Data tables, 2016 Census

Admission Category and Applicant Type (47), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11B), Age (7A), Sex (3) and Selected Demographic, Cultural, Labour Force and Educational Characteristics (825) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

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This table details admission category and applicant type , immigrant status and period of immigration , age , sex and selected demographic, cultural, labour force and educational characteristics for the population in private households in Canada
Data quality
Selected demographic, cultural, labour force and educational characteristics (825) Sex (3)
Total - Sex Male Female
Total - Age groups for the population in private households - 25% sample data 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,485
0 to 14 years 5,817,045 2,981,145 2,835,905
0 to 4 years 1,891,500 967,260 924,240
5 to 9 years 2,011,280 1,031,920 979,360
10 to 14 years 1,914,265 981,965 932,300
15 to 24 years 4,231,725 2,170,400 2,061,325
15 to 19 years 2,010,045 1,036,620 973,425
20 to 24 years 2,221,675 1,133,775 1,087,900
25 to 64 years 18,931,385 9,268,555 9,662,825
25 to 34 years 4,576,575 2,264,965 2,311,610
35 to 44 years 4,507,775 2,195,075 2,312,700
45 to 54 years 4,991,975 2,442,660 2,549,315
55 to 64 years 4,855,060 2,365,860 2,489,200
65 years and over 5,479,905 2,551,475 2,928,430
65 to 74 years 3,327,265 1,600,795 1,726,470
75 to 84 years 1,630,245 746,345 883,900
85 years and over 522,400 204,335 318,060
Total - Average age and median age for the population in private households - 25% sample data 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,485
Average age 40.5 39.7 41.2
Median age 40.7 39.8 41.6
Total - Household type of person for the population in private households - 25% sample data 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Persons in one-census-family households without additional persons 24,835,360 12,334,625 12,500,735
In a couple census family without children (no other persons present in the household) 7,260,825 3,638,630 3,622,200
In a couple census family with children (no other persons present in the household) 14,392,350 7,384,025 7,008,325
In a lone-parent census family (no other persons present in the household) 3,182,190 1,311,970 1,870,220
Persons in multigenerational householdsFootnote 3 2,183,380 1,000,820 1,182,560
Persons in other census family householdsFootnote 4 2,142,275 1,058,755 1,083,520
Persons in two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,331,285 744,160 587,125
Persons living alone (one-person households) 3,967,765 1,833,225 2,134,540
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 5 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Married or living common law 16,733,345 8,363,785 8,369,560
Married 13,223,980 6,605,435 6,618,545
Living common law 3,509,365 1,758,350 1,751,015
Not married and not living common law 11,909,675 5,626,645 6,283,025
Never married 8,082,625 4,346,250 3,736,375
Separated 696,915 295,650 401,265
Divorced 1,760,515 696,880 1,063,635
Widowed 1,369,620 287,870 1,081,750
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample dataFootnote 6 34,091,785 16,783,745 17,308,035
Non-movers 29,644,795 14,593,190 15,051,605
Movers 4,446,990 2,190,555 2,256,435
Non-migrants 2,623,515 1,292,750 1,330,760
Migrants 1,823,480 897,805 925,675
Internal migrants 1,451,000 713,060 737,940
Intraprovincial migrants 1,189,525 580,895 608,625
Interprovincial migrants 261,475 132,160 129,315
External migrants 372,475 184,745 187,730
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample dataFootnote 7 32,568,565 16,004,320 16,564,245
Non-movers 20,134,755 9,902,640 10,232,115
Movers 12,433,805 6,101,675 6,332,130
Non-migrants 6,755,630 3,314,725 3,440,900
Migrants 5,678,180 2,786,950 2,891,230
Internal migrants 4,296,715 2,104,325 2,192,390
Intraprovincial migrants 3,467,670 1,689,950 1,777,720
Interprovincial migrants 829,045 414,375 414,675
External migrants 1,381,460 682,625 698,835
Total - First official language spoken for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataFootnote 8 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
English 25,813,360 12,764,125 13,049,230
French 7,603,935 3,744,415 3,859,515
English and French 412,625 206,885 205,740
Neither English nor French 630,145 256,150 373,995
Official language minority (number)Footnote 9 7,810,250 3,847,860 3,962,390
Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 10 22.7 22.7 22.7
Total - Mother tongue for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataFootnote 11 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,485
English 19,349,060 9,630,060 9,719,005
French 7,065,275 3,486,600 3,578,670
Non-official language 7,260,080 3,471,870 3,788,210
English and French 157,180 76,615 80,560
English and non-official language 513,250 250,005 263,240
French and non-official language 84,095 41,375 42,720
English, French and non-official language 31,125 15,050 16,070
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataFootnote 12 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
English 22,031,185 10,908,235 11,122,950
French 6,842,955 3,381,215 3,461,735
Non-official language 3,950,055 1,891,650 2,058,405
English and French 154,380 75,390 78,995
English and non-official language 1,269,710 613,310 656,400
French and non-official language 147,045 70,135 76,915
English, French and non-official language 64,740 31,645 33,095
Total - Number of languages known for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 13 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,485
Knowledge of one language 21,025,920 10,399,070 10,626,855
English only 16,794,015 8,443,010 8,351,005
French only 3,670,030 1,725,285 1,944,745
Non-official language only 561,880 230,770 331,110
Knowledge of more than one language 13,434,145 6,572,510 6,861,630
English and French only 4,626,745 2,315,095 2,311,645
English, French and one or more non-official languages 1,546,260 734,340 811,915
English and one or more non official languages 6,781,250 3,313,825 3,467,425
