Data tables, 2016 Census

Low-income Indicators (4), Individual Low-income Status (6), Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 (23A) and Work Activity During the Reference Year (9) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details low-income indicators , individual low-income status , industry - north american industry classification system 2012 and work activity during the reference year for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in Ontario
Data quality
Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 (23A) Individual low-income status (6)
Total - Individual low-income statusFootnote 3 Low-income status - not applicableFootnote 4 Low-income status - applicable In low income Not in low income Prevalence of low income (%)Footnote 5
Total - Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012Footnote 6 11,038,440 42,085 10,996,355 1,486,180 9,510,175 13.5
Industry - not applicableFootnote 7 3,459,360 18,660 3,440,695 783,655 2,657,040 22.8
All industriesFootnote 8 7,579,080 23,425 7,555,660 702,520 6,853,135 9.3
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 115,125 560 114,570 17,060 97,505 14.9
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 34,745 415 34,335 1,175 33,160 3.4
22 Utilities 54,095 470 53,620 980 52,645 1.8
23 Construction 511,980 2,320 509,665 57,810 451,855 11.3
31-33 Manufacturing 724,465 630 723,830 40,005 683,830 5.5
41 Wholesale trade 286,730 140 286,590 17,175 269,415 6.0
44-45 Retail trade 862,915 2,285 860,635 97,940 762,690 11.4
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 352,380 865 351,515 38,365 313,150 10.9
51 Information and cultural industries 189,495 195 189,300 13,905 175,400 7.3
52 Finance and insurance 401,095 105 400,990 18,155 382,840 4.5
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 156,665 200 156,470 18,085 138,380 11.6
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 614,360 360 613,995 53,750 560,245 8.8
55 Management of companies and enterprises 13,165 10 13,160 480 12,680 3.6
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 379,185 1,075 378,110 62,500 315,610 16.5
61 Educational services 583,985 2,335 581,650 38,585 543,065 6.6
62 Health care and social assistance 805,315 4,620 800,695 51,550 749,145 6.4
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 173,925 705 173,220 20,770 152,450 12.0
72 Accommodation and food services 540,310 1,250 539,055 96,860 442,200 18.0
81 Other services (except public administration) 326,700 630 326,065 45,190 280,875 13.9
91 Public administration 452,435 4,260 448,175 12,165 436,010 2.7

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person aged 15 years and over worked for pay or in self-employment in 2015 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 2

Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) - The Low-income measure, after tax, refers to a fixed percentage (50%) of median adjusted after-tax income of private households. The household after-tax income is adjusted by an equivalence scale to take economies of scale into account. This adjustment for different household sizes reflects the fact that a household's needs increase, but at a decreasing rate, as the number of members increases.

Using data from the 2016 Census of Population, the line applicable to a household is defined as half the Canadian median of the adjusted household after-tax income, multiplied by the square root of household size. The median is determined based on all persons in private households where low-income concepts are applicable. Thresholds for specific household sizes are presented in Table 4.2 Low-income measures thresholds (LIM-AT and LIM-BT) for private households of Canada, 2015, Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016.

When the unadjusted after-tax income of household pertaining to a person falls below the threshold applicable to the person based on household size, the person is considered to be in low income according to LIM-AT. Since the LIM-AT threshold and household income are unique within each household, low-income status based on LIM-AT can also be reported for households.

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Footnote 3

Low-income status - The income situation of the statistical unit in relation to a specific low-income line in a reference year. Statistical units with income that is below the low-income line are considered to be in low income.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.

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Footnote 4

The low-income concepts are not applied in the territories and in certain areas based on census subdivision type (such as Indian reserves). The existence of substantial in-kind transfers (such as subsidized housing and First Nations band housing) and sizeable barter economies or consumption from own production (such as product from hunting, farming or fishing) could make the interpretation of low-income statistics more difficult in these situations.

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Footnote 5

Prevalence of low income - The proportion or percentage of units whose income falls below a specified low-income line.

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Footnote 6

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked.

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Footnote 7

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who never worked for pay or self-employment or last worked for pay or self-employment prior to 2015.

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Footnote 8

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who have worked at some point in time between January 2015 and May 2016.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016297.

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