Data tables, 2016 Census

Family Characteristics of Seniors (8), Total Income Statistics (4), Age of Seniors (7), Housing Indicators (5), Tenure Including Presence of Mortgage Payments and Subsidized Housing (7) and Structural Type of Dwelling (5) for the Population Aged 65 Years and Over in Owner and Tenant Households With Household Total Income Greater Than Zero in Non-farm, Non-reserve Private Dwellings of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details family characteristics of seniors , total income statistics , age of seniors , housing indicators , tenure including presence of mortgage payments and subsidized housing and structural type of dwelling for the population aged 65 years and over in owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings in Canada
Data quality
Family characteristics of seniors (8) Total income statistics (4)
Total - Total income statistics With total income Median total income ($)Footnote 3 Average total income ($)Footnote 4
Total - Family characteristics of seniors (restricted to persons aged 65 and over) 5,379,270 5,366,350 27,353 40,862
Seniors living alone (one-person households) 1,398,545 1,398,540 28,325 40,937
Seniors living in private households of two or more persons 3,980,725 3,967,810 26,953 40,836
Living in a couple (married spouses or common-law partners)Footnote 5 3,356,395 3,343,990 28,614 42,726
Without a son or daughter present 2,934,225 2,924,590 28,978 42,866
With a son or daughter presentFootnote 6 422,170 419,400 25,965 41,748
Not living in a couple, with a son or daughter presentFootnote 7 247,690 247,565 23,803 33,877
Living with other relatives or with non-relatives only 376,635 376,255 20,931 28,618


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not available for a specific reference period


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not applicable


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suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Symbol F

too unreliable to be published



Footnote 1

Adequacy, suitability and affordability are the three housing indicators presented here. The indicator for housing adequacy is the dwelling condition. The indicator for housing suitability (a topic often referred to as crowding) is whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. The indicator of housing affordability is the proportion of household total income that is spent on shelter costs, also referred to as shelter-cost-to-income ratio.

'Dwelling condition' refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

The category 'major repairs needed' includes dwellings needing major repairs such as dwellings with defective plumbing or electrical wiring and dwellings needing structural repairs to walls, floors or ceilings.

'Housing suitability' refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the NOS.

Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

The category 'not suitable' includes households where the required number of bedrooms based on the NOS exceeds the reported number of bedrooms in the dwelling.

'Shelter-cost-to-income ratio' refers to the proportion of average total income of household which is spent on shelter costs.

The category '30% or more of household income is spent on shelter costs' includes households who spend 30% or more of their average monthly total income on shelter costs.

For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Dwelling condition; Housing suitability; Shelter-cost-to-income ratio.

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Footnote 2

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling. The private dwelling may be situated on rented or leased land or be part of a condominium. A household is considered to own their dwelling if some member of the household owns the dwelling even if it is not fully paid for, for example if there is a mortgage or some other claim on it. A household is considered to rent their dwelling if no member of the household owns the dwelling. A household is considered to rent that dwelling even if the dwelling is provided without cash rent or at a reduced rent, or if the dwelling is part of a cooperative.

Presence of mortgage payments- Refers to whether an owner household makes regular mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether a renter household lives in a dwelling that is subsidized.

Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 3

Median income - The median income of a specified group is the amount that divides the income distribution of that group into two halves, i.e., the incomes of half of the units in that group are below the median, while those of the other half are above the median. Median incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

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Footnote 4

Average income - Average income of a specified group is calculated by dividing the aggregate income of that group by the number of units in that group. Average incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

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Footnote 5

Other relatives may be present in the household.

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Footnote 6

Includes seniors living with a step-son or a step-daughter.

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Footnote 7

Other relatives may be present in the household.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016235.

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