French and one or more non official languages 399,920 177,735 222,180
Multiple non-official languages only 79,970 31,515 48,455
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 14 34,460,060 16,971,575 17,488,485
Canadian citizensFootnote 15 32,034,585 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens only 30,592,180 15,087,120 15,505,065
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 1,442,405 712,380 730,025
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 16 2,425,480 1,172,080 1,253,400
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 17 7,540,825 3,586,495 3,954,335
Under 5 years 731,335 364,170 367,170
5 to 14 years 1,311,815 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 1,604,435 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 694,320 318,060 376,260
Total - Place of birth for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 18 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,485
Born in Canada 26,240,510 13,035,530 13,204,980
Born outside Canada 8,219,550 3,936,045 4,283,510
Americas 1,281,145 590,065 691,080
North America 338,630 157,595 181,035
Greenland 60 25 35
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 345 180 165
United StatesFootnote 19 338,225 157,390 180,830
Central America 192,370 93,905 98,470
Belize 2,480 1,205 1,275
Costa Rica 4,775 2,225 2,555
El Salvador 49,260 24,510 24,750
Guatemala 18,725 9,735 8,990
Honduras 8,570 4,205 4,365
Mexico 95,410 45,740 49,670
Nicaragua 10,265 4,940 5,325
Panama 2,890 1,355 1,535
Caribbean and Bermuda 403,550 178,695 224,855
Anguilla 70 40 30
Antigua and Barbuda 2,515 1,195 1,315
Aruba 630 255 370
Bahamas 2,520 1,210 1,310
Barbados 15,085 6,970 8,115
Bermuda 3,175 1,630 1,540
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba 30 10 20
Cayman Islands 655 340 315
Cuba 18,905 9,075 9,830
Curaçao 505 225 280
Dominica 2,865 1,180 1,685
Dominican Republic 11,880 5,790 6,095
Grenada 10,500 4,175 6,325
Guadeloupe 740 375 370
Haiti 97,140 42,820 54,320
Jamaica 144,220 63,180 81,040
Martinique 940 425 515
Montserrat 625 285 340
Puerto Rico 725 305 420
Saint Barthélemy 0 0 10
Saint Kitts and Nevis 2,180 970 1,210
Saint Lucia 6,805 2,670 4,135
Saint Martin (French part) 135 75 60
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 13,935 5,285 8,645
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 145 70 80
Trinidad and Tobago 66,325 29,985 36,345
Turks and Caicos Islands 75 40 35
Virgin Islands, British 140 65 75
Virgin Islands, United States 95 55 40
South America 346,600 159,875 186,720
Argentina 20,745 10,165 10,585
BoliviaFootnote 20 5,610 2,715 2,895
Brazil 40,445 18,850 21,595
Chile 28,570 14,155 14,415
Colombia 74,600 34,300 40,295
Ecuador 16,045 7,390 8,655
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 0 10 0
French Guiana 335 145 190
Guyana 88,570 39,325 49,250
Paraguay 8,135 3,980 4,155
Peru 31,315 13,730 17,585
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 0 0 0
Suriname 1,090 580 505
Uruguay 6,775 3,395 3,385
VenezuelaFootnote 21 24,360 11,150 13,210
Europe 2,229,440 1,089,400 1,140,045
Western Europe 459,150 231,100 228,050
Austria 16,610 7,880 8,740
Belgium 21,365 10,570 10,795
France 138,645 73,010 65,630
Germany 168,010 80,920 87,085
Liechtenstein 80 25 60
Luxembourg 785 400 385
Monaco 180 130 50
Netherlands 91,510 46,725 44,785
Switzerland 21,965 11,435 10,525
Eastern Europe 540,855 249,475 291,380
Belarus 11,515 5,400 6,120
Bulgaria 19,040 9,350 9,695
Czech Republic 21,980 10,445 11,535
Estonia 3,325 1,375 1,955
Hungary 38,845 18,930 19,910
Latvia 6,195 2,840 3,355
Lithuania 5,315 2,295 3,020
MoldovaFootnote 22 18,280 8,940 9,335
Poland 149,390 67,885 81,510
Romania 91,560 43,375 48,190
Russian Federation 82,555 35,890 46,665
Slovakia 15,385 7,315 8,065
Ukraine 77,470 35,445 42,020
Northern Europe 599,805 294,680 305,120
Åland Islands 0 0 0
Denmark 13,335 6,850 6,485
Faroe Islands 35 15 15
Finland 10,060 4,140 5,920
Guernsey 225 130 95
Iceland 815 385 430
IrelandFootnote 23 34,090 17,585 16,505
Isle of Man 435 245 195
Jersey 380 170 210
Norway 4,475 2,245 2,230
Sark 0 0 0
Svalbard and Jan Mayen 0 0 0
Sweden 7,710 3,560 4,145
United KingdomFootnote 24 528,245 259,350 268,895
Southern Europe 629,635 314,140 315,490
Albania 16,235 8,055 8,185
Andorra 40 10 30
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,635 18,330 18,300
Croatia 41,655 20,930 20,715
Gibraltar 170 80 90
Greece 65,225 32,940 32,285
Holy See (Vatican City State) 0 0 0
Italy 242,255 121,645 120,615
KosovoFootnote 25 7,985 4,150 3,830
Macedonia, Republic ofFootnote 26 10,490 5,175 5,310
Malta 7,605 3,885 3,715
Montenegro 1,910 955 960
Portugal 143,155 70,190 72,970
San Marino 10 10 0
SerbiaFootnote 27 34,325 16,895 17,425
Slovenia 8,375 3,860 4,510
Spain 13,580 7,035 6,545
Africa 689,630 351,250 338,380
Western Africa 126,170 66,185 59,985
Benin 3,310 1,910 1,400
Burkina Faso 2,555 1,285 1,275
Cabo Verde 170 90 80
Côte d'Ivoire 12,850 6,635 6,215
Gambia 755 435 320
Ghana 24,660 12,595 12,065
Guinea 5,725 2,930 2,795
Guinea-Bissau 120 70 40
Liberia 2,670 1,275 1,395
Mali 2,830 1,555 1,275
Mauritania 1,050 680 365
Niger 1,235 665 570
Nigeria 52,380 27,290 25,085
Saint HelenaFootnote 28 15 10 10
Senegal 8,865 4,980 3,880
Sierra Leone 3,185 1,595 1,595
Togo 3,785 2,185 1,605
Eastern Africa 206,325 99,570 106,755
Burundi 9,150 4,470 4,680
Comoros 160 75 90
Djibouti 2,365 1,060 1,310
Eritrea 15,740 8,145 7,600
Ethiopia 34,295 16,790 17,505
Kenya 28,840 13,595 15,245
Madagascar 3,925 1,830 2,100
Malawi 780 415 370
Mauritius 16,935 8,505 8,430
Mayotte 10 0 0
Mozambique 1,310 615 690
Réunion 545 270 275
Rwanda 6,480 3,030 3,450
Seychelles 1,060 470 590
Somalia 28,190 12,575 15,620
South Sudan 5,650 3,045 2,600
TanzaniaFootnote 29 21,260 10,250 11,010
Uganda 13,715 6,640 7,075
Zambia 4,245 2,120 2,130
Zimbabwe 11,670 5,675 5,995
Northern Africa 246,950 130,880 116,070
Algeria 67,045 35,345 31,700
Egypt 67,195 35,605 31,585
Libya 8,960 4,870 4,090
Morocco 72,905 38,005 34,900
SudanFootnote 30 11,130 5,780 5,345
Tunisia 19,720 11,270 8,450
