Data tables, 2016 Census

Admission Category and Applicant Type (47), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11B), Age (7A), Sex (3) and Selected Demographic, Cultural, Labour Force and Educational Characteristics (825) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

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This table details admission category and applicant type , immigrant status and period of immigration , age , sex and selected demographic, cultural, labour force and educational characteristics for the population in private households in Ontario
Data quality
Selected demographic, cultural, labour force and educational characteristics (825) Sex (3)
Total - Sex Male Female
Total - Age groups for the population in private households - 25% sample data 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
0 to 14 years 2,203,720 1,129,485 1,074,240
0 to 4 years 696,120 355,525 340,600
5 to 9 years 754,260 386,510 367,755
10 to 14 years 753,335 387,450 365,885
15 to 24 years 1,695,800 871,040 824,765
15 to 19 years 807,220 416,265 390,955
20 to 24 years 888,580 454,770 433,810
25 to 64 years 7,229,120 3,498,620 3,730,495
25 to 34 years 1,727,995 848,115 879,880
35 to 44 years 1,703,460 813,035 890,420
45 to 54 years 1,979,105 959,160 1,019,945
55 to 64 years 1,818,565 878,310 940,260
65 years and over 2,113,515 973,095 1,140,425
65 to 74 years 1,247,955 595,000 652,960
75 to 84 years 645,555 292,020 353,540
85 years and over 220,005 86,080 133,925
Total - Average age and median age for the population in private households - 25% sample data 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Average age 40.5 39.7 41.3
Median age 40.9 39.9 41.9
Total - Household type of person for the population in private households - 25% sample data 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Persons in one-census-family households without additional persons 9,491,225 4,706,160 4,785,065
In a couple census family without children (no other persons present in the household) 2,509,335 1,257,945 1,251,385
In a couple census family with children (no other persons present in the household) 5,732,780 2,943,495 2,789,290
In a lone-parent census family (no other persons present in the household) 1,249,110 504,720 744,390
Persons in multigenerational householdsFootnote 3 1,083,415 493,710 589,705
Persons in other census family householdsFootnote 4 862,465 421,235 441,230
Persons in two-or-more-person non-census-family households 463,935 254,815 209,120
Persons living alone (one-person households) 1,341,120 596,315 744,800
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 5 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Married or living common law 6,389,705 3,191,345 3,198,360
Married 5,484,395 2,736,780 2,747,620
Living common law 905,310 454,565 450,740
Not married and not living common law 4,648,735 2,151,410 2,497,325
Never married 3,134,700 1,661,175 1,473,525
Separated 322,200 133,110 189,090
Divorced 638,335 245,200 393,130
Widowed 553,500 111,925 441,575
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample dataFootnote 6 13,106,990 6,403,465 6,703,520
Non-movers 11,475,985 5,603,285 5,872,700
Movers 1,631,000 800,180 830,825
Non-migrants 941,380 460,170 481,210
Migrants 689,625 340,010 349,615
Internal migrants 535,180 263,060 272,120
Intraprovincial migrants 467,890 229,080 238,810
Interprovincial migrants 67,290 33,980 33,310
External migrants 154,440 76,950 77,490
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample dataFootnote 7 12,546,040 6,116,715 6,429,320
Non-movers 7,887,825 3,845,945 4,041,875
Movers 4,658,215 2,270,765 2,387,445
Non-migrants 2,545,875 1,238,060 1,307,820
Migrants 2,112,340 1,032,710 1,079,630
Internal migrants 1,562,375 761,630 800,740
Intraprovincial migrants 1,380,895 672,540 708,355
Interprovincial migrants 181,475 89,090 92,385
External migrants 549,965 271,080 278,885
Total - First official language spoken for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataFootnote 8 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
English 12,329,780 6,067,485 6,262,300
French 501,240 235,660 265,570
English and French 92,090 42,345 49,745
Neither English nor French 319,045 126,745 192,300
Official language minority (number)Footnote 9 547,280 256,835 290,445
Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 10 4.1 4.0 4.3
Total - Mother tongue for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataFootnote 11 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
English 8,860,655 4,386,925 4,473,725
French 486,280 229,735 256,540
Non-official language 3,541,395 1,684,315 1,857,070
English and French 52,035 23,975 28,055
English and non-official language 278,550 136,745 141,805
French and non-official language 12,660 5,785 6,880
English, French and non-official language 10,595 4,760 5,840
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataFootnote 12 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
English 10,280,860 5,063,420 5,217,440
French 274,550 128,790 145,760
Non-official language 1,903,375 903,290 1,000,080
English and French 44,420 20,315 24,100
English and non-official language 713,920 345,280 368,640
French and non-official language 6,800 2,985 3,820
English, French and non-official language 18,240 8,160 10,075
Total - Number of languages known for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 13 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Knowledge of one language 8,001,510 3,977,720 4,023,790
English only 7,690,305 3,851,650 3,838,655
French only 29,360 13,235 16,125
Non-official language only 281,845 112,830 169,015
Knowledge of more than one language 5,240,650 2,494,520 2,746,130
English and French only 1,091,220 491,840 599,380
English, French and one or more non-official languages 390,770 168,960 221,805
