Data tables, 2016 Census

Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 (691), Employment Income Statistics (3), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (7), Aboriginal Identity (9), Work Activity During the Reference Year (4), Age (4D) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over Who Worked in 2015 and Reported Employment Income in 2015, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :
Release date :
March 28, 2018
Topic :
Variables :
  1. Geography Geographic Index
  2. Aboriginal identity (9)
  3. Highest certificate, diploma or degree (7)
  4. Work activity during the reference year (4)
  5. Age (4D)
  6. Sex (3)
  7. Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 (691)
  8. Employment income statistics (3)


Data users should be aware that there could be some incompatibility between occupation and employment income, as both concepts have different reference periods: the week of May 1 to May 7, 2016, and the year 2015, respectively. Moreover, employment income includes income from all jobs worked at during the year 2015, whereas respondents were to report only one occupation, the one for which they worked the most hours or the one of longest duration since January 2015 if they did not have a job during the reference week of May 2016. For more information on income, labour or education concepts, data users should consult the Income Reference Guide, the Labour Reference Guide or the Education Reference Guide.

Inconsistency in work activity during the reference year and presence of employment income

As was the case in the data from the 2006 Census and the 2011 National Household Survey, there are inconsistencies between the presence of employment income and work activity for 2015 reported in the 2016 Census. For example, there could be workers reporting a certain number of weeks worked in 2015 without any earnings reported for that year. There could also be workers who did not report any work activity (no weeks worked) in 2015 but did have earnings in that year. Although it is possible to have pre-payment or retroactive pay of employment income and that certain types of work may be unpaid, it is uncertain if the extent of such arrangements is captured accurately in the long-form questionnaire. Moreover, the fact that some self-employed workers receive dividends instead of earnings, proxy reporting of weeks worked for 2015 was done during the census held in May 2016, as well as respondents' inaccurate recall for the year 2015 could also be contributing factors to explain these inconsistencies.

Note on data quality and disclosure control

For information on data quality, as well as random rounding, data suppression, and other methods of disclosure control, please consult the Guide to the Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-304-X, and the reference guides for the individual topics.

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