Data tables, 2016 Census

Low-income Indicators (4), Individual Low-income Status (6), Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 (23A) and Work Activity During the Reference Year (9) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details low-income indicators , individual low-income status , industry - north american industry classification system 2012 and work activity during the reference year for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in Toronto
Data quality
Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 (23A) Individual low-income status (6)
Total - Individual low-income statusFootnote 3 Low-income status - not applicableFootnote 4 Low-income status - applicable In low income Not in low income Prevalence of low income (%)Footnote 5
Total - Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012Footnote 6 4,879,095 215 4,878,880 716,790 4,162,090 14.7
Industry - not applicableFootnote 7 1,474,900 80 1,474,820 363,055 1,111,765 24.6
All industriesFootnote 8 3,404,195 135 3,404,060 353,735 3,050,325 10.4
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 10,765 0 10,765 1,235 9,530 11.5
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 4,940 0 4,935 415 4,520 8.4
22 Utilities 16,825 0 16,825 465 16,360 2.8
23 Construction 204,285 10 204,275 27,895 176,375 13.7
31-33 Manufacturing 302,375 0 302,370 20,545 281,825 6.8
41 Wholesale trade 151,840 0 151,845 10,535 141,305 6.9
44-45 Retail trade 373,340 10 373,335 46,270 327,060 12.4
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 178,360 25 178,340 23,005 155,335 12.9
51 Information and cultural industries 113,680 0 113,675 8,200 105,475 7.2
52 Finance and insurance 259,525 0 259,525 12,340 247,185 4.8
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 88,885 0 88,890 10,755 78,130 12.1
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 364,055 10 364,045 34,565 329,480 9.5
55 Management of companies and enterprises 9,185 0 9,185 370 8,810 4.0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 180,475 10 180,470 29,990 150,475 16.6
61 Educational services 253,735 0 253,735 20,800 232,930 8.2
62 Health care and social assistance 306,730 20 306,710 23,755 282,960 7.7
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 75,640 0 75,635 10,460 65,170 13.8
72 Accommodation and food services 230,885 10 230,880 44,700 186,175 19.4
81 Other services (except public administration) 147,185 0 147,180 22,705 124,475 15.4
91 Public administration 131,490 35 131,455 4,710 126,740 3.6

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person aged 15 years and over worked for pay or in self-employment in 2015 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 2

Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) - The Low-income measure, after tax, refers to a fixed percentage (50%) of median adjusted after-tax income of private households. The household after-tax income is adjusted by an equivalence scale to take economies of scale into account. This adjustment for different household sizes reflects the fact that a household's needs increase, but at a decreasing rate, as the number of members increases.

Using data from the 2016 Census of Population, the line applicable to a household is defined as half the Canadian median of the adjusted household after-tax income, multiplied by the square root of household size. The median is determined based on all persons in private households where low-income concepts are applicable. Thresholds for specific household sizes are presented in Table 4.2 Low-income measures thresholds (LIM-AT and LIM-BT) for private households of Canada, 2015, Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016.

When the unadjusted after-tax income of household pertaining to a person falls below the threshold applicable to the person based on household size, the person is considered to be in low income according to LIM-AT. Since the LIM-AT threshold and household income are unique within each household, low-income status based on LIM-AT can also be reported for households.

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Footnote 3

Low-income status - The income situation of the statistical unit in relation to a specific low-income line in a reference year. Statistical units with income that is below the low-income line are considered to be in low income.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.

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Footnote 4

The low-income concepts are not applied in the territories and in certain areas based on census subdivision type (such as Indian reserves). The existence of substantial in-kind transfers (such as subsidized housing and First Nations band housing) and sizeable barter economies or consumption from own production (such as product from hunting, farming or fishing) could make the interpretation of low-income statistics more difficult in these situations.

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Footnote 5

Prevalence of low income - The proportion or percentage of units whose income falls below a specified low-income line.

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Footnote 6

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked.

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Footnote 7

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who never worked for pay or self-employment or last worked for pay or self-employment prior to 2015.

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Footnote 8

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who have worked at some point in time between January 2015 and May 2016.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016297.

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