutions, hospitals, nursing homes, chronic and long-term care hospitals and related institutions. The usual residence of persons who have lived in an institutional collective dwelling for less than six months is the private dwelling to which they can return. If they do not have a private dwelling to which they can return, then the institutional collective dwelling is their usual place of residence.
For persons who spend equal time at each residence (as in some cases of joint custody), their usual place of residence is determined by where they stayed on some specified date.
For persons with a residence in Canada and a residence outside Canada, their Canadian residence is their usual place of residence.
Canadian government employees, including Canadian Armed Forces personnel, residing outside Canada for all of the reference period are out of scope for most surveys. The census, which does include them, determines a geographic location for their usual place of residence using the address they used for election purposes or their last permanent address.
In the context of the Census of Population, person refers to Canadian citizens, landed immigrants (permanent residents), persons asking for refugee status (refugee claimants), persons from another country with a work or study permit and family members living here with them. Foreign residents are excluded.
- Total population Footnote 1
- Total - Dwellings occupied by usual residents
- Private dwellings occupied by usual residents
- Collective dwellings occupied by usual residents
- Total - Population in dwellings Footnote 5
- Population in private dwellings Footnote 6
- Average household size in private dwellings
- Population in collective dwellings
- Footnote 1
In each census year, the figure for the 'total population' is equal to the 'population in private dwellings' plus 'population in collective dwellings' plus persons residing outside Canada on government, military or diplomatic postings (counts for this last sub-group are not usually published separately). In the data of the 1991 Census, there is a discrepancy between the total population and the sum of these three sub-groups, equal to 92,584 or 0.3% for Canada, due to coverage adjustments made to the database at that time.
- Footnote 5
Population in dwellings excludes persons residing outside Canada on government, military or diplomatic postings.
- Footnote 6
Population in private dwellings is equivalent to the population in private households. A private household corresponds to the usual residents living in a private dwelling.