Data tables, 2016 Census

Aboriginal Identity (9), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (11), Income Statistics (17), Registered or Treaty Indian Status (3), Age (9) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

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This table details aboriginal identity , highest certificate, diploma or degree , income statistics , registered or treaty indian status , age and sex for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in Canada
Data quality
Income statistics (17) Highest certificate, diploma or degree (11)
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 3 No certificate, diploma or degree Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificateFootnote 4 Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 5 Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 6 College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma University certificate or diploma below bachelor level University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above Bachelor's degree University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 7
Total - Income statisticsFootnote 8 819,860 210,150 205,855 104,025 58,470 45,555 188,265 21,905 89,660 65,950 23,715
With total income 805,205 204,040 202,030 102,470 57,525 44,940 185,935 21,660 89,075 65,510 23,565
Percentage with total income (%) 98.2 97.1 98.1 98.5 98.4 98.6 98.8 98.9 99.3 99.3 99.4
Median total income ($) 33,166 19,530 30,869 38,587 32,736 49,748 39,735 42,680 60,323 57,308 70,871
Average total income ($) 42,281 27,734 38,359 47,719 39,212 58,610 46,596 50,034 67,352 63,121 79,113
With after-tax income 805,630 204,160 202,170 102,510 57,555 44,955 186,030 21,670 89,105 65,525 23,575
Percentage with after-tax income (%) 98.3 97.1 98.2 98.5 98.4 98.7 98.8 98.9 99.4 99.4 99.4
Median after-tax income ($) 30,601 19,310 28,481 34,801 30,132 43,004 36,020 39,126 52,192 49,706 59,837
Average after-tax income ($) 36,148 24,718 33,042 39,953 33,782 47,853 39,842 43,126 55,599 52,644 63,812
With employment income 619,035 122,065 155,800 84,970 45,935 39,035 157,190 18,255 80,750 59,480 21,270
Percentage with employment income (%) 75.5 58.1 75.7 81.7 78.6 85.7 83.5 83.3 90.1 90.2 89.7
Median employment income ($) 35,321 22,714 31,867 38,265 31,728 49,522 38,707 41,476 58,891 55,889 69,012
Average employment income ($) 43,977 31,446 39,230 47,651 38,946 57,896 45,393 48,600 64,411 60,652 74,921
With wages, salaries and commissions 588,740 115,250 148,045 80,225 43,240 36,990 150,450 17,555 77,210 57,150 20,060
Percentage with wages, salaries and commissions (%) 71.8 54.8 71.9 77.1 74.0 81.2 79.9 80.1 86.1 86.7 84.6
Median wages, salaries and commissions ($) 36,304 23,258 32,712 39,642 32,847 51,738 39,592 42,463 59,806 56,774 69,842
Average wages, salaries and commissions ($) 44,694 31,828 39,920 48,948 39,840 59,595 46,191 49,515 64,620 61,303 74,070


Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period


Symbol ...

not applicable


Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Symbol F

too unreliable to be published



Footnote 1

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who are First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who are Registered or Treaty Indians (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada) and/or those who have membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 2

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the Census of Population.

For more information on Aboriginal variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 and the Aboriginal Peoples Technical Report, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 3

Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree,' available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Footnote 4

'Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate' includes only people who have this as their highest educational qualification. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 5

'Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres and similar institutions.

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Footnote 6

'Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' also includes Journeyperson's designations.

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Footnote 7

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 8

Total income - The sum of certain incomes (in cash and, in some circumstances, in kind) of the statistical unit during a specified reference period. The components used to calculate total income vary between:

- statistical units of social statistical programs such as persons, private households, census families and economic families;
- statistical units of business statistical programs such as enterprises, companies, establishments and locations;
- statistical units of farm statistical programs such as farm operator and farm family.

In the context of persons, total income refers to receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during a specified reference period.

In the context of census families, total income refers to receipts from certain sources of all of its family members, before income taxes and deductions, during a specified reference period.

In the context of economic families, total income refers to receipts from certain sources of all of its family members, before income taxes and deductions, during a specified reference period.

In the context of households, total income refers to receipts from certain sources of all household members, before income taxes and deductions, during a specified reference period.

The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. Receipts that are included as income are:

- employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities);
- income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, guaranteed investment certificates (GICs) and mutual funds;
- income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and registered retirement income funds (RRIFs);
- other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships;
- income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, Employment Insurance benefits, Old Age Security benefits, Canada Pension Plan and Québec Pension Plan benefits and disability income.

Receipts excluded from this income definition are:

- one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump-sum insurance settlements and tax-free savings account (TFSA) or registered retirement savings plan (RRSP) withdrawals;
- capital gains because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are more relevant to the concept of wealth than the concept of income;
- employers' contributions to registered pension plans, Canada Pension Plan, Québec Pension Plan and Employment Insurance;
- voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter and goods produced for own consumption.

After-tax income - Total income less income taxes of the statistical unit during a specified reference period. Income taxes refers to the sum of federal income taxes, provincial and territorial income taxes, less abatement where applicable. Provincial and territorial income taxes include health care premiums in certain jurisdictions. Abatement reduces the federal income taxes payable by persons residing in Quebec or in certain self-governing Yukon First Nation settlement lands.

Employment income - All income received as wages, salaries and commissions from paid employment and net self-employment income from farm or non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice during the reference period.

Wages, salaries and commissions - Gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income taxes, pension plan contributions and employment insurance premiums during the reference period. While other employee remuneration such as security options benefits, board and lodging and other taxable allowances and benefits are included in this source, employers' contributions to pension plans and employment insurance plans are excluded. Other receipts included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses associated with paid employment, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union, research grants, royalties from a work or invention with no associated expenses and all types of casual earnings during the reference period.

Median income - The median income of a specified group is the amount that divides the income distribution of that group into two halves, i.e., the incomes of half of the units in that group are below the median, while those of the other half are above the median. Median incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

Average income - Average income of a specified group is calculated by dividing the aggregate income of that group by the number of units in that group. Average incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016178.

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