English and one or more non official languages 3,706,750 1,813,765 1,892,980
French and one or more non official languages 9,665 3,465 6,200
Multiple non-official languages only 42,245 16,485 25,760
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 14 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Canadian citizensFootnote 15 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,700
Canadian citizens only 11,528,035 5,647,125 5,880,910
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 695,030 340,235 354,795
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 16 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 17 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Under 5 years 369,955 184,255 185,700
5 to 14 years 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 362,125 162,180 199,950
Total - Place of birth for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 18 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Born in Canada 9,119,320 4,519,145 4,600,180
Born outside Canada 4,122,835 1,953,095 2,169,745
Americas 660,195 297,865 362,325
North America 143,130 65,080 78,055
Greenland 10 0 10
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 35 20 0
United StatesFootnote 19 143,085 65,055 78,035
Central America 76,410 36,645 39,765
Belize 690 310 385
Costa Rica 2,285 1,085 1,200
El Salvador 21,400 10,415 10,980
Guatemala 7,585 3,740 3,845
Honduras 2,925 1,450 1,475
Mexico 34,750 16,450 18,295
Nicaragua 5,450 2,585 2,865
Panama 1,330 610 720
Caribbean and Bermuda 247,320 107,750 139,570
Anguilla 60 30 30
Antigua and Barbuda 1,845 795 1,050
Aruba 400 150 255
Bahamas 1,480 685 785
Barbados 10,995 5,080 5,910
Bermuda 1,815 945 870
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba 20 10 10
Cayman Islands 325 160 170
Cuba 9,095 4,155 4,935
Curaçao 335 145 195
Dominica 2,275 890 1,385
Dominican Republic 4,550 2,385 2,165
Grenada 8,420 3,365 5,055
Guadeloupe 40 10 30
Haiti 10,700 4,665 6,035
Jamaica 123,425 53,265 70,155
Martinique 80 30 50
Montserrat 365 175 195
Puerto Rico 335 145 185
Saint Barthélemy 0 0 0
Saint Kitts and Nevis 1,635 745 895
Saint Lucia 5,560 2,100 3,465
Saint Martin (French part) 85 55 30
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 9,470 3,635 5,830
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 100 50 55
Trinidad and Tobago 53,725 23,985 29,740
Turks and Caicos Islands 35 20 20
Virgin Islands, British 85 45 40
Virgin Islands, United States 75 40 30
South America 193,330 88,395 104,940
Argentina 11,180 5,545 5,635
BoliviaFootnote 20 1,640 805 835
Brazil 19,070 8,960 10,110
Chile 9,830 4,870 4,960
Colombia 30,515 13,910 16,605
Ecuador 12,775 5,875 6,895
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 0 0 0
French Guiana 105 40 65
Guyana 80,475 35,620 44,855
Paraguay 1,065 540 525
Peru 11,200 4,955 6,250
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 0 0 0
Suriname 800 445 350
Uruguay 4,300 2,145 2,160
VenezuelaFootnote 21 10,370 4,685 5,680
Europe 1,191,105 570,450 620,645
Western Europe 158,430 76,645 81,785
Austria 8,490 3,950 4,545
Belgium 6,720 3,170 3,550
France 16,810 8,080 8,725
Germany 70,960 33,505 37,455
Liechtenstein 35 10 25
Luxembourg 315 155 160
Monaco 40 25 15
Netherlands 48,510 24,490 24,015
Switzerland 6,565 3,255 3,305
Eastern Europe 301,955 137,005 164,950
Belarus 7,215 3,340 3,870
Bulgaria 9,055 4,410 4,650
Czech Republic 10,795 5,150 5,645
Estonia 2,370 930 1,440
Hungary 23,425 11,130 12,295
Latvia 4,240 1,875 2,365
Lithuania 3,535 1,520 2,015
MoldovaFootnote 22 5,540 2,725 2,805
Poland 97,490 43,820 53,670
Romania 43,160 19,890 23,275
Russian Federation 44,740 19,240 25,505
Slovakia 8,565 4,015 4,550
Ukraine 41,820 18,955 22,865
Northern Europe 308,765 147,615 161,150
Åland Islands 0 0 0
Denmark 4,775 2,340 2,440
Faroe Islands 15 10 10
Finland 5,855 2,520 3,340
Guernsey 110 50 60
Iceland 185 70 115
IrelandFootnote 23 17,430 8,610 8,820
Isle of Man 195 110 90
Jersey 155 50 105
Norway 1,305 575 725
Sark 0 0 0
Svalbard and Jan Mayen 0 0 0
Sweden 3,240 1,410 1,830
United KingdomFootnote 24 275,495 131,875 143,620
Southern Europe 421,950 209,190 212,760
Albania 12,385 6,095 6,285
Andorra 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21,575 10,820 10,755
Croatia 27,930 13,840 14,085
Gibraltar 75 40 35
Greece 37,720 18,870 18,850
Holy See (Vatican City State) 0 0 0
Italy 160,425 79,950 80,475
KosovoFootnote 25 4,640 2,385 2,255
Macedonia, Republic ofFootnote 26 9,175 4,515 4,660
Malta 6,725 3,465 3,265
Montenegro 1,280 645 635
Portugal 105,625 51,735 53,890
San Marino 0 0 0
SerbiaFootnote 27 24,170 11,890 12,280
Slovenia 5,405 2,440 2,970
Spain 4,810 2,500 2,310
Africa 243,130 118,235 124,895
Western Africa 49,915 25,005 24,900
Benin 295 170 125
Burkina Faso 300 140 165
Cabo Verde 100 50 45
Côte d'Ivoire 1,625 790 830
Gambia 400 220 180
Ghana 16,810 8,235 8,580
Guinea 755 360 395
Guinea-Bissau 20 15 10
Liberia 995 505 490
Mali 365 205 160
Mauritania 80 40 35
Niger 175 85 90
Nigeria 25,515 12,915 12,600
Saint HelenaFootnote 28 10 0 0
Senegal 720 405 315
Sierra Leone 1,305 640 665
Togo 430 235 195
Eastern Africa 99,485 46,065 53,420
Burundi 2,885 1,275 1,610
Comoros 25 10 10
Djibouti 1,450 615 835
Eritrea 7,390 3,640 3,745
Ethiopia 16,345 7,595 8,750
Kenya 15,615 7,190 8,430
Madagascar 350 160 185
Malawi 385 195 190
Mauritius 7,280 3,650 3,625
Mayotte 0 10 0
Mozambique 755 360 395
Réunion 40 20 20
Rwanda 1,770 755 1,020
Seychelles 180 70 110
Somalia 17,570 7,125 10,445
South Sudan 1,450 745 700
TanzaniaFootnote 29 11,710 5,775 5,930
Uganda 7,205 3,515 3,690
Zambia 2,085 980 1,105
Zimbabwe 5,000 2,375 2,630
Northern Africa 56,340 29,205 27,135
Algeria 3,035 1,530 1,500
Egypt 35,620 18,650 16,970
Libya 4,290 2,315 1,980
Morocco 5,690 2,805 2,890
SudanFootnote 30 6,255 3,100 3,150
Tunisia 1,450 805 640
Western Sahara 0 0 0
Central Africa 15,550 7,295 8,255
Angola 2,025 970 1,055
Cameroon 3,840 1,855 1,980
