Data tables, 2016 Census
Labour Force Status (8), Visible Minority (15), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (7), Age (13A) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data
|Visible minority (15)||Labour force status (8)|
|Total - Labour force statusFootnote 3||In the labour force||Employed||Unemployed||Not in the labour force||Participation rate||Employment rate||Unemployment rate|
|Total - Visible minorityFootnote 4||28,643,015||18,672,470||17,230,035||1,442,435||9,970,545||65.2||60.2||7.7|
|Total visible minority populationFootnote 5||6,073,870||4,038,855||3,668,975||369,880||2,035,015||66.5||60.4||9.2|
|South AsianFootnote 6||1,511,125||1,014,480||921,240||93,245||496,645||67.1||61.0||9.2|
|Southeast AsianFootnote 7||254,485||173,485||159,205||14,280||81,000||68.2||62.6||8.2|
|West AsianFootnote 8||218,770||137,975||122,735||15,245||80,795||63.1||56.1||11.0|
|Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 9||106,305||73,150||66,830||6,325||33,150||68.8||62.9||8.6|
|Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 10||152,165||105,140||95,120||10,015||47,020||69.1||62.5||9.5|
|Not a visible minorityFootnote 11||22,569,145||14,633,615||13,561,060||1,072,555||7,935,530||64.8||60.1||7.3|
- Symbol ..
not available for a specific reference period
- Symbol ...
- Symbol x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
- Symbol F
too unreliable to be published
- Footnote 1
Immigrant status refers to whether the person is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.
Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.
For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.
- Footnote 2
Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree,' available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.
- Footnote 3
Refers to whether a person aged 15 years and over was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2016.
Early enumeration was conducted in remote, isolated parts of the provinces and territories. When enumeration has taken place before May 2016, the reference date used is the date on which the household was enumerated.
In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.
- Footnote 4
For more information on the Visible minority variable, including information on its classification, the questions from which it is derived, data quality and its comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Visible Minority and Population Group Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.
- Footnote 5
The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'
- Footnote 6
For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.
- Footnote 7
For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Laotian,' 'Thai,' etc.
- Footnote 8
For example, 'Afghan,' 'Iranian,' etc.
- Footnote 9
The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes persons with a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.
- Footnote 10
Includes persons who gave more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in responses, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'
- Footnote 11
Includes persons who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal group question (Question 18), as well as persons who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016286.