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Data tables, 2016 Census

Aboriginal Ancestry Responses (73), Single and Multiple Aboriginal Ancestry Responses (4), Residence on or off Reserve (3), Residence Inside or Outside Inuit Nunangat (7), Age (8A) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details aboriginal ancestry responses , single and multiple aboriginal ancestry responses , residence on or off reserve , residence inside or outside inuit nunangat , age and sex for the population in private households in Canada
Data quality
Aboriginal ancestry responses (73) Single and multiple Aboriginal ancestry responses (4)
Total - Single and multiple Aboriginal ancestry responsesFootnote 3 Single ancestry responsesFootnote 4 Multiple ancestry responsesFootnote 5 Non-Aboriginal ancestry responses onlyFootnote 6
Total - Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 7 34,460,065 1,975,195 155,325 32,329,545
Total Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 8 2,130,520 1,975,195 155,325 0
First Nations ancestry 1,525,570 1,373,020 152,550 0
Abenaki 9,775 8,250 1,520 0
Algonquin 40,880 31,155 9,730 0
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.Footnote 9 4,505 2,940 1,565 0
Apache 825 520 300 0
Assiniboine 1,810 535 1,280 0
Atikamekw 8,005 6,690 1,310 0
Beaver (Dunne-za) 1,700 585 1,120 0
Blackfoot, n.o.s.Footnote 10 22,490 16,550 5,945 0
Blood (Kainai) 1,000 665 335 0
Carrier (Dakelh) 7,805 5,790 2,025 0
Cayuga 580 355 225 0
Cherokee 11,620 9,935 1,690 0
Chilcotin (Tsilhqot'in) 2,800 1,855 950 0
Chipewyan (Denesuline) 3,480 1,780 1,700 0
Cowichan 1,235 740 495 0
Cree 356,660 275,135 81,525 0
Dakota 5,785 3,495 2,290 0
Delaware (Lenape) 1,295 605 685 0
Dene Tha (Slavey) 2,630 1,690 945 0
Dene, n.o.s.Footnote 11 27,430 19,725 7,705 0
Gitxsan 5,680 3,555 2,120 0
Gwich'in 3,275 2,005 1,270 0
Haida 5,100 3,990 1,115 0
Haisla 1,440 940 500 0
Heiltsuk 1,840 1,185 655 0
Huron (Wendat) 14,220 10,950 3,270 0
Innu/Montagnais 27,755 23,630 4,125 0
Iroquois, n.o.s.Footnote 12 18,115 13,970 4,145 0
Kaska 1,435 925 510 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 940 665 270 0
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl) 3,665 2,705 965 0
Lakota 885 450 435 0
Maliseet 7,635 6,370 1,265 0
Mi'kmaq 168,480 152,145 16,335 0
Mohawk 32,285 26,370 5,915 0
Musqueam 300 200 100 0
Naskapi 1,080 380 705 0
Navajo 700 350 360 0
Nisga'a 5,495 3,515 1,980 0
Nlaka'pamux (Thompson) 3,105 1,935 1,180 0
Nuu-chah-nulth 4,310 3,445 870 0
Nuxalk 1,380 920 460 0
Odawa 1,905 625 1,285 0
Ojibway 125,725 97,605 28,120 0
Oji-Cree 18,920 17,180 1,740 0
Okanagan (Syilx) 3,790 2,265 1,525 0
Oneida 1,980 1,355 620 0
Potawatomi 2,690 660 2,030 0
Sahtu (North Slavey) 635 330 305 0
Salish, n.o.s.Footnote 13 22,380 19,055 3,325 0
Saulteaux 18,100 8,655 9,450 0
Sechelt (Shishalh) 305 190 115 0
Secwepemc (Shuswap) 6,755 4,460 2,290 0
Sekani 1,035 710 320 0
Sioux, n.o.s.Footnote 14 8,065 3,840 4,225 0
Squamish 1,730 1,280 445 0
St'at'imc (Lillooet) 2,180 1,580 600 0
Sto:lo 2,305 1,540 760 0
Stoney (Nakoda) 9,015 5,080 3,935 0
Tahltan 2,320 1,340 980 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 1,935 1,455 480 0
Tlingit 2,105 1,260 845 0
Tsimshian 5,910 3,655 2,260 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarcee) 865 365 495 0
Tutchone, n.o.s.Footnote 15 2,130 1,500 630 0
Wet'suwet'en 1,445 920 530 0
First Nations ancestry, n.i.e.Footnote 16 558,545 546,535 12,005 0
Métis ancestry 599,995 532,255 67,740 0
Inuit ancestry 79,130 69,915 9,215 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry 33,732,280 1,312,610 90,125 32,329,540

