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Data tables, 2016 Census

Language Spoken at Home (263), Single and Multiple Responses of Language Spoken at Home (3), Mother Tongue (269) and Age (7) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 100% Data The letter C inside a yellow triangle - correction

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This table details language spoken at home , single and multiple responses of language spoken at home , mother tongue and age for the population excluding institutional residents in Canada
Data quality
Language spoken at home (263) Single and multiple responses of language spoken at home (3)
Total - Single and multiple responses of language spoken at homeFootnote 2 Single response of language spoken at homeFootnote 3 Multiple responses of language spoken at homeFootnote 4
Total - Language spoken at homeFootnote 5 34,767,250 28,029,005 6,738,245
Official languages 32,471,695 25,837,540 6,634,155
English 25,897,805 19,756,510 6,141,290
French 8,152,115 6,081,025 2,071,085
Non-official languages 7,591,325 2,191,465 5,399,860
Aboriginal languages 228,765 55,175 173,595
Algonquian languages 153,280 32,820 120,460
Blackfoot 4,945 535 4,410
Cree-Montagnais languages 102,555 24,565 77,990
Atikamekw 6,390 2,775 3,615
Montagnais (Innu) 10,960 4,830 6,130
Moose Cree 120 5 115
Naskapi 1,350 670 680
Northern East Cree 375 45 330
Plains Cree 4,290 440 3,855
Southern East Cree 45 10 40
Swampy Cree 1,755 175 1,575
Woods Cree 2,055 230 1,830
Cree, n.o.s. 75,425 15,395 60,030
Eastern Algonquian languages 8,220 1,590 6,630
Malecite 495 35 455
Mi'kmaq 7,730 1,555 6,175
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 37,555 6,125 31,435
Algonquin 1,730 195 1,535
Ojibway 21,800 3,085 18,720
Oji-Cree 13,855 2,805 11,050
Ottawa (Odawa) 185 40 150
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 85 5 85
Athabaskan languages 19,700 3,340 16,360
Northern Athabaskan languages 19,630 3,335 16,295
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 140 10 130
Beaver 190 35 155
Carrier 1,285 145 1,145
Chilcotin 820 95 725
Dene 11,780 2,320 9,465
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,065 250 1,815
Gwich'in 295 30 265
Sarsi (Sarcee) 110 5 105
Sekani 100 10 95
Slavey-Hare languages 2,215 415 1,795
North Slavey (Hare) 805 150 650
South Slavey 1,115 215 895
Slavey, n.o.s. 300 50 250
Tahltan languages 425 15 410
Kaska (Nahani) 245 15 230
Tahltan 180 0 180
Tutchone languages 220 10 210
Northern Tutchone 140 10 125
Southern Tutchone 90 0 85
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 65 5 65
Haida 280 10 275
Inuit languages 40,790 17,235 23,560
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,475 85 1,385
Inuktitut 39,025 17,105 21,930
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 300 45 255
Iroquoian languages 2,060 185 1,875
Cayuga 105 5 100
Mohawk 1,715 160 1,555
Oneida 180 15 170
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 60 5 55
Kutenai 140 15 130
Michif 645 50 590
Salish languages 3,665 215 3,450
Comox 110 0 110
Halkomelem 680 40 645
Lillooet 525 25 500
Okanagan 490 65 430
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 835 35 800
Squamish 155 0 155
Straits 285 15 270
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 295 15 275
Salish languages, n.i.e. 300 15 280
Siouan languages 4,590 855 3,735
Dakota 1,195 100 1,095
Stoney 3,315 745 2,570
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 85 10 75
Tlingit 165 5 160
Tsimshian languages 1,880 265 1,620
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 965 205 760
Nisga'a 700 50 650
Tsimshian 215 10 210
Wakashan languages 935 45 890
Haisla 130 15 120
Heiltsuk 65 0 65
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 380 10 370
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 340 20 325
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 780 140 645
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,362,775 2,136,290 5,226,480
