Data tables, 2016 Census

Employment Income Statistics (7), Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 (193A), Work Activity During the Reference Year (9) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details employment income statistics , occupation - national occupational classification 2016 , work activity during the reference year and sex for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in Toronto
Data quality
Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 (193A) Employment income statistics (7)
Total - Employment income statisticsFootnote 2 With employment income Median employment income ($) Average employment income ($) With wages, salaries and commissions Median wages, salaries and commissions ($) Average wages, salaries and commissions ($)
Total - occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016Footnote 3 4,879,095 3,454,590 34,846 51,801 3,120,740 37,588 53,283
Occupation - not applicableFootnote 4 1,474,895 270,860 4,405 16,772 220,160 3,333 18,005
All occupationsFootnote 5 3,404,195 3,183,730 37,943 54,782 2,900,585 40,183 55,961
0 Management occupations 393,630 369,095 70,430 107,242 339,935 75,283 113,290
00 Senior management occupations 47,470 43,580 125,301 245,860 40,665 132,711 258,651
001 Legislators and senior management 47,470 43,575 125,301 245,860 40,670 132,711 258,651
01-05 Specialized middle management occupations 162,575 156,020 87,686 110,634 149,280 89,546 112,826
011 Administrative services managers 43,400 41,915 88,817 114,838 40,780 89,692 115,843
012 Managers in financial and business services 60,610 57,565 80,493 117,087 53,960 82,799 120,575
013 Managers in communication (except broadcasting) 4,600 4,500 90,466 98,083 4,340 91,196 100,614
021 Managers in engineering, architecture, science and information systems 26,195 25,280 105,834 116,425 24,550 106,907 118,242
031 Managers in health care 5,810 5,555 86,386 93,572 5,355 87,534 95,146
041 Managers in public administration 2,625 2,585 103,293 109,625 2,535 104,156 111,407
042 Managers in education and social and community services 13,130 12,680 84,294 86,435 12,280 85,996 87,664
043 Managers in public protection services 840 825 85,243 89,701 805 87,131 91,108
051 Managers in art, culture, recreation and sport 5,370 5,110 56,659 68,353 4,675 59,020 70,796
06 Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services 120,400 111,880 44,161 64,829 101,575 47,809 68,985
060 Corporate sales managers 18,100 17,660 94,912 112,478 17,160 96,418 114,548
062 Retail and wholesale trade managers 68,575 63,475 44,075 63,197 57,020 47,600 67,660
063 Managers in food service and accommodation 27,960 25,615 29,970 41,532 23,520 31,389 43,378
065 Managers in customer and personal services, n.e.c. 5,770 5,125 25,820 37,240 3,875 31,431 42,171
07-09 Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utilities 63,185 57,620 56,716 75,570 48,410 65,018 85,582
071 Managers in construction and facility operation and maintenance 36,020 32,255 48,094 63,985 25,325 59,221 75,500
073 Managers in transportation 7,980 7,640 64,867 77,460 7,135 68,851 80,668
081 Managers in natural resources production and fishing 485 435 132,604 200,466 405 132,185 206,966
082 Managers in agriculture, horticulture and aquaculture 2,895 2,410 18,352 32,696 1,390 27,068 43,347
091 Managers in manufacturing and utilities 15,805 14,875 76,268 103,014 14,160 78,386 106,746
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 623,955 590,465 44,318 58,864 554,335 45,403 59,422
11 Professional occupations in business and finance 182,075 171,960 60,952 95,382 156,070 62,786 97,195
111 Auditors, accountants and investment professionals 109,920 104,375 62,597 108,004 94,015 64,318 110,237
112 Human resources and business service professionals 72,155 67,590 58,666 75,888 62,060 60,431 77,438
12 Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations 181,940 173,105 45,316 50,172 164,780 46,455 51,138
121 Administrative services supervisors 19,525 19,110 53,396 59,483 18,785 53,687 59,953
122 Administrative and regulatory occupations 101,425 95,975 48,242 54,708 91,060 49,496 55,767
124 Office administrative assistants - General, legal and medical 56,265 53,525 38,233 39,058 50,855 39,385 39,867
125 Court reporters, transcriptionists, records management technicians and statistical officers 4,735 4,490 43,349 46,043 4,085 45,806 47,711
13 Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations 36,490 34,390 44,297 52,575 30,420 46,734 55,047
131 Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations 36,495 34,390 44,297 52,575 30,425 46,734 55,047
