Data tables, 2016 Census

Visible Minority (15), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Age (12) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

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This table details visible minority , immigrant status and period of immigration , age and sex for the population in private households in Canada
Data quality
Visible minority (15) Immigrant status and period of immigration (11)
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 1 Non-immigrantsFootnote 2 ImmigrantsFootnote 3 Before 1981 1981 to 1990 1991 to 2000 2001 to 2010 2001 to 2005 2006 to 2010 2011 to 2016Footnote 4 Non-permanent residentsFootnote 5
Total - Visible minorityFootnote 6 34,460,065 26,412,615 7,540,830 1,941,505 915,555 1,486,660 1,985,030 928,940 1,056,095 1,212,075 506,625
Total visible minority populationFootnote 7 7,674,580 2,438,155 4,864,515 587,025 616,755 1,111,775 1,558,755 719,785 838,975 990,200 371,910
South AsianFootnote 8 1,924,635 601,155 1,249,935 147,230 125,950 306,205 433,190 221,795 211,390 237,375 73,540
Chinese 1,577,060 438,290 1,029,730 145,835 148,860 290,415 302,515 160,420 142,095 142,110 109,040
Black 1,198,545 531,070 623,190 110,805 75,835 113,965 180,850 73,860 106,995 141,735 44,280
Filipino 780,130 183,610 562,145 44,050 46,030 104,655 184,520 63,240 121,280 182,890 34,370
Latin American 447,320 101,900 319,310 27,685 61,125 63,160 110,100 45,580 64,515 57,240 26,115
Arab 523,235 145,015 352,420 19,795 31,460 67,215 130,500 52,435 78,060 103,445 25,800
Southeast AsianFootnote 9 313,265 109,650 193,345 32,375 59,725 40,140 39,355 15,500 23,860 21,750 10,270
West AsianFootnote 10 264,305 47,355 208,975 4,575 22,120 52,720 77,225 38,640 38,590 52,340 7,975
Korean 188,710 37,380 126,445 13,360 11,605 29,575 49,505 25,810 23,700 22,400 24,890
Japanese 92,920 58,950 26,515 5,705 2,180 5,360 8,320 3,295 5,020 4,955 7,450
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 11 132,085 54,875 74,040 16,495 13,555 17,935 16,890 7,800 9,090 9,175 3,175
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 12 232,375 128,910 98,460 19,135 18,310 20,425 25,790 11,425 14,370 14,790 5,000
Not a visible minorityFootnote 13 26,785,480 23,974,455 2,676,310 1,354,480 298,795 374,880 426,275 209,155 217,120 221,870 134,720

Symbol(s)

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not available for a specific reference period

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not applicable

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Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Immigrant status refers to whether the person is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.

For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 2

'Non-immigrants' includes persons who are Canadian citizens by birth.

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Footnote 3

'Immigrants' includes persons who are, or who have ever been, landed immigrants or permanent residents. Such persons have been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this category. In the 2016 Census of Population, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.

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Footnote 4

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.

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Footnote 5

'Non-permanent residents' includes persons from another country who have a work or study permit or who are refugee claimants, and their family members sharing the same permit and living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 6

For more information on the Visible minority variable, including information on its classification, the questions from which it is derived, data quality and its comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Visible Minority and Population Group Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 7

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 8

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 9

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Laotian,' 'Thai,' etc.

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Footnote 10

For example, 'Afghan,' 'Iranian,' etc.

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Footnote 11

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes persons with a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 12

Includes persons who gave more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in responses, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 13

Includes persons who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal group question (Question 18), as well as persons who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016191.

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