Data tables, 2016 Census

Low-income Indicators (4), Individual Low-income Status (6), Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 (13A), Work Activity During the Reference Year (9) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

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This table details low-income indicators , individual low-income status , occupation - national occupational classification 2016 , work activity during the reference year for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in British Columbia / Colombie-Britannique
Data quality
Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 (13A) Individual low-income status (6)
Total - Individual low-income statusFootnote 3 Low-income status - not applicableFootnote 4 Low-income status - applicable In low income Not in low income Prevalence of low income (%)Footnote 5
Total - Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016Footnote 6 3,870,375 67,600 3,802,780 570,500 3,232,275 15.0
Occupation - not applicableFootnote 7 1,199,680 29,865 1,169,815 282,205 887,610 24.1
All occupationsFootnote 8 2,670,700 37,735 2,632,965 288,295 2,344,665 10.9
0 Management occupations 292,140 3,040 289,095 27,060 262,040 9.4
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 406,560 5,110 401,445 32,045 369,410 8.0
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 172,740 1,315 171,425 12,230 159,195 7.1
3 Health occupations 174,130 1,460 172,675 9,855 162,820 5.7
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 295,270 5,195 290,080 26,375 263,700 9.1
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 107,185 1,030 106,160 18,085 88,070 17.0
6 Sales and service occupations 672,610 9,540 663,065 105,975 557,095 16.0
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 390,645 6,300 384,345 39,050 345,290 10.2
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 75,130 3,090 72,040 10,000 62,040 13.9
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 84,290 1,665 82,630 7,620 75,005 9.2


Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period


Symbol ...

not applicable


Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Symbol F

too unreliable to be published



Footnote 1

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person aged 15 years and over worked for pay or in self-employment in 2015 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 2

Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) - The Low-income measure, after tax, refers to a fixed percentage (50%) of median adjusted after-tax income of private households. The household after-tax income is adjusted by an equivalence scale to take economies of scale into account. This adjustment for different household sizes reflects the fact that a household's needs increase, but at a decreasing rate, as the number of members increases.

Using data from the 2016 Census of Population, the line applicable to a household is defined as half the Canadian median of the adjusted household after-tax income, multiplied by the square root of household size. The median is determined based on all persons in private households where low-income concepts are applicable. Thresholds for specific household sizes are presented in Table 4.2 Low-income measures thresholds (LIM-AT and LIM-BT) for private households of Canada, 2015, Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016.

When the unadjusted after-tax income of household pertaining to a person falls below the threshold applicable to the person based on household size, the person is considered to be in low income according to LIM-AT. Since the LIM-AT threshold and household income are unique within each household, low-income status based on LIM-AT can also be reported for households.

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Footnote 3

Low-income status - The income situation of the statistical unit in relation to a specific low-income line in a reference year. Statistical units with income that is below the low-income line are considered to be in low income.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.

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Footnote 4

The low-income concepts are not applied in the territories and in certain areas based on census subdivision type (such as Indian reserves). The existence of substantial in-kind transfers (such as subsidized housing and First Nations band housing) and sizeable barter economies or consumption from own production (such as product from hunting, farming or fishing) could make the interpretation of low-income statistics more difficult in these situations.

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Footnote 5

Prevalence of low income - The proportion or percentage of units whose income falls below a specified low-income line.

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Footnote 6

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons aged 15 years and over as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2016.

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Footnote 7

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who never worked for pay or self-employment, or last worked for pay or self-employment prior to 2015.

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Footnote 8

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who have worked at some point in time between January 2015 and May 2016.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016299.

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