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Data tables, 2016 Census

Mother Tongue (269), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age (15A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Federal Electoral Districts (2013 Representation Order), 2016 Census - 100% Data The letter C inside a yellow triangle - correction

Data table

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This table details mother tongue , knowledge of official languages , age and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in Canada
Data quality
Mother tongue (269) Knowledge of official languages (5)
Total - Knowledge of official languages English only French only English and French Neither English nor French
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 1 34,767,255 23,757,525 4,144,690 6,216,070 648,970
Single responses 33,948,615 23,250,110 4,101,730 5,951,600 645,175
Official languages 26,627,555 17,704,470 3,818,695 5,095,730 8,665
English 19,460,850 17,662,115 4,800 1,786,525 7,410
French 7,166,705 42,355 3,813,895 3,309,205 1,250
Non-official languages 7,321,060 5,545,640 283,040 855,870 636,515
Aboriginal languages 195,700 164,995 13,870 9,445 7,380
Algonquian languages 130,455 107,760 13,400 6,280 3,005
Blackfoot 2,815 2,790 0 15 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 67,800 12,880 5,335 2,430
Atikamekw 6,150 5 5,385 310 450
Montagnais (Innu) 10,235 1,515 7,400 875 440
Moose Cree 105 95 0 5 0
Naskapi 1,210 965 10 135 100
Northern East Cree 315 230 0 75 10
Plains Cree 3,065 3,010 0 35 20
Southern East Cree 45 30 0 15 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 1,405 0 20 10
Woods Cree 1,840 1,800 0 20 20
Cree, n.o.s. 64,045 58,740 75 3,850 1,385
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 6,715 10 245 25
Malecite 305 300 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 6,420 5 240 25
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 30,410 520 675 545
Algonquin 1,260 280 480 475 25
Ojibway 17,885 17,460 15 175 235
Oji-Cree 12,855 12,525 20 20 285
Ottawa (Odawa) 145 145 0 5 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 35 0 10 5
Athabaskan languages 17,370 16,910 15 110 335
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 16,865 10 105 335
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 110 0 0 0
Beaver 190 190 0 0 0
Carrier 1,030 1,015 0 10 5
Chilcotin 655 640 0 0 10
Dene 10,700 10,430 5 50 215
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 1,590 0 5 55
Gwich'in 260 250 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 75 0 0 0
Sekani 90 85 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,990 1,910 5 25 45
North Slavey (Hare) 765 735 0 10 20
South Slavey 945 915 0 10 20
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 260 0 5 10
Tahltan languages 275 270 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 175 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 95 0 5 0
Tutchone languages 290 285 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 220 215 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 75 70 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 50 0 5 0
Haida 75 75 0 5 0
Inuit languages 36,550 29,345 405 2,805 3,990
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 1,005 0 5 15
Inuktitut 35,210 28,080 395 2,780 3,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 310 265 10 30 5
Iroquoian languages 1,115 1,010 20 80 5
Cayuga 40 40 0 0 0
Mohawk 985 890 15 75 5
Oneida 55 55 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 0 10 0
Kutenai 105 100 0 0 0
Michif 465 385 0 70 10
Salish languages 2,305 2,280 0 25 5
Comox 85 85 0 0 0
Halkomelem 480 470 0 5 0
Lillooet 310 310 0 0 0
Okanagan 275 270 0 0 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 435 0 10 0
Squamish 40 35 0 5 0
Straits 80 80 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 330 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 260 255 0 5 0
Siouan languages 4,290 4,260 0 15 10
Dakota 1,210 1,200 0 5 5
Stoney 3,025 3,010 0 0 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 50 0 0 0
Tlingit 95 90 0 5 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 1,465 5 15 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 875 0 5 5
Nisga'a 395 395 5 0 0
Tsimshian 200 195 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 810 795 0 10 0
