Data tables, 2016 Census

Employment Income Statistics (7), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (11), Work Activity During the Reference Year (5), Age (10) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :
Release date :
March 28, 2018
Topic :
Variables :
  1. Geography Geographic Index
  2. Work activity during the reference year (5)
  3. Age (10)
  4. Sex (3)
  5. Employment income statistics (7)
  6. Highest certificate, diploma or degree (11)


Inconsistency in work activity during the reference year and presence of employment income

As was the case in the data from the 2006 Census and the 2011 National Household Survey, there are inconsistencies between the presence of employment income and work activity for 2015 reported in the 2016 Census. For example, there could be workers reporting a certain number of weeks worked in 2015 without any earnings reported for that year. There could also be workers who did not report any work activity (no weeks worked) in 2015 but did have earnings in that year. Although it is possible to have pre-payment or retroactive pay of employment income and that certain types of work may be unpaid, it is uncertain if the extent of such arrangements is captured accurately in the long-form questionnaire. Moreover, the fact that some self-employed workers receive dividends instead of earnings, proxy reporting of weeks worked for 2015 was done during the census held in May 2016, as well as respondents' inaccurate recall for the year 2015 could also be contributing factors to explain these inconsistencies.

Note on data quality and disclosure control

For information on data quality, as well as random rounding, data suppression, and other methods of disclosure control, please consult the Guide to the Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-304-X, and the reference guides for the individual topics.

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