Western Sahara 0 0 0
Central Africa 59,005 29,245 29,760
Angola 3,295 1,650 1,645
Cameroon 20,665 10,425 10,240
Central African Republic 1,240 610 625
Chad 1,790 975 810
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 27,800 13,350 14,450
Congo, Republic of the 2,785 1,555 1,235
Equatorial Guinea 95 60 35
Gabon 1,310 595 715
Sao Tome and Principe 30 25 10
Southern Africa 51,180 25,365 25,815
Botswana 1,200 570 635
Lesotho 190 95 90
Namibia 1,285 590 690
South Africa, Republic of 48,020 23,920 24,100
Swaziland 485 185 295
Asia 3,948,635 1,869,775 2,078,860
West Central Asia and the Middle East 635,640 327,920 307,720
Afghanistan 53,850 27,120 26,720
Armenia 4,355 2,085 2,265
Azerbaijan 4,065 1,825 2,240
Bahrain 2,600 1,420 1,180
Cyprus 4,200 2,135 2,065
Georgia 2,820 1,355 1,470
IranFootnote 31 160,685 81,365 79,315
Iraq 70,515 35,850 34,670
Israel 30,265 16,130 14,130
Jordan 14,260 7,555 6,705
Kazakhstan 13,325 6,230 7,095
Kuwait 16,265 8,500 7,765
Kyrgyzstan 3,075 1,400 1,675
Lebanon 92,000 49,135 42,865
Oman 1,800 915 880
Qatar 2,910 1,490 1,415
Saudi Arabia 29,330 16,035 13,300
SyriaFootnote 32 56,055 28,210 27,840
Tajikistan 1,385 675 710
Turkey 29,330 16,080 13,250
Turkmenistan 555 235 320
United Arab Emirates 23,220 12,410 10,805
Uzbekistan 6,615 3,090 3,530
West Bank and Gaza Strip (Palestine)Footnote 33 8,675 4,830 3,850
Yemen 3,495 1,830 1,665
Eastern Asia 1,232,470 557,285 675,180
ChinaFootnote 34 752,645 340,470 412,180
Hong KongFootnote 35 215,750 101,570 114,175
Japan 37,365 12,105 25,265
Korea, NorthFootnote 36 970 500 470
Korea, SouthFootnote 37 149,620 68,960 80,660
MacaoFootnote 38 5,985 2,655 3,335
Mongolia 1,745 790 960
Taiwan 68,385 30,240 38,145
Southeast Asia 926,195 396,280 529,910
Brunei Darussalam 4,620 2,415 2,200
Burma (Myanmar) 8,375 4,100 4,275
Cambodia 23,830 11,015 12,820
Indonesia 15,960 7,155 8,805
LaosFootnote 39 14,625 7,200 7,425
Malaysia 25,695 11,760 13,935
Philippines 626,090 259,030 367,065
Singapore 13,375 6,105 7,265
Thailand 17,830 6,600 11,225
Timor-Leste 35 10 25
Viet Nam 175,755 80,890 94,865
Southern Asia 1,154,335 588,285 566,050
Bangladesh 61,680 31,860 29,825
Bhutan 4,390 2,205 2,185
British Indian Ocean Territory 0 0 0
India 728,160 371,890 356,270
Maldives 55 25 35
Nepal 15,215 7,830 7,390
Pakistan 210,085 108,055 102,035
Sri Lanka 134,750 66,440 68,315
Oceania 70,570 35,485 35,085
American Samoa 10 0 10
Australia 30,900 16,180 14,720
Christmas Island 0 0 0
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 0 0 0
Cook Islands 10 10 0
Fiji 25,155 11,595 13,555
French Polynesia 455 225 230
Guam 45 0 35
Kiribati 25 10 15
Marshall Islands 25 15 10
Micronesia, Federated States of 10 10 0
Nauru 20 10 10
New Caledonia 400 205 200
New Zealand 12,470 6,715 5,755
Niue 0 0 0
Norfolk Island 10 10 0
Northern Mariana Islands 130 65 60
Palau 30 20 10
Papua New Guinea 445 225 225
Pitcairn 0 0 0
Samoa 175 80 100
Solomon Islands 40 15 30
Tokelau 0 0 0
Tonga 160 60 100
Tuvalu 0 0 0
United States Minor Outlying Islands 0 0 0
Vanuatu 45 30 15
Wallis and Futuna 15 15 0
Other places of birthFootnote 40 130 70 60
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 41 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,490
First generationFootnote 42 8,219,550 3,936,045 4,283,505
Second generationFootnote 43 6,100,725 3,053,075 3,047,650
Third generation or moreFootnote 44 20,139,785 9,982,455 10,157,330
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 45 34,460,060 16,971,575 17,488,485
Total visible minority populationFootnote 46 7,674,580 3,725,090 3,949,490
South AsianFootnote 47 1,924,635 977,690 946,945
Chinese 1,577,060 746,400 830,660
Black 1,198,540 580,070 618,475
Filipino 780,125 341,800 438,330
Latin American 447,320 215,460 231,865
Arab 523,235 276,425 246,810
Southeast AsianFootnote 48 313,265 148,880 164,380
West AsianFootnote 49 264,305 133,480 130,825
Korean 188,710 89,115 99,595
Japanese 92,920 40,105 52,815
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 50 132,090 62,540 69,555
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 51 232,375 113,145 119,230
Not a visible minorityFootnote 52 26,785,485 13,246,485 13,538,995
Total - Ethnic origin for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 53 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
North American Aboriginal origins 2,130,525 1,026,675 1,103,845
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,525,570 731,410 794,160
Inuit 79,130 38,695 40,430
Métis 600,000 291,310 308,685
Other North American origins 11,628,530 5,745,695 5,882,835
Acadian 119,675 57,805 61,865
American 377,405 182,690 194,715
Canadian 11,135,970 5,501,600 5,634,370
New Brunswicker 1,490 800 685
Newfoundlander 22,215 11,415 10,800
Nova Scotian 3,700 1,770 1,930
Ontarian 3,925 1,980 1,940
Québécois 194,555 99,320 95,235
Other North American origins, n.i.e.Footnote 54 1,895 955 945
European origins 19,683,320 9,687,715 9,995,605
British Isles origins 11,211,850 5,474,735 5,737,115
Channel Islander 3,595 1,740 1,855
Cornish 1,970 995 980
English 6,320,085 3,069,515 3,250,570
Irish 4,627,000 2,195,620 2,431,385
Manx 6,125 3,085 3,035
Scottish 4,799,005 2,323,390 2,475,615
Welsh 474,805 226,595 248,205
British Isles origins, n.i.e.Footnote 55 644,695 307,090 337,605
French origins 4,680,820 2,283,480 2,397,340
Alsatian 2,800 1,300 1,495
Breton 11,845 5,770 6,080
Corsican 1,750 945 805
French 4,670,595 2,278,425 2,392,165
Western European origins (except French origins) 4,600,855 2,258,095 2,342,765
Austrian 207,050 100,775 106,275
Bavarian 940 485 450
Belgian 186,665 91,390 95,270
Dutch 1,111,655 546,565 565,085
Flemish 11,685 5,730 5,960
Frisian 4,590 2,390 2,195
German 3,322,405 1,626,790 1,695,615
Luxembourger 3,910 2,020 1,890
Swiss 155,120 76,935 78,185
Western European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 56 3,370 1,650 1,720
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,201,320 579,005 622,315
Danish 207,470 100,665 106,805
Finnish 143,645 69,040 74,605
Icelandic 101,795 49,880 51,915
Norwegian 463,275 223,075 240,200
Swedish 349,640 163,545 186,100