Haisla 90 90 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 100 95 0 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 320 0 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 280 275 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 590 525 30 25 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 5,380,645 269,170 846,420 629,135
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,360 311,690 74,845 140,695 48,125
Berber languages 22,135 335 12,620 8,555 620
Kabyle 13,150 200 7,820 4,735 400
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 140 4,805 3,820 225
Cushitic languages 42,885 35,225 705 3,670 3,285
Bilen 805 655 0 25 130
Oromo 4,960 4,500 5 95 365
Somali 36,755 29,860 675 3,490 2,725
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 210 25 70 65
Semitic languages 509,190 275,410 61,370 128,220 44,185
Amharic 22,465 20,515 45 1,130 775
Arabic 419,890 198,945 61,120 122,120 37,700
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 13,055 30 295 2,690
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,550 4,430 10 130 980
Harari 1,320 1,205 0 50 55
Hebrew 19,530 15,375 105 3,690 355
Maltese 5,565 5,390 5 140 30
Tigrigna 16,650 14,755 35 525 1,335
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,740 15 135 255
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 720 145 245 40
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 118,195 9,660 23,705 25,170
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,930 3,060 4,500 2,640
Vietnamese 156,425 108,145 6,585 19,180 22,520
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 125 10 20 10
Austronesian languages 511,480 494,205 805 11,785 4,680
Bikol 1,790 1,730 0 45 15
Cebuano 19,890 19,270 10 455 160
Fijian 745 720 0 5 15
Hiligaynon 6,885 6,645 5 175 60
Ilocano 26,345 25,450 5 515 375
Malagasy 1,430 15 595 800 15
Malay 12,275 11,220 20 740 290
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 3,930 0 65 45
Pangasinan 1,390 1,355 0 20 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,385 418,905 115 8,795 3,570
Waray-Waray 1,110 1,075 5 20 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 3,895 50 150 100
Creole languages 72,130 5,490 36,390 28,145 2,105
Haitian Creole 3,030 180 1,410 1,355 85
Creole, n.o.s. 64,110 2,020 34,865 25,250 1,980
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 3,285 110 1,545 45
Dravidian languages 189,405 165,145 495 11,220 12,545
Kannada 3,975 3,695 0 190 90
Malayalam 28,565 26,905 5 700 955
Tamil 140,720 119,430 490 9,800 10,995
Telugu 15,660 14,660 0 510 495
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 485 455 0 20 10
Hmong-Mien languages 795 705 5 25 60
Indo-European languages 3,877,335 2,981,485 116,755 520,675 258,420
Albanian 26,895 21,120 870 2,715 2,190
Armenian 33,460 15,040 1,230 14,650 2,535
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 577,445 12,735 80,955 30,845
Baltic languages 12,530 10,555 20 1,805 150
Latvian 5,455 4,595 5 805 50
Lithuanian 7,075 5,960 10 1,000 100
Slavic languages 689,450 566,890 12,715 79,150 30,700
Belarusan 810 615 15 120 55
Bosnian 12,215 9,650 780 1,185 600
Bulgarian 20,020 11,460 1,475 6,395 695
Croatian 48,205 43,190 290 3,580 1,135
Czech 22,290 19,165 125 2,650 350
Macedonian 16,770 15,265 25 770 705
Polish 181,710 154,070 1,470 19,470 6,705
Russian 188,255 141,715 6,290 26,685 13,570
Serbian 57,350 47,980 695 6,010 2,665
Serbo-Croatian 9,550 6,970 600 1,665 315
Slovak 17,580 15,070 80 1,690 740
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,785 8,765 20 935 70
Ukrainian 102,480 90,845 820 7,790 3,025
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,420 2,130 30 200 60
Celtic languages 2,695 2,250 40 385 20
Scottish Gaelic 1,095 925 5 150 15
Welsh 1,075 950 0 115 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 365 35 125 0
Germanic languages 538,765 479,190 1,330 44,125 14,115
Afrikaans 10,265 9,760 10 430 70
Danish 12,630 11,765 5 840 20
Dutch 99,020 89,645 130 8,865 375
Frisian 2,100 1,985 0 110 5
German 384,040 343,845 1,020 27,315 11,860
Icelandic 1,285 1,175 0 100 5
Norwegian 4,615 4,220 0 385 5
Swedish 6,840 5,795 20 1,005 25
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 2,555 95 1,230 10
Yiddish 13,555 8,220 20 3,590 1,730
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 220 30 265 10
Greek 106,525 71,965 540 27,400 6,620
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 1,108,315 6,255 74,025 124,155
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 911,330 1,900 46,585 104,950
Bengali 73,125 62,240 320 7,635 2,925
Gujarati 108,780 94,145 185 5,260 9,180