14 Office support occupations 156,940 147,885 32,385 35,936 142,160 33,295 36,356
141 General office workers 82,850 76,985 26,048 30,255 73,430 27,028 30,708
142 Office equipment operators 9,830 9,265 27,847 30,342 8,970 28,496 30,692
143 Financial, insurance and related administrative support workers 52,750 50,700 42,002 46,848 49,140 42,349 47,143
145 Library, correspondence and other clerks 11,510 10,935 24,054 30,077 10,620 24,390 30,276
15 Distribution, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations 66,505 63,120 38,581 40,356 60,890 39,347 41,062
151 Mail and message distribution occupations 18,160 16,390 41,604 40,337 14,965 44,852 42,382
152 Supply chain logistics, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations 48,345 46,725 37,984 40,363 45,925 38,310 40,631
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 284,030 268,720 66,699 71,657 254,190 68,685 73,480
21 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 193,405 182,315 74,396 78,542 172,640 76,008 80,418
211 Physical science professionals 5,980 5,695 65,917 83,814 5,525 66,555 84,956
212 Life science professionals 3,320 3,155 59,867 68,782 3,060 60,729 69,585
213 Civil, mechanical, electrical and chemical engineers 37,395 35,270 78,724 86,471 33,335 81,278 89,211
214 Other engineers 14,375 13,620 81,478 85,828 13,080 82,777 87,411
215 Architects, urban planners and land surveyors 9,510 8,810 65,984 80,712 7,925 69,319 83,739
216 Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries 4,080 3,975 87,343 115,262 3,860 87,855 115,925
217 Computer and information systems professionals 118,730 111,800 73,473 73,682 105,855 75,033 75,317
22 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 90,630 86,405 52,586 57,128 81,545 54,597 58,790
221 Technical occupations in physical sciences 4,955 4,760 46,649 50,932 4,700 46,939 51,085
222 Technical occupations in life sciences 4,115 3,865 35,191 40,635 3,495 37,809 42,904
223 Technical occupations in civil, mechanical and industrial engineering 13,440 12,880 55,519 60,791 12,270 57,057 62,304
224 Technical occupations in electronics and electrical engineering 19,415 18,400 44,874 49,353 16,875 47,649 51,534
225 Technical occupations in architecture, drafting, surveying, geomatics and meteorology 9,765 9,165 47,547 50,866 8,280 50,117 52,977
226 Other technical inspectors and regulatory officers 7,205 6,900 65,803 64,740 6,580 67,630 66,048
227 Transportation officers and controllers 3,195 3,085 85,564 100,667 2,975 87,024 102,660
228 Technical occupations in computer and information systems 28,525 27,355 57,417 59,315 26,370 58,617 60,344
3 Health occupations 182,750 173,500 48,839 61,536 153,450 48,984 57,718
30 Professional occupations in nursing 40,950 40,055 70,726 68,092 39,655 71,067 68,462
301 Professional occupations in nursing 40,955 40,055 70,726 68,092 39,655 71,067 68,462
31 Professional occupations in health (except nursing) 53,670 48,710 71,796 94,176 36,300 68,522 82,357
311 Physicians, dentists and veterinarians 28,170 24,630 89,828 125,949 17,590 75,113 103,098
312 Optometrists, chiropractors and other health diagnosing and treating professionals 5,855 5,445 51,883 62,103 2,880 50,915 58,798
313 Pharmacists, dietitians and nutritionists 9,975 9,465 69,399 69,412 8,665 72,139 71,114
314 Therapy and assessment professionals 9,670 9,170 52,881 53,452 7,170 56,239 54,526
32 Technical occupations in health 47,540 45,535 40,030 43,918 39,245 44,034 46,253
321 Medical technologists and technicians (except dental health) 21,480 20,800 44,842 47,930 20,320 45,313 47,944
322 Technical occupations in dental health care 6,355 6,095 42,414 44,431 5,010 43,607 44,543
323 Other technical occupations in health care 19,705 18,645 33,452 39,275 13,915 42,014 44,400
34 Assisting occupations in support of health services 40,590 39,205 35,156 34,743 38,250 35,557 34,956
341 Assisting occupations in support of health services 40,590 39,205 35,156 34,743 38,250 35,557 34,956
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 389,455 366,280 43,614 60,013 336,645 45,439 57,227
40 Professional occupations in education services 132,265 125,825 60,217 59,934 122,915 61,667 60,457
401 University professors and post-secondary assistants 29,005 25,555 17,976 50,096 24,750 17,919 50,435
402 College and other vocational instructors 14,550 13,640 48,001 54,459 12,810 49,704 55,313
403 Secondary and elementary school teachers and educational counsellors 88,705 86,630 69,395 63,698 85,350 70,076 64,135
41 Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services 108,175 102,030 63,672 93,517 87,910 63,738 81,138
