Data tables, 2016 Census
Labour Force Status (8), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (15), Aboriginal Identity (9), Age (13A) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data
|Highest certificate, diploma or degree (15)||Labour force status (8)|
|Total - Labour force statusFootnote 2||In the labour force||Employed||Unemployed||Not in the labour force||Participation rate||Employment rate||Unemployment rate|
|Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 3||28,643,015||18,672,470||17,230,035||1,442,435||9,970,545||65.2||60.2||7.7|
|No certificate, diploma or degree||5,239,575||2,007,625||1,736,590||271,035||3,231,950||38.3||33.1||13.5|
|Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificateFootnote 4||7,576,400||4,818,200||4,362,260||455,940||2,758,200||63.6||57.6||9.5|
|Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree||15,827,040||11,846,650||11,131,190||715,455||3,980,390||74.9||70.3||6.0|
|Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma||2,800,265||1,970,850||1,816,310||154,540||829,410||70.4||64.9||7.8|
|Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 5||1,549,880||1,087,930||1,007,255||80,675||461,945||70.2||65.0||7.4|
|Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 6||1,250,385||882,920||809,050||73,865||367,465||70.6||64.7||8.4|
|College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma||5,553,830||4,125,605||3,877,855||247,750||1,428,225||74.3||69.8||6.0|
|University certificate or diploma below bachelor level||813,330||552,190||518,695||33,490||261,145||67.9||63.8||6.1|
|University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above||6,659,615||5,198,005||4,918,330||279,670||1,461,615||78.1||73.9||5.4|
|University certificate or diploma above bachelor level||462,295||342,915||326,260||16,660||119,380||74.2||70.6||4.9|
|Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry||190,925||148,715||143,770||4,945||42,210||77.9||75.3||3.3|
|Earned doctorateFootnote 7||231,510||176,750||167,650||9,095||54,760||76.3||72.4||5.1|
- Symbol ..
not available for a specific reference period
- Symbol ...
- Symbol x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
- Symbol F
too unreliable to be published
- Footnote 1
Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the 2016 Census of Population. For more information on Aboriginal variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 and the Aboriginal Peoples Technical Report, Census of Population, 2016.
- Footnote 2
Refers to whether a person aged 15 years and over was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2016.
Early enumeration was conducted in remote, isolated parts of the provinces and territories. When enumeration has taken place before May 2016, the reference date used is the date on which the household was enumerated.
In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.
- Footnote 3
Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree,' available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.
- Footnote 4
'Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate' includes only people who have this as their highest educational qualification. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.
- Footnote 5
'Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres and similar institutions.
- Footnote 6
'Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' also includes Journeyperson's designations.
- Footnote 7
'Earned doctorate' refers to persons who have completed a doctorate degree awarded by a university. This includes, for example, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). It does not include honorary doctorates.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016287.