Central African Republic 210 110 100
Chad 535 285 255
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 8,235 3,690 4,540
Congo, Republic of the 445 245 200
Equatorial Guinea 35 20 10
Gabon 200 85 110
Sao Tome and Principe 25 20 0
Southern Africa 21,845 10,660 11,185
Botswana 595 290 300
Lesotho 65 45 20
Namibia 395 170 220
South Africa, Republic of 20,510 10,060 10,450
Swaziland 280 90 195
Asia 2,012,950 958,555 1,054,395
West Central Asia and the Middle East 357,930 182,855 175,075
Afghanistan 34,430 17,235 17,200
Armenia 2,205 1,085 1,115
Azerbaijan 2,755 1,235 1,515
Bahrain 1,910 1,010 900
Cyprus 3,355 1,685 1,665
Georgia 1,880 905 975
IranFootnote 31 89,210 44,675 44,530
Iraq 51,955 26,095 25,860
Israel 17,990 9,455 8,540
Jordan 9,300 4,890 4,410
Kazakhstan 5,070 2,365 2,705
Kuwait 11,085 5,780 5,305
Kyrgyzstan 1,040 480 560
Lebanon 35,555 18,670 16,885
Oman 1,210 625 590
Qatar 1,725 890 835
Saudi Arabia 18,040 9,640 8,400
SyriaFootnote 32 24,045 12,105 11,940
Tajikistan 730 350 380
Turkey 16,310 8,875 7,440
Turkmenistan 300 130 175
United Arab Emirates 16,345 8,690 7,660
Uzbekistan 3,845 1,780 2,060
West Bank and Gaza Strip (Palestine)Footnote 33 5,555 3,120 2,425
Yemen 2,085 1,090 995
Eastern Asia 579,450 265,295 314,155
ChinaFootnote 34 366,615 167,495 199,120
Hong KongFootnote 35 110,865 52,395 58,465
Japan 11,655 4,005 7,655
Korea, NorthFootnote 36 680 330 350
Korea, SouthFootnote 37 66,945 31,100 35,845
MacaoFootnote 38 3,060 1,355 1,710
Mongolia 420 185 230
Taiwan 19,205 8,425 10,775
Southeast Asia 374,845 155,345 219,505
Brunei Darussalam 450 210 240
Burma (Myanmar) 3,830 1,845 1,985
Cambodia 9,050 4,000 5,045
Indonesia 7,575 3,435 4,145
LaosFootnote 39 6,330 3,100 3,235
Malaysia 10,510 4,845 5,670
Philippines 242,520 95,480 147,045
Singapore 4,815 2,160 2,655
Thailand 6,685 2,665 4,020
Timor-Leste 10 0 0
Viet Nam 83,070 37,620 45,455
Southern Asia 700,725 355,065 345,655
Bangladesh 40,655 20,735 19,920
Bhutan 1,605 800 805
British Indian Ocean Territory 0 0 0
India 391,990 200,245 191,745
Maldives 30 0 25
Nepal 7,965 4,050 3,910
Pakistan 146,720 74,460 72,250
Sri Lanka 111,770 54,765 57,005
Oceania 15,410 7,960 7,445
American Samoa 0 0 0
Australia 9,530 5,120 4,415
Christmas Island 0 0 0
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 0 0 0
Cook Islands 0 0 0
Fiji 2,340 1,010 1,325
French Polynesia 35 15 25
Guam 15 0 15
Kiribati 15 10 10
Marshall Islands 0 0 0
Micronesia, Federated States of 10 0 0
Nauru 15 0 10
New Caledonia 15 10 10
New Zealand 3,165 1,700 1,460
Niue 0 0 0
Norfolk Island 0 0 0
Northern Mariana Islands 30 10 20
Palau 0 0 0
Papua New Guinea 165 65 100
Pitcairn 0 0 0
Samoa 25 10 20
Solomon Islands 30 0 25
Tokelau 0 0 0
Tonga 10 0 10
Tuvalu 0 0 0
United States Minor Outlying Islands 0 0 0
Vanuatu 10 0 0
Wallis and Futuna 0 0 0
Other places of birthFootnote 40 55 25 30
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 41 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
First generationFootnote 42 4,122,840 1,953,095 2,169,745
Second generationFootnote 43 3,049,835 1,525,300 1,524,540
Third generation or moreFootnote 44 6,069,485 2,993,845 3,075,640
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 45 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Total visible minority populationFootnote 46 3,885,580 1,878,075 2,007,505
South AsianFootnote 47 1,150,410 582,015 568,400
Chinese 754,545 359,235 395,310
Black 627,715 296,270 331,440
Filipino 311,670 132,440 179,230
Latin American 195,955 93,645 102,310
Arab 210,440 109,585 100,855
Southeast AsianFootnote 48 133,860 63,255 70,600
West AsianFootnote 49 154,670 77,390 77,280
Korean 88,940 42,445 46,495
Japanese 30,835 13,595 17,235
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 50 97,965 46,105 51,865
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 51 128,590 62,105 66,485
Not a visible minorityFootnote 52 9,356,575 4,594,160 4,762,410
Total - Ethnic origin for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 53 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
North American Aboriginal origins 518,295 247,160 271,135
First Nations (North American Indian) 385,505 183,075 202,425
Inuit 6,865 3,145 3,720
Métis 137,485 66,250 71,240
Other North American origins 3,220,590 1,585,255 1,635,340
Acadian 16,580 8,130 8,450
American 140,165 67,475 72,690
Canadian 3,109,770 1,531,645 1,578,125
New Brunswicker 320 190 125
Newfoundlander 10,850 5,520 5,330
Nova Scotian 1,485 690 800
Ontarian 2,160 1,085 1,075
Québécois 5,390 2,730 2,660
Other North American origins, n.i.e.Footnote 54 675 375 300
European origins 8,151,465 3,978,895 4,172,570
British Isles origins 4,900,430 2,380,595 2,519,835
Channel Islander 1,120 530 585
Cornish 755 370 385
English 2,808,810 1,357,650 1,451,155
Irish 2,095,465 991,625 1,103,835
Manx 2,445 1,320 1,125
Scottish 2,107,295 1,016,260 1,091,035
Welsh 198,475 94,555 103,920
British Isles origins, n.i.e.Footnote 55 323,185 152,525 170,660
French origins 1,350,520 643,360 707,160
Alsatian 1,240 495 745
Breton 290 170 115
Corsican 205 125 85
French 1,349,255 642,790 706,470
Western European origins (except French origins) 1,766,975 864,005 902,970
Austrian 72,475 35,415 37,060
Bavarian 455 225 225
Belgian 57,895 28,460 29,430
Dutch 527,750 259,585 268,165
Flemish 4,005 2,005 1,995
Frisian 2,700 1,400 1,305
German 1,189,670 579,315 610,360
Luxembourger 915 500 415
Swiss 59,835 29,395 30,440
Western European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 56 1,090 560 530
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 266,085 127,890 138,195
Danish 53,555 26,355 27,200
Finnish 76,755 36,960 39,800
Icelandic 13,215 6,325 6,895
Norwegian 59,335 28,350 30,980
Swedish 71,035 32,705 38,330
Northern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 57 12,540 6,405 6,135
Eastern European origins 1,339,610 644,615 695,000