411 Judges, lawyers and Quebec notaries 27,485 26,040 116,912 177,959 18,625 106,408 135,123
415 Social and community service professionals 24,250 23,055 51,820 54,146 20,490 53,382 54,861
416 Policy and program researchers, consultants and officers 56,445 52,935 58,544 69,127 48,795 61,247 71,568
42 Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services 71,430 67,030 30,367 33,469 62,010 32,296 34,593
421 Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services 71,430 67,030 30,367 33,469 62,005 32,296 34,593
43 Occupations in front-line public protection services 13,110 12,930 101,481 94,691 12,815 101,588 94,956
431 Occupations in front-line public protection services 13,110 12,930 101,481 94,691 12,810 101,588 94,956
44 Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations 64,470 58,465 19,996 24,472 51,005 22,574 26,273
441 Home care providers and educational support occupations 61,250 55,290 18,647 21,869 47,910 21,431 23,412
442 Legal and public protection support occupations 3,225 3,180 71,478 69,754 3,095 72,095 70,600
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 148,265 129,855 19,373 33,362 102,470 21,118 35,223
51 Professional occupations in art and culture 52,925 46,190 23,928 38,256 32,440 32,821 43,415
511 Librarians, archivists, conservators and curators 2,505 2,435 63,115 61,203 2,365 63,741 62,081
512 Writing, translating and related communications professionals 19,815 17,630 35,753 44,073 12,930 43,966 49,458
513 Creative and performing artists 30,615 26,130 16,515 32,195 17,140 18,390 36,278
52 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 95,340 83,660 17,205 30,660 70,030 17,301 31,429
521 Technical occupations in libraries, public archives, museums and art galleries 2,330 2,245 30,602 33,747 2,200 31,058 33,562
522 Photographers, graphic arts technicians and technical and co-ordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts 18,610 17,000 32,863 42,719 14,040 36,531 45,323
523 Announcers and other performers, n.e.c. 2,895 2,460 14,924 42,438 1,670 15,580 50,909
524 Creative designers and craftspersons 32,250 28,735 34,192 40,125 22,510 39,039 43,548
525 Athletes, coaches, referees and related occupations 39,260 33,220 6,525 15,225 29,620 5,480 14,379
6 Sales and service occupations 816,840 756,700 19,008 29,993 689,710 19,446 29,930
62 Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations 105,415 100,590 43,004 63,447 74,990 46,571 68,266
621 Retail sales supervisors 10,530 10,280 29,707 38,047 10,085 30,103 38,055
622 Technical sales specialists in wholesale trade and retail and wholesale buyers 29,365 28,075 56,108 78,729 26,805 57,757 80,581
623 Insurance, real estate and financial sales occupations 65,525 62,230 41,403 60,748 38,095 46,069 67,600
63 Service supervisors and specialized service occupations 95,815 88,225 21,223 25,875 79,300 22,826 26,991
631 Service supervisors 14,815 14,420 30,967 36,952 14,025 31,408 37,274
632 Chefs and cooks 47,440 43,555 19,261 23,450 41,520 19,731 23,657
633 Butchers and bakers 10,550 9,640 23,121 25,175 9,270 23,654 25,431
634 Specialized occupations in personal and customer services 23,010 20,610 18,081 23,576 14,485 22,709 27,589
64 Sales representatives and salespersons - Wholesale and retail trade 160,160 148,760 16,865 30,495 140,065 17,014 30,763
641 Sales and account representatives - Wholesale trade (non-technical) 25,345 23,625 50,281 66,417 21,210 52,954 70,020
642 Retail salespersons 134,815 125,140 14,330 23,715 118,850 14,280 23,757
65 Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations 183,040 172,105 20,549 27,165 163,615 21,273 27,601
651 Occupations in food and beverage service 52,905 48,825 11,661 14,322 47,635 11,422 14,076
652 Occupations in travel and accommodation 18,345 17,635 35,158 38,476 16,455 36,372 39,624
653 Tourism and amusement services occupations 2,060 1,930 16,043 23,578 1,805 16,077 24,107
654 Security guards and related security service occupations 26,915 25,845 24,362 27,556 25,405 24,505 27,415
655 Customer and information services representatives 65,180 62,765 32,818 36,065 61,705 33,146 36,337
656 Other occupations in personal service 17,640 15,105 13,854 18,283 10,605 15,354 19,915
66 Sales support occupations 100,410 91,410 10,970 15,500 89,040 10,812 15,363
661 Cashiers 60,090 54,430 9,584 12,497 53,565 9,426 12,381
662 Other sales support and related occupations 40,320 36,980 14,081 19,918 35,475 14,112 19,865
67 Service support and other service occupations, n.e.c. 172,005 155,615 15,959 21,865 142,710 16,772 22,362
671 Food counter attendants, kitchen helpers and related support occupations 71,700 64,190 10,446 14,449 62,930 10,335 14,327
