Data tables, 2016 Census
STEM and BHASE (non-STEM) Groupings, Major Field of Study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 (36), Labour Force Status (8), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (15), Location of Study (5), Age (9) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data
|STEM and BHASE (non-STEM) groupings, Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 (36)||Labour force status (8)|
|Total - Labour force statusFootnote 4||In the labour force||Employed||Unemployed||Not in the labour force||Participation rate||Employment rate||Unemployment rate|
|Total - STEM and BHASE (non-STEM) groupings, Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016Footnote 5||28,643,020||18,672,470||17,230,040||1,442,430||9,970,545||65.2||60.2||7.7|
|No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree||12,815,975||6,825,825||6,098,845||726,980||5,990,155||53.3||47.6||10.7|
|Science and science technology||836,555||624,325||582,120||42,205||212,230||74.6||69.6||6.8|
|Physical and chemical sciences||210,060||149,365||138,200||11,160||60,700||71.1||65.8||7.5|
|General and integrated sciences||196,285||142,860||132,015||10,850||53,425||72.8||67.3||7.6|
|Engineering and engineering technology||1,380,730||1,068,415||994,815||73,600||312,315||77.4||72.0||6.9|
|Mathematics and computer and information science||646,860||533,390||500,215||33,180||113,470||82.5||77.3||6.2|
|Mathematics and related studies||112,440||82,300||77,470||4,830||30,140||73.2||68.9||5.9|
|Computer and information science||534,420||451,090||422,740||28,350||83,330||84.4||79.1||6.3|
|BHASE (non-STEM)Footnote 6||12,962,890||9,620,510||9,054,040||566,470||3,342,380||74.2||69.8||5.9|
|Business and administration||3,148,045||2,387,455||2,251,855||135,600||760,595||75.8||71.5||5.7|
|Business and related studies||3,116,300||2,363,795||2,229,460||134,330||752,505||75.9||71.5||5.7|
|Arts and humanities||1,424,770||1,046,885||977,390||69,495||377,880||73.5||68.6||6.6|
|Social and behavioural sciences||1,450,615||1,134,525||1,066,960||67,560||316,095||78.2||73.6||6.0|
|Legal professions and studies||289,600||230,645||218,590||12,055||58,950||79.6||75.5||5.2|
|Other legal professions and studies||120,980||96,615||90,985||5,630||24,365||79.9||75.2||5.8|
|Medicine, dentistry, optometry and veterinary medicine (including residencies)||192,090||148,950||143,955||5,000||43,140||77.5||74.9||3.4|
|Pharmacy and related programs||56,630||44,080||42,575||1,505||12,550||77.8||75.2||3.4|
|Health care, n.e.c.||1,035,200||799,405||757,940||41,465||235,795||77.2||73.2||5.2|
|Education and teaching||1,057,230||676,765||654,870||21,890||380,470||64.0||61.9||3.2|
|Trades, services, natural resources and conservation||3,551,925||2,667,540||2,472,360||195,185||884,380||75.1||69.6||7.3|
|Agriculture and natural resources operations and management||257,830||203,440||190,840||12,595||54,395||78.9||74.0||6.2|
|Mechanics and repair, architecture, construction and precision production||1,954,575||1,447,405||1,331,930||115,475||507,165||74.1||68.1||8.0|
|Personal, security and transport services||985,775||745,405||692,355||53,050||240,370||75.6||70.2||7.1|
|Social work and related programs||201,770||156,780||148,340||8,435||44,985||77.7||73.5||5.4|
|BHASE (non-STEM) programs, n.e.c.||151,970||114,505||108,890||5,620||37,465||75.3||71.7||4.9|
- Symbol ..
not available for a specific reference period
- Symbol ...
- Symbol x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
- Symbol F
too unreliable to be published
- Footnote 1
Immigrant status refers to whether the person is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.
Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.
For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.
- Footnote 2
Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree,' available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.
- Footnote 3
For information on collection, classification and data quality for 'Location of study', refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.
- Footnote 4
Refers to whether a person aged 15 years and over was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2016.
Early enumeration was conducted in remote, isolated parts of the provinces and territories. When enumeration has taken place before May 2016, the reference date used is the date on which the household was enumerated.
In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.
- Footnote 5
This variable shows a variant of CIP which classifies fields of study into STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math and computer sciences) and BHASE (non-STEM) categories and sub-categories. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2016: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/concepts/classification.
This variant is different from the STEM variant used in the 2011 National Household Survey. For information on comparability between the two variants, refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.
- Footnote 6
The term 'Business, humanities, health, arts, social science, and education fields' (BHASE) includes all of the non-STEM fields from the STEM and BHASE (non-STEM) groupings variant, an alternative presentation of the Classification of Instructional Programs, 2016. This includes 'Business and administration', 'Arts and humanities', 'Social and behavioural sciences', 'Legal professions and studies', 'Health care', 'Education and teaching' and 'Trades, services, natural resources and conservation'.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016251.