Northern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 57 52,780 26,965 25,820
Eastern European origins 3,431,245 1,666,740 1,764,505
Bulgarian 34,565 16,930 17,630
Byelorussian 20,710 10,190 10,515
Czech 104,585 51,555 53,030
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.Footnote 58 40,715 19,235 21,480
Estonian 24,530 11,715 12,815
Hungarian 348,085 170,040 178,045
Latvian 30,725 14,920 15,800
Lithuanian 59,285 28,750 30,535
Moldovan 14,915 7,265 7,650
Polish 1,106,585 533,835 572,755
Romanian 238,050 114,705 123,340
Russian 622,445 297,600 324,845
Slovak 72,290 35,360 36,930
Ukrainian 1,359,655 663,560 696,095
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 59 20,420 9,900 10,525
Southern European origins 3,012,375 1,494,605 1,517,775
Albanian 36,185 18,385 17,795
Bosnian 26,740 13,325 13,415
Catalan 1,275 740 540
Croatian 133,965 67,825 66,140
Cypriot 5,650 2,855 2,800
Greek 271,405 137,405 134,000
Italian 1,587,970 794,525 793,445
Kosovar 2,865 1,470 1,400
Macedonian 43,110 21,650 21,460
Maltese 41,915 20,950 20,965
Montenegrin 4,160 2,180 1,985
Portuguese 482,605 239,355 243,255
Serbian 96,530 49,090 47,440
Sicilian 6,940 3,505 3,435
Slovenian 40,470 20,105 20,365
Spanish 396,460 184,515 211,940
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.Footnote 60 38,480 18,620 19,860
Southern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 61 2,165 1,030 1,135
Other European origins 226,695 115,115 111,580
Basque 6,965 3,690 3,280
Jewish 143,660 72,630 71,035
Roma (Gypsy) 4,635 2,195 2,440
Slavic, n.o.s.Footnote 62 4,870 2,560 2,310
Other European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 63 67,895 34,730 33,160
Caribbean origins 749,160 349,810 399,345
Antiguan 4,505 2,115 2,385
Bahamian 3,670 1,910 1,760
Barbadian 37,780 17,745 20,035
Bermudan 3,075 1,435 1,640
Carib 3,030 1,175 1,860
Cuban 29,065 13,795 15,270
Dominican 23,130 11,000 12,130
Grenadian 17,915 7,835 10,080
Guadeloupean 1,130 515 610
Haitian 165,100 76,460 88,635
Jamaican 309,485 145,075 164,410
Kittitian/Nevisian 2,915 1,455 1,460
Martinican 2,010 900 1,105
Montserratan 930 460 475
Puerto Rican 3,410 1,645 1,765
St. Lucian 8,985 4,095 4,895
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 78,965 37,330 41,635
Vincentian/Grenadinian 17,425 7,475 9,945
West Indian, n.o.s.Footnote 64 70,275 31,625 38,650
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.Footnote 65 26,830 12,525 14,305
Latin, Central and South American origins 674,640 325,210 349,430
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Arawak and Maya) 22,725 10,875 11,855
Arawak 1,440 610 830
Argentinian 20,675 10,135 10,545
Belizean 1,755 910 845
Bolivian 5,055 2,475 2,580
Brazilian 36,825 17,380 19,455
Chilean 45,190 22,275 22,910
Colombian 96,325 45,585 50,740
Costa Rican 5,535 2,680 2,855
Ecuadorian 25,410 11,995 13,410
Guatemalan 26,275 13,355 12,915
Guyanese 84,275 39,525 44,745
Hispanic 11,055 5,375 5,675
Honduran 10,645 5,235 5,415
Maya 6,285 3,350 2,935
Mexican 128,485 62,890 65,590
Nicaraguan 13,710 6,650 7,055
Panamanian 4,700 2,205 2,495
Paraguayan 4,325 2,165 2,165
Peruvian 42,145 19,645 22,500
Salvadorean 66,215 32,960 33,255
Uruguayan 6,795 3,390 3,405
Venezuelan 26,345 12,220 14,125
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.Footnote 66 28,455 13,930 14,525
African origins 1,067,925 539,805 528,120
Central and West African origins 230,110 118,040 112,070
Akan 1,955 1,090 865
Angolan 2,955 1,480 1,475
Ashanti 1,585 855 735
Beninese 4,995 2,670 2,325
Burkinabe 3,150 1,665 1,485
Cameroonian 24,610 12,390 12,225
Chadian 1,840 955 885
Congolese 38,365 18,925 19,440
Edo 1,945 1,095 850
Ewe 845 470 370
Gabonese 1,410 660 750
Gambian 970 495 475
Ghanaian 35,495 17,720 17,775
Guinean 7,240 3,790 3,455
Ibo 5,320 2,850 2,470
Ivorian 10,935 5,485 5,450
Liberian 2,485 1,130 1,360
Malian 4,490 2,275 2,215
Malinké 1,125 590 535
Nigerian 51,835 27,025 24,805
Peulh 2,440 1,270 1,170
Senegalese 10,175 5,500 4,675
Sierra Leonean 2,620 1,330 1,290
Togolese 5,300 2,870 2,430
Wolof 835 495 340
Yoruba 9,585 5,070 4,515
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 67 15,380 7,940 7,445
North African origins 355,040 185,770 169,270
Algerian 67,330 34,755 32,580
Berber 37,060 19,690 17,375
Coptic 3,535 1,860 1,680
Dinka 900 500 400
Egyptian 99,140 51,725 47,410
Libyan 7,740 4,135 3,605
Maure 1,195 655 535
Moroccan 103,945 54,005 49,945
Sudanese 19,960 10,320 9,645
Tunisian 25,645 13,985 11,665
North African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 68 6,115 3,320 2,795
Southern and East African origins 260,145 128,330 131,815
Afrikaner 1,870 950 920
Amhara 1,525 815 715
Bantu, n.o.s.Footnote 69 3,970 2,175 1,790
Burundian 10,990 5,405 5,580
Djiboutian 1,710 790 920
Eritrean 25,255 12,830 12,425
Ethiopian 44,060 21,680 22,385
Harari 660 355 305
Kenyan 10,915 5,230 5,685
Malagasy 4,500 2,175 2,330
Mauritian 9,325 4,655 4,670
Oromo 3,350 1,750 1,605
Rwandan 10,770 5,070 5,705
Seychellois 1,285 575 710
Somali 62,550 30,220 32,335
South African 41,375 20,580 20,800
Tanzanian 4,710 2,400 2,315
Tigrian 2,155 1,160 995
Ugandan 5,705 2,875 2,835
Zambian 1,860 940 920
Zimbabwean 8,090 3,980 4,110
Zulu 945 475 475
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 70 17,300 8,445 8,860
Other African origins 239,560 116,395 123,165
Black, n.o.s.Footnote 71 30,385 14,015 16,370
Other African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 72 212,005 103,790 108,210
Asian origins 6,095,240 2,958,125 3,137,115
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,011,150 518,170 492,980
Afghan 83,995 42,320 41,675
Arab, n.o.s.Footnote 73 111,405 58,930 52,470
Armenian 63,810 31,505 32,305
Assyrian 13,830 7,110 6,720
Azerbaijani 6,430 3,230 3,200
Georgian 4,770 2,430 2,345
Hazara 1,515 810 705
Iranian 210,410 106,565 103,840
Iraqi 70,920 35,965 34,955
Israeli 28,735 15,065 13,670
Jordanian 14,250 7,515 6,735
Kazakh 3,325 1,615 1,710
Kurd 16,315 8,805 7,510
Kuwaiti 2,240 1,180 1,055
Kyrgyz 1,060 510 550
Lebanese 219,555 112,970 106,585
Palestinian 44,820 23,895 20,925
Pashtun 4,810 2,570 2,245