672 Support occupations in accommodation, travel and amusement services 7,985 7,095 7,667 14,534 6,910 7,535 14,504
673 Cleaners 82,595 75,175 24,736 28,829 64,275 28,116 31,037
674 Other service support and related occupations, n.e.c. 9,730 9,155 16,954 22,355 8,595 17,226 22,626
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 374,460 350,190 35,081 42,089 297,735 40,194 45,557
72 Industrial, electrical and construction trades 117,755 109,640 41,605 47,623 89,985 48,308 52,070
720 Contractors and supervisors, industrial, electrical and construction trades and related workers 14,605 13,325 45,222 57,037 10,065 58,492 65,805
723 Machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades 21,090 20,345 50,334 52,796 19,565 51,368 53,891
724 Electrical trades and electrical power line and telecommunications workers 23,695 22,825 56,387 58,797 21,165 59,645 61,337
725 Plumbers, pipefitters and gas fitters 9,525 9,040 48,458 54,160 7,980 52,234 57,513
727 Carpenters and cabinetmakers 19,660 17,880 32,498 37,893 13,995 37,482 40,257
728 Masonry and plastering trades 12,715 11,690 34,504 39,510 8,700 39,648 41,097
729 Other construction trades 16,465 14,525 20,573 28,622 8,525 28,636 34,156
73 Maintenance and equipment operation trades 60,450 57,385 53,604 57,077 52,645 57,217 60,091
730 Contractors and supervisors, maintenance trades and heavy equipment and transport operators 9,720 9,215 66,307 69,437 8,485 69,581 72,971
731 Machinery and transportation equipment mechanics (except motor vehicles) 16,410 15,950 67,501 68,253 15,165 69,355 70,119
732 Automotive service technicians 25,175 23,505 41,846 46,989 21,160 45,849 49,889
733 Other mechanics and related repairers 2,555 2,390 39,336 41,789 1,895 45,513 47,366
736 Train crew operating occupations 520 515 94,689 93,495 515 94,909 94,185
737 Crane operators, drillers and blasters 1,435 1,415 62,709 66,993 1,380 63,833 68,333
738 Printing press operators and other trades and related occupations, n.e.c. 4,635 4,380 42,400 45,336 4,040 45,056 47,642
74 Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers 57,925 54,470 29,546 31,937 51,135 30,574 32,428
744 Other installers, repairers and servicers 11,845 10,835 27,959 34,291 8,455 33,038 36,936
745 Longshore workers and material handlers 46,075 43,640 29,776 31,353 42,675 30,224 31,535
75 Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations 103,020 96,965 25,051 34,210 77,085 31,024 38,576
751 Motor vehicle and transit drivers 91,260 85,655 23,984 32,402 66,105 29,689 36,913
752 Heavy equipment operators 6,535 6,325 58,012 56,400 6,130 58,984 57,453
753 Other transport equipment operators and related maintenance workers 5,225 4,985 31,751 37,119 4,850 32,321 37,380
76 Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations 35,310 31,735 30,010 37,373 26,885 35,655 40,284
761 Trades helpers and labourers 32,665 29,240 29,530 37,226 24,485 35,445 40,324
762 Public works and other labourers, n.e.c. 2,645 2,500 37,455 39,099 2,400 40,024 39,873
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 27,725 24,120 17,444 25,970 21,365 18,007 26,470
82 Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production 5,100 4,515 34,910 44,223 3,505 41,515 49,374
821 Supervisors, logging and forestry 130 130 45,697 49,810 125 46,086 49,837
822 Contractors and supervisors, mining, oil and gas 290 265 85,826 90,086 260 87,128 91,227
823 Underground miners, oil and gas drillers and related occupations 395 385 46,160 59,836 380 46,653 59,618
824 Logging machinery operators 30 25 0 0 25 0 0
825 Contractors and supervisors, agriculture, horticulture and related operations and services 4,230 3,680 31,270 39,160 2,690 38,918 44,052
826 Fishing vessel masters and fishermen/women 35 30 0 0 30 0 0
84 Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production 4,160 3,500 14,610 22,285 3,200 15,014 22,671
841 Mine service workers and operators in oil and gas drilling 100 95 67,420 62,426 95 67,420 62,347
842 Logging and forestry workers 165 130 29,318 32,905 125 29,390 33,726
843 Agriculture and horticulture workers 3,870 3,255 13,868 20,523 2,965 14,150 20,751
844 Other workers in fishing and trapping and hunting occupations 20 15 0 0 15 0 0
86 Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers 18,465 16,110 15,239 21,655 14,660 15,180 21,821
861 Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers 18,465 16,110 15,239 21,655 14,660 15,180 21,821
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 163,095 154,795 32,911 37,229 150,755 33,462 37,714