Bulgarian 16,750 8,230 8,525
Byelorussian 11,690 5,645 6,045
Czech 42,345 20,810 21,530
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.Footnote 58 14,805 6,820 7,990
Estonian 15,075 7,250 7,820
Hungarian 163,500 79,850 83,655
Latvian 18,095 8,620 9,480
Lithuanian 35,100 16,965 18,135
Moldovan 3,910 1,910 1,995
Polish 523,490 251,575 271,915
Romanian 98,235 46,830 51,410
Russian 220,850 103,650 117,200
Slovak 40,530 19,645 20,885
Ukrainian 376,445 181,725 194,720
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 59 10,335 4,940 5,395
Southern European origins 1,772,165 880,335 891,830
Albanian 25,980 13,085 12,890
Bosnian 14,680 7,255 7,425
Catalan 285 180 105
Croatian 82,215 41,350 40,870
Cypriot 4,400 2,170 2,230
Greek 148,555 74,830 73,720
Italian 931,805 467,095 464,705
Kosovar 1,305 655 650
Macedonian 39,445 19,815 19,630
Maltese 35,255 17,525 17,730
Montenegrin 2,545 1,295 1,250
Portuguese 324,930 160,970 163,960
Serbian 66,835 34,035 32,800
Sicilian 4,190 2,090 2,100
Slovenian 26,490 13,210 13,280
Spanish 171,145 78,880 92,265
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.Footnote 60 20,245 9,790 10,460
Southern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 61 965 430 535
Other European origins 105,870 53,050 52,815
Basque 1,590 805 780
Jewish 77,280 38,860 38,420
Roma (Gypsy) 2,295 1,050 1,245
Slavic, n.o.s.Footnote 62 2,065 1,110 955
Other European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 63 23,290 11,540 11,750
Caribbean origins 462,600 213,660 248,940
Antiguan 3,280 1,480 1,800
Bahamian 2,305 1,185 1,115
Barbadian 26,625 12,380 14,250
Bermudan 2,010 925 1,090
Carib 2,295 855 1,440
Cuban 14,490 6,625 7,865
Dominican 9,180 4,425 4,760
Grenadian 14,695 6,415 8,275
Guadeloupean 70 20 50
Haitian 17,715 8,085 9,630
Jamaican 257,060 119,100 137,960
Kittitian/Nevisian 2,265 1,085 1,180
Martinican 195 70 125
Montserratan 625 295 325
Puerto Rican 1,500 755 740
St. Lucian 7,170 3,195 3,980
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 59,560 27,850 31,710
Vincentian/Grenadinian 12,155 5,245 6,910
West Indian, n.o.s.Footnote 64 56,865 25,380 31,480
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.Footnote 65 16,965 7,770 9,195
Latin, Central and South American origins 322,210 153,045 169,165
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Arawak and Maya) 10,795 5,040 5,750
Arawak 1,055 470 585
Argentinian 11,465 5,620 5,845
Belizean 810 395 410
Bolivian 1,890 935 950
Brazilian 18,395 8,760 9,630
Chilean 14,625 7,010 7,610
Colombian 40,820 19,345 21,480
Costa Rican 2,790 1,380 1,410
Ecuadorian 20,385 9,650 10,740
Guatemalan 10,045 4,870 5,170
Guyanese 73,365 34,050 39,310
Hispanic 5,805 2,790 3,010
Honduran 3,360 1,595 1,770
Maya 2,500 1,285 1,215
Mexican 43,120 20,735 22,380
Nicaraguan 7,100 3,435 3,665
Panamanian 2,480 1,120 1,350
Paraguayan 600 280 320
Peruvian 14,785 6,985 7,800
Salvadorean 27,595 13,530 14,070
Uruguayan 4,200 2,150 2,050
Venezuelan 11,750 5,320 6,430
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.Footnote 66 14,095 6,745 7,350
African origins 414,100 203,265 210,835
Central and West African origins 85,735 42,745 42,990
Akan 965 535 425
Angolan 1,635 815 820
Ashanti 1,205 625 580
Beninese 550 280 270
Burkinabe 415 190 230
Cameroonian 4,695 2,330 2,370
Chadian 645 320 325
Congolese 10,425 4,955 5,465
Edo 1,030 545 480
Ewe 180 100 80
Gabonese 170 75 95
Gambian 630 300 325
Ghanaian 24,850 12,060 12,790
Guinean 1,110 550 560
Ibo 1,940 1,030 905
Ivorian 1,350 600 745
Liberian 770 370 405
Malian 495 250 245
Malinké 340 155 190
Nigerian 26,560 13,620 12,940
Peulh 130 80 55
Senegalese 1,000 505 495
Sierra Leonean 1,175 585 590
Togolese 665 370 300
Wolof 80 45 35
Yoruba 4,060 2,160 1,900
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 67 4,745 2,340 2,405
North African origins 86,665 44,970 41,695
Algerian 4,065 2,035 2,030
Berber 1,850 985 860
Coptic 2,310 1,190 1,120
Dinka 210 110 100
Egyptian 52,845 27,465 25,380
Libyan 3,785 2,015 1,765
Maure 290 160 130
Moroccan 12,305 6,305 6,000
Sudanese 8,975 4,600 4,370
Tunisian 2,290 1,210 1,085
North African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 68 1,750 920 835
Southern and East African origins 128,910 61,685 67,225
Afrikaner 560 290 270
Amhara 720 360 360
Bantu, n.o.s.Footnote 69 875 455 415
Burundian 3,110 1,470 1,635
Djiboutian 1,035 460 580
Eritrean 11,870 5,740 6,130
Ethiopian 22,555 10,755 11,800
Harari 470 260 215
Kenyan 5,860 2,780 3,080
Malagasy 430 205 225
Mauritian 3,605 1,835 1,770
Oromo 1,295 610 680
Rwandan 3,215 1,380 1,830
Seychellois 345 140 200
Somali 41,000 19,200 21,795
South African 19,760 9,790 9,975
Tanzanian 2,615 1,300 1,315
Tigrian 770 400 375
Ugandan 2,955 1,450 1,505
Zambian 805 410 395
Zimbabwean 3,430 1,595 1,835
Zulu 440 225 210
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 70 8,475 3,905 4,570
Other African origins 119,665 57,250 62,420
Black, n.o.s.Footnote 71 17,385 7,720 9,660
Other African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 72 103,560 50,150 53,415
Asian origins 3,100,450 1,506,795 1,593,655
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 523,335 265,615 257,725
Afghan 54,535 27,250 27,280
Arab, n.o.s.Footnote 73 44,705 23,345 21,360
Armenian 29,675 14,570 15,105
Assyrian 12,075 6,140 5,935
Azerbaijani 4,105 1,995 2,110
Georgian 2,815 1,420 1,395
Hazara 685 390 290
Iranian 117,065 59,000 58,065
Iraqi 50,455 25,425 25,035
Israeli 17,085 8,890 8,190
Jordanian 9,660 5,110 4,545
Kazakh 1,325 610 715
Kurd 9,205 4,880 4,335
Kuwaiti 1,510 795 715
Kyrgyz 340 130 210
Lebanese 86,245 43,700 42,545
Palestinian 28,480 15,215 13,270
Pashtun 3,010 1,635 1,370
Saudi Arabian 3,660 1,975 1,685
Syrian 31,440 15,570 15,870
Tajik 1,850 880 970
Tatar 2,140 930 1,205
Turk 34,165 17,345 16,825
Turkmen 700 350 350
Uighur 760 385 375
Uzbek 2,395 1,160 1,240
Yemeni 4,220 2,065 2,155
