Data tables, 2016 Census

Low-income Indicators (4), Individual Low-income Status (6), Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 (23A) and Work Activity During the Reference Year (9) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details low-income indicators , individual low-income status , industry - north american industry classification system 2012 and work activity during the reference year for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in British Columbia / Colombie-Britannique
Data quality
Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 (23A) Individual low-income status (6)
Total - Individual low-income statusFootnote 3 Low-income status - not applicableFootnote 4 Low-income status - applicable In low income Not in low income Prevalence of low income (%)Footnote 5
Total - Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012Footnote 6 3,870,375 67,600 3,802,775 570,500 3,232,275 15.0
Industry - not applicableFootnote 7 1,199,675 29,865 1,169,815 282,205 887,610 24.1
All industriesFootnote 8 2,670,700 37,735 2,632,960 288,295 2,344,670 10.9
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 74,915 2,660 72,255 9,410 62,845 13.0
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 28,635 785 27,850 1,175 26,675 4.2
22 Utilities 13,215 295 12,925 335 12,585 2.6
23 Construction 217,700 3,260 214,435 26,090 188,350 12.2
31-33 Manufacturing 169,995 2,050 167,945 12,900 155,045 7.7
41 Wholesale trade 87,920 660 87,265 7,205 80,055 8.3
44-45 Retail trade 314,040 3,780 310,260 40,590 269,670 13.1
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 138,255 1,630 136,615 10,880 125,735 8.0
51 Information and cultural industries 72,740 315 72,425 6,970 65,455 9.6
52 Finance and insurance 100,265 555 99,710 6,825 92,890 6.8
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 60,730 450 60,275 7,275 53,000 12.1
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 214,385 1,435 212,945 21,590 191,360 10.1
55 Management of companies and enterprises 4,680 25 4,655 255 4,405 5.5
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 122,675 2,185 120,480 21,535 98,950 17.9
61 Educational services 192,030 2,770 189,260 15,945 173,315 8.4
62 Health care and social assistance 292,365 4,380 287,990 21,595 266,390 7.5
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 68,085 1,085 67,000 10,100 56,905 15.1
72 Accommodation and food services 235,515 2,995 232,520 44,820 187,695 19.3
81 Other services (except public administration) 124,830 1,290 123,540 18,655 104,885 15.1
91 Public administration 137,730 5,135 132,595 4,140 128,450 3.1

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person aged 15 years and over worked for pay or in self-employment in 2015 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 2

Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) - The Low-income measure, after tax, refers to a fixed percentage (50%) of median adjusted after-tax income of private households. The household after-tax income is adjusted by an equivalence scale to take economies of scale into account. This adjustment for different household sizes reflects the fact that a household's needs increase, but at a decreasing rate, as the number of members increases.

Using data from the 2016 Census of Population, the line applicable to a household is defined as half the Canadian median of the adjusted household after-tax income, multiplied by the square root of household size. The median is determined based on all persons in private households where low-income concepts are applicable. Thresholds for specific household sizes are presented in Table 4.2 Low-income measures thresholds (LIM-AT and LIM-BT) for private households of Canada, 2015, Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016.

When the unadjusted after-tax income of household pertaining to a person falls below the threshold applicable to the person based on household size, the person is considered to be in low income according to LIM-AT. Since the LIM-AT threshold and household income are unique within each household, low-income status based on LIM-AT can also be reported for households.

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Footnote 3

Low-income status - The income situation of the statistical unit in relation to a specific low-income line in a reference year. Statistical units with income that is below the low-income line are considered to be in low income.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.

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Footnote 4

The low-income concepts are not applied in the territories and in certain areas based on census subdivision type (such as Indian reserves). The existence of substantial in-kind transfers (such as subsidized housing and First Nations band housing) and sizeable barter economies or consumption from own production (such as product from hunting, farming or fishing) could make the interpretation of low-income statistics more difficult in these situations.

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Footnote 5

Prevalence of low income - The proportion or percentage of units whose income falls below a specified low-income line.

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Footnote 6

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked.

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Footnote 7

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who never worked for pay or self-employment or last worked for pay or self-employment prior to 2015.

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Footnote 8

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who have worked at some point in time between January 2015 and May 2016.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016297.

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