Hindi 110,645 102,265 50 4,340 3,985
Kashmiri 570 535 0 20 10
Konkani 3,335 3,130 25 145 35
Marathi 8,295 7,670 5 430 195
Nepali 18,275 14,080 485 1,120 2,595
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 980 0 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 410,820 400 14,820 75,630
Sindhi 11,860 10,645 20 835 365
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 15,300 0 715 320
Urdu 210,820 189,515 405 11,225 9,675
Iranian languages 242,805 192,680 4,275 27,090 18,760
Kurdish 11,700 9,285 310 730 1,380
Pashto 16,905 14,100 130 965 1,720
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 169,300 3,835 25,400 15,670
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,185 4,305 85 355 440
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,275 706,160 93,755 276,420 77,940
Catalan 865 400 65 380 15
Italian 375,640 236,025 15,940 99,980 23,695
Portuguese 221,540 155,420 10,995 33,525 21,595
Romanian 96,660 45,685 9,365 37,545 4,070
Spanish 458,850 268,175 57,355 104,775 28,540
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 450 35 210 25
Japanese 43,645 38,285 205 2,715 2,440
Kartvelian languages 1,710 1,325 20 150 215
Georgian 1,715 1,325 20 150 215
Korean 153,425 130,285 240 6,500 16,410
Mongolic languages 1,575 1,285 35 155 100
Mongolian 1,575 1,285 35 150 100
Niger-Congo languages 91,370 50,050 15,865 23,325 2,135
Akan (Twi) 13,460 12,255 20 990 190
Bamanankan 1,535 25 785 710 20
Edo 1,670 1,595 5 65 10
Ewe 1,755 795 375 570 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 140 1,260 1,335 85
Ga 925 830 0 80 10
Ganda 1,295 1,210 0 70 10
Igbo 4,235 4,005 5 205 30
Lingala 3,810 130 1,905 1,745 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 305 1,850 3,360 335
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 900 1,010 3,185 155
Shona 3,180 3,035 0 130 25
Swahili 13,370 7,565 1,920 3,285 600
Wolof 3,990 160 1,660 2,075 100
Yoruba 9,080 8,630 50 350 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 8,470 5,025 5,175 465
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,865 5,130 205 310 225
Dinka 2,115 1,980 5 40 95
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 3,150 205 265 135
Sign languages 7,500 3,295 565 370 3,270
American Sign Language 2,680 1,815 5 105 760
Quebec Sign Language 695 5 385 130 180
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,125 1,480 180 135 2,330
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 957,070 8,165 58,310 245,665
Chinese languages 1,253,360 943,830 8,115 57,995 243,420
Cantonese 565,270 419,535 2,115 22,510 121,110
Hakka 10,910 8,630 70 575 1,635
Mandarin 592,040 452,490 4,740 30,230 104,575
Min Dong 1,230 640 5 20 565
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,800 22,740 600 2,090 6,370
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 8,920 85 625 3,285
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,575 30,430 500 1,895 5,755
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 615 435 10 40 125
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,855 13,240 50 320 2,250
Burmese 3,585 3,200 5 75 300
Karenic languages 4,705 3,555 20 20 1,110
Tibetan 6,165 5,310 10 180 660
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,405 1,165 15 50 170
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 15,495 1,690 3,125 1,705
Lao 12,670 7,525 1,585 2,545 1,010
Thai 9,255 7,905 100 580 675
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 85 60 0 5 15
Turkic languages 40,140 28,885 2,425 5,610 3,220
Azerbaijani 3,255 2,600 35 345 280
Turkish 32,815 23,130 2,275 4,800 2,610
Uyghur 1,035 780 40 125 95
Uzbek 1,715 1,365 30 175 145
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 1,020 50 155 95
Uralic languages 81,980 69,980 495 9,040 2,460
Estonian 5,445 4,630 0 775 45
Finnish 15,290 14,115 10 995 170
Hungarian 61,235 51,235 485 7,270 2,250
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,685 2,630 310 570 180
Multiple responses 818,635 507,415 42,955 264,465 3,795
English and French 165,325 17,115 4,365 143,745 105
English and non-official language 533,260 483,325 430 46,555 2,950
French and non-official language 86,150 3,590 37,245 44,720 595
English, French and non-official language 33,900 3,385 915 29,450 150

Symbol(s)

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

n.i.e. = not included elsewhere
n.o.s. = not otherwise specified

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016059.

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