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.Footnote 74 16,270 8,395 7,875
South Asian origins 1,182,845 595,480 587,365
Bangladeshi 29,195 14,970 14,230
Bengali 15,240 7,795 7,440
Bhutanese 1,450 710 735
East Indian 774,495 390,015 384,485
Goan 4,770 2,250 2,525
Gujarati 5,915 3,055 2,860
Kashmiri 1,795 905 895
Nepali 8,150 4,070 4,080
Pakistani 149,060 75,860 73,200
Punjabi 55,450 28,580 26,875
Sinhalese 5,195 2,550 2,650
Sri Lankan 124,270 60,685 63,580
Tamil 42,755 21,710 21,050
South Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 75 58,710 29,700 29,005
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,422,890 659,650 763,240
Burmese 4,420 2,105 2,315
Cambodian (Khmer) 14,655 6,815 7,845
Chinese 849,340 403,280 446,065
Filipino 337,760 144,830 192,930
Hmong 645 340 305
Indonesian 9,325 4,305 5,025
Japanese 41,620 18,530 23,090
Karen 1,650 830 815
Korean 93,420 44,585 48,840
Laotian 9,880 4,860 5,015
Malaysian 7,310 3,375 3,940
Mongolian 2,935 1,390 1,545
Singaporean 1,260 565 695
Taiwanese 10,065 4,595 5,470
Thai 6,860 2,730 4,135
Tibetan 6,365 3,175 3,190
Vietnamese 107,640 51,350 56,290
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 76 4,375 2,170 2,205
Other Asian origins 13,425 6,575 6,855
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 77 13,430 6,575 6,855
Oceania origins 20,680 10,440 10,245
Australian 13,310 6,780 6,530
New Zealander 4,255 2,255 2,000
Pacific Islands origins 3,485 1,625 1,865
Fijian 1,610 660 950
Hawaiian 470 235 235
Maori 485 255 230
Samoan 225 140 85
Polynesian, n.o.s.Footnote 78 280 115 160
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.Footnote 79 555 265 290
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 80 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
No certificate, diploma or degree 1,935,360 961,685 973,670
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificateFootnote 81 3,026,095 1,485,320 1,540,775
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 6,076,985 2,895,745 3,181,240
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 664,175 471,055 193,125
Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 82 324,370 199,510 124,860
Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 83 339,810 271,545 68,265
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 2,298,715 981,785 1,316,935
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 242,005 107,065 134,940
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 2,872,090 1,335,845 1,536,245
Bachelor's degree 1,911,530 854,135 1,057,395
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 189,370 83,675 105,695
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 79,755 42,295 37,460
Master's degree 593,645 294,180 299,465
Earned doctorateFootnote 84 97,790 61,555 36,230
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 85 11,038,440 5,342,760 5,695,685
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 86 4,961,455 2,447,010 2,514,445
Education 349,745 79,250 270,505
13. Education 349,750 79,250 270,500
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 246,070 109,950 136,120
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 38,745 28,730 10,015
50. Visual and performing arts 207,325 81,220 126,105
Humanities 359,560 133,350 226,210
16. Aboriginal and foreign languages, literatures and linguistics 37,895 8,170 29,730
23. English language and literature/letters 98,440 28,290 70,145
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 95,345 32,935 62,405
30A Interdisciplinary humanitiesFootnote 87 2,165 800 1,360
38. Philosophy and religious studies 24,255 13,425 10,830
39. Theology and religious vocations 28,175 17,120 11,055
54. History 57,295 30,015 27,275
55. French language and literature/letters 15,990 2,590 13,405
Social and behavioural sciences and law 810,410 269,740 540,675
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 10,765 2,205 8,560
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 81,500 31,830 49,675
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 141,745 11,775 129,970
22. Legal professions and studies 128,860 45,270 83,585
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciencesFootnote 88 16,215 3,400 12,815
42. Psychology 122,550 29,640 92,905
45. Social sciences 308,770 145,625 163,150
Business, management and public administration 1,279,660 527,085 752,580
30.16 Accounting and computer science 2,725 895 1,830
44. Public administration and social service professions 108,935 21,405 87,530
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 1,168,000 504,780 663,225
Physical and life sciences and technologies 253,900 124,050 129,850
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 110,950 45,115 65,830
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 54,745 24,800 29,940
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciencesFootnote 89 3,830 1,185 2,640
40. Physical sciences 72,350 48,145 24,205
41. Science technologies/technicians 12,025 4,795 7,230
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 290,040 185,315 104,725
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 220,550 150,770 69,790
25. Library science 15,220 2,450 12,775
27. Mathematics and statistics 49,030 28,515 20,515
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciencesFootnote 90 5,235 3,580 1,655
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 1,173,035 1,055,055 117,980
04. Architecture and related services 51,850 34,585 17,260
14. Engineering 334,080 271,010 63,070
15. Engineering technologies and engineering-related fields 237,775 214,495 23,280
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 155 30 125
46. Construction trades 198,790 194,555 4,235
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 225,865 220,545 5,315
48. Precision production 124,515 119,825 4,690
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 106,895 67,015 39,880