Afro-Asiatic languages 684,415 154,385 530,030
Berber languages 23,610 2,160 21,445
Kabyle 14,540 1,490 13,050
Berber languages, n.i.e. 9,120 675 8,445
Cushitic languages 50,920 15,215 35,705
Bilen 805 305 505
Oromo 5,440 1,850 3,590
Somali 44,380 12,955 31,425
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 370 110 265
Semitic languages 611,545 136,790 474,750
Amharic 25,625 7,185 18,445
Arabic 514,190 111,660 402,530
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 17,460 5,705 11,750
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 6,015 1,795 4,220
Harari 1,515 305 1,205
Hebrew 28,690 3,525 25,165
Maltese 4,010 470 3,540
Tigrigna 18,050 5,515 12,530
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,305 635 1,670
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,335 215 1,120
Austro-Asiatic languages 190,870 71,630 119,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 21,460 6,395 15,065
Vietnamese 169,440 65,185 104,250
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 180 45 130
Austronesian languages 576,570 87,140 489,425
Bikol 940 105 830
Cebuano 16,650 2,240 14,410
Fijian 790 80 710
Hiligaynon 5,140 705 4,435
Ilocano 21,100 3,060 18,035
Malagasy 1,570 130 1,445
Malay 11,210 1,540 9,665
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 3,040 405 2,640
Pangasinan 800 80 720
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 525,375 78,245 447,135
Waray-Waray 665 125 540
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 2,900 430 2,475
Creole languages 109,335 12,560 96,775
Haitian Creole 4,730 510 4,220
Creole, n.o.s. 95,515 11,165 84,345
Creole languages, n.i.e. 9,290 885 8,410
Dravidian languages 227,130 62,295 164,835
Kannada 4,605 485 4,115
Malayalam 32,315 6,605 25,710
Tamil 171,470 52,230 119,245
Telugu 19,210 2,885 16,325
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 515 80 430
Hmong-Mien languages 855 175 680
Indo-European languages 3,819,205 1,031,985 2,787,220
Albanian 28,395 6,815 21,580
Armenian 34,490 11,710 22,775
Balto-Slavic languages 616,135 163,910 452,225
Baltic languages 8,375 1,335 7,045
Latvian 3,485 480 3,010
Lithuanian 4,890 855 4,040
Slavic languages 608,185 162,575 445,610
Belarusan 570 90 475
Bosnian 12,860 2,990 9,870
Bulgarian 19,335 5,975 13,360
Croatian 42,745 8,130 34,615
Czech 16,305 2,880 13,430
Macedonian 15,605 3,280 12,325
Polish 158,995 39,795 119,195
Russian 194,310 63,840 130,465
Serbian 58,240 15,715 42,520
Serbo-Croatian 7,995 1,735 6,265
Slovak 12,825 2,750 10,075
Slovene (Slovenian) 6,165 930 5,235
Ukrainian 69,490 14,125 55,360
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,525 345 1,180
Celtic languages 3,175 220 2,950
Scottish Gaelic 1,540 115 1,425
Welsh 655 60 595
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 985 50 930
Germanic languages 363,125 75,980 287,150
Afrikaans 11,400 1,470 9,935
Danish 6,325 355 5,970
Dutch 49,175 3,735 45,440
Frisian 730 40 690
German 271,860 63,925 207,935
Icelandic 850 125 730
Norwegian 2,695 150 2,550
Swedish 5,665 345 5,325
Vlaams (Flemish) 1,535 120 1,410
Yiddish 10,820 4,760 6,060
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,555 950 1,605
Greek 114,915 26,240 88,670
Indo-Iranian languages 1,494,790 461,105 1,033,690
Indo-Aryan languages 1,239,295 365,845 873,450
Bengali 82,385 22,640 59,740
Gujarati 124,030 31,105 92,925
Hindi 174,475 23,400 151,075
Kashmiri 480 40 435
Konkani 3,515 225 3,290
Marathi 8,930 1,260 7,670
Nepali 19,430 8,325 11,105
Oriya (Odia) 1,010 160 850
Punjabi (Panjabi) 568,375 214,230 354,145
Sindhi 12,920 1,895 11,025
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 18,205 3,030 15,170
Urdu 264,500 59,535 204,965
Iranian languages 253,705 94,125 159,585
Kurdish 12,065 3,275 8,790
Pashto 18,210 5,750 12,455
Persian (Farsi) 225,010 85,095 139,920
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,190 1,135 4,055
Italic (Romance) languages 1,176,750 286,010 890,740
