Data tables, 2016 Census
Employment Income Statistics (7), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (11), Work Activity During the Reference Year (5), Age (10) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data
|Employment income statistics (7)||Highest certificate, diploma or degree (11)|
|Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 2||No certificate, diploma or degree||Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificateFootnote 3||Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma||Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 4||Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 5||College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma||University certificate or diploma below bachelor level||University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above||Bachelor's degree||University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 6|
|Total - Employment income statisticsFootnote 7||28,643,015||5,239,575||7,576,395||2,800,265||1,549,880||1,250,385||5,553,825||813,330||6,659,615||4,443,840||2,215,780|
|With employment income||20,428,670||2,373,515||5,412,710||2,143,890||1,172,130||971,755||4,445,730||603,170||5,449,660||3,673,130||1,776,530|
|Median employment income ($)||33,683||16,375||24,398||36,638||31,897||45,425||37,984||37,845||51,706||48,414||60,429|
|Average employment income ($)||46,057||25,345||33,830||45,020||37,526||54,060||45,652||47,601||67,789||62,363||79,010|
|With wages, salaries and commissions||18,811,420||2,134,475||5,015,865||1,955,595||1,065,255||890,340||4,133,250||552,045||5,020,195||3,418,960||1,601,240|
|Median wages, salaries and commissions ($)||35,551||17,199||25,516||38,895||33,851||48,594||39,589||40,248||53,782||50,443||62,540|
|Average wages, salaries and commissions ($)||47,102||25,983||34,592||47,091||39,070||56,688||47,022||49,565||68,382||63,534||78,733|
- Symbol ..
not available for a specific reference period
- Symbol ...
- Symbol x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
- Symbol F
too unreliable to be published
- Footnote 1
Refers to the number of weeks in which a person aged 15 years and over worked for pay or in self-employment in 2015 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Full year is 49 weeks or over. Part year is less than 49 weeks.
- Footnote 2
Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree,' available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.
- Footnote 3
'Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate' includes only people who have this as their highest educational qualification. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.
- Footnote 4
'Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres and similar institutions.
- Footnote 5
'Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' also includes Journeyperson's designations.
- Footnote 6
'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'
- Footnote 7
Employment income - All income received as wages, salaries and commissions from paid employment and net self-employment income from farm or non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice during the reference period.
Wages, salaries and commissions - Gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income taxes, pension plan contributions and employment insurance premiums during the reference period. While other employee remuneration such as security options benefits, board and lodging and other taxable allowances and benefits are included in this source, employers' contributions to pension plans and employment insurance plans are excluded. Other receipts included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses associated with paid employment, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union, research grants, royalties from a work or invention with no associated expenses and all types of casual earnings during the reference period.
For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.
The median income of a specified group is the amount that divides the income distribution of that group into two halves, i.e., the incomes of half of the units in that group are below the median, while those of the other half are above the median. Median incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).
Average income of a specified group is calculated by dividing the aggregate income of that group by the number of units in that group. Average incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016261.