01. Agriculture, agriculture operations and related sciences 66,030 41,790 24,245
03. Natural resources and conservation 40,860 25,225 15,635
Health and related fields 865,970 173,785 692,185
31. Parks, recreation, leisure and fitness studies 75,715 37,010 38,710
51. Health professions and related programs 767,680 124,280 643,400
60. Dental, medical and veterinary residency programs 22,570 12,490 10,080
Personal, protective and transportation services 340,285 170,910 169,375
12. Personal and culinary services 183,925 49,390 134,535
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 2,135 1,815 320
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 2,610 2,385 225
43. Security and protective services 98,325 68,625 29,695
49. Transportation and materials moving 53,290 48,690 4,600
Other 1,405 260 1,145
30.99 Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other 1,405 260 1,150
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence with countries outside Canada for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 91 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 4,961,460 2,447,010 2,514,445
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 92 6,076,985 2,895,745 3,181,240
Location of study inside Canada 4,786,950 2,261,260 2,525,690
Same as province or territory of residence 4,414,480 2,081,525 2,332,960
Different than province or territory of residence 372,470 179,740 192,730
Location of study outside CanadaFootnote 93 1,290,030 634,490 655,545
United StatesFootnote 94 167,255 89,350 77,910
Philippines 115,410 39,750 75,660
India 169,345 85,500 83,840
United KingdomFootnote 95 115,690 66,220 49,475
ChinaFootnote 96 98,420 46,235 52,185
France 10,775 5,800 4,975
Other 613,145 301,635 311,510
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by Labour force status - 25% sample dataFootnote 97 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
In the labour force 7,141,675 3,689,620 3,452,050
Employed 6,612,150 3,414,255 3,197,895
Unemployed 529,530 275,370 254,155
Not in the labour force 3,896,765 1,653,135 2,243,635
Participation rate 64.7 69.1 60.6
Employment rate 59.9 63.9 56.1
Unemployment rate 7.4 7.5 7.4
Total population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample dataFootnote 98 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,680
Did not workFootnote 99 3,696,230 1,561,475 2,134,755
Worked 7,342,210 3,781,280 3,560,930
Worked full year, full timeFootnote 100 3,837,570 2,148,630 1,688,935
Worked part year and/or part timeFootnote 101 3,504,645 1,632,645 1,871,995
Average weeks worked in reference year 42.9 43.4 42.3
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker - 25% sample dataFootnote 102 7,141,675 3,689,625 3,452,055
Class of worker - not applicableFootnote 103 171,050 81,735 89,315
All classes of workersFootnote 104 6,970,625 3,607,890 3,362,735
Employee 6,146,030 3,084,745 3,061,295
Self-employedFootnote 105 824,590 523,145 301,440
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 - 25% sample dataFootnote 106 7,141,675 3,689,620 3,452,055
Occupation - not applicableFootnote 107 171,050 81,730 89,320
All occupationsFootnote 108 6,970,625 3,607,890 3,362,735
0 Management occupations 790,875 483,240 307,635
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 1,124,770 357,215 767,555
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 516,110 399,195 116,920
3 Health occupations 447,045 90,490 356,550
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 831,340 265,075 566,265
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 225,715 104,440 121,275
6 Sales and service occupations 1,632,085 709,375 922,705
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 927,825 866,870 60,950
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 113,405 88,145 25,255
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 361,455 243,835 117,620
Total Labour Force population aged 15 years and over by Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 - 25% sample dataFootnote 109 7,141,675 3,689,620 3,452,050
Industry - NAICS2012 - not applicableFootnote 110 171,050 81,735 89,320
All industry categoriesFootnote 111 6,970,625 3,607,890 3,362,735
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 102,070 67,000 35,065
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 32,340 27,925 4,415
22 Utilities 50,820 38,190 12,625
23 Construction 476,830 419,600 57,230
31-33 Manufacturing 683,335 482,805 200,530
41 Wholesale trade 270,750 178,945 91,800
44-45 Retail trade 783,540 367,175 416,365
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 329,235 242,045 87,190
51 Information and cultural industries 176,720 101,045 75,675
52 Finance and insurance 380,765 169,585 211,180
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 144,275 77,385 66,890
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 567,825 316,685 251,140
55 Management of companies and enterprises 12,365 5,290 7,075
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 338,640 190,210 148,430
61 Educational services 528,475 163,680 364,800
62 Health care and social assistance 754,550 134,275 620,280
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 147,425 75,330 72,095
72 Accommodation and food services 478,075 201,260 276,810
81 Other services (except public administration) 296,960 133,220 163,745
91 Public administration 415,640 216,250 199,390
Total - Language used most often at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2015 - 25% sample dataFootnote 112 7,579,080 3,895,885 3,683,200
English 7,225,210 3,732,555 3,492,660
French 94,145 34,850 59,295
Non-official language 115,325 61,260 54,060
English and French 63,665 26,760 36,905
English and non-official language 78,240 39,330 38,910
French and non-official language 175 75 100
English, French and non-official language 2,325 1,055 1,270