Catalan 820 115 705
Italian 318,245 73,585 244,660
Portuguese 213,025 58,530 154,495
Romanian 94,830 24,635 70,195
Spanish 553,500 129,075 424,420
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 760 65 700
Japanese 48,640 11,350 37,285
Kartvelian languages 1,595 620 975
Georgian 1,595 620 970
Korean 157,225 68,685 88,540
Mongolic languages 1,490 470 1,030
Mongolian 1,495 465 1,030
Niger-Congo languages 120,710 12,515 108,190
Akan (Twi) 17,530 2,920 14,610
Bamanankan 2,035 125 1,915
Edo 2,100 190 1,905
Ewe 1,905 170 1,735
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 3,505 310 3,200
Ga 1,100 95 1,000
Ganda 1,515 145 1,370
Igbo 6,145 355 5,790
Lingala 9,525 415 9,110
Rundi (Kirundi) 6,485 815 5,670
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 570 4,680
Shona 3,830 385 3,445
Swahili 19,830 2,675 17,155
Wolof 6,035 460 5,575
Yoruba 16,210 1,025 15,185
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,455 1,865 17,590
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,930 1,405 4,525
Dinka 2,315 530 1,790
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,615 880 2,740
Sign languages 27,510 9,080 18,430
American Sign Language 11,465 2,170 9,295
Quebec Sign Language 2,570 550 2,015
Sign languages, n.i.e 13,695 6,355 7,340
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,306,565 582,285 724,280
Chinese languages 1,290,100 575,465 714,635
Cantonese 594,705 263,810 330,900
Hakka 8,555 2,120 6,425
Mandarin 641,100 280,895 360,205
Min Dong 1,045 190 860
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 27,580 6,925 20,655
Wu (Shanghainese) 11,195 4,510 6,690
Chinese, n.o.s. 36,340 16,815 19,530
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 400 205 195
Tibeto-Burman languages 16,650 6,825 9,820
Burmese 3,935 1,285 2,645
Karenic languages 5,030 2,745 2,290
Tibetan 6,700 2,460 4,240
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,260 335 920
Tai-Kadai languages 21,975 5,530 16,445
Lao 12,835 3,485 9,345
Thai 9,255 2,025 7,235
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 70 20 45
Turkic languages 42,135 11,475 30,660
Azerbaijani 2,730 475 2,255
Turkish 35,800 10,090 25,710
Uyghur 985 275 715
Uzbek 1,730 460 1,275
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,010 170 835
Uralic languages 56,510 12,160 44,345
Estonian 3,345 365 2,975
Finnish 9,025 1,340 7,690
Hungarian 44,150 10,455 33,690
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 4,785 540 4,250

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

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Symbol ...

not applicable

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Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

n.i.e. = not included elsewhere
n.o.s. = not otherwise specified

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The category 'Total - Single and multiple responses of language spoken at home' indicates the number of respondents who reported each language, either as their only response, or in combination with another language. Total responses represent the sum of single and multiple responses of the language spoken at home received in the census.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A single response to the language spoken at home occurs when a respondent provides one language only.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

A multiple response to the language spoken at home occurs when a respondent provides two or more languages.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

This is a total population count. The sum of the languages in this table is greater than the total population count because a person may report more than one language in the census.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

n.i.e. = not included elsewhere
n.o.s. = not otherwise specified

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016345.

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