Data tables, 2016 Census

Low-income Indicators (4), Individual Low-income Status (6), Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 (23A) and Work Activity During the Reference Year (9) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details low-income indicators , individual low-income status , industry - north american industry classification system 2012 and work activity during the reference year for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in Halifax
Data quality
Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 (23A) Individual low-income status (6)
Total - Individual low-income statusFootnote 3 Low-income status - not applicableFootnote 4 Low-income status - applicable In low income Not in low income Prevalence of low income (%)Footnote 5
Total - Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012Footnote 6 337,215 230 336,985 47,400 289,580 14.1
Industry - not applicableFootnote 7 95,825 145 95,680 23,180 72,495 24.2
All industriesFootnote 8 241,390 80 241,310 24,220 217,085 10.0
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,685 0 1,680 250 1,435 14.9
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1,225 10 1,220 45 1,180 3.7
22 Utilities 1,665 0 1,670 55 1,615 3.3
23 Construction 14,630 0 14,615 1,760 12,860 12.0
31-33 Manufacturing 10,660 0 10,660 720 9,945 6.8
41 Wholesale trade 7,435 0 7,435 400 7,030 5.4
44-45 Retail trade 28,960 20 28,945 3,535 25,415 12.2
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 10,725 10 10,715 1,170 9,545 10.9
51 Information and cultural industries 6,780 0 6,780 575 6,205 8.5
52 Finance and insurance 10,885 0 10,885 650 10,235 6.0
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,770 0 4,770 570 4,200 11.9
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 18,885 0 18,885 1,580 17,305 8.4
55 Management of companies and enterprises 250 0 255 10 240 3.9
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 12,995 0 12,995 2,305 10,690 17.7
61 Educational services 19,550 0 19,550 1,575 17,970 8.1
62 Health care and social assistance 31,330 25 31,295 2,235 29,060 7.1
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 5,750 0 5,750 835 4,915 14.5
72 Accommodation and food services 18,035 0 18,035 4,035 14,000 22.4
81 Other services (except public administration) 9,760 0 9,760 1,285 8,470 13.2
91 Public administration 25,410 0 25,410 635 24,775 2.5

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person aged 15 years and over worked for pay or in self-employment in 2015 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 2

Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) - The Low-income measure, after tax, refers to a fixed percentage (50%) of median adjusted after-tax income of private households. The household after-tax income is adjusted by an equivalence scale to take economies of scale into account. This adjustment for different household sizes reflects the fact that a household's needs increase, but at a decreasing rate, as the number of members increases.

Using data from the 2016 Census of Population, the line applicable to a household is defined as half the Canadian median of the adjusted household after-tax income, multiplied by the square root of household size. The median is determined based on all persons in private households where low-income concepts are applicable. Thresholds for specific household sizes are presented in Table 4.2 Low-income measures thresholds (LIM-AT and LIM-BT) for private households of Canada, 2015, Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016.

When the unadjusted after-tax income of household pertaining to a person falls below the threshold applicable to the person based on household size, the person is considered to be in low income according to LIM-AT. Since the LIM-AT threshold and household income are unique within each household, low-income status based on LIM-AT can also be reported for households.

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Footnote 3

Low-income status - The income situation of the statistical unit in relation to a specific low-income line in a reference year. Statistical units with income that is below the low-income line are considered to be in low income.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.

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Footnote 4

The low-income concepts are not applied in the territories and in certain areas based on census subdivision type (such as Indian reserves). The existence of substantial in-kind transfers (such as subsidized housing and First Nations band housing) and sizeable barter economies or consumption from own production (such as product from hunting, farming or fishing) could make the interpretation of low-income statistics more difficult in these situations.

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Footnote 5

Prevalence of low income - The proportion or percentage of units whose income falls below a specified low-income line.

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Footnote 6

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked.

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Footnote 7

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who never worked for pay or self-employment or last worked for pay or self-employment prior to 2015.

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Footnote 8

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who have worked at some point in time between January 2015 and May 2016.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016297.

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