Saudi Arabian 6,810 3,930 2,875
Syrian 77,045 38,440 38,600
Tajik 2,905 1,405 1,500
Tatar 4,825 2,155 2,670
Turk 63,955 32,855 31,100
Turkmen 1,045 540 500
Uighur 1,555 770 785
Uzbek 3,920 1,920 2,005
Yemeni 6,640 3,335 3,305
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.Footnote 74 25,280 13,185 12,100
South Asian origins 1,963,330 993,595 969,730
Bangladeshi 45,940 23,640 22,300
Bengali 22,905 11,725 11,180
Bhutanese 3,600 1,765 1,835
East Indian 1,374,715 694,985 679,720
Goan 6,070 2,910 3,155
Gujarati 8,350 4,305 4,045
Kashmiri 3,115 1,605 1,510
Nepali 17,135 8,715 8,420
Pakistani 215,560 110,415 105,140
Punjabi 118,400 61,155 57,240
Sinhalese 7,285 3,600 3,685
Sri Lankan 152,590 75,005 77,590
Tamil 48,670 24,845 23,825
South Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 75 76,400 38,815 37,585
East and Southeast Asian origins 3,163,355 1,467,200 1,696,155
Burmese 9,335 4,540 4,800
Cambodian (Khmer) 38,490 18,515 19,980
Chinese 1,769,195 836,155 933,045
Filipino 837,130 369,110 468,025
Hmong 810 420 390
Indonesian 21,395 9,950 11,445
Japanese 121,485 53,420 68,065
Karen 4,515 2,275 2,240
Korean 198,210 93,680 104,530
Laotian 24,580 12,190 12,390
Malaysian 16,920 7,740 9,185
Mongolian 7,480 3,560 3,920
Singaporean 2,850 1,325 1,525
Taiwanese 36,510 16,565 19,945
Thai 19,010 7,330 11,675
Tibetan 8,040 4,055 3,985
Vietnamese 240,615 115,930 124,680
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 76 6,505 3,150 3,355
Other Asian origins 22,740 11,280 11,460
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 77 22,740 11,280 11,460
Oceania origins 85,470 43,035 42,440
Australian 42,315 21,715 20,605
New Zealander 15,395 8,065 7,325
Pacific Islands origins 29,485 14,240 15,245
Fijian 19,375 9,285 10,085
Hawaiian 3,295 1,500 1,795
Maori 2,500 1,305 1,190
Samoan 1,100 625 475
Polynesian, n.o.s.Footnote 78 1,525 720 805
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.Footnote 79 2,335 1,145 1,185
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 80 28,643,020 13,990,435 14,652,585
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,239,580 2,667,995 2,571,585
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificateFootnote 81 7,576,400 3,686,630 3,889,765
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 15,827,040 7,635,810 8,191,235
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 2,800,260 1,906,615 893,650
Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 82 1,549,880 880,365 669,515
Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 83 1,250,385 1,026,250 224,140
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 5,553,830 2,326,940 3,226,890
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 813,330 331,940 481,395
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 6,659,615 3,070,315 3,589,300
Bachelor's degree 4,443,835 1,967,905 2,475,930
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 462,295 203,725 258,575
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 190,925 102,535 88,395
Master's degree 1,331,045 651,510 679,530
Earned doctorateFootnote 84 231,510 144,640 86,875
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 85 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 86 12,815,975 6,354,625 6,461,350
Education 1,060,090 251,290 808,800
13. Education 1,060,095 251,290 808,800
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 596,230 268,050 328,180
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 99,015 72,865 26,150
50. Visual and performing arts 497,210 195,185 302,030
Humanities 850,840 330,490 520,350
16. Aboriginal and foreign languages, literatures and linguistics 98,000 22,100 75,900
23. English language and literature/letters 178,595 52,785 125,805
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 275,525 104,135 171,385
30A Interdisciplinary humanitiesFootnote 87 4,160 1,645 2,520
38. Philosophy and religious studies 51,930 30,185 21,745
39. Theology and religious vocations 77,485 46,285 31,205
54. History 111,460 59,965 51,495
55. French language and literature/letters 53,685 13,400 40,285
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,761,900 586,455 1,175,445
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 24,685 5,660 19,025
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 182,275 68,030 114,245
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 324,660 26,070 298,595
22. Legal professions and studies 289,600 102,660 186,940
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciencesFootnote 88 35,445 8,155 27,295
42. Psychology 281,465 71,235 210,230
45. Social sciences 623,775 304,660 319,110
Business, management and public administration 3,360,050 1,272,480 2,087,570
30.16 Accounting and computer science 6,185 1,850 4,335
44. Public administration and social service professions 237,830 48,815 189,015
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 3,116,025 1,221,810 1,894,215
Physical and life sciences and technologies 614,280 315,670 298,615
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 249,960 105,560 144,395
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 125,595 61,685 63,915
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciencesFootnote 89 28,155 12,620 15,530
40. Physical sciences 179,305 122,815 56,485
41. Science technologies/technicians 31,270 12,980 18,290
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 651,475 420,365 231,110
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 514,685 356,440 158,250
25. Library science 40,815 6,500 34,320
27. Mathematics and statistics 86,655 50,925 35,730
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciencesFootnote 90 9,320 6,510 2,815
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 3,327,405 3,022,705 304,700
04. Architecture and related services 114,315 72,880 41,440
14. Engineering 752,465 615,885 136,585
15. Engineering technologies and engineering-related fields 620,065 551,860 68,210
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 415 90 325
46. Construction trades 702,155 682,710 19,445
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 731,135 709,430 21,705