92 Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators 15,030 14,655 62,024 67,823 14,500 62,237 68,365
921 Supervisors, processing and manufacturing occupations 6,760 6,580 58,578 65,276 6,515 58,876 65,724
922 Supervisors, assembly and fabrication 4,145 4,065 61,790 65,635 4,030 62,041 66,200
923 Central control and process operators in processing and manufacturing 1,285 1,235 52,471 59,081 1,225 53,048 59,517
924 Utilities equipment operators and controllers 2,835 2,775 78,416 80,956 2,730 78,750 81,835
94 Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers 44,005 42,320 36,131 38,307 40,950 36,776 38,965
941 Machine operators and related workers in mineral and metal products processing and manufacturing 10,785 10,450 41,863 42,968 10,200 42,459 43,515
942 Machine operators and related workers in chemical, plastic and rubber processing 8,550 8,195 36,532 39,356 8,095 36,682 39,589
943 Machine operators and related workers in pulp and paper production and wood processing and manufacturing 3,555 3,425 39,911 41,034 3,375 40,031 41,143
944 Machine operators and related workers in textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing 6,525 6,155 24,998 25,358 5,605 26,027 26,449
946 Machine operators and related workers in food, beverage and associated products processing 9,535 9,205 37,953 39,403 9,005 38,365 39,766
947 Printing equipment operators and related occupations 5,065 4,885 37,135 38,908 4,675 38,691 39,840
95 Assemblers in manufacturing 45,785 44,185 36,562 40,321 43,135 36,947 40,778
952 Mechanical, electrical and electronics assemblers 28,480 27,675 39,444 43,758 27,425 39,674 43,974
953 Other assembly and related occupations 17,310 16,510 32,953 34,559 15,710 33,613 35,198
96 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 58,270 53,630 22,947 25,469 52,165 23,208 25,678
961 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 58,270 53,630 22,947 25,469 52,165 23,208 25,678

Symbol(s)

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not available for a specific reference period

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not applicable

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suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person aged 15 years and over worked for pay or in self-employment in 2015 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 2

Employment income - All income received as wages, salaries and commissions from paid employment and net self-employment income from farm or non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice during the reference period.

Wages, salaries and commissions - Gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income taxes, pension plan contributions and employment insurance premiums during the reference period. While other employee remuneration such as security options benefits, board and lodging and other taxable allowances and benefits are included in this source, employers' contributions to pension plans and employment insurance plans are excluded. Other receipts included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses associated with paid employment, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union, research grants, royalties from a work or invention with no associated expenses and all types of casual earnings during the reference period.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.

The median income of a specified group is the amount that divides the income distribution of that group into two halves, i.e., the incomes of half of the units in that group are below the median, while those of the other half are above the median. Median incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

Average income of a specified group is calculated by dividing the aggregate income of that group by the number of units in that group. Average incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

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Footnote 3

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons aged 15 years and over as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2016.

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Footnote 4

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who never worked for pay or self-employment or last worked for pay or self-employment prior to 2015.

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Footnote 5

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who have worked at some point in time between January 2015 and May 2016.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016304.

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