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

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Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

'Admission category' refers to the name of the immigration program or group of programs under which an immigrant has been granted for the first time the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.

'Applicant type' refers to whether an immigrant was identified as the 'principal applicant' or 'secondary applicant' on the application for permanent residence.'Secondary applicant' includes immigrants who were identified as the married spouse, the common-law or conjugal partner or the dependant of the principal applicant on the application for permanent residence.

'Immigrant' refers to a person who is, or who has ever been, a landed immigrant or permanent resident. Such a person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this group.

In the 2016 Census of Population, data on admission category and applicant type are available for immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 1980, and May 10, 2016.

For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Immigrant status refers to whether the person is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.

For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

In households where there is at least one person living with a child and a grandchild.

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Footnote 4

In households that are not multigenerational where there is one census family with additional persons or more than one census family.

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Footnote 5

For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

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Footnote 6

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2016, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier at the provincial level. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants, who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2016, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier at the provincial level. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants, who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

First official language spoken is specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act. It refers to the first official language (i.e., English or French) spoken by the person.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The official language minority population of Quebec includes all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. The official language minority population of the country overall and of every province and territory other than Quebec includes individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

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Footnote 10

The official language minority population of Quebec includes all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. The official language minority population of the country overall and of every province and territory other than Quebec includes individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Mother tongue refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the person at the time the data was collected. If the person no longer understands the first language learned, the mother tongue is the second language learned. For a person who learned two languages at the same time in early childhood, the mother tongue is the language this person spoke most often at home before starting school. The person has two mother tongues only if the two languages were used equally often and are still understood by the person. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, the mother tongue is the language spoken most often to this child at home. The child has two mother tongues only if both languages are spoken equally often so that the child learns both languages at the same time.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Language spoken most often at home refers to the language the person speaks most often at home at the time of data collection. A person can report more than one language as 'spoken most often at home' if the languages are spoken equally often. For a person who lives alone, the language spoken most often at home is the language in which he or she feels most comfortable. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, this is the language spoken most often to the child at home. Where two languages are spoken to the child, the language spoken most often at home is the language spoken most often. If both languages are used equally often, then both languages are included here.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

'Knowledge of official languages' refers to whether the person can conduct a conversation in English only, French only, in both or in neither language. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, this includes languages that the child is learning to speak at home.

'Knowledge of non-official languages' refers to whether the person can conduct a conversation in a language other than English or French. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, this includes languages that the child is learning to speak at home. The number of languages that can be reported may vary between surveys, depending on the objectives of the survey.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Citizenship refers to the country where the person has citizenship. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization.

For more information on citizenship variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

'Canadian citizens' includes persons who are citizens of Canada only and persons who are citizens of Canada and at least one other country.

Return to footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

'Not Canadian citizens' includes persons who are not citizens of Canada. They may be citizens of one or more other countries. Persons who are stateless are included in this category.

Return to footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

'Age at immigration' refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.

'Immigrant' refers to a person who is, or who has ever been, a landed immigrant or permanent resident. Such a person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this group. In the 2016 Census of Population, 'Immigrant' includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.

For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

For more information on the place of birth variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The official name of United States is United States of America.

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Footnote 20

The official name of Bolivia is Plurinational State of Bolivia.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

Ireland is also referred to as Republic of Ireland.

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Footnote 24

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 25

The official name of Kosovo is Republic of Kosovo.

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Footnote 26

Macedonia, Republic of: known as the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia by the United Nations and other international bodies.

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Footnote 27

Serbia excludes Kosovo.

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Footnote 28

The official name of Saint Helena is Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.

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Footnote 29

The official name of Tanzania is United Republic of Tanzania.

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Footnote 30

The full name of Sudan is the Republic of the Sudan.

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Footnote 31

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 32

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 33

West Bank and Gaza Strip (Palestine): West Bank and Gaza Strip are the territories referred to in the Declaration of Principles, signed by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993. Palestine refers to pre-1948 British mandate Palestine.

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Footnote 34

China excludes Hong Kong and Macao.

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Footnote 35

The full name of Hong Kong is the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China.

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Footnote 36

The official name of North Korea is Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 37

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 38

The full name of Macao is Macao Special Administrative Region of China.

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Footnote 39

The official name of Laos is Lao People's Democratic Republic.

Return to footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Includes other places of birth not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea'.

Return to footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada.

For more information on generation status variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or once were, immigrants to Canada.

Return to footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

For more information on the Visible minority variable, including information on its classification, the questions from which it is derived, data quality and its comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Visible Minority and Population Group Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 47

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan', etc.

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Footnote 48

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Laotian,' 'Thai,' etc.

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Footnote 49

For example, 'Afghan,' 'Iranian,' etc.

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Footnote 50

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes persons with a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 51

Includes persons who gave more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in responses, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 52

Includes persons who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal group question (Question 18), as well as persons who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 53

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the census.

'Ethnic origin' refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the person's ancestors. An ancestor is usually more distant than a grandparent. For additional information on the collection and dissemination of ethnic origin data, refer to the Ethnic Origin Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer').

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Footnote 55

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 56

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 57

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 58

Includes responses of 'Czechoslovakian,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 59

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 60

Includes responses of 'Yugoslavian,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 61

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 62

Includes responses of 'Slavic,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 63

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 64

Includes responses of 'West Indian,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 65

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Antilles,' 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Aruban').

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Footnote 66

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 67

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Luba,' 'Mossi').

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Footnote 68

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 69

Includes responses of 'Bantu,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 70

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 71

Includes responses of 'Black,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 72

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 73

Includes responses of 'Arab,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 74

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 75

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Telugu').

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Footnote 76

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian').

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Footnote 77

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 78

Includes responses of 'Polynesian,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 79

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 80

Highest certificate, diploma or degree is the classification used in the census to measure the broader concept of 'Educational attainment.'