48. Precision production 406,855 389,855 17,000
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 339,050 219,040 120,010
01. Agriculture, agriculture operations and related sciences 205,925 127,925 78,005
03. Natural resources and conservation 133,120 91,115 42,005
Health and related fields 2,266,720 441,175 1,825,540
31. Parks, recreation, leisure and fitness studies 164,295 81,255 83,035
51. Health professions and related programs 2,047,685 329,005 1,718,675
60. Dental, medical and veterinary residency programs 54,740 30,910 23,830
Personal, protective and transportation services 995,830 507,195 488,630
12. Personal and culinary services 565,555 151,535 414,025
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 3,505 3,080 415
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 7,900 7,230 670
43. Security and protective services 206,745 150,540 56,205
49. Transportation and materials moving 212,125 194,810 17,310
Other 3,170 890 2,280
30.99 Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other 3,170 890 2,280
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence with countries outside Canada for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 91 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 12,815,975 6,354,625 6,461,350
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 92 15,827,040 7,635,810 8,191,235
Location of study inside Canada 13,117,190 6,299,300 6,817,890
Same as province or territory of residence 11,519,220 5,503,640 6,015,575
Different than province or territory of residence 1,597,975 795,660 802,315
Location of study outside CanadaFootnote 93 2,709,850 1,336,510 1,373,340
United StatesFootnote 94 349,545 189,995 159,550
Philippines 298,835 109,820 189,015
India 281,415 142,415 138,995
United KingdomFootnote 95 232,030 131,055 100,980
ChinaFootnote 96 205,375 94,690 110,690
France 88,860 50,405 38,460
Other 1,253,790 618,140 635,655
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by Labour force status - 25% sample dataFootnote 97 28,643,020 13,990,430 14,652,585
In the labour force 18,672,470 9,731,830 8,940,645
Employed 17,230,040 8,923,545 8,306,495
Unemployed 1,442,435 808,290 634,150
Not in the labour force 9,970,545 4,258,605 5,711,940
Participation rate 65.2 69.6 61.0
Employment rate 60.2 63.8 56.7
Unemployment rate 7.7 8.3 7.1
Total population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample dataFootnote 98 28,643,015 13,990,435 14,652,585
Did not workFootnote 99 9,282,005 3,930,570 5,351,435
Worked 19,361,010 10,059,865 9,301,150
Worked full year, full timeFootnote 100 9,626,010 5,402,110 4,223,895
Worked part year and/or part timeFootnote 101 9,735,005 4,657,750 5,077,250
Average weeks worked in reference year 42.4 42.9 42.0
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker - 25% sample dataFootnote 102 18,672,470 9,731,830 8,940,645
Class of worker - not applicableFootnote 103 404,350 197,710 206,640
All classes of workersFootnote 104 18,268,125 9,534,120 8,734,000
Employee 16,073,685 8,158,740 7,914,940
Self-employedFootnote 105 2,194,440 1,375,375 819,060
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 - 25% sample dataFootnote 106 18,672,470 9,731,830 8,940,645
Occupation - not applicableFootnote 107 404,350 197,705 206,640
All occupationsFootnote 108 18,268,120 9,534,120 8,734,005
0 Management occupations 2,013,365 1,251,165 762,205
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 2,874,305 862,865 2,011,440
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,273,660 990,560 283,105
3 Health occupations 1,245,880 244,735 1,001,155
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 2,138,440 672,945 1,465,500
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 557,275 255,705 301,570
6 Sales and service occupations 4,265,890 1,843,510 2,422,390
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,668,875 2,504,290 164,585
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 416,135 331,920 84,215
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 814,280 576,435 237,845
Total Labour Force population aged 15 years and over by Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 - 25% sample dataFootnote 109 18,672,470 9,731,830 8,940,645
Industry - NAICS2012 - not applicableFootnote 110 404,350 197,710 206,640
All industry categoriesFootnote 111 18,268,125 9,534,120 8,734,000
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 444,675 310,000 134,680
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 271,305 219,880 51,420
22 Utilities 136,350 100,140 36,210
23 Construction 1,365,010 1,196,555 168,455
31-33 Manufacturing 1,596,570 1,149,750 446,820
41 Wholesale trade 665,690 451,225 214,455
44-45 Retail trade 2,110,205 984,090 1,126,115
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 876,050 656,375 219,670
51 Information and cultural industries 420,350 243,650 176,700
52 Finance and insurance 790,580 327,865 462,715
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 333,305 184,355 148,955
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,335,125 740,520 594,605
55 Management of companies and enterprises 28,790 12,795 15,995
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 802,420 462,825 339,590
61 Educational services 1,346,585 420,850 925,740
62 Health care and social assistance 2,138,020 383,750 1,754,270
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 379,740 192,875 186,865
72 Accommodation and food services 1,283,725 535,205 748,515
81 Other services (except public administration) 814,695 371,885 442,815
91 Public administration 1,128,940 589,530 539,405
Total - Language used most often at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2015 - 25% sample dataFootnote 112 19,956,255 10,342,970 9,613,285
English 15,265,335 7,952,010 7,313,320
French 3,825,215 1,945,465 1,879,755
Non-official language 275,435 145,380 130,055
English and French 412,680 211,100 201,585
English and non-official language 154,290 77,870 76,420
French and non-official language 7,825 3,590 4,235
English, French and non-official language 15,475 7,560 7,915