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the Census of Population. For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

For more information on Aboriginal variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 and the Aboriginal Peoples Technical Report, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Total Aboriginal ancestry responses are the sum of persons who gave a single Aboriginal ancestry response, a multiple Aboriginal ancestry response and a non- Aboriginal ancestry response.

The sum of all ancestry responses is greater than the total population estimate due to the reporting of multiple ancestries.

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Footnote 4

A single Aboriginal ancestry response occurs when a person provides one Aboriginal ancestry only, with or without a non-Aboriginal ancestry response. For example, responses of 'Cree' or 'Cree and English' would both be counted as single Aboriginal responses.

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Footnote 5

A multiple Aboriginal ancestry response occurs when a person provides more than one Aboriginal ancestry, with or without a non-Aboriginal ancestry response. For example, responses of 'Cree and Abenaki' or 'Cree, Abenaki and French' would both be counted as multiple Aboriginal responses.

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Footnote 6

A non-Aboriginal ancestry response occurs when a person provides non-Aboriginal ancestry responses only. For example, responses of 'English,' 'French,' or 'English and French' would all be counted as non-Aboriginal ancestry responses.

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Footnote 7

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry in the census.

For more information on Aboriginal variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 and the Aboriginal Peoples Technical Report, Census of Population, 2016.

For additional information on the collection and dissemination of ethnic origin data, refer to the Ethnic Origin Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

In the Census of Population, some respondents may choose to provide very specific Aboriginal ancestries, while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different Aboriginal ancestries. For example, one respondent may report 'First Nations' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Ojibway' or 'Anishinaabe' ancestry; one respondent may report 'North American Indian' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Coast Salish' or 'Cowichan.' As a result, Aboriginal ancestry data are fluid, and counts for specific origins may seem different than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ancestries together.

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Footnote 9

Includes general responses indicating Anishinaabe ancestry (e.g., 'Anishinaabe') as well as more specific responses indicating Anishinaabe ancestry (e.g., 'Nipissing').

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Footnote 10

Includes general responses indicating Blackfoot ancestry (e.g., 'Blackfoot') as well as more specific responses indicating Blackfoot ancestry (e.g., 'Siksika,' 'Piikani').

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Footnote 11

Includes general responses indicating Dene ancestry (e.g., 'Dene').

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Footnote 12

Includes general responses indicating Iroquois ancestry (e.g., 'Iroquois,' 'Haudenosaunee') as well as more specific responses indicating Iroquois origins (e.g., 'Seneca,' 'Onondaga,' 'Tuscarora').

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Footnote 13

Includes general responses indicating Salish ancestry (e.g., 'Salish') as well as more specific responses indicating Salish ancestry (e.g., 'Coast Salish,' 'Interior Salish,' 'K'omoks,' 'Saanich').

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Footnote 14

Includes general responses indicating Sioux ancestry (e.g., 'Sioux').

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Footnote 15

Includes general responses indicating Tutchone ancestry (e.g., 'Tutchone') as well as more specific responses indicating Tutchone ancestry (e.g., 'Northern Tutchone,' 'Southern Tutchone').

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Footnote 16

Includes general responses indicating First Nations ancestry (e.g., 'First Nations,' 'North American Indian') as well as more specific responses indicating First Nations ancestry that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Passamaquoddy,' 'Crow,' 'Cheyenne,' 'Athabascan').

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016167.

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