Data tables, 2016 Census

Visible Minority (15), Generation Status (4), Age (12) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details visible minority , generation status , age and sex for the population in private households in Canada
Data quality
Visible minority (15) Generation status (4)
Total - Generation statusFootnote 1 First generationFootnote 2 Second generationFootnote 3 Third generation or moreFootnote 4
Total - Visible minorityFootnote 5 34,460,065 8,219,555 6,100,720 20,139,790
Total visible minority populationFootnote 6 7,674,580 5,280,800 2,123,115 270,665
South AsianFootnote 7 1,924,635 1,330,745 559,415 34,470
Chinese 1,577,060 1,147,475 381,680 47,900
Black 1,198,545 675,475 419,845 103,225
Filipino 780,130 598,960 168,045 13,125
Latin American 447,320 348,340 95,125 3,860
Arab 523,235 381,900 137,470 3,865
Southeast AsianFootnote 8 313,260 206,555 101,215 5,490
West AsianFootnote 9 264,305 217,745 45,975 585
Korean 188,710 153,390 32,490 2,830
Japanese 92,920 36,475 26,800 29,645
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 10 132,090 77,970 46,710 7,410
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 11 232,375 105,765 108,345 18,270
Not a visible minorityFootnote 12 26,785,485 2,938,750 3,977,605 19,869,125


Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period


Symbol ...

not applicable


Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Symbol F

too unreliable to be published



Footnote 1

For more information on generation status variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 2

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or once were, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 3

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 4

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 5

For more information on the Visible minority variable, including information on its classification, the questions from which it is derived, data quality and its comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Visible Minority and Population Group Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 6

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 7

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 8

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Laotian,' 'Thai,' etc.

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Footnote 9

For example, 'Afghan,' 'Iranian,' etc.

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Footnote 10

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes persons with a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 11

Includes persons who gave more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in responses, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 12

Includes persons who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal group question (Question 18), as well as persons who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016190.

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