This variable refers to the highest level of education that a person has successfully completed and is derived from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported.

The general hierarchy used in deriving this variable (high school, trades, college, university) is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. At the detailed level, someone who has completed one type of certificate, diploma or degree will not necessarily have completed the credentials listed below it in the hierarchy. For example, a person with an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma may not have completed a high school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a 'master's degree' necessarily have a 'certificate or diploma above bachelor level.' Although the hierarchy may not fit all programs perfectly, it gives a general measure of educational attainment.

This variable is reported for persons aged 15 years and over in private households.

Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree', available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Footnote 81

'Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate' includes only people who have this as their highest educational qualification. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 82

'Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres and similar institutions.

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Footnote 83

'Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' also includes Journeyperson's designations.

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Footnote 84

'Earned doctorate' refers to persons who have completed a doctorate degree awarded by a university. This includes, for example, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). It does not include honorary doctorates.

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Footnote 85

'Field of study' refers to the discipline or area of learning/training associated with a particular course or programme of study.

This variable refers to the predominant discipline or area of learning or training of a person's highest completed postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree, classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2016.

This 'Major field of study' variable can be used either independently or in conjunction with the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable. When the latter is used with 'Major field of study,' it should be noted that different fields of study will be more common for different types of postsecondary qualifications. At the detailed program level, some programs are only offered by certain types of institutions.

There was an explicit instruction in the questionnaire which instructed respondents to be as specific as possible in indicating a subfield or subcategory of specialization within a broad discipline or area of training.

This variable is reported for persons aged 15 years and over in private households.

This variable shows the 'Variant of CIP 2016 - Alternative primary groupings' CIP variant, with the hierarchy of the primary groupings and two-digit series. When a primary grouping contains more than one subseries from series '30. Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies,' these subseries are grouped together. An exception is made for '30.01 Biological and physical sciences' due to its large size. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2016: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/concepts/classification.

For information on collection, classification and data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Certain series and their subcomponents are not used when coding major field of study for the census. These are series 21, 32 to 37 and 53, which represent non-credit and personal improvement fields of study.

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Footnote 86

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma; a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma; or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 87

'Interdisciplinary humanities' includes '30.13 Medieval and renaissance studies,' '30.21 Holocaust and related studies,' '30.22 Classical and ancient studies' and '30.29 Maritime studies.'

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Footnote 88

'Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences' includes '30.05 Peace studies and conflict resolution,' '30.10 Biopsychology,' '30.11 Gerontology,' '30.14 Museology/museum studies,' '30.15 Science, technology and society,' '30.17 Behavioural sciences,' '30.20 International/global studies,' '30.23 Intercultural/multicultural and diversity studies,' '30.25 Cognitive science,' '30.26 Cultural studies/critical theory and analysis,' '30.28 Dispute resolution,' '30.31 Human computer interaction' and '30.33 Sustainability studies.'

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Footnote 89

'Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences' includes '30.18 Natural sciences,' '30.19 Nutrition sciences,' '30.27 Human biology' and '30.32 Marine sciences.'

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Footnote 90

'Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences' includes '30.06 Systems science and theory,' '30.08 Mathematics and computer science' and '30.30 Computational science.'

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Footnote 91

'Location of study' refers to either:

- the province, territory or country of the institution from which a person obtained a certificate, diploma or degree, or;

- the province, territory or country of the institution that a person attended during a specified reference period, or for a specific level of education.

In both cases, location of study refers to the location of the institution granting the certificate, diploma or degree, not the location of the person at the time he or she obtained the qualification or was attending the institution. The geographic location is specified according to boundaries current at the time the data are collected, not the boundaries at the time of study.

This is a summary variable that indicates whether the 'Location of study' of the person's highest certificate, diploma or degree was the same province or territory where the person lived at the time of the 2016 Census of Population, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. This variable is derived from 'Location of study' and 'Province or territory of current residence.' It only applies to individuals who had completed a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

'Location of study outside Canada' may be further sub-classified using the Standard Classification of Countries and Areas of Interest (SCCAI). When using the SCCAI for this sub-classification, the class 'Canada' is not used.

This variable is reported for persons aged 15 years and over in private households.

For information on collection, classification and data quality for 'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Footnote 92

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 93

Refers to all locations of study outside Canada, including the six locations outside Canada most often reported at the national level. These will not necessarily be the top six countries for other geographies.

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Footnote 94

The official name of United States is United States of America.

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Footnote 95

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 96

China excludes Hong Kong and Macao.

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Footnote 97

Refers to whether a person aged 15 years and over was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2016.

Early enumeration was conducted in remote, isolated parts of the provinces and territories. When enumeration has taken place before May 2016, the reference date used is the date on which the household was enumerated.

In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 98

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person aged 15 years and over worked for pay or in self-employment in 2015 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 99

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2015 and persons who worked in 2016, but not in 2015.

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Footnote 100

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who worked full year (49 weeks and over) and mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) in 2015.

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Footnote 101

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who worked full year mostly part time or part year mostly full time or part year mostly part time in 2015. Part year is less than 49 weeks and part time is less than 30 hours per week.

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Footnote 102

Class of worker refers to whether a person aged 15 years and over is an employee or is self-employed.

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Footnote 103

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment, or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2015.

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Footnote 104

Includes the experienced labour force which refers to persons aged 15 years and over who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2016, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2015 or 2016.

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Footnote 105

Includes persons aged 15 years and over with or without an incorporated business with paid help or without paid help, as well as unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 106

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons aged 15 years and over as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2016.

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Footnote 107

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment, or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2015.

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Footnote 108

Includes the experienced labour force which refers to persons aged 15 years and over who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday May 7, 2016 were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2015 or 2016.

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Footnote 109

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The data are produced according to the NAICS 2012.

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Footnote 110

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who last worked prior to January 1, 2015.

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Footnote 111

Includes the experienced labour force which refers to persons aged 15 years and over who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday May 7, 2016, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2015 or 2016.

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Footnote 112

Language used most often at work refers to the language the person uses most often at work. A person can report more than one language as 'used most often at work' if the languages are used equally often.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016203.

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