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

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Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

'Admission category' refers to the name of the immigration program or group of programs under which an immigrant has been granted for the first time the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.

'Applicant type' refers to whether an immigrant was identified as the 'principal applicant' or 'secondary applicant' on the application for permanent residence.'Secondary applicant' includes immigrants who were identified as the married spouse, the common-law or conjugal partner or the dependant of the principal applicant on the application for permanent residence.

'Immigrant' refers to a person who is, or who has ever been, a landed immigrant or permanent resident. Such a person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this group.

In the 2016 Census of Population, data on admission category and applicant type are available for immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 1980, and May 10, 2016.

For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Immigrant status refers to whether the person is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.

For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

In households where there is at least one person living with a child and a grandchild.

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Footnote 4

In households that are not multigenerational where there is one census family with additional persons or more than one census family.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2016, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier at the provincial level. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants, who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2016, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier at the provincial level. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants, who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

First official language spoken is specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act. It refers to the first official language (i.e., English or French) spoken by the person.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The official language minority population of Quebec includes all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. The official language minority population of the country overall and of every province and territory other than Quebec includes individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

The official language minority population of Quebec includes all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. The official language minority population of the country overall and of every province and territory other than Quebec includes individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Mother tongue refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the person at the time the data was collected. If the person no longer understands the first language learned, the mother tongue is the second language learned. For a person who learned two languages at the same time in early childhood, the mother tongue is the language this person spoke most often at home before starting school. The person has two mother tongues only if the two languages were used equally often and are still understood by the person. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, the mother tongue is the language spoken most often to this child at home. The child has two mother tongues only if both languages are spoken equally often so that the child learns both languages at the same time.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Language spoken most often at home refers to the language the person speaks most often at home at the time of data collection. A person can report more than one language as 'spoken most often at home' if the languages are spoken equally often. For a person who lives alone, the language spoken most often at home is the language in which he or she feels most comfortable. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, this is the language spoken most often to the child at home. Where two languages are spoken to the child, the language spoken most often at home is the language spoken most often. If both languages are used equally often, then both languages are included here.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

'Knowledge of official languages' refers to whether the person can conduct a conversation in English only, French only, in both or in neither language. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, this includes languages that the child is learning to speak at home.

'Knowledge of non-official languages' refers to whether the person can conduct a conversation in a language other than English or French. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, this includes languages that the child is learning to speak at home. The number of languages that can be reported may vary between surveys, depending on the objectives of the survey.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Citizenship refers to the country where the person has citizenship. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization.

For more information on citizenship variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

'Canadian citizens' includes persons who are citizens of Canada only and persons who are citizens of Canada and at least one other country.

Return to footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

'Not Canadian citizens' includes persons who are not citizens of Canada. They may be citizens of one or more other countries. Persons who are stateless are included in this category.

Return to footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

'Age at immigration' refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.

'Immigrant' refers to a person who is, or who has ever been, a landed immigrant or permanent resident. Such a person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this group. In the 2016 Census of Population, 'Immigrant' includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.

For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

For more information on the place of birth variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The official name of United States is United States of America.

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Footnote 20

The official name of Bolivia is Plurinational State of Bolivia.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

Return to footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Ireland is also referred to as Republic of Ireland.

Return to footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

Return to footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

The official name of Kosovo is Republic of Kosovo.

Return to footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

Macedonia, Republic of: known as the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia by the United Nations and other international bodies.

Return to footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

Serbia excludes Kosovo.

Return to footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

The official name of Saint Helena is Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.

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Footnote 29

The official name of Tanzania is United Republic of Tanzania.

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Footnote 30

The full name of Sudan is the Republic of the Sudan.

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Footnote 31

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 32

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 33

West Bank and Gaza Strip (Palestine): West Bank and Gaza Strip are the territories referred to in the Declaration of Principles, signed by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993. Palestine refers to pre-1948 British mandate Palestine.

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Footnote 34

China excludes Hong Kong and Macao.

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Footnote 35

The full name of Hong Kong is the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China.

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Footnote 36

The official name of North Korea is Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 37

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 38

The full name of Macao is Macao Special Administrative Region of China.

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Footnote 39

The official name of Laos is Lao People's Democratic Republic.

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Footnote 40

Includes other places of birth not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea'.

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Footnote 41

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada.

For more information on generation status variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 42

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or once were, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 43

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 44

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 45

Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

For more information on the Visible minority variable, including information on its classification, the questions from which it is derived, data quality and its comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Visible Minority and Population Group Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 46

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 47

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan', etc.

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Footnote 48

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Laotian,' 'Thai,' etc.

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Footnote 49

For example, 'Afghan,' 'Iranian,' etc.

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Footnote 50

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes persons with a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 51

Includes persons who gave more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in responses, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 52

Includes persons who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal group question (Question 18), as well as persons who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 53

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the census.

'Ethnic origin' refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the person's ancestors. An ancestor is usually more distant than a grandparent. For additional information on the collection and dissemination of ethnic origin data, refer to the Ethnic Origin Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer').

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Footnote 55

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 56

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 57

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 58

Includes responses of 'Czechoslovakian,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 59

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 60

Includes responses of 'Yugoslavian,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 61

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 62

Includes responses of 'Slavic,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 63

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 64

Includes responses of 'West Indian,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 65

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Antilles,' 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Aruban').

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Footnote 66

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 67

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Luba,' 'Mossi').

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Footnote 68

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 69

Includes responses of 'Bantu,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 70

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 71

Includes responses of 'Black,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 72

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 73

Includes responses of 'Arab,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 74

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 75

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Telugu').

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Footnote 76

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian').

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Footnote 77

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 78

Includes responses of 'Polynesian,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 79

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 80

Highest certificate, diploma or degree is the classification used in the census to measure the broader concept of 'Educational attainment.'

This variable refers to the highest level of education that a person has successfully completed and is derived from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported.

The general hierarchy used in deriving this variable (high school, trades, college, university) is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. At the detailed level, someone who has completed one type of certificate, diploma or degree will not necessarily have completed the credentials listed below it in the hierarchy. For example, a person with an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma may not have completed a high school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a 'master's degree' necessarily have a 'certificate or diploma above bachelor level.' Although the hierarchy may not fit all programs perfectly, it gives a general measure of educational attainment.

This variable is reported for persons aged 15 years and over in private households.

Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree', available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Footnote 81

'Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate' includes only people who have this as their highest educational qualification. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 82

'Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres and similar institutions.

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Footnote 83

'Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' also includes Journeyperson's designations.

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Footnote 84

'Earned doctorate' refers to persons who have completed a doctorate degree awarded by a university. This includes, for example, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). It does not include honorary doctorates.

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Footnote 85

'Field of study' refers to the discipline or area of learning/training associated with a particular course or programme of study.

This variable refers to the predominant discipline or area of learning or training of a person's highest completed postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree, classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2016.

This 'Major field of study' variable can be used either independently or in conjunction with the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable. When the latter is used with 'Major field of study,' it should be noted that different fields of study will be more common for different types of postsecondary qualifications. At the detailed program level, some programs are only offered by certain types of institutions.

There was an explicit instruction in the questionnaire which instructed respondents to be as specific as possible in indicating a subfield or subcategory of specialization within a broad discipline or area of training.

This variable is reported for persons aged 15 years and over in private households.

This variable shows the 'Variant of CIP 2016 - Alternative primary groupings' CIP variant, with the hierarchy of the primary groupings and two-digit series. When a primary grouping contains more than one subseries from series '30. Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies,' these subseries are grouped together. An exception is made for '30.01 Biological and physical sciences' due to its large size. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2016: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/concepts/classification.

For information on collection, classification and data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Certain series and their subcomponents are not used when coding major field of study for the census. These are series 21, 32 to 37 and 53, which represent non-credit and personal improvement fields of study.

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Footnote 86

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma; a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma; or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 87

'Interdisciplinary humanities' includes '30.13 Medieval and renaissance studies,' '30.21 Holocaust and related studies,' '30.22 Classical and ancient studies' and '30.29 Maritime studies.'

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Footnote 88

'Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences' includes '30.05 Peace studies and conflict resolution,' '30.10 Biopsychology,' '30.11 Gerontology,' '30.14 Museology/museum studies,' '30.15 Science, technology and society,' '30.17 Behavioural sciences,' '30.20 International/global studies,' '30.23 Intercultural/multicultural and diversity studies,' '30.25 Cognitive science,' '30.26 Cultural studies/critical theory and analysis,' '30.28 Dispute resolution,' '30.31 Human computer interaction' and '30.33 Sustainability studies.'

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Footnote 89

'Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences' includes '30.18 Natural sciences,' '30.19 Nutrition sciences,' '30.27 Human biology' and '30.32 Marine sciences.'

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Footnote 90

'Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences' includes '30.06 Systems science and theory,' '30.08 Mathematics and computer science' and '30.30 Computational science.'

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Footnote 91

'Location of study' refers to either:

- the province, territory or country of the institution from which a person obtained a certificate, diploma or degree, or;

- the province, territory or country of the institution that a person attended during a specified reference period, or for a specific level of education.

In both cases, location of study refers to the location of the institution granting the certificate, diploma or degree, not the location of the person at the time he or she obtained the qualification or was attending the institution. The geographic location is specified according to boundaries current at the time the data are collected, not the boundaries at the time of study.

This is a summary variable that indicates whether the 'Location of study' of the person's highest certificate, diploma or degree was the same province or territory where the person lived at the time of the 2016 Census of Population, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. This variable is derived from 'Location of study' and 'Province or territory of current residence.' It only applies to individuals who had completed a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

'Location of study outside Canada' may be further sub-classified using the Standard Classification of Countries and Areas of Interest (SCCAI). When using the SCCAI for this sub-classification, the class 'Canada' is not used.

This variable is reported for persons aged 15 years and over in private households.

For information on collection, classification and data quality for 'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Footnote 92

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 93

Refers to all locations of study outside Canada, including the six locations outside Canada most often reported at the national level. These will not necessarily be the top six countries for other geographies.

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Footnote 94

The official name of United States is United States of America.

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Footnote 95

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 96

China excludes Hong Kong and Macao.

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Footnote 97

Refers to whether a person aged 15 years and over was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2016.

Early enumeration was conducted in remote, isolated parts of the provinces and territories. When enumeration has taken place before May 2016, the reference date used is the date on which the household was enumerated.

In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 98

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person aged 15 years and over worked for pay or in self-employment in 2015 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 99

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2015 and persons who worked in 2016, but not in 2015.

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Footnote 100

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who worked full year (49 weeks and over) and mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) in 2015.

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Footnote 101

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who worked full year mostly part time or part year mostly full time or part year mostly part time in 2015. Part year is less than 49 weeks and part time is less than 30 hours per week.

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Footnote 102

Class of worker refers to whether a person aged 15 years and over is an employee or is self-employed.

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Footnote 103

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment, or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2015.

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Footnote 104

Includes the experienced labour force which refers to persons aged 15 years and over who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2016, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2015 or 2016.

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Footnote 105

Includes persons aged 15 years and over with or without an incorporated business with paid help or without paid help, as well as unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 106

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons aged 15 years and over as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2016.

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Footnote 107

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment, or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2015.

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Footnote 108

Includes the experienced labour force which refers to persons aged 15 years and over who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday May 7, 2016 were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2015 or 2016.

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Footnote 109

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The data are produced according to the NAICS 2012.

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Footnote 110

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who last worked prior to January 1, 2015.

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Footnote 111

Includes the experienced labour force which refers to persons aged 15 years and over who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday May 7, 2016, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2015 or 2016.

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Footnote 112

Language used most often at work refers to the language the person uses most often at work. A person can report more than one language as 'used most often at work' if the languages are used equally often.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 112 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016203.

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